lockf man page

lockf — apply, test or remove a POSIX lock on an open file

Synopsis

#include <unistd.h>

int lockf(int fd, int cmd, off_t len);

Feature Test Macro Requirements for glibc (see feature_test_macros(7)):

lockf():

_XOPEN_SOURCE >= 500
|| /* Glibc since 2.19: */ _DEFAULT_SOURCE
|| /* Glibc versions <= 2.19: */ _BSD_SOURCE || _SVID_SOURCE

Description

Apply, test or remove a POSIX lock on a section of an open file. The file is specified by fd, a file descriptor open for writing, the action by cmd, and the section consists of byte positions pos..pos+len-1 if len is positive, and pos-len..pos-1 if len is negative, where pos is the current file position, and if len is zero, the section extends from the current file position to infinity, encompassing the present and future end-of-file positions. In all cases, the section may extend past current end-of-file.

On Linux, lockf() is just an interface on top of fcntl(2) locking. Many other systems implement lockf() in this way, but note that POSIX.1 leaves the relationship between lockf() and fcntl(2) locks unspecified. A portable application should probably avoid mixing calls to these interfaces.

Valid operations are given below:

F_LOCK
Set an exclusive lock on the specified section of the file. If (part of) this section is already locked, the call blocks until the previous lock is released. If this section overlaps an earlier locked section, both are merged. File locks are released as soon as the process holding the locks closes some file descriptor for the file. A child process does not inherit these locks.
F_TLOCK
Same as F_LOCK but the call never blocks and returns an error instead if the file is already locked.
F_ULOCK
Unlock the indicated section of the file. This may cause a locked section to be split into two locked sections.
F_TEST
Test the lock: return 0 if the specified section is unlocked or locked by this process; return -1, set errno to EAGAIN (EACCES on some other systems), if another process holds a lock.

Return Value

On success, zero is returned. On error, -1 is returned, and errno is set appropriately.

Errors

EACCES or EAGAIN
The file is locked and F_TLOCK or F_TEST was specified, or the operation is prohibited because the file has been memory-mapped by another process.
EBADF
fd is not an open file descriptor; or cmd is F_LOCK or F_TLOCK and fd is not a writable file descriptor.
EDEADLK
The command was F_LOCK and this lock operation would cause a deadlock.
EINVAL
An invalid operation was specified in cmd.
ENOLCK
Too many segment locks open, lock table is full.

Attributes

For an explanation of the terms used in this section, see attributes(7).

InterfaceAttributeValue
lockf()Thread safetyMT-Safe

Conforming to

POSIX.1-2001, POSIX.1-2008, SVr4.

See Also

fcntl(2), flock(2)

locks.txt and mandatory-locking.txt in the Linux kernel source directory Documentation/filesystems (on older kernels, these files are directly under the Documentation directory, and mandatory-locking.txt is called mandatory.txt)

Colophon

This page is part of release 4.08 of the Linux man-pages project. A description of the project, information about reporting bugs, and the latest version of this page, can be found at https://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/.

Referenced By

fcntl(2), flock(2), flockfile(3), halockrun(1), lslocks(8), perlfunc(1), stress-ng(1).

2016-03-15 GNU Linux Programmer's Manual