mongoc_logging man page

mongoc_logging — Logging

MongoDB C driver Logging Abstraction

Synopsis

typedef enum {
   MONGOC_LOG_LEVEL_ERROR,
   MONGOC_LOG_LEVEL_CRITICAL,
   MONGOC_LOG_LEVEL_WARNING,
   MONGOC_LOG_LEVEL_MESSAGE,
   MONGOC_LOG_LEVEL_INFO,
   MONGOC_LOG_LEVEL_DEBUG,
   MONGOC_LOG_LEVEL_TRACE,
} mongoc_log_level_t;

#define MONGOC_ERROR(...)
#define MONGOC_CRITICAL(...)
#define MONGOC_WARNING(...)
#define MONGOC_MESSAGE(...)
#define MONGOC_INFO(...)
#define MONGOC_DEBUG(...)

typedef void (*mongoc_log_func_t) (mongoc_log_level_t log_level,
                                   const char *log_domain,
                                   const char *message,
                                   void *user_data);

void
mongoc_log_set_handler (mongoc_log_func_t log_func, void *user_data);
void
mongoc_log (mongoc_log_level_t log_level,
            const char *log_domain,
            const char *format,
            ...) BSON_GNUC_PRINTF (3, 4);
const char *
mongoc_log_level_str (mongoc_log_level_t log_level);
void
mongoc_log_default_handler (mongoc_log_level_t log_level,
                            const char *log_domain,
                            const char *message,
                            void *user_data);
void
mongoc_log_trace_enable (void);
void
mongoc_log_trace_disable (void);

The MongoDB C driver comes with an abstraction for logging that you can use in your application, or integrate with an existing logging system.

Macros

To make logging a little less painful, various helper macros are provided. See the following example.

#undef MONGOC_LOG_DOMAIN
#define MONGOC_LOG_DOMAIN "my-custom-domain"

MONGOC_WARNING ("An error occurred: %s", strerror (errno));

Custom Log Handlers

The default log handler prints a timestamp and the log message to stdout, or to stderr for warnings, critical messages, and errors.

You can override the handler with mongoc_log_set_handler(). Your handler function is called in a mutex for thread safety.

For example, you could register a custom handler to suppress messages at INFO level and below:

void
my_logger (mongoc_log_level_t log_level,
           const char *log_domain,
           const char *message,
           void *user_data)
{
   /* smaller values are more important */
   if (log_level < MONGOC_LOG_LEVEL_INFO) {
      mongoc_log_default_handler (log_level, log_domain, message, user_data);
   }
}

int
main (int argc, char *argv[])
{
   mongoc_init ();
   mongoc_log_set_handler (my_logger, NULL);

   /* ... your code ...  */

   mongoc_cleanup ();
   return 0;
}

To restore the default handler:

mongoc_log_set_handler (mongoc_log_default_handler, NULL);

Disable Logging

To disable all logging, including warnings, critical messages and errors, provide an empty log handler:

mongoc_log_set_handler (NULL, NULL);

Tracing

If compiling your own copy of the MongoDB C driver, consider configuring with --enable-tracing to enable function tracing and hex dumps of network packets to STDERR and STDOUT during development and debugging.

This is especially useful when debugging what may be going on internally in the driver.

Trace messages can be enabled and disabled by calling mongoc_log_trace_enable() and mongoc_log_trace_disable()

NOTE:

Compiling the driver with --enable-tracing will affect its performance. Disabling tracing with mongoc_log_trace_disable() significantly reduces the overhead, but cannot remove it completely.

Author

MongoDB, Inc

Info

Mar 28, 2017 1.6.2 MongoDB C Driver