mongoc_collection_find man page

mongoc_collection_find() — This function shall execute a query on the underlying collection. For a more convenient API, see mongoc_collection_find_with_opts


mongoc_cursor_t *
mongoc_collection_find (mongoc_collection_t       *collection,
                        mongoc_query_flags_t       flags,
                        uint32_t                   skip,
                        uint32_t                   limit,
                        uint32_t                   batch_size,
                        const bson_t              *query,
                        const bson_t              *fields,
                        const mongoc_read_prefs_t *read_prefs)


A mongoc_collection_t
A mongoc_query_flags_t
A uint32_t of number of documents to skip or 0.
A uint32_t of max number of documents to return or 0.
A uint32_t containing batch size of document result sets or 0 for default. Default is 100.
A bson_t containing the query and options to execute.
A bson_t containing fields to return or NULL
A mongoc_read_prefs_t or NULL for default read preferences.


This function shall execute a query on the underlying collection

If no options are necessary, query can simply contain a query such as {a:1} {"$query": {}} query


A newly allocated mongoc_cursor_t that should be freed with mongoc_cursor_destroy(3) when no longer in use.


#include <mongoc.h>
#include <stdio.h>

static void
print_all_documents (mongoc_collection_t *collection)
   mongoc_cursor_t *cursor;
   bson_error_t error;
   const bson_t *doc;
   char *str;
   bson_t *query;

   query = BCON_NEW ("$query", "{", "foo", BCON_INT32 (1), "}",
                     "$orderby", "{", "bar", BCON_INT32 (‐1), "}");
   cursor = mongoc_collection_find (collection, MONGOC_QUERY_NONE, 0, 0, 0, query, NULL, NULL);

   while (mongoc_cursor_next (cursor, &doc)) {
      str = bson_as_json (doc, NULL);
      printf ("%s\n", str);
      bson_free (str);

   if (mongoc_cursor_error (cursor, &error)) {
      fprintf (stderr, "An error occurred: %s\n", error.message);

   mongoc_cursor_destroy (cursor);
   bson_destroy (query);

The Find Command

Queries have historically been sent as OP_QUERY wire protocol messages, but beginning in MongoDB 3.2 queries use the find command instead.

The driver automatically converts queries to the new "find" command syntax if needed, so this change is typically invisible to C Driver users. However, an application written exclusively for MongoDB 3.2 and later can choose to use the new syntax directly instead of relying on the driver to convert from the old syntax:

/* MongoDB 3.2+ "find" command syntax */
query = BCON_NEW ("filter", "{", "foo", BCON_INT32 (1), "}",
                  "sort": "{", "bar", BCON_INT32 (‐1), "}");
cursor = mongoc_collection_find (collection, MONGOC_QUERY_NONE, 0, 0, 0, query, NULL, NULL);

The "find" command takes different options from the traditional OP_QUERY message.

$query filter
$orderby sort
Show record location
$showDiskLoc showRecordId
Other $‐options
$<option name> <option name>

Most applications should use the OP_QUERY syntax, with "$query", "$orderby", and so on, and rely on the driver to convert to the new syntax if needed.

See Also

The find command in the MongoDB Manual.

The Explain Command

With MongoDB before 3.2, a query with option $explain: true returns information about the query plan, instead of the query results. Beginning in MongoDB 3.2, there is a separate "explain" command. The driver will not convert "$explain" queries to "explain" commands, you must call the "explain" command explicitly:

/* MongoDB 3.2+, "explain" command syntax */
 command = BCON_NEW ("explain", "{",
                     "find", BCON_UTF8 ("collection_name"),
                     "filter", "{", "foo", BCON_INT32 (1), "}",
mongoc_collection_command_simple (collection, command, NULL, &reply, &error);

See Also

The explain command in the MongoDB Manual.


This page is part of MongoDB C Driver. Please report any bugs at https://jira.mongodb.org/browse/CDRIVER.

Referenced By

mongoc_gridfs_file_list_t(3), mongoc_tutorial(3).

Explore man page connections for mongoc_collection_find(3).

MongoDB C Driver 2016-09-30