libnet-functions.h man page

libnet-functions.h —

libnet exported function prototypes

Synopsis

Functions

libnet_t * libnet_init (int injection_type, const char *device, char *err_buf)

void libnet_destroy (libnet_t *l)

void libnet_clear_packet (libnet_t *l)

void libnet_stats (libnet_t *l, struct libnet_stats *ls)

int libnet_getfd (libnet_t *l)

const char * libnet_getdevice (libnet_t *l)

uint8_t * libnet_getpbuf (libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_t ptag)

uint32_t libnet_getpbuf_size (libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_t ptag)

char * libnet_geterror (libnet_t *l)

uint32_t libnet_getpacket_size (libnet_t *l)

int libnet_seed_prand (libnet_t *l)

uint32_t libnet_get_prand (int mod)

int libnet_toggle_checksum (libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_t ptag, int mode)

char * libnet_addr2name4 (uint32_t in, uint8_t use_name)

uint32_t libnet_name2addr4 (libnet_t *l, char *host_name, uint8_t use_name)

int libnet_in6_is_error (struct libnet_in6_addr addr)

struct libnet_in6_addr libnet_name2addr6 (libnet_t *l, const char *host_name, uint8_t use_name)

void libnet_addr2name6_r (struct libnet_in6_addr addr, uint8_t use_name, char *host_name, int host_name_len)

int libnet_plist_chain_new (libnet_t *l, libnet_plist_t **plist, char *token_list)

int libnet_plist_chain_next_pair (libnet_plist_t *plist, uint16_t *bport, uint16_t *eport)

int libnet_plist_chain_dump (libnet_plist_t *plist)

char * libnet_plist_chain_dump_string (libnet_plist_t *plist)

int libnet_plist_chain_free (libnet_plist_t *plist)

libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_802_1q (const uint8_t *dst, const uint8_t *src, uint16_t tpi, uint8_t priority, uint8_t cfi, uint16_t vlan_id, uint16_t len_proto, const uint8_t *payload, uint32_t payload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_t ptag)

libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_802_1x (uint8_t eap_ver, uint8_t eap_type, uint16_t length, const uint8_t *payload, uint32_t payload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_t ptag)

libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_802_2 (uint8_t dsap, uint8_t ssap, uint8_t control, const uint8_t *payload, uint32_t payload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_t ptag)

libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_802_2snap (uint8_t dsap, uint8_t ssap, uint8_t control, uint8_t *oui, uint16_t type, const uint8_t *payload, uint32_t payload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_t ptag)

libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_802_3 (const uint8_t *dst, const uint8_t *src, uint16_t len, const uint8_t *payload, uint32_t payload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_t ptag)

libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_ethernet (const uint8_t *dst, const uint8_t *src, uint16_t type, const uint8_t *payload, uint32_t payload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_t ptag)

libnet_ptag_t libnet_autobuild_ethernet (const uint8_t *dst, uint16_t type, libnet_t *l)

libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_fddi (uint8_t fc, const uint8_t *dst, const uint8_t *src, uint8_t dsap, uint8_t ssap, uint8_t cf, const uint8_t *oui, uint16_t type, const uint8_t *payload, uint32_t payload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_t ptag)

libnet_ptag_t libnet_autobuild_fddi (uint8_t fc, const uint8_t *dst, uint8_t dsap, uint8_t ssap, uint8_t cf, const uint8_t *oui, uint16_t type, libnet_t *l)

libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_arp (uint16_t hrd, uint16_t pro, uint8_t hln, uint8_t pln, uint16_t op, const uint8_t *sha, const uint8_t *spa, const uint8_t *tha, const uint8_t *tpa, const uint8_t *payload, uint32_t payload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_t ptag)

libnet_ptag_t libnet_autobuild_arp (uint16_t op, const uint8_t *sha, const uint8_t *spa, const uint8_t *tha, uint8_t *tpa, libnet_t *l)

libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_tcp (uint16_t sp, uint16_t dp, uint32_t seq, uint32_t ack, uint8_t control, uint16_t win, uint16_t sum, uint16_t urg, uint16_t len, const uint8_t *payload, uint32_t payload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_t ptag)

libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_tcp_options (const uint8_t *options, uint32_t options_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_t ptag)

libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_udp (uint16_t sp, uint16_t dp, uint16_t len, uint16_t sum, const uint8_t *payload, uint32_t payload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_t ptag)

libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_cdp (uint8_t version, uint8_t ttl, uint16_t sum, uint16_t type, uint16_t value_s, const uint8_t *value, const uint8_t *payload, uint32_t payload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_t ptag)

libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_icmpv4_echo (uint8_t type, uint8_t code, uint16_t sum, uint16_t id, uint16_t seq, const uint8_t *payload, uint32_t payload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_t ptag)

libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_icmpv4_mask (uint8_t type, uint8_t code, uint16_t sum, uint16_t id, uint16_t seq, uint32_t mask, const uint8_t *payload, uint32_t payload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_t ptag)

libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_icmpv4_unreach (uint8_t type, uint8_t code, uint16_t sum, const uint8_t *payload, uint32_t payload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_t ptag)

libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_icmpv4_redirect (uint8_t type, uint8_t code, uint16_t sum, uint32_t gateway, const uint8_t *payload, uint32_t payload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_t ptag)

libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_icmpv4_timeexceed (uint8_t type, uint8_t code, uint16_t sum, const uint8_t *payload, uint32_t payload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_t ptag)

libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_icmpv4_timestamp (uint8_t type, uint8_t code, uint16_t sum, uint16_t id, uint16_t seq, uint32_t otime, uint32_t rtime, uint32_t ttime, const uint8_t *payload, uint32_t payload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_t ptag)

libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_icmpv6_echo (uint8_t type, uint8_t code, uint16_t sum, uint16_t id, uint16_t seq, uint8_t *payload, uint32_t payload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_t ptag)

libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_icmpv6_unreach (uint8_t type, uint8_t code, uint16_t sum, uint8_t *payload, uint32_t payload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_t ptag)

libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_icmpv6_ndp_nsol (uint8_t type, uint8_t code, uint16_t sum, struct libnet_in6_addr target, uint8_t *payload, uint32_t payload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_t ptag)

libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_icmpv6_ndp_nadv (uint8_t type, uint8_t code, uint16_t sum, uint32_t flags, struct libnet_in6_addr target, uint8_t *payload, uint32_t payload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_t ptag)

libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_icmpv6_ndp_opt (uint8_t type, uint8_t *option, uint32_t option_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_t ptag)

libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_igmp (uint8_t type, uint8_t reserved, uint16_t sum, uint32_t ip, const uint8_t *payload, uint32_t payload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_t ptag)

libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_ipv4 (uint16_t ip_len, uint8_t tos, uint16_t id, uint16_t frag, uint8_t ttl, uint8_t prot, uint16_t sum, uint32_t src, uint32_t dst, const uint8_t *payload, uint32_t payload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_t ptag)

libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_ipv4_options (const uint8_t *options, uint32_t options_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_t ptag)

libnet_ptag_t libnet_autobuild_ipv4 (uint16_t len, uint8_t prot, uint32_t dst, libnet_t *l)

libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_ipv6 (uint8_t tc, uint32_t fl, uint16_t len, uint8_t nh, uint8_t hl, struct libnet_in6_addr src, struct libnet_in6_addr dst, const uint8_t *payload, uint32_t payload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_t ptag)

libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_ipv6_frag (uint8_t nh, uint8_t reserved, uint16_t frag, uint32_t id, const uint8_t *payload, uint32_t payload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_t ptag)

libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_ipv6_routing (uint8_t nh, uint8_t len, uint8_t rtype, uint8_t segments, const uint8_t *payload, uint32_t payload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_t ptag)

libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_ipv6_destopts (uint8_t nh, uint8_t len, const uint8_t *payload, uint32_t payload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_t ptag)

libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_ipv6_hbhopts (uint8_t nh, uint8_t len, const uint8_t *payload, uint32_t payload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_t ptag)

libnet_ptag_t libnet_autobuild_ipv6 (uint16_t len, uint8_t nh, struct libnet_in6_addr dst, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_t ptag)

libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_isl (uint8_t *dhost, uint8_t type, uint8_t user, uint8_t *shost, uint16_t len, const uint8_t *snap, uint16_t vid, uint16_t portindex, uint16_t reserved, const uint8_t *payload, uint32_t payload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_t ptag)

libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_ipsec_esp_hdr (uint32_t spi, uint32_t seq, uint32_t iv, const uint8_t *payload, uint32_t payload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_t ptag)

libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_ipsec_esp_ftr (uint8_t len, uint8_t nh, int8_t *auth, const uint8_t *payload, uint32_t payload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_t ptag)

libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_ipsec_ah (uint8_t nh, uint8_t len, uint16_t res, uint32_t spi, uint32_t seq, uint32_t auth, const uint8_t *payload, uint32_t payload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_t ptag)

libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_dnsv4 (uint16_t h_len, uint16_t id, uint16_t flags, uint16_t num_q, uint16_t num_anws_rr, uint16_t num_auth_rr, uint16_t num_addi_rr, const uint8_t *payload, uint32_t payload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_t ptag)

libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_rip (uint8_t cmd, uint8_t version, uint16_t rd, uint16_t af, uint16_t rt, uint32_t addr, uint32_t mask, uint32_t next_hop, uint32_t metric, const uint8_t *payload, uint32_t payload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_t ptag)

libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_rpc_call (uint32_t rm, uint32_t xid, uint32_t prog_num, uint32_t prog_vers, uint32_t procedure, uint32_t cflavor, uint32_t clength, uint8_t *cdata, uint32_t vflavor, uint32_t vlength, const uint8_t *vdata, const uint8_t *payload, uint32_t payload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_t ptag)

libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_stp_conf (uint16_t id, uint8_t version, uint8_t bpdu_type, uint8_t flags, const uint8_t *root_id, uint32_t root_pc, const uint8_t *bridge_id, uint16_t port_id, uint16_t message_age, uint16_t max_age, uint16_t hello_time, uint16_t f_delay, const uint8_t *payload, uint32_t payload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_t ptag)

libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_stp_tcn (uint16_t id, uint8_t version, uint8_t bpdu_type, const uint8_t *payload, uint32_t payload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_t ptag)

libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_token_ring (uint8_t ac, uint8_t fc, const uint8_t *dst, const uint8_t *src, uint8_t dsap, uint8_t ssap, uint8_t cf, const uint8_t *oui, uint16_t type, const uint8_t *payload, uint32_t payload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_t ptag)

libnet_ptag_t libnet_autobuild_token_ring (uint8_t ac, uint8_t fc, const uint8_t *dst, uint8_t dsap, uint8_t ssap, uint8_t cf, const uint8_t *oui, uint16_t type, libnet_t *l)

libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_vrrp (uint8_t version, uint8_t type, uint8_t vrouter_id, uint8_t priority, uint8_t ip_count, uint8_t auth_type, uint8_t advert_int, uint16_t sum, const uint8_t *payload, uint32_t payload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_t ptag)

libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_mpls (uint32_t label, uint8_t experimental, uint8_t bos, uint8_t ttl, const uint8_t *payload, uint32_t payload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_t ptag)

libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_ntp (uint8_t leap_indicator, uint8_t version, uint8_t mode, uint8_t stratum, uint8_t poll, uint8_t precision, uint16_t delay_int, uint16_t delay_frac, uint16_t dispersion_int, uint16_t dispersion_frac, uint32_t reference_id, uint32_t ref_ts_int, uint32_t ref_ts_frac, uint32_t orig_ts_int, uint32_t orig_ts_frac, uint32_t rec_ts_int, uint32_t rec_ts_frac, uint32_t xmt_ts_int, uint32_t xmt_ts_frac, const uint8_t *payload, uint32_t payload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_t ptag)

libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_ospfv2 (uint16_t len, uint8_t type, uint32_t rtr_id, uint32_t area_id, uint16_t sum, uint16_t autype, const uint8_t *payload, uint32_t payload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_t ptag)

libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_ospfv2_hello (uint32_t netmask, uint16_t interval, uint8_t opts, uint8_t priority, uint dead_int, uint32_t des_rtr, uint32_t bkup_rtr, const uint8_t *payload, uint32_t payload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_t ptag)

libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_ospfv2_dbd (uint16_t dgram_len, uint8_t opts, uint8_t type, uint seqnum, const uint8_t *payload, uint32_t payload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_t ptag)

libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_ospfv2_lsr (uint type, uint lsid, uint32_t advrtr, const uint8_t *payload, uint32_t payload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_t ptag)

libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_ospfv2_lsu (uint num, const uint8_t *payload, uint32_t payload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_t ptag)

libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_ospfv2_lsa (uint16_t age, uint8_t opts, uint8_t type, uint lsid, uint32_t advrtr, uint seqnum, uint16_t sum, uint16_t len, const uint8_t *payload, uint32_t payload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_t ptag)

libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_ospfv2_lsa_rtr (uint16_t flags, uint16_t num, uint id, uint data, uint8_t type, uint8_t tos, uint16_t metric, const uint8_t *payload, uint32_t payload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_t ptag)

libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_ospfv2_lsa_net (uint32_t nmask, uint rtrid, const uint8_t *payload, uint32_t payload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_t ptag)

libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_ospfv2_lsa_sum (uint32_t nmask, uint metric, uint tos, const uint8_t *payload, uint32_t payload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_t ptag)

libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_ospfv2_lsa_as (uint32_t nmask, uint metric, uint32_t fwdaddr, uint tag, const uint8_t *payload, uint32_t payload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_t ptag)

libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_data (const uint8_t *payload, uint32_t payload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_t ptag)

libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_dhcpv4 (uint8_t opcode, uint8_t htype, uint8_t hlen, uint8_t hopcount, uint32_t xid, uint16_t secs, uint16_t flags, uint32_t cip, uint32_t yip, uint32_t sip, uint32_t gip, const uint8_t *chaddr, const char *sname, const char *file, const uint8_t *payload, uint32_t payload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_t ptag)

libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_bootpv4 (uint8_t opcode, uint8_t htype, uint8_t hlen, uint8_t hopcount, uint32_t xid, uint16_t secs, uint16_t flags, uint32_t cip, uint32_t yip, uint32_t sip, uint32_t gip, const uint8_t *chaddr, const char *sname, const char *file, const uint8_t *payload, uint32_t payload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_t ptag)

uint32_t libnet_getgre_length (uint16_t fv)

libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_gre (uint16_t fv, uint16_t type, uint16_t sum, uint16_t offset, uint32_t key, uint32_t seq, uint16_t len, const uint8_t *payload, uint32_t payload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_t ptag)

libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_egre (uint16_t fv, uint16_t type, uint16_t sum, uint16_t offset, uint32_t key, uint32_t seq, uint16_t len, const uint8_t *payload, uint32_t payload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_t ptag)

libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_gre_sre (uint16_t af, uint8_t offset, uint8_t length, uint8_t *routing, const uint8_t *payload, uint32_t payload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_t ptag)

libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_gre_last_sre (libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_t ptag)

libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_bgp4_header (uint8_t marker[LIBNET_BGP4_MARKER_SIZE], uint16_t len, uint8_t type, const uint8_t *payload, uint32_t payload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_t ptag)

libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_bgp4_open (uint8_t version, uint16_t src_as, uint16_t hold_time, uint32_t bgp_id, uint8_t opt_len, const uint8_t *payload, uint32_t payload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_t ptag)

libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_bgp4_update (uint16_t unfeasible_rt_len, const uint8_t *withdrawn_rt, uint16_t total_path_attr_len, const uint8_t *path_attributes, uint16_t info_len, uint8_t *reachability_info, const uint8_t *payload, uint32_t payload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_t ptag)

libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_bgp4_notification (uint8_t err_code, uint8_t err_subcode, const uint8_t *payload, uint32_t payload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_t ptag)

libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_sebek (uint32_t magic, uint16_t version, uint16_t type, uint32_t counter, uint32_t time_sec, uint32_t time_usec, uint32_t pid, uint32_t uid, uint32_t fd, uint8_t cmd[SEBEK_CMD_LENGTH], uint32_t length, const uint8_t *payload, uint32_t payload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_t ptag)

libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_hsrp (uint8_t version, uint8_t opcode, uint8_t state, uint8_t hello_time, uint8_t hold_time, uint8_t priority, uint8_t group, uint8_t reserved, uint8_t authdata[HSRP_AUTHDATA_LENGTH], uint32_t virtual_ip, const uint8_t *payload, uint32_t payload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_t ptag)

libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_link (const uint8_t *dst, const uint8_t *src, const uint8_t *oui, uint16_t type, const uint8_t *payload, uint32_t payload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_t ptag)

libnet_ptag_t libnet_autobuild_link (const uint8_t *dst, const uint8_t *oui, uint16_t type, libnet_t *l)

int libnet_write (libnet_t *l)

uint32_t libnet_get_ipaddr4 (libnet_t *l)

struct libnet_in6_addr libnet_get_ipaddr6 (libnet_t *l)

struct libnet_ether_addr * libnet_get_hwaddr (libnet_t *l)

uint8_t * libnet_hex_aton (const char *s, int *len)

const char * libnet_version (void)

int libnet_adv_cull_packet (libnet_t *l, uint8_t **packet, uint32_t *packet_s)

int libnet_adv_cull_header (libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_t ptag, uint8_t **header, uint32_t *header_s)

int libnet_adv_write_link (libnet_t *l, const uint8_t *packet, uint32_t packet_s)

int libnet_adv_write_raw_ipv4 (libnet_t *l, const uint8_t *packet, uint32_t packet_s)

void libnet_adv_free_packet (libnet_t *l, uint8_t *packet)

int libnet_cq_add (libnet_t *l, char *label)

libnet_t * libnet_cq_remove (libnet_t *l)

libnet_t * libnet_cq_remove_by_label (char *label)

const char * libnet_cq_getlabel (libnet_t *l)

libnet_t * libnet_cq_find_by_label (char *label)

void libnet_cq_destroy (void)

libnet_t * libnet_cq_head (void)

int libnet_cq_last (void)

libnet_t * libnet_cq_next (void)

uint32_t libnet_cq_size (void)

uint32_t libnet_cq_end_loop (void)

void libnet_diag_dump_context (libnet_t *l)

void libnet_diag_dump_pblock (libnet_t *l)

char * libnet_diag_dump_pblock_type (uint8_t type)

void libnet_diag_dump_hex (const uint8_t *packet, uint32_t len, int swap, FILE *stream)

int libnet_write_raw_ipv4 (libnet_t *l, const uint8_t *packet, uint32_t size)

int libnet_write_raw_ipv6 (libnet_t *l, const uint8_t *packet, uint32_t size)

int libnet_write_link (libnet_t *l, const uint8_t *packet, uint32_t size)

int libnet_open_raw4 (libnet_t *l)

int libnet_close_raw4 (libnet_t *l)

int libnet_open_raw6 (libnet_t *l)

int libnet_close_raw6 (libnet_t *l)

int libnet_select_device (libnet_t *l)

int libnet_open_link (libnet_t *l)

int libnet_close_link (libnet_t *l)

int libnet_do_checksum (libnet_t *l, uint8_t *iphdr, int protocol, int h_len)

int libnet_inet_checksum (libnet_t *l, uint8_t *iphdr, int protocol, int h_len, const uint8_t *beg, const uint8_t *end)

uint32_t libnet_compute_crc (uint8_t *buf, uint32_t len)

uint16_t libnet_ip_check (uint16_t *addr, int len)

int libnet_in_cksum (uint16_t *addr, int len)

libnet_pblock_t * libnet_pblock_probe (libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_t ptag, uint32_t b_len, uint8_t type)

libnet_pblock_t * libnet_pblock_new (libnet_t *l, uint32_t b_len)

int libnet_pblock_swap (libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_t ptag1, libnet_ptag_t ptag2)

int libnet_pblock_insert_before (libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_t ptag1, libnet_ptag_t ptag2)

void libnet_pblock_delete (libnet_t *l, libnet_pblock_t *p)

libnet_ptag_t libnet_pblock_update (libnet_t *l, libnet_pblock_t *p, uint32_t h, uint8_t type)

libnet_pblock_t * libnet_pblock_find (libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_t ptag)

int libnet_pblock_append (libnet_t *l, libnet_pblock_t *p, const void *buf, uint32_t len)

void libnet_pblock_setflags (libnet_pblock_t *p, uint8_t flags)

int libnet_pblock_p2p (uint8_t type)

int libnet_pblock_coalesce (libnet_t *l, uint8_t **packet, uint32_t *size)

int libnet_check_iface (libnet_t *l)

Variables

struct libnet_in6_addr in6addr_error

Detailed Description

libnet exported function prototypes

Function Documentation

char* libnet_addr2name4 (uint32_tin, uint8_tuse_name) Takes a network byte ordered IPv4 address and returns a pointer to either a canonical DNS name (if it has one) or a string of dotted decimals. This may incur a DNS lookup if the hostname and mode is set to LIBNET_RESOLVE. If mode is set to LIBNET_DONT_RESOLVE, no DNS lookup will be performed and the function will return a pointer to a dotted decimal string. The function cannot fail -- if no canonical name exists, it will fall back on returning a dotted decimal string. This function is non-reentrant.

Parameters:

in network byte ordered IPv4 address
use_name LIBNET_RESOLVE or LIBNET_DONT_RESOLVE

Returns:

a pointer to presentation format string

void libnet_addr2name6_r (struct libnet_in6_addraddr, uint8_tuse_name, char *host_name, inthost_name_len) Should document this baby right here.

int libnet_adv_cull_header (libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_tptag, uint8_t **header, uint32_t *header_s) [Advanced Interface] Pulls the header from the specified ptag from the given libnet context. This function is part of the advanced interface and is only available when libnet is initialized in advanced mode. If the function fails libnet_geterror() can tell you why.

Parameters:

l pointer to a libnet context
ptag the ptag referencing the header to pull
header will contain the header
header_s will contain the header size

Returns:

1 on success, -1 on failure

int libnet_adv_cull_packet (libnet_t *l, uint8_t **packet, uint32_t *packet_s) [Advanced Interface] Yanks a prebuilt, wire-ready packet from the given libnet context. If libnet was configured to do so (which it is by default) the packet will have all checksums written in. This function is part of the advanced interface and is only available when libnet is initialized in advanced mode. It is important to note that the function performs an implicit malloc() and a corresponding call to libnet_adv_free_packet() should be made to free the memory packet occupies. If the function fails libnet_geterror() can tell you why.

Parameters:

l pointer to a libnet context
packet will contain the wire-ready packet
packet_s will contain the packet size

Returns:

1 on success, -1 on failure

void libnet_adv_free_packet (libnet_t *l, uint8_t *packet) [Advanced Interface] Frees the memory allocated when libnet_adv_cull_packet() is called.

Parameters:

l pointer to a libnet context
packet a pointer to the packet to free

int libnet_adv_write_raw_ipv4 (libnet_t *l, const uint8_t *packet, uint32_tpacket_s) [Advanced Interface] Writes a packet the network at the raw socket layer. This function is useful to write a packet that has been constructed by hand by the application programmer or, more commonly, to write a packet that has been returned by a call to libnet_adv_cull_packet(). This function is part of the advanced interface and is only available when libnet is initialized in advanced mode. If the function fails libnet_geterror() can tell you why.

Parameters:

l pointer to a libnet context
packet a pointer to the packet to inject
packet_s the size of the packet

Returns:

the number of bytes written, or -1 on failure

libnet_ptag_t libnet_autobuild_arp (uint16_top, const uint8_t *sha, const uint8_t *spa, const uint8_t *tha, uint8_t *tpa, libnet_t *l) Autouilds an Address Resolution Protocol (ARP) header. Depending on the op value, the function builds one of several different types of RFC 826 or RFC 903 RARP packets.

Parameters:

op ARP operation type
sha sender's hardware address
spa sender's protocol address
tha target hardware address
tpa targer protocol address
l pointer to a libnet context

Returns:

protocol tag value on success, -1 on error

libnet_ptag_t libnet_autobuild_fddi (uint8_tfc, const uint8_t *dst, uint8_tdsap, uint8_tssap, uint8_tcf, const uint8_t *oui, uint16_ttype, libnet_t *l) Autobuilds a Fiber Distributed Data Interface (FDDI) header.

Parameters:

fc class format and priority
dst destination fddi address
dsap destination service access point
ssap source service access point
cf cf
oui IEEE organizational code
type upper layer protocol
l pointer to a libnet context

Returns:

protocol tag value on success, -1 on error

libnet_ptag_t libnet_autobuild_ipv4 (uint16_tlen, uint8_tprot, uint32_tdst, libnet_t *l) Autobuilds a version 4 Internet Protocol (IP) header. The function is useful to build an IP header quickly when you do not need a granular level of control. The function takes the same len, prot, and dst arguments as libnet_build_ipv4(). The function does not accept a ptag argument, but it does return a ptag. In other words, you can use it to build a new IP header but not to modify an existing one.

Parameters:

len total length of the IP packet including all subsequent data
prot upper layer protocol
dst destination IPv4 address (little endian)
l pointer to a libnet context

Returns:

protocol tag value on success, -1 on error

libnet_ptag_t libnet_autobuild_ipv6 (uint16_tlen, uint8_tnh, struct libnet_in6_addrdst, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_tptag) Autobuilds a version 6 RFC 2460 Internet Protocol (IP) header. The function is useful to build an IP header quickly when you do not need a granular level of control. The function takes the same len, nh, and dst arguments as libnet_build_ipv4(). The function does not accept a ptag argument, but it does return a ptag. In other words, you can use it to build a new IP header but not to modify an existing one. This function requires libnet_get_ipaddr6(), which is not yet implemented for Win32 platforms.

Parameters:

len length
nh next header
dst destination IPv6 address
l pointer to a libnet context
ptag protocol tag to modify an existing header, 0 to build a new one

Returns:

protocol tag value on success, -1 on error

libnet_ptag_t libnet_autobuild_token_ring (uint8_tac, uint8_tfc, const uint8_t *dst, uint8_tdsap, uint8_tssap, uint8_tcf, const uint8_t *oui, uint16_ttype, libnet_t *l) Auto-builds a token ring header.

Parameters:

ac access control
fc frame control
dst destination address
dsap destination service access point
ssap source service access point
cf control field
oui Organizationally Unique Identifier
type upper layer protocol type
l pointer to a libnet context

Returns:

protocol tag value on success, -1 on error

libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_802_1q (const uint8_t *dst, const uint8_t *src, uint16_ttpi, uint8_tpriority, uint8_tcfi, uint16_tvlan_id, uint16_tlen_proto, const uint8_t *payload, uint32_tpayload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_tptag) .SH Packet Builder Functions

The core of libnet is the platform-independent packet-building functionality. These functions enable an application programmer to build protocol headers (and data) in a simple and consistent manner without having to worry (too much) about low-level network odds and ends. Each libnet_build() function builds a piece of a packet (generally a protocol header). While it is perfectly possible to build an entire, ready-to-transmit packet with a single call to a libnet_build() function, generally more than one builder-class function call is required to construct a full packet. A complete wire-ready packet generally consists of more than one piece. Every function that builds a protocol header takes a series of arguments roughly corresponding to the header values as they appear on the wire. This process is intuitive but often makes for functions with huge prototypes and large stack frames. One important thing to note is that you must call these functions in order, corresponding to how they should appear on the wire (from the highest protocol layer on down). This building process is intuitive; it approximates what happens in an operating system kernel. In other words, to build a Network Time Protocol (NTP) packet by using the link-layer interface, the application programmer would call the libnet_build() functions in the following order: 1. libnet_build_ntp() 2. libnet_build_udp() 3. libnet_build_ipv4() 4. libnet_build_ethernet() This ordering is essential for libnet 1.1.x to properly link together the packet internally (previous libnet versions did not have the requirement).

The Payload Interface

The payload interface specifies an optional way to include data directly after the protocol header in question. You can use this function for a variety of purposes, including the following:

·
Including additional or arbitrary protocol header information that is not available from a libnet interface
·
Including a packet payload (data segment)
·
Building another protocol header that is not available from a libnet interface To employ the interface, the application programmer should construct the i payload data and pass a const uint8_t * to this data and its size to the desired libnet_build() function. Libnet handles the rest.

It is important to note that some functions (notably the IPv6 builders) do use the payload interface to specify variable length but ostensibly non-optional data. See the individual libnet_build_ipv6*() functions for more information.

Protocol Tags and Packet Builder Return Values

Libnet uses the protocol tag (ptag) to identify individual pieces of a packet after being created. A new ptag results every time a libnet_build() function with an empty (0) ptag argument completes successfully. This new ptag now refers to the packet piece just created. The application programmer's responsibility is to save this value if he or she plans to modify this particular portion later on in the program. If the application programmer needs to modify some portion of that particular packet piece again, he or she calls the same libnet_build() function specifying the saved ptag argument. Libnet then searches for that packet piece and modifies it rather than creating a new one. Upon failure for any reason, libnet_build() functions return -1; libnet_geterror() tells you why. Builds an IEEE 802.1q VLAN tagging header. Depending on the value of len_proto, the function wraps the 802.1q header inside either an IEEE 802.3 header or an RFC 894 Ethernet II (DIX) header (both resulting in an 18-byte frame). If len is 1500 or less, most receiving protocol stacks parse the frame as an IEEE 802.3 encapsulated frame. If len is one of the Ethernet type values, most protocol stacks parse the frame as an RFC 894 Ethernet II encapsulated frame. Note the length value is calculated without the 802.1q header of 18 bytes.

Parameters:

dst pointer to a six byte source ethernet address
src pointer to a six byte destination ethernet address
tpi tag protocol identifier
priority priority
cfi canonical format indicator
vlan_id vlan identifier
len_proto length (802.3) protocol (Ethernet II)
payload optional payload or NULL
payload_s payload length or 0
l pointer to a libnet context
ptag protocol tag to modify an existing header, 0 to build a new one

Returns:

protocol tag value on success, -1 on error

libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_802_1x (uint8_teap_ver, uint8_teap_type, uint16_tlength, const uint8_t *payload, uint32_tpayload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_tptag) Builds an IEEE 802.1x extended authentication protocol header.

Parameters:

eap_ver the EAP version
eap_type the EAP type
length frame length
payload optional payload or NULL
payload_s payload length or 0
l pointer to a libnet context
ptag protocol tag to modify an existing header, 0 to build a new one

Returns:

protocol tag value on success, -1 on error

libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_802_2 (uint8_tdsap, uint8_tssap, uint8_tcontrol, const uint8_t *payload, uint32_tpayload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_tptag) Builds an IEEE 802.2 LLC header.

Parameters:

dsap destination service access point
ssap source service access point
control control field
payload optional payload or NULL
payload_s payload length or 0
l pointer to a libnet context
ptag protocol tag to modify an existing header, 0 to build a new one

Returns:

protocol tag value on success, -1 on error

libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_802_2snap (uint8_tdsap, uint8_tssap, uint8_tcontrol, uint8_t *oui, uint16_ttype, const uint8_t *payload, uint32_tpayload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_tptag) Builds an IEEE 802.2 LLC SNAP header.

Parameters:

dsap destination service access point
ssap source service access point
control control field
oui Organizationally Unique Identifier
type upper layer protocol
payload optional payload or NULL
payload_s payload length or 0
l pointer to a libnet context
ptag protocol tag to modify an existing header, 0 to build a new one

Returns:

protocol tag value on success, -1 on error

libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_arp (uint16_thrd, uint16_tpro, uint8_thln, uint8_tpln, uint16_top, const uint8_t *sha, const uint8_t *spa, const uint8_t *tha, const uint8_t *tpa, const uint8_t *payload, uint32_tpayload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_tptag) Builds an Address Resolution Protocol (ARP) header. Depending on the op value, the function builds one of several different types of RFC 826 or RFC 903 RARP packets.

Parameters:

hrd hardware address format
pro protocol address format
hln hardware address length
pln protocol address length
op ARP operation type
sha sender's hardware address
spa sender's protocol address
tha target hardware address
tpa targer protocol address
payload optional payload or NULL
payload_s payload length or 0
l pointer to a libnet context
ptag protocol tag to modify an existing header, 0 to build a new one

Returns:

protocol tag value on success, -1 on error

libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_bgp4_header (uint8_tmarker[LIBNET_BGP4_MARKER_SIZE], uint16_tlen, uint8_ttype, const uint8_t *payload, uint32_tpayload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_tptag) Builds an RFC 1771 Border Gateway Protocol 4 (BGP-4) header. The primary function of a BGP speaking system is to exchange network reachability information with other BGP systems. This network reachability information includes information on the list of Autonomous Systems (ASs) that reachability information traverses. This information is sufficient to construct a graph of AS connectivity from which routing loops may be pruned and some policy decisions at the AS level may be enforced. This function builds the base BGP header which is used as a preamble before any other BGP header. For example, a BGP KEEPALIVE message may be built with only this function, while an error notification requires a subsequent call to libnet_build_bgp4_notification.

Parameters:

marker a value the receiver can predict (if the message type is not BGP OPEN, or no authentication is used, these 16 bytes are normally set as all ones)
len total length of the BGP message, including the header
type type code of the message (OPEN, UPDATE, NOTIFICATION or KEEPALIVE)
payload optional payload or NULL
payload_s payload length or 0
l pointer to a libnet context
ptag protocol tag to modify an existing header, 0 to build a new one

Returns:

protocol tag value on success, -1 on error

libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_bgp4_notification (uint8_terr_code, uint8_terr_subcode, const uint8_t *payload, uint32_tpayload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_tptag) Builds an RFC 1771 Border Gateway Protocol 4 (BGP-4) notification header. A NOTIFICATION message is sent when an error condition is detected. Specific error information may be passed through the payload interface.

Parameters:

err_code type of notification
err_subcode more specific information about the reported error.
payload optional payload or NULL
payload_s payload length or 0
l pointer to a libnet context
ptag protocol tag to modify an existing header, 0 to build a new one

Returns:

protocol tag value on success, -1 on error

libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_bgp4_open (uint8_tversion, uint16_tsrc_as, uint16_thold_time, uint32_tbgp_id, uint8_topt_len, const uint8_t *payload, uint32_tpayload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_tptag) Builds an RFC 1771 Border Gateway Protocol 4 (BGP-4) OPEN header. This is the first message sent by each side of a BGP connection. The optional parameters options should be constructed using the payload interface (see RFC 1771 for the options structures).

Parameters:

version protocol version (should be set to 4)
src_as Autonomous System of the sender
hold_time used to compute the maximum allowed time between the receipt of KEEPALIVE, and/or UPDATE messages by the sender
bgp_id BGP identifier of the sender
opt_len total length of the optional parameters field in bytes
payload optional payload or NULL
payload_s payload length or 0
l pointer to a libnet context
ptag protocol tag to modify an existing header, 0 to build a new one

Returns:

protocol tag value on success, -1 on error

libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_bgp4_update (uint16_tunfeasible_rt_len, const uint8_t *withdrawn_rt, uint16_ttotal_path_attr_len, const uint8_t *path_attributes, uint16_tinfo_len, uint8_t *reachability_info, const uint8_t *payload, uint32_tpayload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_tptag) Builds an RFC 1771 Border Gateway Protocol 4 (BGP-4) update header. Update messages are used to transfer routing information between BGP peers.

Parameters:

unfeasible_rt_len indicates the length of the (next) 'withdrawn routes' field in bytes
withdrawn_rt list of IP addresses prefixes for the routes that are being withdrawn; each IP address prefix is built as a 2-tuple <length (1 byte), prefix (variable)>
total_path_attr_len indicates the length of the (next) 'path attributes' field in bytes
path_attributes each attribute is a 3-tuple <type (2 bytes), length, value>
info_len indicates the length of the (next) 'network layer reachability information' field in bytes (needed for internal memory size calculation)
reachability_info 2-tuples <length (1 byte), prefix (variable)>.
payload optional payload or NULL
payload_s payload length or 0
l pointer to a libnet context
ptag protocol tag to modify an existing header, 0 to build a new one

Returns:

protocol tag value on success, -1 on error

libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_bootpv4 (uint8_topcode, uint8_thtype, uint8_thlen, uint8_thopcount, uint32_txid, uint16_tsecs, uint16_tflags, uint32_tcip, uint32_tyip, uint32_tsip, uint32_tgip, const uint8_t *chaddr, const char *sname, const char *file, const uint8_t *payload, uint32_tpayload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_tptag) Parameters

opcode
htype
hlen
hopcount
xid
secs
flags
cip
yip
sip
gip
chaddr client hardware address, length is hlen
sname server host name, a null terminated string
file boot file name, a null terminated string
payload optional payload or NULL
payload_s payload length or 0
l pointer to a libnet context
ptag protocol tag to modify an existing header, 0 to build a new one

Returns:

protocol tag value on success, -1 on error

libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_cdp (uint8_tversion, uint8_tttl, uint16_tsum, uint16_ttype, uint16_tvalue_s, const uint8_t *value, const uint8_t *payload, uint32_tpayload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_tptag) Builds a Cisco Discovery Protocol (CDP) header. Cisco Systems designed CDP to aid in the network management of adjacent Cisco devices. The CDP protocol specifies data by using a type/length/value (TLV) setup. The first TLV can specified by using the functions type, length, and value arguments. To specify additional TLVs, the programmer could either use the payload interface or libnet_build_data() to construct them.

Parameters:

version CDP version
ttl time to live (time information should be cached by recipient)
sum checksum (0 for libnet to autofill)
type type of data contained in value
value_s length of value argument
value the CDP information string
payload optional payload or NULL
payload_s payload length or 0
l pointer to a libnet context
ptag protocol tag to modify an existing header, 0 to build a new one

Returns:

protocol tag value on success, -1 on error

libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_data (const uint8_t *payload, uint32_tpayload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_tptag) Builds a generic libnet protocol header. This is useful for including an optional payload to a packet that might need to change repeatedly inside of a loop. This won't work for TCP or IP payload, they have special types (this is probably a bug).

Parameters:

payload optional payload or NULL
payload_s payload length or 0
l pointer to a libnet context
ptag protocol tag to modify an existing header, 0 to build a new one

Returns:

protocol tag value on success, -1 on error

libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_dhcpv4 (uint8_topcode, uint8_thtype, uint8_thlen, uint8_thopcount, uint32_txid, uint16_tsecs, uint16_tflags, uint32_tcip, uint32_tyip, uint32_tsip, uint32_tgip, const uint8_t *chaddr, const char *sname, const char *file, const uint8_t *payload, uint32_tpayload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_tptag) Parameters

opcode
htype
hlen
hopcount
xid
secs
flags
cip
yip
sip
gip
chaddr client hardware address, length is hlen
sname server host name, a null terminated string
file boot file name, a null terminated string
payload optional payload or NULL
payload_s payload length or 0
l pointer to a libnet context
ptag protocol tag to modify an existing header, 0 to build a new one

Returns:

protocol tag value on success, -1 on error

libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_dnsv4 (uint16_th_len, uint16_tid, uint16_tflags, uint16_tnum_q, uint16_tnum_anws_rr, uint16_tnum_auth_rr, uint16_tnum_addi_rr, const uint8_t *payload, uint32_tpayload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_tptag) Builds an RFC 1035 version 4 DNS header. Additional DNS payload information should be specified using the payload interface.

Parameters:

h_len
id DNS packet id
flags control flags
num_q number of questions
num_anws_rr number of answer resource records
num_auth_rr number of authority resource records
num_addi_rr number of additional resource records
payload optional payload or NULL
payload_s payload length or 0
l pointer to a libnet context
ptag protocol tag to modify an existing header, 0 to build a new one

Returns:

protocol tag value on success, -1 on error

libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_egre (uint16_tfv, uint16_ttype, uint16_tsum, uint16_toffset, uint32_tkey, uint32_tseq, uint16_tlen, const uint8_t *payload, uint32_tpayload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_tptag) Generic Routing Encapsulation (GRE - RFC 1701) is used to encapsulate any protocol. Hence, the IP part of the packet is usually referred as 'delivery

header'. It is then followed by the GRE header and finally the encapsulated packet (IP or whatever). As GRE is very modular, the first GRE header describes the structure of the header, using bits and flag to specify which fields will be present in the header.

Parameters:

fv the 16 0 to 7: which fields are included in the header (checksum, seq. number, key, ...), bits 8 to 12: flag, bits 13 to 15: version.
type which protocol is encapsulated (PPP, IP, ...)
sum checksum (0 for libnet to autofill).
offset byte offset from the start of the routing field to the first byte of the SRE
key inserted by the encapsulator to authenticate the source
seq sequence number used by the receiver to sort the packets
len size of the GRE packet
payload optional payload or NULL
payload_s payload length or 0
l pointer to a libnet context
ptag protocol tag to modify an existing header, 0 to build a new one

Returns:

protocol tag value on success, -1 on error

libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_fddi (uint8_tfc, const uint8_t *dst, const uint8_t *src, uint8_tdsap, uint8_tssap, uint8_tcf, const uint8_t *oui, uint16_ttype, const uint8_t *payload, uint32_tpayload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_tptag) Builds a Fiber Distributed Data Interface (FDDI) header.

Parameters:

fc class format and priority
dst destination fddi address
src source fddi address
dsap destination service access point
ssap source service access point
cf cf
oui 3 byte IEEE organizational code
type upper layer protocol
payload optional payload or NULL
payload_s payload length or 0
l pointer to a libnet context
ptag protocol tag to modify an existing header, 0 to build a new one

Returns:

protocol tag value on success, -1 on error

libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_gre (uint16_tfv, uint16_ttype, uint16_tsum, uint16_toffset, uint32_tkey, uint32_tseq, uint16_tlen, const uint8_t *payload, uint32_tpayload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_tptag) Generic Routing Encapsulation (GRE - RFC 1701) is used to encapsulate any protocol. Hence, the IP part of the packet is usually referred as 'delivery

header'. It is then followed by the GRE header and finally the encapsulated packet (IP or whatever). As GRE is very modular, the first GRE header describes the structure of the header, using bits and flag to specify which fields will be present in the header.

Parameters:

fv the 16 0 to 7: which fields are included in the header (checksum, seq. number, key, ...), bits 8 to 12: flag, bits 13 to 15: version.
type which protocol is encapsulated (PPP, IP, ...)
sum checksum (0 for libnet to autofill).
offset byte offset from the start of the routing field to the first byte of the SRE
key inserted by the encapsulator to authenticate the source
seq sequence number used by the receiver to sort the packets
len size of the GRE packet
payload
payload_s payload length or 0
l pointer to a libnet context
ptag protocol tag to modify an existing header, 0 to build a new one

Returns:

protocol tag value on success, -1 on error

libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_gre_last_sre (libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_tptag) Parameters

l pointer to a libnet context
ptag protocol tag to modify an existing header, 0 to build a new one

Returns:

protocol tag value on success, -1 on error

libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_gre_sre (uint16_taf, uint8_toffset, uint8_tlength, uint8_t *routing, const uint8_t *payload, uint32_tpayload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_tptag) Parameters

af
offset
length
routing
payload optional payload or NULL
payload_s payload length or 0
l pointer to a libnet context
ptag protocol tag to modify an existing header, 0 to build a new one

Returns:

protocol tag value on success, -1 on error

libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_hsrp (uint8_tversion, uint8_topcode, uint8_tstate, uint8_thello_time, uint8_thold_time, uint8_tpriority, uint8_tgroup, uint8_treserved, uint8_tauthdata[HSRP_AUTHDATA_LENGTH], uint32_tvirtual_ip, const uint8_t *payload, uint32_tpayload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_tptag) Builds a HSRP header. HSRP is a Cisco propietary protocol defined in RFC 2281

Parameters:

version version of the HSRP messages
opcode type of message
state current state of the router
hello_time period in seconds between hello messages
hold_time seconds that the current hello message is valid
priority priority for the election proccess
group standby group
reserved reserved field
authdata password
virtual_ip virtual ip address
payload optional payload or NULL
payload_s payload length or 0
l pointer to a libnet context
ptag protocol tag to modify an existing header, 0 to build a new one

Returns:

protocol tag value on success, -1 on error

libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_icmpv4_echo (uint8_ttype, uint8_tcode, uint16_tsum, uint16_tid, uint16_tseq, const uint8_t *payload, uint32_tpayload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_tptag) Builds an IP version 4 RFC 792 Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP) echo request/reply header

Parameters:

type type of ICMP packet (should be ICMP_ECHOREPLY or ICMP_ECHO)
code code of ICMP packet (should be 0)
sum checksum (0 for libnet to autofill)
id identification number
seq packet sequence number
payload optional payload or NULL
payload_s payload length or 0
l pointer to a libnet context
ptag protocol tag to modify an existing header, 0 to build a new one

Returns:

protocol tag value on success, -1 on error

libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_icmpv4_mask (uint8_ttype, uint8_tcode, uint16_tsum, uint16_tid, uint16_tseq, uint32_tmask, const uint8_t *payload, uint32_tpayload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_tptag) Builds an IP version 4 RFC 792 Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP) IP netmask request/reply header.

Parameters:

type type of ICMP packet (should be ICMP_MASKREQ or ICMP_MASKREPLY)
code code of ICMP packet (should be 0)
sum checksum (0 for libnet to autofill)
id identification number
seq packet sequence number
mask subnet mask
payload optional payload or NULL
payload_s payload length or 0
l pointer to a libnet context
ptag protocol tag to modify an existing header, 0 to build a new one

Returns:

protocol tag value on success, -1 on error

libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_icmpv4_redirect (uint8_ttype, uint8_tcode, uint16_tsum, uint32_tgateway, const uint8_t *payload, uint32_tpayload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_tptag) Builds an IP version 4 RFC 792 Internet Message Control Protocol (ICMP) redirect header. The IP header that caused the error message should be built by a previous call to libnet_build_ipv4().

Parameters:

type type of ICMP packet (should be ICMP_REDIRECT)
code code of ICMP packet (should be one of the four redirect codes)
sum checksum (0 for libnet to autofill)
gateway
payload optional payload or NULL
payload_s payload length or 0
l pointer to a libnet context
ptag protocol tag to modify an existing header, 0 to build a new one

Returns:

protocol tag value on success, -1 on error

libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_icmpv4_timeexceed (uint8_ttype, uint8_tcode, uint16_tsum, const uint8_t *payload, uint32_tpayload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_tptag) Builds an IP version 4 RFC 792 Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP) time exceeded header. The IP header that caused the error message should be built by a previous call to libnet_build_ipv4().

Parameters:

type type of ICMP packet (should be ICMP_TIMXCEED)
code code of ICMP packet (ICMP_TIMXCEED_INTRANS / ICMP_TIMXCEED_REASS)
sum checksum (0 for libnet to autofill)
payload optional payload or NULL
payload optional payload or NULL
payload_s payload length or 0
l pointer to a libnet context
ptag protocol tag to modify an existing header, 0 to build a new one

Returns:

protocol tag value on success, -1 on error

libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_icmpv4_timestamp (uint8_ttype, uint8_tcode, uint16_tsum, uint16_tid, uint16_tseq, uint32_totime, uint32_trtime, uint32_tttime, const uint8_t *payload, uint32_tpayload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_tptag) Builds an IP version 4 RFC 792 Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP) timestamp request/reply header.

Parameters:

type type of ICMP packet (should be ICMP_TSTAMP or ICMP_TSTAMPREPLY)
code code of ICMP packet (should be 0)
sum checksum (0 for libnet to autofill)
id identification number
seq sequence number
otime originate timestamp
rtime receive timestamp
ttime transmit timestamp
payload optional payload or NULL
payload_s payload length or 0
l pointer to a libnet context
ptag protocol tag to modify an existing header, 0 to build a new one

Returns:

protocol tag value on success, -1 on error

libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_icmpv4_unreach (uint8_ttype, uint8_tcode, uint16_tsum, const uint8_t *payload, uint32_tpayload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_tptag) Builds an IP version 4 RFC 792 Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP) unreachable header. The IP header that caused the error message should be built by a previous call to libnet_build_ipv4().

Parameters:

type type of ICMP packet (should be ICMP_UNREACH)
code code of ICMP packet (should be one of the 16 unreachable codes)
sum checksum (0 for libnet to autofill)
payload optional payload or NULL
payload_s payload length or 0
l pointer to a libnet context
ptag protocol tag to modify an existing header, 0 to build a new one

Returns:

protocol tag value on success, -1 on error

libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_icmpv6_echo (uint8_ttype, uint8_tcode, uint16_tsum, uint16_tid, uint16_tseq, uint8_t *payload, uint32_tpayload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_tptag) Builds an IP version 6 RFC 4443 Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP) echo or echo reply header.

Parameters:

type type of ICMP packet (should be ICMP6_ECHO_REQUEST or ICMP6_ECHO_REPLY)
code code of ICMP packet (should be zero)
sum checksum (0 for libnet to autofill)
id echo id number
seq echo sequence number
payload optional payload or NULL
payload_s payload length or 0
l pointer to a libnet context
ptag protocol tag to modify an existing header, 0 to build a new one

Returns:

protocol tag value on success, -1 on error

libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_icmpv6_ndp_nadv (uint8_ttype, uint8_tcode, uint16_tsum, uint32_tflags, struct libnet_in6_addrtarget, uint8_t *payload, uint32_tpayload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_tptag) Builds an IP version 6 RFC 2461 Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP) NDP neighbour advertisement header. Could be used with libnet_build_icmpv6_ndp_opt() and ND_OPT_TARGET_LINKADDR.

Parameters:

type type of ICMP packet (should be ND_NEIGHBOR_ADVERT)
code code of ICMP packet (should be zero)
sum checksum (0 for libnet to autofill)
flags should be a bitwise or of any applicable ND_NA_FLAG_* flags
target target ipv6 address
payload optional payload or NULL
payload_s payload length or 0
l pointer to a libnet context
ptag protocol tag to modify an existing header, 0 to build a new one

Returns:

protocol tag value on success, -1 on error

libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_icmpv6_ndp_nsol (uint8_ttype, uint8_tcode, uint16_tsum, struct libnet_in6_addrtarget, uint8_t *payload, uint32_tpayload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_tptag) Builds an IP version 6 RFC 2461 Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP) NDP neighbour solicitation header. Could be used with libnet_build_icmpv6_ndp_opt() and ICMPV6_NDP_OPT_SLLA.

Parameters:

type type of ICMP packet (should be ND_NEIGHBOR_SOLICIT)
code code of ICMP packet (should be zero)
sum checksum (0 for libnet to autofill)
target target ipv6 address
payload optional payload or NULL
payload_s payload length or 0
l pointer to a libnet context
ptag protocol tag to modify an existing header, 0 to build a new one

Returns:

protocol tag value on success, -1 on error

libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_icmpv6_ndp_opt (uint8_ttype, uint8_t *option, uint32_toption_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_tptag) Builds ICMPv6 NDP options.

Parameters:

type one of ND_OPT_* types
option option data
option_s size of option data (will be padded out to an 8-byte boundary)
l pointer to a libnet context
ptag protocol tag to modify an existing header, 0 to build a new one

Returns:

protocol tag value on success, -1 on error

libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_icmpv6_unreach (uint8_ttype, uint8_tcode, uint16_tsum, uint8_t *payload, uint32_tpayload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_tptag) Builds an IP version 6 RFC 4443 Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP) unreachable header. The IP header that caused the error message should be built by a previous call to libnet_build_ipv6().

Parameters:

type type of ICMP packet (should be ICMP6_DST_UNREACH)
code code of ICMP packet (should be one of the 5 ICMP6_DST_UNREACH_* codes)
sum checksum (0 for libnet to autofill)
payload optional payload or NULL
payload_s payload length or 0
l pointer to a libnet context
ptag protocol tag to modify an existing header, 0 to build a new one

Returns:

protocol tag value on success, -1 on error

libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_igmp (uint8_ttype, uint8_treserved, uint16_tsum, uint32_tip, const uint8_t *payload, uint32_tpayload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_tptag) Builds an RFC 1112 Internet Group Memebership Protocol (IGMP) header.

Parameters:

type packet type
reserved (should be 0 for IGMPv1)
sum checksum (0 for libnet to autofill)
ip IPv4 address (in standard/network byte order)
payload optional payload or NULL
payload_s payload length or 0
l pointer to a libnet context
ptag protocol tag to modify an existing header, 0 to build a new one

Returns:

protocol tag value on success, -1 on error

Note:

'reserved' was previously called 'code', which it is not, in any IGMP version.

libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_ipsec_ah (uint8_tnh, uint8_tlen, uint16_tres, uint32_tspi, uint32_tseq, uint32_tauth, const uint8_t *payload, uint32_tpayload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_tptag) Builds an Internet Protocol Security Authentication header.

Parameters:

nh next header
len payload length
res reserved
spi security parameter index
seq sequence number
auth authentication data
payload optional payload or NULL
payload_s payload length or 0
l pointer to a libnet context
ptag protocol tag to modify an existing header, 0 to build a new one

Returns:

protocol tag value on success, -1 on error

libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_ipsec_esp_ftr (uint8_tlen, uint8_tnh, int8_t *auth, const uint8_t *payload, uint32_tpayload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_tptag) Builds an Internet Protocol Security Encapsulating Security Payload footer.

Parameters:

len padding length
nh next header
auth authentication data
payload optional payload or NULL
payload_s payload length or 0
l pointer to a libnet context
ptag protocol tag to modify an existing header, 0 to build a new one

Returns:

protocol tag value on success, -1 on error

libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_ipsec_esp_hdr (uint32_tspi, uint32_tseq, uint32_tiv, const uint8_t *payload, uint32_tpayload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_tptag) Builds an Internet Protocol Security Encapsulating Security Payload header.

Parameters:

spi security parameter index
seq ESP sequence number
iv initialization vector
payload optional payload or NULL
payload_s payload length or 0
l pointer to a libnet context
ptag protocol tag to modify an existing header, 0 to build a new one

Returns:

protocol tag value on success, -1 on error

libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_ipv4 (uint16_tip_len, uint8_ttos, uint16_tid, uint16_tfrag, uint8_tttl, uint8_tprot, uint16_tsum, uint32_tsrc, uint32_tdst, const uint8_t *payload, uint32_tpayload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_tptag) Builds a version 4 RFC 791 Internet Protocol (IP) header.

Parameters:

ip_len total length of the IP packet including all subsequent data (subsequent data includes any IP options and IP options padding)
tos type of service bits
id IP identification number
frag fragmentation bits and offset
ttl time to live in the network
prot upper layer protocol
sum checksum (0 for libnet to autofill)
src source IPv4 address (little endian)
dst destination IPv4 address (little endian)
payload optional payload or NULL
payload_s payload length or 0
l pointer to a libnet context
ptag protocol tag to modify an existing header, 0 to build a new one

Returns:

protocol tag value on success, -1 on error

libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_ipv4_options (const uint8_t *options, uint32_toptions_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_tptag) Builds an version 4 Internet Protocol (IP) options header. The function expects options to be a valid IP options string of size options_s, no larger than 40 bytes (the maximum size of an options string).

When building a chain, the options must be built, then the IPv4 header.

When updating a chain, if the block following the options is an IPv4 header, it's total length and header length will be updated if the options block size changes.

Parameters:

options byte string of IP options (it will be padded up to be an integral multiple of 32-bit words).
options_s length of options string
l pointer to a libnet context
ptag protocol tag to modify an existing header, 0 to build a new one

Returns:

protocol tag value on success, -1 on error

libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_ipv6 (uint8_ttc, uint32_tfl, uint16_tlen, uint8_tnh, uint8_thl, struct libnet_in6_addrsrc, struct libnet_in6_addrdst, const uint8_t *payload, uint32_tpayload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_tptag) Builds a version 6 RFC 2460 Internet Protocol (IP) header.

Parameters:

tc traffic class
fl flow label
len total length of the IP packet
nh next header
hl hop limit
src source IPv6 address
dst destination IPv6 address
payload optional payload or NULL
payload_s payload length or 0
l pointer to a libnet context
ptag protocol tag to modify an existing header, 0 to build a new one

Returns:

protocol tag value on success, -1 on error

libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_ipv6_destopts (uint8_tnh, uint8_tlen, const uint8_t *payload, uint32_tpayload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_tptag) Builds a version 6 RFC 2460 Internet Protocol (IP) destination options header. This function is special in that it uses the payload interface to include the options data. The application programmer will build an IPv6 options byte string and pass it to the function using the payload interface.

Parameters:

nh next header
len length of the header in 8-byte octets not including the first 8 octets
payload options payload
payload_s payload length
l pointer to a libnet context
ptag protocol tag to modify an existing header, 0 to build a new one

Returns:

protocol tag value on success, -1 on error

libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_ipv6_frag (uint8_tnh, uint8_treserved, uint16_tfrag, uint32_tid, const uint8_t *payload, uint32_tpayload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_tptag) Builds a version 6 RFC 2460 Internet Protocol (IP) fragmentation header.

Parameters:

nh next header
reserved unused value... OR IS IT!
frag fragmentation bits (ala ipv4)
id packet identification
payload optional payload or NULL
payload_s payload length or 0
l pointer to a libnet context
ptag protocol tag to modify an existing header, 0 to build a new one

Returns:

protocol tag value on success, -1 on error

libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_ipv6_hbhopts (uint8_tnh, uint8_tlen, const uint8_t *payload, uint32_tpayload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_tptag) Builds a version 6 RFC 2460 Internet Protocol (IP) hop by hop options header. This function is special in that it uses the payload interface to include the options data. The application programmer will build an IPv6 hop by hop options byte string and pass it to the function using the payload interface.

Parameters:

nh next header
len length of the header in 8-byte octets not including the first 8 octets
payload options payload
payload_s payload length
l pointer to a libnet context
ptag protocol tag to modify an existing header, 0 to build a new one

Returns:

protocol tag value on success, -1 on error

libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_ipv6_routing (uint8_tnh, uint8_tlen, uint8_trtype, uint8_tsegments, const uint8_t *payload, uint32_tpayload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_tptag) Builds a version 6 RFC 2460 Internet Protocol (IP) routing header. This function is special in that it uses the payload interface to include the 'type-specific data'; that is the routing information. Most often this will be a number of 128-bit IPv6 addresses. The application programmer will build a byte string of IPv6 address and pass them to the function using the payload interface.

Parameters:

nh next header
len length of the header in 8-byte octets not including the first 8 octets
rtype routing header type
segments number of routing segments that follow
payload optional payload of routing information
payload_s payload length
l pointer to a libnet context
ptag protocol tag to modify an existing header, 0 to build a new one

Returns:

protocol tag value on success, -1 on error

libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_mpls (uint32_tlabel, uint8_texperimental, uint8_tbos, uint8_tttl, const uint8_t *payload, uint32_tpayload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_tptag) Builds an RFC 3032 Multi-Protocol Label Switching (MPLS) header.

Parameters:

label 20-bit label value
experimental 3-bit reserved field
bos 1-bit bottom of stack identifier
ttl time to live
payload optional payload or NULL
payload_s payload length or 0
l pointer to a libnet context
ptag protocol tag to modify an existing header, 0 to build a new one

Returns:

protocol tag value on success, -1 on error

libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_ntp (uint8_tleap_indicator, uint8_tversion, uint8_tmode, uint8_tstratum, uint8_tpoll, uint8_tprecision, uint16_tdelay_int, uint16_tdelay_frac, uint16_tdispersion_int, uint16_tdispersion_frac, uint32_treference_id, uint32_tref_ts_int, uint32_tref_ts_frac, uint32_torig_ts_int, uint32_torig_ts_frac, uint32_trec_ts_int, uint32_trec_ts_frac, uint32_txmt_ts_int, uint32_txmt_ts_frac, const uint8_t *payload, uint32_tpayload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_tptag) Builds an RFC 958 Network Time Protocol (NTP) header.

Parameters:

leap_indicator the leap indicator
version NTP protocol version
mode NTP mode
stratum stratum
poll polling interval
precision precision
delay_int delay interval
delay_frac delay fraction
dispersion_int dispersion interval
dispersion_frac dispersion fraction
reference_id reference id
ref_ts_int reference timestamp integer
ref_ts_frac reference timestamp fraction
orig_ts_int original timestamp integer
orig_ts_frac original timestamp fraction
rec_ts_int receiver timestamp integer
rec_ts_frac reciever timestamp fraction
xmt_ts_int transmit timestamp integer
xmt_ts_frac transmit timestamp integer
payload optional payload or NULL
payload_s payload length or 0
l pointer to a libnet context
ptag protocol tag to modify an existing header, 0 to build a new one

Returns:

protocol tag value on success, -1 on error

libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_ospfv2 (uint16_tlen, uint8_ttype, uint32_trtr_id, uint32_tarea_id, uint16_tsum, uint16_tautype, const uint8_t *payload, uint32_tpayload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_tptag) Parameters

len
type
rtr_id
area_id
sum
autype
payload optional payload or NULL
payload_s payload length or 0
l pointer to a libnet context
ptag protocol tag to modify an existing header, 0 to build a new one

Returns:

protocol tag value on success, -1 on error

libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_ospfv2_dbd (uint16_tdgram_len, uint8_topts, uint8_ttype, uintseqnum, const uint8_t *payload, uint32_tpayload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_tptag) Parameters

dgram_len
opts
type
seqnum
payload optional payload or NULL
payload_s payload length or 0
l pointer to a libnet context
ptag protocol tag to modify an existing header, 0 to build a new one

Returns:

protocol tag value on success, -1 on error

libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_ospfv2_hello (uint32_tnetmask, uint16_tinterval, uint8_topts, uint8_tpriority, uintdead_int, uint32_tdes_rtr, uint32_tbkup_rtr, const uint8_t *payload, uint32_tpayload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_tptag) Parameters

netmask
interval
opts
priority
dead_int
des_rtr
bkup_rtr
payload optional payload or NULL
payload_s payload length or 0
l pointer to a libnet context
ptag protocol tag to modify an existing header, 0 to build a new one

Returns:

protocol tag value on success, -1 on error

libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_ospfv2_lsa (uint16_tage, uint8_topts, uint8_ttype, uintlsid, uint32_tadvrtr, uintseqnum, uint16_tsum, uint16_tlen, const uint8_t *payload, uint32_tpayload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_tptag) Parameters

age
opts
type
lsid
advrtr
seqnum
sum
len
payload optional payload or NULL
payload_s payload length or 0
l pointer to a libnet context
ptag protocol tag to modify an existing header, 0 to build a new one

Returns:

protocol tag value on success, -1 on error

libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_ospfv2_lsa_as (uint32_tnmask, uintmetric, uint32_tfwdaddr, uinttag, const uint8_t *payload, uint32_tpayload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_tptag) Parameters

nmask
metric
fwdaddr
tag
payload optional payload or NULL
payload_s payload length or 0
l pointer to a libnet context
ptag protocol tag to modify an existing header, 0 to build a new one

Returns:

protocol tag value on success, -1 on error

libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_ospfv2_lsa_net (uint32_tnmask, uintrtrid, const uint8_t *payload, uint32_tpayload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_tptag) Parameters

nmask
rtrid
payload optional payload or NULL
payload_s payload length or 0
l pointer to a libnet context
ptag protocol tag to modify an existing header, 0 to build a new one

Returns:

protocol tag value on success, -1 on error

libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_ospfv2_lsa_rtr (uint16_tflags, uint16_tnum, uintid, uintdata, uint8_ttype, uint8_ttos, uint16_tmetric, const uint8_t *payload, uint32_tpayload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_tptag) Parameters

flags
num
id
data
type
tos
metric
payload optional payload or NULL
payload_s payload length or 0
l pointer to a libnet context
ptag protocol tag to modify an existing header, 0 to build a new one

Returns:

protocol tag value on success, -1 on error

libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_ospfv2_lsa_sum (uint32_tnmask, uintmetric, uinttos, const uint8_t *payload, uint32_tpayload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_tptag) Parameters

nmask
metric
tos
payload optional payload or NULL
payload_s payload length or 0
l pointer to a libnet context
ptag protocol tag to modify an existing header, 0 to build a new one

Returns:

protocol tag value on success, -1 on error

libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_ospfv2_lsr (uinttype, uintlsid, uint32_tadvrtr, const uint8_t *payload, uint32_tpayload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_tptag) Parameters

type
lsid
advrtr
payload optional payload or NULL
payload_s payload length or 0
l pointer to a libnet context
ptag protocol tag to modify an existing header, 0 to build a new one

Returns:

protocol tag value on success, -1 on error

libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_ospfv2_lsu (uintnum, const uint8_t *payload, uint32_tpayload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_tptag) Parameters

num
payload optional payload or NULL
payload_s payload length or 0
l pointer to a libnet context
ptag protocol tag to modify an existing header, 0 to build a new one

Returns:

protocol tag value on success, -1 on error

libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_rip (uint8_tcmd, uint8_tversion, uint16_trd, uint16_taf, uint16_trt, uint32_taddr, uint32_tmask, uint32_tnext_hop, uint32_tmetric, const uint8_t *payload, uint32_tpayload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_tptag) Builds a Routing Information Protocol header (RFCs 1058 and 2453).

Parameters:

cmd command
version protocol version
rd version one: 0, version two: routing domain
af address family
rt version one: 0, version two: route tag
addr IPv4 address
mask version one: 0, version two: subnet mask
next_hop version one: 0, version two: next hop address
metric routing metric
payload optional payload or NULL
payload_s payload length or 0
l pointer to a libnet context
ptag protocol tag to modify an existing header, 0 to build a new one

Returns:

protocol tag value on success, -1 on error

libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_rpc_call (uint32_trm, uint32_txid, uint32_tprog_num, uint32_tprog_vers, uint32_tprocedure, uint32_tcflavor, uint32_tclength, uint8_t *cdata, uint32_tvflavor, uint32_tvlength, const uint8_t *vdata, const uint8_t *payload, uint32_tpayload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_tptag) Builds an Remote Procedure Call (Version 2) Call message header as specified in RFC 1831. This builder provides the option for specifying the record marking which is required when used with streaming protocols (TCP).

Parameters:

rm record marking indicating the position in a stream, 0 otherwise
xid transaction identifier used to link calls and replies
prog_num remote program specification typically between 0 - 1fffffff
prog_vers remote program version specification
procedure procedure to be performed by remote program
cflavor authentication credential type
clength credential length (should be 0)
cdata opaque credential data (currently unused)
vflavor authentication verifier type
vlength verifier length (should be 0)
vdata opaque verifier data (currently unused)
payload optional payload or NULL
payload_s payload length or 0
l pointer to a libnet context
ptag protocol tag to modify an existing header, 0 to build a new one

Returns:

protocol tag value on success, -1 on error

libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_sebek (uint32_tmagic, uint16_tversion, uint16_ttype, uint32_tcounter, uint32_ttime_sec, uint32_ttime_usec, uint32_tpid, uint32_tuid, uint32_tfd, uint8_tcmd[SEBEK_CMD_LENGTH], uint32_tlength, const uint8_t *payload, uint32_tpayload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_tptag) Builds a Sebek header. The Sebek protocol was designed by the Honeynet Project as a transport mechanism for post-intrusion forensic data. More information may be found here: http://www.honeynet.org/papers/sebek.pdf.

Parameters:

magic identify packets that should be hidden
version protocol version, currently 1
type type of record (read data is type 0, write data is type 1)
counter PDU counter used to identify when packet are lost
time_sec seconds since EPOCH according to the honeypot
time_usec residual microseconds
pid PID
uid UID
fd FD
cmd 12 first characters of the command
length length in bytes of the PDU's body
payload optional payload or NULL
payload_s payload length or 0
l pointer to a libnet context
ptag protocol tag to modify an existing header, 0 to build a new one

Returns:

protocol tag value on success, -1 on error

libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_stp_conf (uint16_tid, uint8_tversion, uint8_tbpdu_type, uint8_tflags, const uint8_t *root_id, uint32_troot_pc, const uint8_t *bridge_id, uint16_tport_id, uint16_tmessage_age, uint16_tmax_age, uint16_thello_time, uint16_tf_delay, const uint8_t *payload, uint32_tpayload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_tptag) Builds an IEEE 802.1d Spanning Tree Protocol (STP) configuration header. STP frames are usually encapsulated inside of an 802.2 + 802.3 frame combination.

Parameters:

id protocol id
version protocol version
bpdu_type bridge protocol data unit type
flags flags
root_id root id
root_pc root path cost
bridge_id bridge id
port_id port id
message_age message age
max_age max age
hello_time hello time
f_delay forward delay
payload optional payload or NULL
payload_s payload length or 0
l pointer to a libnet context
ptag protocol tag to modify an existing header, 0 to build a new one

Returns:

protocol tag value on success, -1 on error

libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_stp_tcn (uint16_tid, uint8_tversion, uint8_tbpdu_type, const uint8_t *payload, uint32_tpayload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_tptag) Builds an IEEE 802.1d Spanning Tree Protocol (STP) topology change notification header. STP frames are usually encapsulated inside of an 802.2 + 802.3 frame combination.

Parameters:

id protocol id
version protocol version
bpdu_type bridge protocol data unit type
payload optional payload or NULL
payload_s payload length or 0
l pointer to a libnet context
ptag protocol tag to modify an existing header, 0 to build a new one

Returns:

protocol tag value on success, -1 on error

libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_tcp (uint16_tsp, uint16_tdp, uint32_tseq, uint32_tack, uint8_tcontrol, uint16_twin, uint16_tsum, uint16_turg, uint16_tlen, const uint8_t *payload, uint32_tpayload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_tptag) Builds an RFC 793 Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) header.

Parameters:

sp source port
dp destination port
seq sequence number
ack acknowledgement number
control control flags
win window size
sum checksum (0 for libnet to autofill)
urg urgent pointer
len total length of the TCP packet (for checksum calculation)
payload
payload_s payload length or 0
l pointer to a libnet context
ptag protocol tag to modify an existing header, 0 to build a new one

Returns:

protocol tag value on success, -1 on error

libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_tcp_options (const uint8_t *options, uint32_toptions_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_tptag) Builds an RFC 793 Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) options header. The function expects options to be a valid TCP options string of size options_s, which is no larger than 40 bytes (the maximum size of an options string). The function checks to ensure that the packet consists of a TCP header preceded by an IPv4 header, and that the addition of the options string would not result in a packet larger than 65,535 bytes (IPMAXPACKET). The function counts up the number of 32-bit words in the options string and adjusts the TCP header length value as necessary.

Parameters:

options byte string of TCP options
options_s length of options string
l pointer to a libnet context
ptag protocol tag to modify an existing header, 0 to build a new one

Returns:

protocol tag value on success, -1 on error

libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_token_ring (uint8_tac, uint8_tfc, const uint8_t *dst, const uint8_t *src, uint8_tdsap, uint8_tssap, uint8_tcf, const uint8_t *oui, uint16_ttype, const uint8_t *payload, uint32_tpayload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_tptag) Builds a token ring header.

Parameters:

ac access control
fc frame control
dst destination address
src source address
dsap destination service access point
ssap source service access point
cf control field
oui Organizationally Unique Identifier
type upper layer protocol type
payload optional payload or NULL
payload_s payload length or 0
l pointer to a libnet context
ptag protocol tag to modify an existing header, 0 to build a new one

Returns:

protocol tag value on success, -1 on error

libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_udp (uint16_tsp, uint16_tdp, uint16_tlen, uint16_tsum, const uint8_t *payload, uint32_tpayload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_tptag) Builds an RFC 768 User Datagram Protocol (UDP) header.

Parameters:

sp source port
dp destination port
len total length of the UDP packet
sum checksum (0 for libnet to autofill)
payload optional payload or NULL
payload_s payload length or 0
l pointer to a libnet context
ptag protocol tag to modify an existing header, 0 to build a new one

Returns:

protocol tag value on success, -1 on error

libnet_ptag_t libnet_build_vrrp (uint8_tversion, uint8_ttype, uint8_tvrouter_id, uint8_tpriority, uint8_tip_count, uint8_tauth_type, uint8_tadvert_int, uint16_tsum, const uint8_t *payload, uint32_tpayload_s, libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_tptag) Builds an RFC 2338 Virtual Router Redundacy Protool (VRRP) header. Use the payload interface to specify address and autthentication information. To build a 'legal' packet, the destination IPv4 address should be the multicast * address 224.0.0.18, the IP TTL should be set to 255, and the IP protocol should be set to 112.

Parameters:

version VRRP version (should be 2)
type VRRP packet type (should be 1 -- ADVERTISEMENT)
vrouter_id virtual router identification
priority priority (higher numbers indicate higher priority)
ip_count number of IPv4 addresses contained in this advertisement
auth_type type of authentication (0, 1, 2 -- see RFC)
advert_int interval between advertisements
sum checksum (0 for libnet to autofill)
payload optional payload or NULL
payload_s payload length or 0
l pointer to a libnet context
ptag protocol tag to modify an existing header, 0 to build a new one

Returns:

protocol tag value on success, -1 on error

void libnet_clear_packet (libnet_t *l) Clears the current packet referenced and frees all pblocks. Should be called when the programmer want to send a completely new packet of a different type using the same context.

Parameters:

l pointer to a libnet context

int libnet_cq_add (libnet_t *l, char *label) [Context Queue] Adds a new context to the libnet context queue. If no queue exists, this function will create the queue and add the specified libnet context as the first entry on the list. The functions checks to ensure niether l nor label are NULL, and that label doesn't refer to an existing context already in the queue. Additionally, l should refer to a libnet context previously initialized with a call to libnet_init(). If the context queue in write locked, this function will fail.

Parameters:

l pointer to a libnet context
label a canonical name given to recognize the new context, no longer than LIBNET_LABEL_SIZE

Returns:

1 on success, -1 on failure

void libnet_cq_destroy (void) [Context Queue] Destroys the entire context queue, calling libnet_destroy() on each member context.

uint32_t libnet_cq_end_loop (void) [Context Queue]

libnet_t* libnet_cq_find_by_label (char *label) [Context Queue] Locates a libnet context from the queue, indexed by a canonical label.

Parameters:

label canonical label of the libnet context to retrieve

Returns:

the expected libnet context, NULL on failure

const char* libnet_cq_getlabel (libnet_t *l) [Context Queue] Returns the canonical label associated with the context.

Parameters:

l pointer to a libnet context

Returns:

pointer to the libnet context's label

libnet_t* libnet_cq_head (void) [Context Queue] Intiailizes the interator interface and set a write lock on the entire queue. This function is intended to be called just prior to interating through the entire list of contexts (with the probable intent of inject a series of packets in rapid succession). This function is often used as per the following

for (l = libnet_cq_head(); libnet_cq_last(); l = libnet_cq_next()) { ... }

Much of the time, the application programmer will use the iterator as it is written above; as such, libnet provides a macro to do exactly that, for_each_context_in_cq(l). Warning: do not call the iterator more than once in a single loop.

Returns:

the head of the context queue

int libnet_cq_last (void) [Context Queue] Check whether the iterator is at the last context in the queue.

Returns:

1 if at the end of the context queue, 0 otherwise

libnet_t* libnet_cq_next (void) [Context Queue] Get next context from the context queue.

Returns:

the next context from the context queue

libnet_t* libnet_cq_remove (libnet_t *l) [Context Queue] Removes a specified context from the libnet context queue by specifying the libnet context pointer. Note the function will remove the specified context from the context queue and cleanup internal memory from the queue, it is up to the application programmer to free the returned libnet context with a call to libnet_destroy(). Also, as it is not necessary to keep the libnet context pointer when initially adding it to the context queue, most application programmers will prefer to refer to entries on the context queue by canonical name and would use libnet_cq_remove_by_label(). If the context queue is write locked, this function will fail.

Parameters:

l pointer to a libnet context

Returns:

the pointer to the removed libnet context, NULL on failure

libnet_t* libnet_cq_remove_by_label (char *label) [Context Queue] Removes a specified context from the libnet context queue by specifying the canonical name. Note the function will remove the specified context from the context queue and cleanup internal memory from the queue, it is up to the application programmer to free the returned libnet context with a call to libnet_destroy(). If the context queue is write locked, this function will fail.

Parameters:

label canonical name of the context to remove

Returns:

the pointer to the removed libnet context, NULL on failure

uint32_t libnet_cq_size (void) [Context Queue] Function returns the number of libnet contexts that are in the queue.

Returns:

the number of libnet contexts currently in the queue

void libnet_destroy (libnet_t *l) Shuts down the libnet session referenced by l. It closes the network interface and frees all internal memory structures associated with l.

Parameters:

l pointer to a libnet context

void libnet_diag_dump_context (libnet_t *l) [Diagnostic] Prints the contents of the given context.

Parameters:

l pointer to a libnet context

void libnet_diag_dump_hex (const uint8_t *packet, uint32_tlen, intswap, FILE *stream) [Diagnostic] Function prints the contents of the supplied buffer to the supplied stream pointer. Will swap endianness based disposition of mode variable. Useful to be used in conjunction with the advanced interface and a culled packet.

Parameters:

packet the packet to print
len length of the packet in bytes
swap 1 to swap byte order, 0 to not. Counter-intuitively, it is necessary to swap in order to see the byte order as it is on the wire (this may be a bug).
stream a stream pointer to print to

void libnet_diag_dump_pblock (libnet_t *l) [Diagnostic] Prints the contents of every pblock.

Parameters:

l pointer to a libnet context

char* libnet_diag_dump_pblock_type (uint8_ttype) [Diagnostic] Returns the canonical name of the pblock type.

Parameters:

type pblock type

Returns:

a string representing the pblock type type or 'unknown' for an unknown value

struct libnet_ether_addr* libnet_get_hwaddr (libnet_t *l) [read] Returns the MAC address for the device libnet was initialized with. If libnet was initialized without a device the function will attempt to find one. If the function fails and returns NULL a call to libnet_geterror() will tell you why.

Parameters:

l pointer to a libnet context

Returns:

a pointer to the MAC address or NULL

uint32_t libnet_get_ipaddr4 (libnet_t *l) Returns the IP address for the device libnet was initialized with. If libnet was initialized without a device (in raw socket mode) the function will attempt to find one. If the function fails and returns -1 a call to libnet_geterrror() will tell you why.

Parameters:

l pointer to a libnet context

Returns:

a big endian IP address suitable for use in a libnet_build function or -1

struct libnet_in6_addr libnet_get_ipaddr6 (libnet_t *l) [read] Returns the IPv6 address for the device libnet was initialized with. If libnet was initialized without a device (in raw socket mode) the function will attempt to find one. If the function fails and returns in6addr_error, a call to libnet_geterrror() will tell you why. This function is not yet implemented for Win32 platforms.

Parameters:

l pointer to a libnet context

Returns:

well, nothing yet

uint32_t libnet_get_prand (intmod) Generates an unsigned psuedo-random value within the range specified by mod. LIBNET_PR2 0 - 1 LIBNET_PR8 0 - 255 LIBNET_PR16 0 - 32767 LIBNET_PRu16 0 - 65535 LIBNET_PR32 0 - 2147483647 LIBNET_PRu32 0 - 4294967295

Parameters:

mod one the of LIBNET_PR* constants

Returns:

1 on success, -1 on failure

const char* libnet_getdevice (libnet_t *l) Returns the canonical name of the device used for packet injection.

Parameters:

l pointer to a libnet context

Returns:

the canonical name of the device used for packet injection. Note it can be NULL without being an error.

char* libnet_geterror (libnet_t *l) Returns the last error set inside of the referenced libnet context. This function should be called anytime a function fails or an error condition is detected inside of libnet.

Parameters:

l pointer to a libnet context

Returns:

an error string or NULL if no error has occured

int libnet_getfd (libnet_t *l) Returns the FILENO of the file descriptor used for packet injection.

Parameters:

l pointer to a libnet context

Returns:

the file number of the file descriptor used for packet injection

uint32_t libnet_getgre_length (uint16_tfv) Parameters

fv see libnet_build_gre().

Returns:

size, see libnet_build_gre().

uint32_t libnet_getpacket_size (libnet_t *l) Returns the sum of the size of all of the pblocks inside of l (this should be the resuling packet size).

Parameters:

l pointer to a libnet context

Returns:

the size of the packet in l

uint8_t* libnet_getpbuf (libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_tptag) Returns the pblock buffer contents for the specified ptag; a subsequent call to libnet_getpbuf_size() should be made to determine the size of the buffer.

Parameters:

l pointer to a libnet context
ptag the ptag reference number

Returns:

a pointer to the pblock buffer or NULL on error

uint32_t libnet_getpbuf_size (libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_tptag) Returns the pblock buffer size for the specified ptag; a previous call to libnet_getpbuf() should be made to pull the actual buffer contents.

Parameters:

l pointer to a libnet context
ptag the ptag reference number

Returns:

the size of the pblock buffer

uint8_t* libnet_hex_aton (const char *s, int *len) Takes a colon separated hexidecimal address (from the command line) and returns a bytestring suitable for use in a libnet_build function. Note this function performs an implicit malloc and the return value should be freed after its use.

Parameters:

s the string to be parsed
len the resulting size of the returned byte string

Returns:

a byte string or NULL on failure

int libnet_in6_is_error (struct libnet_in6_addraddr) Check a libnet_in6_addr structure for identity with in6addr_error.

Parameters:

addr address to check

Returns:

1 if addr is in6addr_error, 0 if it is not

uint32_t libnet_name2addr4 (libnet_t *l, char *host_name, uint8_tuse_name) Takes a dotted decimal string or a canonical DNS name and returns a network byte ordered IPv4 address. This may incur a DNS lookup if mode is set to LIBNET_RESOLVE and host_name refers to a canonical DNS name. If mode is set to LIBNET_DONT_RESOLVE no DNS lookup will occur. The function can fail if DNS lookup fails or if mode is set to LIBNET_DONT_RESOLVE and host_name refers to a canonical DNS name.

Parameters:

l pointer to a libnet context
host_name pointer to a string containing a presentation format host name
use_name LIBNET_RESOLVE or LIBNET_DONT_RESOLVE

Returns:

network byte ordered IPv4 address or -1 (2^32 - 1) on error

struct libnet_in6_addr libnet_name2addr6 (libnet_t *l, const char *host_name, uint8_tuse_name) [read] Takes a dotted decimal string or a canonical DNS name and returns a network byte ordered IPv6 address. This may incur a DNS lookup if mode is set to LIBNET_RESOLVE and host_name refers to a canonical DNS name. If mode is set to LIBNET_DONT_RESOLVE no DNS lookup will occur. The function can fail if DNS lookup fails or if mode is set to LIBNET_DONT_RESOLVE and host_name refers to a canonical DNS name.

Parameters:

l pointer to a libnet context
host_name pointer to a string containing a presentation format host name
use_name LIBNET_RESOLVE or LIBNET_DONT_RESOLVE

Returns:

network byte ordered IPv6 address structure

int libnet_plist_chain_dump (libnet_plist_t *plist) Runs through the port list and prints the contents of the port list chain list to stdout.

Parameters:

plist previously created portlist

Returns:

1 on success, -1 on failure

char* libnet_plist_chain_dump_string (libnet_plist_t *plist) Runs through the port list and prints the contents of the port list chain list to string. This function uses strdup and is not re-entrant. It also has a memory leak and should not really be used.

Parameters:

plist previously created portlist

Returns:

a printable string containing the port list contents on success NULL on error

int libnet_plist_chain_free (libnet_plist_t *plist) Frees all memory associated with port list chain.

Parameters:

plist previously created portlist

Returns:

1 on success, -1 on failure

int libnet_plist_chain_new (libnet_t *l, libnet_plist_t **plist, char *token_list) Creates a new port list. Port list chains are useful for TCP and UDP-based applications that need to send packets to a range of ports (contiguous or otherwise). The port list chain, which token_list points to, should contain a series of int8_tacters from the following list: '0123456789,-' of the general format 'x - y, z', where 'xyz' are port numbers between 0 and 65,535. plist points to the front of the port list chain list for use in further libnet_plist_chain() functions. Upon success, the function returns 1. Upon failure, the function returns -1 and libnet_geterror() can tell you why.

Parameters:

l pointer to a libnet context
plist if successful, will refer to the portlist, if not, NULL
token_list string containing the port list primitive

Returns:

1 on success, -1 on failure

int libnet_plist_chain_next_pair (libnet_plist_t *plist, uint16_t *bport, uint16_t *eport) Returns the next port list chain pair from the port list chain plist. bport and eport contain the starting port number and ending port number, respectively. Upon success, the function returns 1 and fills in the port variables; however, if the list is empty, the function returns 0 and sets both port variables to 0. Upon failure, the function returns -1.

Parameters:

plist previously created portlist
bport will contain the beginning port number or 0
eport will contain the ending port number or 0

Returns:

1 on success, 0 if empty, -1 on failure

int libnet_seed_prand (libnet_t *l) Seeds the psuedo-random number generator.

Parameters:

l pointer to a libnet context

Returns:

1 on success, -1 on failure

void libnet_stats (libnet_t *l, struct libnet_stats *ls) Fills in a libnet_stats structure with packet injection statistics (packets written, bytes written, packet sending errors).

Parameters:

l pointer to a libnet context
ls pointer to a libnet statistics structure

int libnet_toggle_checksum (libnet_t *l, libnet_ptag_tptag, intmode) If a given protocol header is built with the checksum field set to '0', by default libnet will calculate the header checksum prior to injection. If the header is set to any other value, by default libnet will not calculate the header checksum. To over-ride this behavior, use libnet_toggle_checksum(). Switches auto-checksumming on or off for the specified ptag. If mode is set to LIBNET_ON, libnet will mark the specificed ptag to calculate a checksum for the ptag prior to injection. This assumes that the ptag refers to a protocol that has a checksum field. If mode is set to LIBNET_OFF, libnet will clear the checksum flag and no checksum will be computed prior to injection. This assumes that the programmer will assign a value (zero or otherwise) to the checksum field. Often times this is useful if a precomputed checksum or some other predefined value is going to be used. Note that when libnet is initialized with LIBNET_RAW4, the IPv4 header checksum will always be computed by the kernel prior to injection, regardless of what the programmer sets.

Parameters:

l pointer to a libnet context
ptag the ptag reference number
mode LIBNET_ON or LIBNET_OFF

Returns:

1 on success, -1 on failure

const char* libnet_version (void) Returns the version of libnet.

Returns:

the libnet version

Author

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Thu Mar 29 2012 Version 1.1 libnet