libzip - Man Page

library for manipulating zip archives


libzip (-lzip)


#include <zip.h>


libzip is a library for reading, creating, and modifying zip archives.

The main design criteria for libzip were:

For this reason, when modifying zip archives, libzip writes to a temporary file and replaces the original zip archive atomically.

Below there are two sections listing functions: one for how to read from zip archives and one for how to create/modify them.

File Names


Names of files in the host file system are expected in UTF-8 encoding. On Windows, variants for ASCII and UTF-16 are also available.

Names of files inside archives are by default expected in UTF-8 encoding. Other encodings can be requested by using the flags ZIP_FL_ENC_CP437 and ZIP_FL_ENC_RAW.

For details see the relevant man pages.

Directory Separator

The zip format requires the use of forward slash (‘/’) as directory separator. Since backslash (‘\’) can be part of a valid file name on Unix systems, libzip does not automatically convert them, even on Windows. It is the responsibility of the programmer to ensure that all directory separators are passed as forward slashes to libzip.

Thread Safety

In general, different zip archives opened by libzip are independent of each other and can be used by parallel-running threads without locking. If you want to use an archive from multiple threads, you have to synchronize access to it yourself. If you use an archive as a source for zip_file_add(3) or zip_file_replace(3), access to the target archive must be synchronized with access to the source archive as well.

Reading Zip Archives

Open Archive

Find Files

Read Files

Close Archive


Creating/Modifying Zip Archives

Create/Open Archive

Add/Change Files and Directories

Rename Files

Delete Files

Revert Changes

Read/Modify Extra Fields

Close Archive (Writing)

Miscellaneous (Writing)

Error Handling


Dieter Baron <> and Thomas Klausner <>

Referenced By

zip_add(3), zip_add_dir(3), zip_close(3), zipcmp(1), zip_compression_method_supported(3), zip_delete(3), zip_dir_add(3), zip_discard(3), zip_encryption_method_supported(3), zip_error_clear(3), zip_error_code_system(3), zip_error_code_zip(3), zip_error_fini(3), zip_error_get(3), zip_error_get_sys_type(3), zip_error_init(3), zip_error_set(3), zip_error_strerror(3), zip_error_system_type(3), zip_error_to_data(3), zip_error_to_str(3), zip_fclose(3), zip_fdopen(3), zip_file_add(3), zip_file_attributes_init(3), zip_file_extra_field_delete(3), zip_file_extra_field_get(3), zip_file_extra_fields_count(3), zip_file_extra_field_set(3), zip_file_get_comment(3), zip_file_get_error(3), zip_file_get_external_attributes(3), zip_file_rename(3), zip_file_set_comment(3), zip_file_set_dostime(3), zip_file_set_encryption(3), zip_file_set_external_attributes(3), zip_fopen(3), zip_fopen_encrypted(3), zip_fread(3), zip_fseek(3), zip_ftell(3), zip_get_archive_comment(3), zip_get_archive_flag(3), zip_get_error(3), zip_get_file_comment(3), zip_get_name(3), zip_get_num_entries(3), zip_get_num_files(3), zip_libzip_version(3), zipmerge(1), zip_name_locate(3), zip_open(3), zip_register_cancel_callback_with_state(3), zip_register_progress_callback(3), zip_register_progress_callback_with_state(3), zip_rename(3), zip_set_archive_comment(3), zip_set_archive_flag(3), zip_set_default_password(3), zip_set_file_comment(3), zip_set_file_compression(3), zip_source(3), zip_source_begin_write(3), zip_source_buffer(3), zip_source_buffer_fragment(3), zip_source_close(3), zip_source_commit_write(3), zip_source_error(3), zip_source_file(3), zip_source_filep(3), zip_source_free(3), zip_source_function(3), ZIP_SOURCE_GET_ARGS(3), zip_source_is_deleted(3), zip_source_is_seekable(3), zip_source_keep(3), zip_source_layered(3), zip_source_make_command_bitmap(3), zip_source_open(3), zip_source_read(3), zip_source_rollback_write(3), zip_source_seek(3), zip_source_seek_write(3), zip_source_stat(3), zip_source_tell(3), zip_source_tell_write(3), zip_source_win32a(3), zip_source_win32handle(3), zip_source_win32w(3), zip_source_window_create(3), zip_source_write(3), zip_source_zip(3), zip_source_zip_file(3), zip_stat(3), zip_stat_init(3), zip_strerror(3), ziptool(1), zip_unchange(3), zip_unchange_all(3), zip_unchange_archive(3).

December 5, 2022