ldap_get_option man page

ldap_get_option, ldap_set_option — LDAP option handling routines

Library

OpenLDAP LDAP (libldap, -lldap)

Synopsis

#include <ldap.h>

int ldap_get_option(LDAP *ld, int option, void *outvalue);

int ldap_set_option(LDAP *ld, int option, const void *invalue);

Description

These routines provide access to options stored either in a LDAP handle or as global options, where applicable. They make use of a neutral interface, where the type of the value either retrieved by ldap_get_option(3) or set by ldap_set_option(3) is cast to void *. The actual type is determined based on the value of the option argument. Global options are set/retrieved by passing a NULL LDAP handle. LDAP handles inherit their default settings from the global options in effect at the time the handle is created.

LDAP_OPT_API_FEATURE_INFO

Fills-in a LDAPAPIFeatureInfo; outvalue must be a LDAPAPIFeatureInfo *, pointing to an already allocated struct. The ldapaif_info_version field of the struct must be initialized to LDAP_FEATURE_INFO_VERSION before making the call. The ldapaif_name field must be set to the name of a feature to query. This is a read-only option.

LDAP_OPT_API_INFO

Fills-in a LDAPAPIInfo; outvalue must be a LDAPAPIInfo *, pointing to an already allocated struct. The ldapai_info_version field of the struct must be initialized to LDAP_API_INFO_VERSION before making the call. If the version passed in does not match the current library version, the expected version number will be stored in the struct and the call will fail. The caller is responsible for freeing the elements of the ldapai_extensions array and the array itself using ldap_memfree(3). The caller must also free the ldapi_vendor_name. This is a read-only option.

LDAP_OPT_CLIENT_CONTROLS

Sets/gets the client-side controls to be used for all operations. This is now deprecated as modern LDAP C API provides replacements for all main operations which accepts client-side controls as explicit arguments; see for example ldap_search_ext(3), ldap_add_ext(3), ldap_modify_ext(3) and so on. outvalue must be LDAPControl ***, and the caller is responsible of freeing the returned controls, if any, by calling ldap_controls_free(3), while invalue must be LDAPControl *const *; the library duplicates the controls passed via invalue.

LDAP_OPT_CONNECT_ASYNC

Sets/gets the status of the asynchronous connect flag. invalue should either be LDAP_OPT_OFF or LDAP_OPT_ON; outvalue must be int *. When set, the library will call connect(2) and return, without waiting for response. This leaves the handle in a connecting state. Subsequent calls to library routines will poll for completion of the connect before performing further operations. As a consequence, library calls that need to establish a connection with a DSA do not block even for the network timeout (option LDAP_OPT_NETWORK_TIMEOUT). This option is OpenLDAP specific.

LDAP_OPT_CONNECT_CB

This option allows to set a connect callback. invalue must be a const struct ldap_conncb *. Callbacks are executed in last in-first served order. Handle-specific callbacks are executed first, followed by global ones. Right before freeing the callback structure, the lc_del callback handler is passed a NULL Sockbuf. Calling ldap_get_option(3) for this option removes the callback whose pointer matches outvalue. This option is OpenLDAP specific.

LDAP_OPT_DEBUG_LEVEL

Sets/gets the debug level of the client library. invalue must be a const int *; outvalue must be a int *. Valid debug levels are LDAP_DEBUG_ANY, LDAP_DEBUG_ARGS, LDAP_DEBUG_BER, LDAP_DEBUG_CONNS, LDAP_DEBUG_NONE, LDAP_DEBUG_PACKETS, LDAP_DEBUG_PARSE, and LDAP_DEBUG_TRACE. This option is OpenLDAP specific.

LDAP_OPT_DEFBASE

Sets/gets a string containing the DN to be used as default base for search operations. outvalue must be a char **, and the caller is responsible of freeing the returned string by calling ldap_memfree(3), while invalue must be a const char *; the library duplicates the corresponding string. This option is OpenLDAP specific.

LDAP_OPT_DEREF

Sets/gets the value that defines when alias dereferencing must occur. invalue must be const int *; outvalue must be int *. They cannot be NULL. The value of *invalue should be one of LDAP_DEREF_NEVER (the default), LDAP_DEREF_SEARCHING, LDAP_DEREF_FINDING, or LDAP_DEREF_ALWAYS. Note that this has ever been the only means to determine alias dereferencing within search operations.

LDAP_OPT_DESC

Returns the file descriptor associated to the socket buffer of the LDAP handle passed in as ld; outvalue must be a int *. This is a read-only, handle-specific option.

LDAP_OPT_DIAGNOSTIC_MESSAGE

Sets/gets a string containing the error string associated to the LDAP handle. This option was formerly known as LDAP_OPT_ERROR_STRING. outvalue must be a char **, and the caller is responsible of freeing the returned string by calling ldap_memfree(3), while invalue must be a char *; the library duplicates the corresponding string.

LDAP_OPT_HOST_NAME

Sets/gets a space-separated list of hosts to be contacted by the library  when trying to establish a connection. This is now deprecated in favor of LDAP_OPT_URI. outvalue must be a char **, and the caller is responsible of freeing the resulting string by calling ldap_memfree(3), while invalue must be a const char *; the library duplicates the corresponding string.

LDAP_OPT_MATCHED_DN

Sets/gets a string containing the matched DN associated to the LDAP handle. outvalue must be a char **, and the caller is responsible of freeing the returned string by calling ldap_memfree(3), while invalue must be a const char *; the library duplicates the corresponding string.

LDAP_OPT_NETWORK_TIMEOUT

Sets/gets the network timeout value after which poll(2)/select(2) following a connect(2) returns in case of no activity. outvalue must be a struct timeval ** (the caller has to free *outvalue), and invalue must be a const struct timeval *. They cannot be NULL. Using a struct with seconds set to -1 results in an infinite timeout, which is the default. This option is OpenLDAP specific.

LDAP_OPT_PROTOCOL_VERSION

Sets/gets the protocol version. outvalue and invalue must be int *.

LDAP_OPT_REFERRAL_URLS

Sets/gets an array containing the referral URIs associated to the LDAP handle. outvalue must be a char ***, and the caller is responsible of freeing the returned string by calling ldap_memvfree(3), while invalue must be a NULL-terminated char *const *; the library duplicates the corresponding string. This option is OpenLDAP specific.

LDAP_OPT_REFERRALS

Determines whether the library should implicitly chase referrals or not. invalue must be const int *; its value should either be LDAP_OPT_OFF or LDAP_OPT_ON. outvalue must be int *.

LDAP_OPT_RESTART

Determines whether the library should implicitly restart connections (FIXME). invalue must be const int *; its value should either be LDAP_OPT_OFF or LDAP_OPT_ON. outvalue must be int *.

LDAP_OPT_RESULT_CODE

Sets/gets the LDAP result code associated to the handle. This option was formerly known as LDAP_OPT_ERROR_NUMBER. invalue must be a const int *. outvalue must be a int *.

LDAP_OPT_SERVER_CONTROLS

Sets/gets the server-side controls to be used for all operations. This is now deprecated as modern LDAP C API provides replacements for all main operations which accepts server-side controls as explicit arguments; see for example ldap_search_ext(3), ldap_add_ext(3), ldap_modify_ext(3) and so on. outvalue must be LDAPControl ***, and the caller is responsible of freeing the returned controls, if any, by calling ldap_controls_free(3), while invalue must be LDAPControl *const *; the library duplicates the controls passed via invalue.

LDAP_OPT_SESSION_REFCNT

Returns the reference count associated with the LDAP handle passed in as ld; outvalue must be a int *. This is a read-only, handle-specific option. This option is OpenLDAP specific.

LDAP_OPT_SIZELIMIT

Sets/gets the value that defines the maximum number of entries to be returned by a search operation. invalue must be const int *, while outvalue must be int *; They cannot be NULL.

LDAP_OPT_SOCKBUF

Returns a pointer to the socket buffer of the LDAP handle passed in as ld; outvalue must be a Sockbuf **. This is a read-only, handle-specific option. This option is OpenLDAP specific.

LDAP_OPT_TIMELIMIT

Sets/gets the value that defines the time limit after which a search operation should be terminated by the server. invalue must be const int *, while outvalue must be int *, and they cannot be NULL.

LDAP_OPT_TIMEOUT

Sets/gets a timeout value for the synchronous API calls. outvalue must be a struct timeval ** (the caller has to free *outvalue), and invalue must be a struct timeval *, and they cannot be NULL. Using a struct with seconds set to -1 results in an infinite timeout, which is the default. This option is OpenLDAP specific.

LDAP_OPT_URI

Sets/gets a comma- or space-separated list of URIs to be contacted by the library  when trying to establish a connection. outvalue must be a char **, and the caller is responsible of freeing the resulting string by calling ldap_memfree(3), while invalue must be a const char *; the library parses the string into a list of LDAPURLDesc structures, so the invocation of ldap_set_option(3) may fail if URL parsing fails. URIs may only contain the schema, the host, and the port fields. This option is OpenLDAP specific.

Sasl Options

The SASL options are OpenLDAP specific.

LDAP_OPT_X_SASL_AUTHCID

Gets the SASL authentication identity; outvalue must be a char **, its content needs to be freed by the caller using ldap_memfree(3).

LDAP_OPT_X_SASL_AUTHZID

Gets the SASL authorization identity; outvalue must be a char **, its content needs to be freed by the caller using ldap_memfree(3).

LDAP_OPT_X_SASL_MAXBUFSIZE

Gets/sets SASL maximum buffer size; invalue must be const ber_len_t *, while outvalue must be ber_len_t *. See also LDAP_OPT_X_SASL_SECPROPS.

LDAP_OPT_X_SASL_MECH

Gets the SASL mechanism; outvalue must be a char **, its content needs to be freed by the caller using ldap_memfree(3).

LDAP_OPT_X_SASL_MECHLIST

Gets the list of the available mechanisms, in form of a NULL-terminated array of strings; outvalue must be char ***. The caller must not free or otherwise muck with it.

LDAP_OPT_X_SASL_NOCANON

Sets/gets the NOCANON flag. When unset, the hostname is canonicalized. invalue must be const int *; its value should either be LDAP_OPT_OFF or LDAP_OPT_ON. outvalue must be int *.

LDAP_OPT_X_SASL_REALM

Gets the SASL realm; outvalue must be a char **, its content needs to be freed by the caller using ldap_memfree(3).

LDAP_OPT_X_SASL_SECPROPS

Sets the SASL secprops; invalue must be a char *, containing a comma-separated list of properties. Legal values are: none, nodict, noplain, noactive, passcred, forwardsec, noanonymous, minssf=<minssf>, maxssf=<maxssf>, maxbufsize=<maxbufsize>.

LDAP_OPT_X_SASL_SSF

Gets the SASL SSF; outvalue must be a ber_len_t *.

LDAP_OPT_X_SASL_SSF_EXTERNAL

Sets the SASL SSF value related to an authentication performed using an EXTERNAL mechanism; invalue must be a const ber_len_t *.

LDAP_OPT_X_SASL_SSF_MAX

Gets/sets SASL maximum SSF; invalue must be const ber_len_t *, while outvalue must be ber_len_t *. See also LDAP_OPT_X_SASL_SECPROPS.

LDAP_OPT_X_SASL_SSF_MIN

Gets/sets SASL minimum SSF; invalue must be const ber_len_t *, while outvalue must be ber_len_t *. See also LDAP_OPT_X_SASL_SECPROPS.

LDAP_OPT_X_SASL_USERNAME

Gets the SASL username; outvalue must be a char **. Its content needs to be freed by the caller using ldap_memfree(3).

TCP Options

The TCP options are OpenLDAP specific. Mainly intended for use with Linux, they may not be portable.

LDAP_OPT_X_KEEPALIVE_IDLE

Sets/gets the number of seconds a connection needs to remain idle before TCP starts sending keepalive probes. invalue must be const int *; outvalue must be int *.

LDAP_OPT_X_KEEPALIVE_PROBES

Sets/gets the maximum number of keepalive probes TCP should send before dropping the connection. invalue must be const int *; outvalue must be int *.

LDAP_OPT_X_KEEPALIVE_INTERVAL

Sets/gets the interval in seconds between individual keepalive probes. invalue must be const int *; outvalue must be int *.

TLS Options

The TLS options are OpenLDAP specific.

LDAP_OPT_X_TLS_CACERTDIR

Sets/gets the path of the directory containing CA certificates. invalue must be const char *; outvalue must be char **, and its contents need to be freed by the caller using ldap_memfree(3).

LDAP_OPT_X_TLS_CACERTFILE

Sets/gets the full-path of the CA certificate file. invalue must be const char *; outvalue must be char **, and its contents need to be freed by the caller using ldap_memfree(3).

LDAP_OPT_X_TLS_CERTFILE

Sets/gets the full-path of the certificate file. invalue must be const char *; outvalue must be char **, and its contents need to be freed by the caller using ldap_memfree(3).

LDAP_OPT_X_TLS_CIPHER_SUITE

Sets/gets the allowed cipher suite. invalue must be const char *; outvalue must be char **, and its contents need to be freed by the caller using ldap_memfree(3).

LDAP_OPT_X_TLS_CONNECT_ARG

Sets/gets the connection callback argument. invalue must be const void *; outvalue must be void **.

LDAP_OPT_X_TLS_CONNECT_CB

Sets/gets the connection callback handle. invalue must be const LDAP_TLS_CONNECT_CB *; outvalue must be LDAP_TLS_CONNECT_CB **.

LDAP_OPT_X_TLS_CRLCHECK

Sets/gets the CRL evaluation strategy, one of LDAP_OPT_X_TLS_CRL_NONE, LDAP_OPT_X_TLS_CRL_PEER, or LDAP_OPT_X_TLS_CRL_ALL. invalue must be const int *; outvalue must be int *. Requires OpenSSL.

LDAP_OPT_X_TLS_CRLFILE

Sets/gets the full-path of the CRL file. invalue must be const char *; outvalue must be char **, and its contents need to be freed by the caller using ldap_memfree(3). This option is only valid for GnuTLS.

LDAP_OPT_X_TLS_CTX

Sets/gets the TLS library context. New TLS sessions will inherit their default settings from this library context. invalue must be const void *; outvalue must be void **. When using the OpenSSL library this is an SSL_CTX*. When using other crypto libraries this is a pointer to an OpenLDAP private structure. Applications generally should not use this option or attempt to manipulate this structure.

LDAP_OPT_X_TLS_DHFILE

Gets/sets the full-path of the file containing the parameters for Diffie-Hellman ephemeral key exchange. invalue must be const char *; outvalue must be char **, and its contents need to be freed by the caller using ldap_memfree(3). Ignored by GnuTLS and Mozilla NSS.

LDAP_OPT_X_TLS_KEYFILE

Sets/gets the full-path of the certificate key file. invalue must be const char *; outvalue must be char **, and its contents need to be freed by the caller using ldap_memfree(3).

LDAP_OPT_X_TLS_NEWCTX

Instructs the library to create a new TLS library context. invalue must be const int *. A non-zero value pointed to by invalue tells the library to create a context for a server.

LDAP_OPT_X_TLS_PROTOCOL_MIN

Sets/gets the minimum protocol version. invalue must be const int *; outvalue must be int *.

LDAP_OPT_X_TLS_RANDOM_FILE

Sets/gets the random file when /dev/random and /dev/urandom are not available. invalue must be const char *; outvalue must be char **, and its contents need to be freed by the caller using ldap_memfree(3). Ignored by GnuTLS older than version 2.2.  Ignored by Mozilla NSS.

LDAP_OPT_X_TLS_REQUIRE_CERT

Sets/gets the peer certificate checking strategy, one of LDAP_OPT_X_TLS_NEVER, LDAP_OPT_X_TLS_HARD, LDAP_OPT_X_TLS_DEMAND, LDAP_OPT_X_TLS_ALLOW, LDAP_OPT_X_TLS_TRY.

LDAP_OPT_X_TLS_SSL_CTX

Gets the TLS session context associated with this handle. outvalue must be void **. When using the OpenSSL library this is an SSL*. When using other crypto libraries this is a pointer to an OpenLDAP private structure. Applications generally should not use this option.

LDAP_OPT_X_TLS_MOZNSS_COMPATIBILITY

Sets/gets the status of the MozNSS database compatibility layer for TLS options. This options is available only if OpenLDAP is compiled with OpenSSL. This has effect only before the TLS context is established. This option defaults to be on. invalue should either be LDAP_OPT_OFF or LDAP_OPT_ON; outvalue must be int *. When set, just before TLS context initialization the library will first check if TLS settings are MozNSS-specific and if so it will export certificates from a preconfigured database and set other TLS settings so that OpenSSL can continue without issues.

Errors

On success, the functions return LDAP_OPT_SUCCESS, while they may return LDAP_OPT_ERROR to indicate a generic option handling error. Occasionally, more specific errors can be returned, like LDAP_NO_MEMORY to indicate a failure in memory allocation.

Notes

The LDAP libraries with the LDAP_OPT_REFERRALS option set to LDAP_OPT_ON (default value) automatically follow referrals using an anonymous bind. Application developers are encouraged to either implement consistent referral chasing features, or explicitly disable referral chasing by setting that option to LDAP_OPT_OFF.

The protocol version used by the library defaults to LDAPv2 (now historic), which corresponds to the LDAP_VERSION2 macro. Application developers are encouraged to explicitly set LDAP_OPT_PROTOCOL_VERSION to LDAPv3, using the LDAP_VERSION3 macro, or to allow users to select the protocol version.

See Also

ldap(3), ldap_error(3), RFC 4422 (http://www.rfc-editor.org),

Acknowledgements

OpenLDAP Software is developed and maintained by The OpenLDAP Project <http://www.openldap.org/>. OpenLDAP Software is derived from the University of Michigan LDAP 3.3 Release.  

Referenced By

lber-sockbuf(3), ldap(3), ldap_bind(3), ldap.conf(5), ldap_init(3), ldap_perror(3), ldap_result(3).

The man page ldap_set_option(3) is an alias of ldap_get_option(3).

2017/06/01 OpenLDAP 2.4.45