# lanhf - Man Page

lan{hf,sf}: Hermitian/symmetric matrix, RFP

## Synopsis

### Functions

real function **clanhf** (norm, transr, uplo, n, a, work)**CLANHF** returns the value of the 1-norm, or the Frobenius norm, or the infinity norm, or the element of largest absolute value of a Hermitian matrix in RFP format.

double precision function **dlansf** (norm, transr, uplo, n, a, work)**DLANSF** returns the value of the 1-norm, or the Frobenius norm, or the infinity norm, or the element of largest absolute value of a symmetric matrix in RFP format.

real function **slansf** (norm, transr, uplo, n, a, work)**SLANSF**

double precision function **zlanhf** (norm, transr, uplo, n, a, work)**ZLANHF** returns the value of the 1-norm, or the Frobenius norm, or the infinity norm, or the element of largest absolute value of a Hermitian matrix in RFP format.

## Detailed Description

## Function Documentation

### real function clanhf (character norm, character transr, character uplo, integer n, complex, dimension( 0: * ) a, real, dimension( 0: * ) work)

**CLANHF** returns the value of the 1-norm, or the Frobenius norm, or the infinity norm, or the element of largest absolute value of a Hermitian matrix in RFP format.

**Purpose:**

CLANHF returns the value of the one norm, or the Frobenius norm, or the infinity norm, or the element of largest absolute value of a complex Hermitian matrix A in RFP format.

**Returns**CLANHF

CLANHF = ( max(abs(A(i,j))), NORM = 'M' or 'm' ( ( norm1(A), NORM = '1', 'O' or 'o' ( ( normI(A), NORM = 'I' or 'i' ( ( normF(A), NORM = 'F', 'f', 'E' or 'e' where norm1 denotes the one norm of a matrix (maximum column sum), normI denotes the infinity norm of a matrix (maximum row sum) and normF denotes the Frobenius norm of a matrix (square root of sum of squares). Note that max(abs(A(i,j))) is not a matrix norm.

**Parameters***NORM*NORM is CHARACTER Specifies the value to be returned in CLANHF as described above.

*TRANSR*TRANSR is CHARACTER Specifies whether the RFP format of A is normal or conjugate-transposed format. = 'N': RFP format is Normal = 'C': RFP format is Conjugate-transposed

*UPLO*UPLO is CHARACTER On entry, UPLO specifies whether the RFP matrix A came from an upper or lower triangular matrix as follows: UPLO = 'U' or 'u' RFP A came from an upper triangular matrix UPLO = 'L' or 'l' RFP A came from a lower triangular matrix

*N*N is INTEGER The order of the matrix A. N >= 0. When N = 0, CLANHF is set to zero.

*A*A is COMPLEX array, dimension ( N*(N+1)/2 ); On entry, the matrix A in RFP Format. RFP Format is described by TRANSR, UPLO and N as follows: If TRANSR='N' then RFP A is (0:N,0:K-1) when N is even; K=N/2. RFP A is (0:N-1,0:K) when N is odd; K=N/2. If TRANSR = 'C' then RFP is the Conjugate-transpose of RFP A as defined when TRANSR = 'N'. The contents of RFP A are defined by UPLO as follows: If UPLO = 'U' the RFP A contains the ( N*(N+1)/2 ) elements of upper packed A either in normal or conjugate-transpose Format. If UPLO = 'L' the RFP A contains the ( N*(N+1) /2 ) elements of lower packed A either in normal or conjugate-transpose Format. The LDA of RFP A is (N+1)/2 when TRANSR = 'C'. When TRANSR is 'N' the LDA is N+1 when N is even and is N when is odd. See the Note below for more details. Unchanged on exit.

*WORK*WORK is REAL array, dimension (LWORK), where LWORK >= N when NORM = 'I' or '1' or 'O'; otherwise, WORK is not referenced.

**Author**Univ. of Tennessee

Univ. of California Berkeley

Univ. of Colorado Denver

NAG Ltd.

**Further Details:**

We first consider Standard Packed Format when N is even. We give an example where N = 6. AP is Upper AP is Lower 00 01 02 03 04 05 00 11 12 13 14 15 10 11 22 23 24 25 20 21 22 33 34 35 30 31 32 33 44 45 40 41 42 43 44 55 50 51 52 53 54 55 Let TRANSR = 'N'. RFP holds AP as follows: For UPLO = 'U' the upper trapezoid A(0:5,0:2) consists of the last three columns of AP upper. The lower triangle A(4:6,0:2) consists of conjugate-transpose of the first three columns of AP upper. For UPLO = 'L' the lower trapezoid A(1:6,0:2) consists of the first three columns of AP lower. The upper triangle A(0:2,0:2) consists of conjugate-transpose of the last three columns of AP lower. To denote conjugate we place -- above the element. This covers the case N even and TRANSR = 'N'. RFP A RFP A -- -- -- 03 04 05 33 43 53 -- -- 13 14 15 00 44 54 -- 23 24 25 10 11 55 33 34 35 20 21 22 -- 00 44 45 30 31 32 -- -- 01 11 55 40 41 42 -- -- -- 02 12 22 50 51 52 Now let TRANSR = 'C'. RFP A in both UPLO cases is just the conjugate- transpose of RFP A above. One therefore gets: RFP A RFP A -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 03 13 23 33 00 01 02 33 00 10 20 30 40 50 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 04 14 24 34 44 11 12 43 44 11 21 31 41 51 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 05 15 25 35 45 55 22 53 54 55 22 32 42 52 We next consider Standard Packed Format when N is odd. We give an example where N = 5. AP is Upper AP is Lower 00 01 02 03 04 00 11 12 13 14 10 11 22 23 24 20 21 22 33 34 30 31 32 33 44 40 41 42 43 44 Let TRANSR = 'N'. RFP holds AP as follows: For UPLO = 'U' the upper trapezoid A(0:4,0:2) consists of the last three columns of AP upper. The lower triangle A(3:4,0:1) consists of conjugate-transpose of the first two columns of AP upper. For UPLO = 'L' the lower trapezoid A(0:4,0:2) consists of the first three columns of AP lower. The upper triangle A(0:1,1:2) consists of conjugate-transpose of the last two columns of AP lower. To denote conjugate we place -- above the element. This covers the case N odd and TRANSR = 'N'. RFP A RFP A -- -- 02 03 04 00 33 43 -- 12 13 14 10 11 44 22 23 24 20 21 22 -- 00 33 34 30 31 32 -- -- 01 11 44 40 41 42 Now let TRANSR = 'C'. RFP A in both UPLO cases is just the conjugate- transpose of RFP A above. One therefore gets: RFP A RFP A -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 02 12 22 00 01 00 10 20 30 40 50 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 03 13 23 33 11 33 11 21 31 41 51 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 04 14 24 34 44 43 44 22 32 42 52

Definition at line **245** of file **clanhf.f**.

### double precision function dlansf (character norm, character transr, character uplo, integer n, double precision, dimension( 0: * ) a, double precision, dimension( 0: * ) work)

**DLANSF** returns the value of the 1-norm, or the Frobenius norm, or the infinity norm, or the element of largest absolute value of a symmetric matrix in RFP format.

**Purpose:**

DLANSF returns the value of the one norm, or the Frobenius norm, or the infinity norm, or the element of largest absolute value of a real symmetric matrix A in RFP format.

**Returns**DLANSF

DLANSF = ( max(abs(A(i,j))), NORM = 'M' or 'm' ( ( norm1(A), NORM = '1', 'O' or 'o' ( ( normI(A), NORM = 'I' or 'i' ( ( normF(A), NORM = 'F', 'f', 'E' or 'e' where norm1 denotes the one norm of a matrix (maximum column sum), normI denotes the infinity norm of a matrix (maximum row sum) and normF denotes the Frobenius norm of a matrix (square root of sum of squares). Note that max(abs(A(i,j))) is not a matrix norm.

**Parameters***NORM*NORM is CHARACTER*1 Specifies the value to be returned in DLANSF as described above.

*TRANSR*TRANSR is CHARACTER*1 Specifies whether the RFP format of A is normal or transposed format. = 'N': RFP format is Normal; = 'T': RFP format is Transpose.

*UPLO*UPLO is CHARACTER*1 On entry, UPLO specifies whether the RFP matrix A came from an upper or lower triangular matrix as follows: = 'U': RFP A came from an upper triangular matrix; = 'L': RFP A came from a lower triangular matrix.

*N*N is INTEGER The order of the matrix A. N >= 0. When N = 0, DLANSF is set to zero.

*A*A is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension ( N*(N+1)/2 ); On entry, the upper (if UPLO = 'U') or lower (if UPLO = 'L') part of the symmetric matrix A stored in RFP format. See the 'Notes' below for more details. Unchanged on exit.

*WORK*WORK is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (MAX(1,LWORK)), where LWORK >= N when NORM = 'I' or '1' or 'O'; otherwise, WORK is not referenced.

**Author**Univ. of Tennessee

Univ. of California Berkeley

Univ. of Colorado Denver

NAG Ltd.

**Further Details:**

We first consider Rectangular Full Packed (RFP) Format when N is even. We give an example where N = 6. AP is Upper AP is Lower 00 01 02 03 04 05 00 11 12 13 14 15 10 11 22 23 24 25 20 21 22 33 34 35 30 31 32 33 44 45 40 41 42 43 44 55 50 51 52 53 54 55 Let TRANSR = 'N'. RFP holds AP as follows: For UPLO = 'U' the upper trapezoid A(0:5,0:2) consists of the last three columns of AP upper. The lower triangle A(4:6,0:2) consists of the transpose of the first three columns of AP upper. For UPLO = 'L' the lower trapezoid A(1:6,0:2) consists of the first three columns of AP lower. The upper triangle A(0:2,0:2) consists of the transpose of the last three columns of AP lower. This covers the case N even and TRANSR = 'N'. RFP A RFP A 03 04 05 33 43 53 13 14 15 00 44 54 23 24 25 10 11 55 33 34 35 20 21 22 00 44 45 30 31 32 01 11 55 40 41 42 02 12 22 50 51 52 Now let TRANSR = 'T'. RFP A in both UPLO cases is just the transpose of RFP A above. One therefore gets: RFP A RFP A 03 13 23 33 00 01 02 33 00 10 20 30 40 50 04 14 24 34 44 11 12 43 44 11 21 31 41 51 05 15 25 35 45 55 22 53 54 55 22 32 42 52 We then consider Rectangular Full Packed (RFP) Format when N is odd. We give an example where N = 5. AP is Upper AP is Lower 00 01 02 03 04 00 11 12 13 14 10 11 22 23 24 20 21 22 33 34 30 31 32 33 44 40 41 42 43 44 Let TRANSR = 'N'. RFP holds AP as follows: For UPLO = 'U' the upper trapezoid A(0:4,0:2) consists of the last three columns of AP upper. The lower triangle A(3:4,0:1) consists of the transpose of the first two columns of AP upper. For UPLO = 'L' the lower trapezoid A(0:4,0:2) consists of the first three columns of AP lower. The upper triangle A(0:1,1:2) consists of the transpose of the last two columns of AP lower. This covers the case N odd and TRANSR = 'N'. RFP A RFP A 02 03 04 00 33 43 12 13 14 10 11 44 22 23 24 20 21 22 00 33 34 30 31 32 01 11 44 40 41 42 Now let TRANSR = 'T'. RFP A in both UPLO cases is just the transpose of RFP A above. One therefore gets: RFP A RFP A 02 12 22 00 01 00 10 20 30 40 50 03 13 23 33 11 33 11 21 31 41 51 04 14 24 34 44 43 44 22 32 42 52

Definition at line **208** of file **dlansf.f**.

### real function slansf (character norm, character transr, character uplo, integer n, real, dimension( 0: * ) a, real, dimension( 0: * ) work)

**SLANSF**

**Purpose:**

SLANSF returns the value of the one norm, or the Frobenius norm, or the infinity norm, or the element of largest absolute value of a real symmetric matrix A in RFP format.

**Returns**SLANSF

SLANSF = ( max(abs(A(i,j))), NORM = 'M' or 'm' ( ( norm1(A), NORM = '1', 'O' or 'o' ( ( normI(A), NORM = 'I' or 'i' ( ( normF(A), NORM = 'F', 'f', 'E' or 'e' where norm1 denotes the one norm of a matrix (maximum column sum), normI denotes the infinity norm of a matrix (maximum row sum) and normF denotes the Frobenius norm of a matrix (square root of sum of squares). Note that max(abs(A(i,j))) is not a matrix norm.

**Parameters***NORM*NORM is CHARACTER*1 Specifies the value to be returned in SLANSF as described above.

*TRANSR*TRANSR is CHARACTER*1 Specifies whether the RFP format of A is normal or transposed format. = 'N': RFP format is Normal; = 'T': RFP format is Transpose.

*UPLO*UPLO is CHARACTER*1 On entry, UPLO specifies whether the RFP matrix A came from an upper or lower triangular matrix as follows: = 'U': RFP A came from an upper triangular matrix; = 'L': RFP A came from a lower triangular matrix.

*N*N is INTEGER The order of the matrix A. N >= 0. When N = 0, SLANSF is set to zero.

*A*A is REAL array, dimension ( N*(N+1)/2 ); On entry, the upper (if UPLO = 'U') or lower (if UPLO = 'L') part of the symmetric matrix A stored in RFP format. See the 'Notes' below for more details. Unchanged on exit.

*WORK*WORK is REAL array, dimension (MAX(1,LWORK)), where LWORK >= N when NORM = 'I' or '1' or 'O'; otherwise, WORK is not referenced.

**Author**Univ. of Tennessee

Univ. of California Berkeley

Univ. of Colorado Denver

NAG Ltd.

**Further Details:**

We first consider Rectangular Full Packed (RFP) Format when N is even. We give an example where N = 6. AP is Upper AP is Lower 00 01 02 03 04 05 00 11 12 13 14 15 10 11 22 23 24 25 20 21 22 33 34 35 30 31 32 33 44 45 40 41 42 43 44 55 50 51 52 53 54 55 Let TRANSR = 'N'. RFP holds AP as follows: For UPLO = 'U' the upper trapezoid A(0:5,0:2) consists of the last three columns of AP upper. The lower triangle A(4:6,0:2) consists of the transpose of the first three columns of AP upper. For UPLO = 'L' the lower trapezoid A(1:6,0:2) consists of the first three columns of AP lower. The upper triangle A(0:2,0:2) consists of the transpose of the last three columns of AP lower. This covers the case N even and TRANSR = 'N'. RFP A RFP A 03 04 05 33 43 53 13 14 15 00 44 54 23 24 25 10 11 55 33 34 35 20 21 22 00 44 45 30 31 32 01 11 55 40 41 42 02 12 22 50 51 52 Now let TRANSR = 'T'. RFP A in both UPLO cases is just the transpose of RFP A above. One therefore gets: RFP A RFP A 03 13 23 33 00 01 02 33 00 10 20 30 40 50 04 14 24 34 44 11 12 43 44 11 21 31 41 51 05 15 25 35 45 55 22 53 54 55 22 32 42 52 We then consider Rectangular Full Packed (RFP) Format when N is odd. We give an example where N = 5. AP is Upper AP is Lower 00 01 02 03 04 00 11 12 13 14 10 11 22 23 24 20 21 22 33 34 30 31 32 33 44 40 41 42 43 44 Let TRANSR = 'N'. RFP holds AP as follows: For UPLO = 'U' the upper trapezoid A(0:4,0:2) consists of the last three columns of AP upper. The lower triangle A(3:4,0:1) consists of the transpose of the first two columns of AP upper. For UPLO = 'L' the lower trapezoid A(0:4,0:2) consists of the first three columns of AP lower. The upper triangle A(0:1,1:2) consists of the transpose of the last two columns of AP lower. This covers the case N odd and TRANSR = 'N'. RFP A RFP A 02 03 04 00 33 43 12 13 14 10 11 44 22 23 24 20 21 22 00 33 34 30 31 32 01 11 44 40 41 42 Now let TRANSR = 'T'. RFP A in both UPLO cases is just the transpose of RFP A above. One therefore gets: RFP A RFP A 02 12 22 00 01 00 10 20 30 40 50 03 13 23 33 11 33 11 21 31 41 51 04 14 24 34 44 43 44 22 32 42 52

Definition at line **208** of file **slansf.f**.

### double precision function zlanhf (character norm, character transr, character uplo, integer n, complex*16, dimension( 0: * ) a, double precision, dimension( 0: * ) work)

**ZLANHF** returns the value of the 1-norm, or the Frobenius norm, or the infinity norm, or the element of largest absolute value of a Hermitian matrix in RFP format.

**Purpose:**

ZLANHF returns the value of the one norm, or the Frobenius norm, or the infinity norm, or the element of largest absolute value of a complex Hermitian matrix A in RFP format.

**Returns**ZLANHF

ZLANHF = ( max(abs(A(i,j))), NORM = 'M' or 'm' ( ( norm1(A), NORM = '1', 'O' or 'o' ( ( normI(A), NORM = 'I' or 'i' ( ( normF(A), NORM = 'F', 'f', 'E' or 'e' where norm1 denotes the one norm of a matrix (maximum column sum), normI denotes the infinity norm of a matrix (maximum row sum) and normF denotes the Frobenius norm of a matrix (square root of sum of squares). Note that max(abs(A(i,j))) is not a matrix norm.

**Parameters***NORM*NORM is CHARACTER Specifies the value to be returned in ZLANHF as described above.

*TRANSR*TRANSR is CHARACTER Specifies whether the RFP format of A is normal or conjugate-transposed format. = 'N': RFP format is Normal = 'C': RFP format is Conjugate-transposed

*UPLO*UPLO is CHARACTER On entry, UPLO specifies whether the RFP matrix A came from an upper or lower triangular matrix as follows: UPLO = 'U' or 'u' RFP A came from an upper triangular matrix UPLO = 'L' or 'l' RFP A came from a lower triangular matrix

*N*N is INTEGER The order of the matrix A. N >= 0. When N = 0, ZLANHF is set to zero.

*A*A is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension ( N*(N+1)/2 ); On entry, the matrix A in RFP Format. RFP Format is described by TRANSR, UPLO and N as follows: If TRANSR='N' then RFP A is (0:N,0:K-1) when N is even; K=N/2. RFP A is (0:N-1,0:K) when N is odd; K=N/2. If TRANSR = 'C' then RFP is the Conjugate-transpose of RFP A as defined when TRANSR = 'N'. The contents of RFP A are defined by UPLO as follows: If UPLO = 'U' the RFP A contains the ( N*(N+1)/2 ) elements of upper packed A either in normal or conjugate-transpose Format. If UPLO = 'L' the RFP A contains the ( N*(N+1) /2 ) elements of lower packed A either in normal or conjugate-transpose Format. The LDA of RFP A is (N+1)/2 when TRANSR = 'C'. When TRANSR is 'N' the LDA is N+1 when N is even and is N when is odd. See the Note below for more details. Unchanged on exit.

*WORK*WORK is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (LWORK), where LWORK >= N when NORM = 'I' or '1' or 'O'; otherwise, WORK is not referenced.

**Author**Univ. of Tennessee

Univ. of California Berkeley

Univ. of Colorado Denver

NAG Ltd.

**Further Details:**

We first consider Standard Packed Format when N is even. We give an example where N = 6. AP is Upper AP is Lower 00 01 02 03 04 05 00 11 12 13 14 15 10 11 22 23 24 25 20 21 22 33 34 35 30 31 32 33 44 45 40 41 42 43 44 55 50 51 52 53 54 55 Let TRANSR = 'N'. RFP holds AP as follows: For UPLO = 'U' the upper trapezoid A(0:5,0:2) consists of the last three columns of AP upper. The lower triangle A(4:6,0:2) consists of conjugate-transpose of the first three columns of AP upper. For UPLO = 'L' the lower trapezoid A(1:6,0:2) consists of the first three columns of AP lower. The upper triangle A(0:2,0:2) consists of conjugate-transpose of the last three columns of AP lower. To denote conjugate we place -- above the element. This covers the case N even and TRANSR = 'N'. RFP A RFP A -- -- -- 03 04 05 33 43 53 -- -- 13 14 15 00 44 54 -- 23 24 25 10 11 55 33 34 35 20 21 22 -- 00 44 45 30 31 32 -- -- 01 11 55 40 41 42 -- -- -- 02 12 22 50 51 52 Now let TRANSR = 'C'. RFP A in both UPLO cases is just the conjugate- transpose of RFP A above. One therefore gets: RFP A RFP A -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 03 13 23 33 00 01 02 33 00 10 20 30 40 50 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 04 14 24 34 44 11 12 43 44 11 21 31 41 51 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 05 15 25 35 45 55 22 53 54 55 22 32 42 52 We next consider Standard Packed Format when N is odd. We give an example where N = 5. AP is Upper AP is Lower 00 01 02 03 04 00 11 12 13 14 10 11 22 23 24 20 21 22 33 34 30 31 32 33 44 40 41 42 43 44 Let TRANSR = 'N'. RFP holds AP as follows: For UPLO = 'U' the upper trapezoid A(0:4,0:2) consists of the last three columns of AP upper. The lower triangle A(3:4,0:1) consists of conjugate-transpose of the first two columns of AP upper. For UPLO = 'L' the lower trapezoid A(0:4,0:2) consists of the first three columns of AP lower. The upper triangle A(0:1,1:2) consists of conjugate-transpose of the last two columns of AP lower. To denote conjugate we place -- above the element. This covers the case N odd and TRANSR = 'N'. RFP A RFP A -- -- 02 03 04 00 33 43 -- 12 13 14 10 11 44 22 23 24 20 21 22 -- 00 33 34 30 31 32 -- -- 01 11 44 40 41 42 Now let TRANSR = 'C'. RFP A in both UPLO cases is just the conjugate- transpose of RFP A above. One therefore gets: RFP A RFP A -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 02 12 22 00 01 00 10 20 30 40 50 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 03 13 23 33 11 33 11 21 31 41 51 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 04 14 24 34 44 43 44 22 32 42 52

Definition at line **245** of file **zlanhf.f**.

## Author

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