#include <liburing.h> void io_uring_prep_recv(struct io_uring_sqe *sqe, int sockfd, void *buf, size_t len, int flags); void io_uring_prep_recv_multishot(struct io_uring_sqe *sqe, int sockfd, void *buf, size_t len, int flags);
The io_uring_prep_recv(3) function prepares a recv request. The submission queue entry sqe is setup to use the file descriptor sockfd to start receiving the data into the destination buffer buf of size len and with modifier flags flags.
This function prepares an async recv(2) request. See that man page for details on the arguments specified to this prep helper.
The multishot version allows the application to issue a single receive request, which repeatedly posts a CQE when data is available. It requires length to be 0, the IOSQE_BUFFER_SELECT flag to be set and no MSG_WAITALL flag to be set. Therefore each CQE will take a buffer out of a provided buffer pool for receiving. The application should check the flags of each CQE, regardless of its result. If a posted CQE does not have the IORING_CQE_F_MORE flag set then the multishot receive will be done and the application should issue a new request. Multishot variants are available since kernel 6.0.
After calling this function, additional io_uring internal modifier flags may be set in the SQE ioprio field. The following flags are supported:
If set, io_uring will assume the socket is currently empty and attempting to receive data will be unsuccessful. For this case, io_uring will arm internal poll and trigger a receive of the data when the socket has data to be read. This initial receive attempt can be wasteful for the case where the socket is expected to be empty, setting this flag will bypass the initial receive attempt and go straight to arming poll. If poll does indicate that data is ready to be received, the operation will proceed.
Can be used with the CQE IORING_CQE_F_SOCK_NONEMPTY flag, which io_uring will set on CQEs after a recv(2) or recvmsg(2) operation. If set, the socket still had data to be read after the operation completed. Both these flags are available since 5.19.
The CQE res field will contain the result of the operation. See the related man page for details on possible values. Note that where synchronous system calls will return -1 on failure and set errno to the actual error value, io_uring never uses errno. Instead it returns the negated errno directly in the CQE res field.
io_uring_get_sqe(3), io_uring_submit(3), recv(2)
The man page io_uring_prep_recv_multishot(3) is an alias of io_uring_prep_recv(3).