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libssh2_sftp_fstat_ex - Man Page

get or set attributes on an SFTP file handle


#include <libssh2.h>
#include <libssh2_sftp.h>

libssh2_sftp_fstat_ex(LIBSSH2_SFTP_HANDLE *handle,
                      LIBSSH2_SFTP_ATTRIBUTES *attrs, int setstat)

#define libssh2_sftp_fstat(handle, attrs) \
    libssh2_sftp_fstat_ex((handle), (attrs), 0)
#define libssh2_sftp_fsetstat(handle, attrs) \
    libssh2_sftp_fstat_ex((handle), (attrs), 1)


handle - SFTP File Handle as returned by libssh2_sftp_open_ex(3)

attrs - Pointer to an LIBSSH2_SFTP_ATTRIBUTES structure to set file metadata from or into depending on the value of setstat.

setstat - When non-zero, the file's metadata will be updated with the data found in attrs according to the values of attrs->flags and other relevant member attributes.

Get or Set statbuf type data for a given LIBSSH2_SFTP_HANDLE instance.

Data Types

LIBSSH2_SFTP_ATTRIBUTES is a typedefed struct that is defined as below


    /* If flags & ATTR_* bit is set, then the value in this
     * struct will be meaningful Otherwise it should be ignored
    unsigned long flags;

    /* size of file, in bytes */
    libssh2_uint64_t filesize;

    /* numerical representation of the user and group owner of
     * the file
    unsigned long uid, gid;

    /* bitmask of permissions */
    unsigned long permissions;

    /* access time and modified time of file */
    unsigned long atime, mtime;

You will find a full set of defines and macros to identify flags and permissions on the libssh2_sftp.h header file, but some of the most common ones are:

To check for specific user permissions, the set of defines are in the pattern LIBSSH2_SFTP_S_I<action><who> where <action> is R, W or X for read, write and executable and <who> is USR, GRP and OTH for user, group and other. So, you check for a user readable file, use the bit LIBSSH2_SFTP_S_IRUSR while you want to see if it is executable for other, you use LIBSSH2_SFTP_S_IXOTH and so on.

To check for specific file types, you would previously (before libssh2 1.2.5) use the standard posix S_IS***() macros, but since 1.2.5 libssh2 offers its own set of macros for this functionality:


Test for a symbolic link


Test for a regular file


Test for a directory


Test for a character special file


Test for a block special file


Test for a pipe or FIFO special file


Test for a socket

Return Value

Return 0 on success or negative on failure.  It returns LIBSSH2_ERROR_EAGAIN when it would otherwise block. While LIBSSH2_ERROR_EAGAIN is a negative number, it is not really a failure per se.


LIBSSH2_ERROR_ALLOC -  An internal memory allocation call failed.

LIBSSH2_ERROR_SOCKET_SEND - Unable to send data on socket.


LIBSSH2_ERROR_SFTP_PROTOCOL - An invalid SFTP protocol response was received on the socket, or an SFTP operation caused an errorcode to be returned by the server.


This function has been around since forever, but most of the LIBSSH2_SFTP_S_* defines were introduced in libssh2 0.14 and the LIBSSH2_SFTP_S_IS***() macros were introduced in libssh2 1.2.5.

See Also


Referenced By

libssh2_sftp_fsetstat(3), libssh2_sftp_fstat(3), libssh2_sftp_open_ex_r(3), libssh2_sftp_stat(3).

1 Jun 2007 libssh2 0.15