log1p - Man Page

logarithm of 1 plus argument


Math library (libm, -lm)


#include <math.h>

double log1p(double x);
float log1pf(float x);
long double log1pl(long double x);

Feature Test Macro Requirements for glibc (see feature_test_macros(7)):

    _ISOC99_SOURCE || _POSIX_C_SOURCE >= 200112L
        || _XOPEN_SOURCE >= 500
        || /* Since glibc 2.19: */ _DEFAULT_SOURCE
        || /* glibc <= 2.19: */ _BSD_SOURCE || _SVID_SOURCE

log1pf(), log1pl():

    _ISOC99_SOURCE || _POSIX_C_SOURCE >= 200112L
        || /* Since glibc 2.19: */ _DEFAULT_SOURCE
        || /* glibc <= 2.19: */ _BSD_SOURCE || _SVID_SOURCE


These functions return a value equivalent to

    log (1 + x)

The result is computed in a way that is accurate even if the value of x is near zero.

Return Value

On success, these functions return the natural logarithm of (1 + x).

If x is a NaN, a NaN is returned.

If x is positive infinity, positive infinity is returned.

If x is -1, a pole error occurs, and the functions return -HUGE_VAL, -HUGE_VALF, or -HUGE_VALL, respectively.

If x is less than -1 (including negative infinity), a domain error occurs, and a NaN (not a number) is returned.


See math_error(7) for information on how to determine whether an error has occurred when calling these functions.

The following errors can occur:

Domain error: x is less than -1

errno is set to EDOM (but see Bugs). An invalid floating-point exception (FE_INVALID) is raised.

Pole error: x is -1

errno is set to ERANGE (but see Bugs). A divide-by-zero floating-point exception (FE_DIVBYZERO) is raised.


For an explanation of the terms used in this section, see attributes(7).

log1p(), log1pf(), log1pl()Thread safetyMT-Safe


C11, POSIX.1-2008.


C99, POSIX.1-2001.


Before glibc 2.22, the glibc implementation did not set errno to EDOM when a domain error occurred.

Before glibc 2.22, the glibc implementation did not set errno to ERANGE when a range error occurred.

See Also

exp(3), expm1(3), log(3)

Referenced By

expm1(3), log(3).

The man pages log1pf(3) and log1pl(3) are aliases of log1p(3).

2023-07-20 Linux man-pages 6.05