libxmp man page

libxmp — A tracker module player library

Introduction

Libxmp is a module player library supporting many mainstream and obscure module formats including Protracker MOD, Scream Tracker III S3M and Impulse Tracker IT. Libxmp loads the module and renders the sound as linear PCM samples in a buffer at rate and format specified by the user, one frame at a time (standard modules usually play at 50 frames per second).

Possible applications for libxmp include stand-alone module players, module player plugins for other players, module information extractors, background music replayers for games and other applications, module-to-mp3 renderers, etc.

Concepts

·
Player context: Most libxmp functions require a handle that identifies the module player context. Each context is independent and multiple contexts can be defined simultaneously.
·
Sequence: Each group of positions in the order list that loops over itself, also known as "subsong". Most modules have only one sequence, but some modules, especially modules used in games can have multiple sequences. "Hidden patterns" outside the main song are also listed as extra sequences, certain module authors such as Skaven commonly place extra patterns at the end of the module.
·
State: [Added in libxmp 4.2] The player can be in one of three possible states: unloaded, loaded, or playing. The player is in unloaded state after context creation, changing to other states when a module is loaded or played.
·
External sample mixer: [Added in libxmp 4.2] Special sound channels can be reserved using xmp_start_smix() to play module instruments or external samples. This is useful when libxmp is used to provide background music to games or other applications where sound effects can be played in response to events or user actions
·
Amiga mixer: [Added in libxmp 4.4] Certain formats may use special mixers modeled after the original hardware used to play the format, providing more realistic sound at the expense of CPU usage. Currently Amiga formats such as Protracker can use a mixer modeled after the Amiga 500, with or without the led filter.

A simple example

This example loads a module, plays it at 44.1kHz and writes it to a raw sound file:

#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <xmp.h>

int main(int argc, char **argv)
{
    xmp_context c;
    struct xmp_frame_info mi;
    FILE *f;

    /* The output raw file */
    f = fopen("out.raw", "wb");
    if (f == NULL) {
        fprintf(stderr, "can't open output file\n");
        exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
    }

    /* Create the player context */
    c = xmp_create_context();

    /* Load our module */
    if (xmp_load_module(c, argv[1]) != 0) {
        fprintf(stderr, "can't load module\n");
        exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
    }

    /* Play the module */
    xmp_start_player(c, 44100, 0);
    while (xmp_play_frame(c) == 0) {
        xmp_get_frame_info(c, &mi);

        if (mi.loop_count > 0)    /* exit before looping */
            break;

        fwrite(mi.buffer, mi.buffer_size, 1, f);  /* write audio data */
    }
    xmp_end_player(c);
    xmp_release_module(c);        /* unload module */
    xmp_free_context(c);          /* destroy the player context */

    fclose(f);

    exit(EXIT_SUCCESS);
}

A player context can load and play a single module at a time. Multiple contexts can be defined if needed.

Use xmp_test_module() to check if the file is a valid module and retrieve the module name and type. Use xmp_load_module() to load the module to memory. These two calls return 0 on success or <0 in case of error. Error codes are:

-XMP_ERROR_INTERNAL   /* Internal error */
-XMP_ERROR_FORMAT     /* Unsupported module format */
-XMP_ERROR_LOAD       /* Error loading file */
-XMP_ERROR_DEPACK     /* Error depacking file */
-XMP_ERROR_SYSTEM     /* System error */
-XMP_ERROR_STATE      /* Incorrect player state */

If a system error occurs, the specific error is set in errno.

Parameters to xmp_start_player() are the sampling rate (up to 48kHz) and a bitmapped integer holding one or more of the following mixer flags:

XMP_MIX_8BIT          /* Mix to 8-bit instead of 16 */
XMP_MIX_UNSIGNED      /* Mix to unsigned samples */
XMP_MIX_MONO          /* Mix to mono instead of stereo */
XMP_MIX_NEAREST       /* Mix using nearest neighbor interpolation */
XMP_MIX_NOFILTER      /* Disable lowpass filter */

After xmp_start_player() is called, each call to xmp_play_frame() will render an audio frame. Call xmp_get_frame_info() to retrieve the buffer address and size. xmp_play_frame() returns 0 on success or -1 if replay should stop.

Use xmp_end_player(), xmp_release_module() and xmp_free_context() to release memory and end replay.

SDL example

To use libxmp with SDL, just provide a callback function that renders module data. The module will play when SDL_PauseAudio(0) is called:

#include <SDL/SDL.h>
#include <xmp.h>

static void fill_audio(void *udata, unsigned char *stream, int len)
{
    xmp_play_buffer(udata, stream, len, 0);
}

int sound_init(xmp_context ctx, int sampling_rate, int channels)
{
    SDL_AudioSpec a;

    a.freq = sampling_rate;
    a.format = (AUDIO_S16);
    a.channels = channels;
    a.samples = 2048;
    a.callback = fill_audio;
    a.userdata = ctx;

    if (SDL_OpenAudio(&a, NULL) < 0) {
            fprintf(stderr, "%s\n", SDL_GetError());
            return -1;
    }
}

int main(int argc, char **argv)
{
    xmp_context ctx;

    if ((ctx = xmp_create_context()) == NULL)
            return 1;

    sound_init(ctx, 44100, 2);
    xmp_load_module(ctx, argv[1]);
    xmp_start_player(ctx, 44100, 0);

    SDL_PauseAudio(0);

    sleep(10);              // Do something important here

    SDL_PauseAudio(1);

    xmp_end_player(ctx);
    xmp_release_module(ctx);
    xmp_free_context(ctx);

    SDL_CloseAudio();
    return 0;
}

SDL callbacks run in a separate thread, so don't forget to protect sections that manipulate module data with SDL_LockAudio() and SDL_UnlockAudio().

API Reference

Version and player information

const char *xmp_version

A string containing the library version, such as "4.0.0".

const unsigned int xmp_vercode

The library version encoded in a integer value. Bits 23-16 contain the major version number, bits 15-8 contain the minor version number, and bits 7-0 contain the release number.

char **xmp_get_format_list()

Query the list of supported module formats.

Returns:
a NULL-terminated array of strings containing the names of all supported module formats.

Context creation

xmp_context xmp_create_context()

Create a new player context and return an opaque handle to be used in subsequent accesses to this context.

Returns:
the player context handle.

void xmp_free_context(xmp_context c)

Destroy a player context previously created using xmp_create_context().

Parameters:
c
the player context handle.

Module loading

int xmp_test_module(char *path, struct xmp_test_info *test_info)

Test if a file is a valid module. Testing a file does not affect the current player context or any currently loaded module.

Parameters:
path
pathname of the module to test.
test_info

NULL, or a pointer to a structure used to retrieve the module title and format if the file is a valid module. struct xmp_test_info is defined as:

struct xmp_test_info {
    char name[XMP_NAME_SIZE];      /* Module title */
    char type[XMP_NAME_SIZE];      /* Module format */
};
Returns:
0 if the file is a valid module, or a negative error code in case of error. Error codes can be -XMP_ERROR_FORMAT in case of an unrecognized file format, -XMP_ERROR_DEPACK if the file is compressed and uncompression failed, or -XMP_ERROR_SYSTEM in case of system error (the system error code is set in errno).

int xmp_load_module(xmp_context c, char *path)

Load a module into the specified player context. (Certain player flags, such as XMP_PLAYER_SMPCTL and XMP_PLAYER_DEFPAN, must be set before loading the module, see xmp_set_player() for more information.)

Parameters:
c
the player context handle.
path
pathname of the module to load.
Returns:
0 if sucessful, or a negative error code in case of error. Error codes can be -XMP_ERROR_FORMAT in case of an unrecognized file format, -XMP_ERROR_DEPACK if the file is compressed and uncompression failed, -XMP_ERROR_LOAD if the file format was recognized but the file loading failed, or -XMP_ERROR_SYSTEM in case of system error (the system error code is set in errno).

int xmp_load_module_from_memory(xmp_context c, void *mem, long size)

[Added in libxmp 4.2] Load a module from memory into the specified player context.

Parameters:
c
the player context handle.
mem
a pointer to the module file image in memory. Multi-file modules or compressed modules can't be loaded from memory.
size
the size of the module, or 0 if the size is unknown or not specified. If size is set to 0 certain module formats won't be recognized, the MD5 digest will not be set, and module-specific quirks won't be applied.
Returns:
0 if sucessful, or a negative error code in case of error. Error codes can be -XMP_ERROR_FORMAT in case of an unrecognized file format, -XMP_ERROR_LOAD if the file format was recognized but the file loading failed, or -XMP_ERROR_SYSTEM in case of system error (the system error code is set in errno).

int xmp_load_module_from_file(xmp_context c, FILE *f, long size)

[Added in libxmp 4.3] Load a module from a stream into the specified player context.

Parameters:
c
the player context handle.
f
the file stream. On return, the stream position is undefined.
size
the size of the module, or 0 if the size is unknown or not specified. If size is set to 0 certain module formats won't be recognized, the MD5 digest will not be set, and module-specific quirks won't be applied.
Returns:
0 if sucessful, or a negative error code in case of error. Error codes can be -XMP_ERROR_FORMAT in case of an unrecognized file format, -XMP_ERROR_LOAD if the file format was recognized but the file loading failed, or -XMP_ERROR_SYSTEM in case of system error (the system error code is set in errno).

void xmp_release_module(xmp_context c)

Release memory allocated by a module from the specified player context.

Parameters:
c
the player context handle.

void xmp_scan_module(xmp_context c)

Scan the loaded module for sequences and timing. Scanning is automatically performed by xmp_load_module() and this function should be called only if xmp_set_player() is used to change player timing (with parameter XMP_PLAYER_VBLANK) in libxmp 4.0.2 or older.

Parameters:
c
the player context handle.

void xmp_get_module_info(xmp_context c, struct xmp_module_info *info)

Retrieve current module data.

Parameters:
c
the player context handle.
info

pointer to structure containing the module data. struct xmp_module_info is defined as follows:

struct xmp_module_info {
    unsigned char md5[16];          /* MD5 message digest */
    int vol_base;                   /* Volume scale */
    struct xmp_module *mod;         /* Pointer to module data */
    char *comment;                  /* Comment text, if any */
    int num_sequences;              /* Number of valid sequences */
    struct xmp_sequence *seq_data;  /* Pointer to sequence data */
};

Detailed module data is exposed in the mod field:

struct xmp_module {
    char name[XMP_NAME_SIZE];       /* Module title */
    char type[XMP_NAME_SIZE];       /* Module format */
    int pat;                        /* Number of patterns */
    int trk;                        /* Number of tracks */
    int chn;                        /* Tracks per pattern */
    int ins;                        /* Number of instruments */
    int smp;                        /* Number of samples */
    int spd;                        /* Initial speed */
    int bpm;                        /* Initial BPM */
    int len;                        /* Module length in patterns */
    int rst;                        /* Restart position */
    int gvl;                        /* Global volume */

    struct xmp_pattern **xxp;       /* Patterns */
    struct xmp_track **xxt;         /* Tracks */
    struct xmp_instrument *xxi;     /* Instruments */
    struct xmp_sample *xxs;         /* Samples */
    struct xmp_channel xxc[64];     /* Channel info */
    unsigned char xxo[XMP_MAX_MOD_LENGTH];  /* Orders */
};

See the header file for more information about pattern and instrument data.

Module playing

int xmp_start_player(xmp_context c, int rate, int format)

Start playing the currently loaded module.

Parameters:
c
the player context handle.
rate
the sampling rate to use, in Hz (typically 44100). Valid values range from 8kHz to 48kHz.
flags

bitmapped configurable player flags, one or more of the following:

XMP_FORMAT_8BIT         /* Mix to 8-bit instead of 16 */
XMP_FORMAT_UNSIGNED     /* Mix to unsigned samples */
XMP_FORMAT_MONO         /* Mix to mono instead of stereo */
Returns:
0 if sucessful, or a negative error code in case of error. Error codes can be -XMP_ERROR_INTERNAL in case of a internal player error, -XMP_ERROR_INVALID if the sampling rate is invalid, or -XMP_ERROR_SYSTEM in case of system error (the system error code is set in errno).

int xmp_play_frame(xmp_context c)

Play one frame of the module. Modules usually play at 50 frames per second. Use xmp_get_frame_info() to retrieve the buffer containing audio data.

Parameters:
c
the player context handle.
Returns:
0 if sucessful, -XMP_END if the module ended or was stopped, or -XMP_ERROR_STATE if the player is not in playing state.

int xmp_play_buffer(xmp_context c, void *buffer, int size, int loop)

[Added in libxmp 4.1] Fill the buffer with PCM data up to the specified size. This is a convenience function that calls xmp_play_frame() internally to fill the user-supplied buffer. Don't call both xmp_play_frame() and xmp_play_buffer() in the same replay loop. If you don't need equally sized data chunks, xmp_play_frame() may result in better performance. Also note that silence is added at the end of a buffer if the module ends and no loop is to be performed.

Parameters:
c
the player context handle.
buffer
the buffer to fill with PCM data, or NULL to reset the internal state.
size
the buffer size in bytes.
loop
stop replay when the loop counter reaches the specified value, or 0 to disable loop checking.
Returns:
0 if sucessful, -XMP_END if module was stopped or the loop counter was reached, or -XMP_ERROR_STATE if the player is not in playing state.

void xmp_get_frame_info(xmp_context c, struct xmp_frame_info *info)

Retrieve the current frame data.

Parameters:
c
the player context handle.
info

pointer to structure containing current frame data. struct xmp_frame_info is defined as follows:

struct xmp_frame_info {           /* Current frame information */
    int pos;            /* Current position */
    int pattern;        /* Current pattern */
    int row;            /* Current row in pattern */
    int num_rows;       /* Number of rows in current pattern */
    int frame;          /* Current frame */
    int speed;          /* Current replay speed */
    int bpm;            /* Current bpm */
    int time;           /* Current module time in ms */
    int total_time;     /* Estimated replay time in ms*/
    int frame_time;     /* Frame replay time in us */
    void *buffer;       /* Pointer to sound buffer */
    int buffer_size;    /* Used buffer size */
    int total_size;     /* Total buffer size */
    int volume;         /* Current master volume */
    int loop_count;     /* Loop counter */
    int virt_channels;  /* Number of virtual channels */
    int virt_used;      /* Used virtual channels */
    int sequence;       /* Current sequence */

    struct xmp_channel_info {     /* Current channel information */
        unsigned int period;      /* Sample period */
        unsigned int position;    /* Sample position */
        short pitchbend;          /* Linear bend from base note*/
        unsigned char note;       /* Current base note number */
        unsigned char instrument; /* Current instrument number */
        unsigned char sample;     /* Current sample number */
        unsigned char volume;     /* Current volume */
        unsigned char pan;        /* Current stereo pan */
        unsigned char reserved;   /* Reserved */
        struct xmp_event event;   /* Current track event */
    } channel_info[XMP_MAX_CHANNELS];
};

This function should be used to retrieve sound buffer data after xmp_play_frame() is called. Fields buffer and buffer_size contain the pointer to the sound buffer PCM data and its size. The buffer size will be no larger than XMP_MAX_FRAMESIZE.

void xmp_end_player(xmp_context c)

End module replay and release player memory.

Parameters:
c
the player context handle.

Player control

int xmp_next_position(xmp_context c)

Skip replay to the start of the next position.

Parameters:
c
the player context handle.
Returns:
The new position index, or -XMP_ERROR_STATE if the player is not in playing state.

int xmp_prev_position(xmp_context c)

Skip replay to the start of the previous position.

Parameters:
c
the player context handle.
Returns:
The new position index, or -XMP_ERROR_STATE if the player is not in playing state.

int xmp_set_position(xmp_context c, int pos)

Skip replay to the start of the given position.

Parameters:
c
the player context handle.
pos
the position index to set.
Returns:
The new position index, -XMP_ERROR_INVALID of the new position is invalid or -XMP_ERROR_STATE if the player is not in playing state.

void xmp_stop_module(xmp_context c)

Stop the currently playing module.

Parameters:
c
the player context handle.

void xmp_restart_module(xmp_context c)

Restart the currently playing module.

Parameters:
c
the player context handle.

int xmp_seek_time(xmp_context c, int time)

Skip replay to the specified time.

Parameters:
c
the player context handle.
time
time to seek in milliseconds.
Returns:
The new position index, or -XMP_ERROR_STATE if the player is not in playing state.

int xmp_channel_mute(xmp_context c, int chn, int status)

Mute or unmute the specified channel.

Parameters:
c
the player context handle.
chn
the channel to mute or unmute.
status
0 to mute channel, 1 to unmute or -1 to query the current channel status.
Returns:
The previous channel status, or -XMP_ERROR_STATE if the player is not in playing state.

int xmp_channel_vol(xmp_context c, int chn, int vol)

Set or retrieve the volume of the specified channel.

Parameters:
c
the player context handle.
chn
the channel to set or get volume.
vol
a value from 0-100 to set the channel volume, or -1 to retrieve the current volume.
Returns:
The previous channel volume, or -XMP_ERROR_STATE if the player is not in playing state.

void xmp_inject_event(xmp_context c, int chn, struct xmp_event *event)

Dynamically insert a new event into a playing module.

Parameters:
c
the player context handle.
chn
the channel to insert the new event.
event

the event to insert. struct xmp_event is defined as:

struct xmp_event {
    unsigned char note;   /* Note number (0 means no note) */
    unsigned char ins;    /* Patch number */
    unsigned char vol;    /* Volume (0 to basevol) */
    unsigned char fxt;    /* Effect type */
    unsigned char fxp;    /* Effect parameter */
    unsigned char f2t;    /* Secondary effect type */
    unsigned char f2p;    /* Secondary effect parameter */
    unsigned char _flag;  /* Internal (reserved) flags */
};

Player parameter setting

int xmp_set_instrument_path(xmp_context c, char *path)

Set the path to retrieve external instruments or samples. Used by some formats (such as MED2) to read sample files from a different directory in the filesystem.

Parameters:
c
the player context handle.
path
the path to retrieve instrument files.
Returns:
0 if the instrument path was correctly set, or -XMP_ERROR_SYSTEM in case of error (the system error code is set in errno).

int xmp_get_player(xmp_context c, int param)

Retrieve current value of the specified player parameter.

Parameters:
c
the player context handle.
param

player parameter to get. Valid parameters are:

XMP_PLAYER_AMP         /* Amplification factor */
XMP_PLAYER_MIX         /* Stereo mixing */
XMP_PLAYER_INTERP      /* Interpolation type */
XMP_PLAYER_DSP         /* DSP effect flags */
XMP_PLAYER_FLAGS       /* Player flags */
XMP_PLAYER_CFLAGS      /* Player flags for current module*/
XMP_PLAYER_SMPCTL      /* Control sample loading */
XMP_PLAYER_VOLUME      /* Player master volume */
XMP_PLAYER_STATE       /* Current player state (read only) */
XMP_PLAYER_SMIX_VOLUME /* SMIX Volume */
XMP_PLAYER_DEFPAN      /* Default pan separation */
XMP_PLAYER_MODE        /* Player personality */
XMP_PLAYER_MIXER_TYPE  /* Current mixer (read only) */
XMP_PLAYER_VOICES      /* Maximum number of mixer voices */

Valid states are:

XMP_STATE_UNLOADED     /* Context created */
XMP_STATE_LOADED       /* Module loaded */
XMP_STATE_PLAYING      /* Module playing */

Valid mixer types are:

XMP_MIXER_STANDARD      /* Standard mixer */
XMP_MIXER_A500          /* Amiga 500 */
XMP_MIXER_A500F         /* Amiga 500 with led filter */

See xmp_set_player for the rest of valid values for each parameter.

Returns:
The parameter value, or -XMP_ERROR_STATE if the parameter is not XMP_PLAYER_STATE and the player is not in playing state.

int xmp_set_player(xmp_context c, int param, int val)

Set player parameter with the specified value.

Parameters:
param

player parameter to set. Valid parameters are:

XMP_PLAYER_AMP         /* Amplification factor */
XMP_PLAYER_MIX         /* Stereo mixing */
XMP_PLAYER_INTERP      /* Interpolation type */
XMP_PLAYER_DSP         /* DSP effect flags */
XMP_PLAYER_FLAGS       /* Player flags */
XMP_PLAYER_CFLAGS      /* Player flags for current module*/
XMP_PLAYER_SMPCTL      /* Control sample loading */
XMP_PLAYER_VOLUME      /* Player master volume */
XMP_PLAYER_SMIX_VOLUME /* SMIX Volume */
XMP_PLAYER_DEFPAN      /* Default pan separation */
XMP_PLAYER_MODE        /* Player personality */
XMP_PLAYER_VOICES      /* Maximum number of mixer voices */
val
the value to set. Valid values depend on the parameter being set.

Valid values:

·
Amplification factor: ranges from 0 to 3. Default value is 1.
·
Stereo mixing: percentual left/right channel separation. Default is 70.
·

Interpolation type: can be one of the following values:

XMP_INTERP_NEAREST  /* Nearest neighbor */
XMP_INTERP_LINEAR   /* Linear (default) */
XMP_INTERP_SPLINE   /* Cubic spline */
·

DSP effects flags: enable or disable DSP effects. Valid effects are:

XMP_DSP_LOWPASS     /* Lowpass filter effect */
XMP_DSP_ALL         /* All effects */
·

Player flags: tweakable player parameters. Valid flags are:

XMP_FLAGS_VBLANK    /* Use vblank timing */
XMP_FLAGS_FX9BUG    /* Emulate Protracker 2.x FX9 bug */
XMP_FLAGS_FIXLOOP   /* Make sample loop value / 2 */
XMP_FLAGS_A500      /* Use Paula mixer in Amiga modules */
·
[Added in libxmp 4.1] Player flags for current module: same flags as above but after applying module-specific quirks (if any).
·

[Added in libxmp 4.1] Sample control: Valid values are:

XMP_SMPCTL_SKIP     /* Don't load samples */
·
Disabling sample loading when loading a module allows allows computation of module duration without decompressing and loading large sample data, and is useful when duration information is needed for a module that won't be played immediately.
·
[Added in libxmp 4.2] Player volumes: Set the player master volume or the external sample mixer master volume. Valid values are 0 to 100.
·
[Added in libxmp 4.3] Default pan separation: percentual left/right pan separation in formats with only left and right channels. Default is 100%.
·

[Added in libxmp 4.4] Player personality: The player can be forced to emulate a specific tracker in cases where the module relies on a format quirk and tracker detection fails. Valid modes are:

XMP_MODE_AUTO         /* Autodetect mode (default) */
XMP_MODE_MOD          /* Play as a generic MOD player */
XMP_MODE_NOISETRACKER /* Play using Noisetracker quirks */
XMP_MODE_PROTRACKER   /* Play using Protracker 1/2 quirks */
XMP_MODE_S3M          /* Play as a generic S3M player */
XMP_MODE_ST3          /* Play using ST3 bug emulation */
XMP_MODE_ST3GUS       /* Play using ST3+GUS quirks */
XMP_MODE_XM           /* Play as a generic XM player */
XMP_MODE_FT2          /* Play using FT2 bug emulation */
XMP_MODE_IT           /* Play using IT quirks */
XMP_MODE_ITSMP        /* Play using IT sample mode quirks */

By default, formats similar to S3M such as PTM or IMF will use S3M replayer (without Scream Tracker 3 quirks/bug emulation), and formats similar to XM such as RTM and MDL will use the XM replayer (without FT2 quirks/bug emulation).

Multichannel MOD files will use the XM replayer, and Scream Tracker 3 MOD files will use S3M replayer with ST3 quirks. S3M files will use the most appropriate replayer according to the tracker used to create the file, and enable Scream Tracker 3 quirks and bugs only if created using ST3. XM files will be played with FT2 bugs and quirks only if created using Fast Tracker II.

Modules created with OpenMPT will be played with all bugs and quirks of the original trackers.

·
[Added in libxmp 4.4] Maximum number of mixer voices: the maximum number of virtual channels that can be used to play the module. If set too high, modules with voice leaks can cause excessive CPU usage. Default is 128.
Returns:
0 if parameter was correctly set, -XMP_ERROR_INVALID if parameter or values are out of the valid ranges, or -XMP_ERROR_STATE if the player is not in playing state.

External Sample Mixer API

Libxmp 4.2 includes a mini-API that can be used to add sound effects to games and similar applications, provided that you have a low latency sound system. It allows module instruments or external sample files in WAV format to be played in response to arbitrary events.

Example

This example using SDL loads a module and a sound sample, plays the module as background music, and plays the sample when a key is pressed:

#include <SDL/SDL.h>
#include <xmp.h>

static void fill_audio(void *udata, unsigned char *stream, int len)
{
    xmp_play_buffer(udata, stream, len, 0);
}

int sound_init(xmp_context ctx, int sampling_rate, int channels)
{
    SDL_AudioSpec a;

    a.freq = sampling_rate;
    a.format = (AUDIO_S16);
    a.channels = channels;
    a.samples = 2048;
    a.callback = fill_audio;
    a.userdata = ctx;

    if (SDL_OpenAudio(&a, NULL) < 0) {
            fprintf(stderr, "%s\n", SDL_GetError());
            return -1;
    }
}

int video_init()
{
    if (SDL_Init(SDL_INIT_VIDEO) < 0) {
        fprintf(stderr, "%s\n", SDL_GetError());
        return -1;
    }
    if (SDL_SetVideoMode(640, 480, 8, 0) == NULL) {
        fprintf(stderr, "%s\n", SDL_GetError());
        return -1;
    }
    atexit(SDL_Quit);
}

int main(int argc, char **argv)
{
    SDL_Event event;
    xmp_context ctx;

    if ((ctx = xmp_create_context()) == NULL)
            return 1;

    video_init();
    sound_init(ctx, 44100, 2);

    xmp_start_smix(ctx, 1, 1);
    xmp_smix_load_sample(ctx, 0, "blip.wav");

    xmp_load_module(ctx, "music.mod");
    xmp_start_player(ctx, 44100, 0);
    xmp_set_player(ctx, XMP_PLAYER_VOLUME, 40);

    SDL_PauseAudio(0);

    while (1) {
        if (SDL_WaitEvent(&event)) {
            if (event.type == SDL_KEYDOWN) {
                if (event.key.keysym.sym == SDLK_ESCAPE)
                    break;
                xmp_smix_play_sample(ctx, 0, 60, 64, 0);
            }
        }
    }

    SDL_PauseAudio(1);

    xmp_end_player(ctx);
    xmp_release_module(ctx);
    xmp_free_context(ctx);
    xmp_end_smix(ctx);

    SDL_CloseAudio();
    return 0;
}

SMIX API reference

int xmp_start_smix(xmp_context c, int nch, int nsmp)

Initialize the external sample mixer subsystem with the given number of reserved channels and samples.

Parameters:
c
the player context handle.
nch
number of reserved sound mixer channels (1 to 64).
nsmp
number of external samples.
Returns:
0 if the external sample mixer system was correctly initialized, -XMP_ERROR_INVALID in case of invalid parameters, -XMP_ERROR_STATE if the player is already in playing state, or -XMP_ERROR_SYSTEM in case of system error (the system error code is set in errno).

int xmp_smix_play_instrument(xmp_context c, int ins, int note, int vol, int chn)

Play a note using an instrument from the currently loaded module in one of the reserved sound mixer channels.

Parameters:
c
the player context handle.
ins
the instrument to play.
note
the note number to play (60 = middle C).
vol
the volume to use (range: 0 to the maximum volume value used by the current module).
chn
the reserved channel to use to play the instrument.
Returns:
0 if the instrument was correctly played, -XMP_ERROR_INVALID in case of invalid parameters, or -XMP_ERROR_STATE if the player is not in playing state.

int xmp_smix_play_sample(xmp_context c, int ins, int vol, int chn)

Play an external sample file in one of the reserved sound channels. The sample must have been previously loaded using xmp_smix_load_sample().

Parameters:
c
the player context handle.
ins
the sample to play.
vol
the volume to use (0 to the maximum volume value used by the current module.
chn
the reserved channel to use to play the sample.
Returns:
0 if the sample was correctly played, -XMP_ERROR_INVALID in case of invalid parameters, or -XMP_ERROR_STATE if the player is not in playing state.

int xmp_smix_channel_pan(xmp_context c, int chn, int pan)

Set the reserved channel pan value.

Parameters:
c
the player context handle.
chn
the reserved channel number.
pan
the pan value to set (0 to 255).
Returns:
0 if the pan value was set, or -XMP_ERROR_INVALID if parameters are invalid.

int xmp_smix_load_sample(xmp_context c, int num, char *path)

Load a sound sample from a file. Samples should be in mono WAV (RIFF) format.

Parameters:
c
the player context handle.
num
the slot number of the external sample to load.
path
pathname of the file to load.
Returns:
0 if the sample was correctly loaded, -XMP_ERROR_INVALID if the sample slot number is invalid (not reserved using xmp_start_smix()), -XMP_ERROR_FORMAT if the file format is unsupported, or -XMP_ERROR_SYSTEM in case of system error (the system error code is set in errno).

int xmp_smix_release_sample(xmp_context c, int num)

Release memory allocated by an external sample in the specified player context.

Parameters:
c
the player context handle.
num
the sample slot number to release.
Returns:
0 if memory was correctly released, or -XMP_ERROR_INVALID if the sample slot number is invalid.

void xmp_end_smix(xmp_context c)

Deinitialize and resease memory used by the external sample mixer subsystem.

Parameters:
c
the player context handle.

Author

Claudio Matsuoka and Hipolito Carraro Jr.

Info

Nov 2013 4.2 Extended Module Player