httpd_util.3erl - Man Page

Name

httpd_util — Miscellaneous utility functions to be used when implementing
 Erlang web server API modules.

Description

This module provides the Erlang web server API module programmer with miscellaneous utility functions.

Exports

convert_request_date(DateString) -> ErlDate|bad_date

Types:

DateString = string()
ErlDate = calendar:datetime()

convert_request_date/1 converts DateString to the Erlang date format. DateString must be in one of the three date formats defined in RFC 2616.

create_etag(FileInfo) -> Etag

Types:

FileInfo = file_info()
Etag = string()

create_etag/1 calculates the Etag for a file from its size and time for last modification. FileInfo is a record defined in kernel/include/file.hrl.

day(NthDayOfWeek) -> DayOfWeek

Types:

NthDayOfWeek = 1-7
DayOfWeek = string()

day/1 converts the day of the week (NthDayOfWeek) from an integer (1-7) to an abbreviated string, that is:

1 = "Mon", 2 = "Tue", ..., 7 = "Sat".

decode_hex(HexValue) -> DecValue

Types:

HexValue = DecValue = string()

Converts the hexadecimal value HexValue into its decimal equivalent (DecValue).

flatlength(NestedList) -> Size

Types:

NestedList = list()
Size = integer()

flatlength/1 computes the size of the possibly nested list NestedList, which can contain binaries.

hexlist_to_integer(HexString) -> Number

Types:

Number = integer()
HexString = string()

hexlist_to_integer converts the hexadecimal value of HexString to an integer.

integer_to_hexlist(Number) -> HexString

Types:

Number = integer()
HexString = string()

integer_to_hexlist/1 returns a string representing Number in a hexadecimal form.

lookup(ETSTable,Key) -> Result
lookup(ETSTable,Key,Undefined) -> Result

Types:

ETSTable = ets_table()
Key = term()
Result = term() | undefined | Undefined
Undefined = term()

lookup extracts {Key,Value} tuples from ETSTable and returns the Value associated with Key. If ETSTable is of type bag, only the first Value associated with Key is returned. lookup/2 returns undefined and lookup/3 returns Undefined if no Value is found.

lookup_mime(ConfigDB,Suffix)
lookup_mime(ConfigDB,Suffix,Undefined) -> MimeType

Types:

ConfigDB = ets_table()
Suffix = string()
MimeType = string() | undefined | Undefined
Undefined = term()

lookup_mime returns the MIME type associated with a specific file suffix as specified in the file mime.types (located in the config directory).

lookup_mime_default(ConfigDB,Suffix)
lookup_mime_default(ConfigDB,Suffix,Undefined) -> MimeType

Types:

ConfigDB = ets_table()
Suffix = string()
MimeType = string() | undefined | Undefined
Undefined = term()

lookup_mime_default returns the MIME type associated with a specific file suffix as specified in the mime.types file (located in the config directory). If no appropriate association is found, the value of DefaultType is returned.

message(StatusCode,PhraseArgs,ConfigDB) -> Message

Types:

StatusCode = 301 | 400 | 403 | 404 | 500 | 501 | 504
PhraseArgs = term()
ConfigDB = ets_table
Message = string()

message/3 returns an informative HTTP 1.1 status string in HTML. Each StatusCode requires a specific PhraseArgs:

301:

string(): A URL pointing at the new document position.

400 | 401 | 500:

none (no PhraseArgs).

403 | 404:

string(): A Request-URI as described in RFC 2616.

501:

{Method,RequestURI,HTTPVersion}: The HTTP Method, Request-URI, and HTTP-Version as defined in RFC 2616.

504:

string(): A string describing why the service was unavailable.

month(NthMonth) -> Month

Types:

NthMonth = 1-12
Month = string()

month/1 converts the month NthMonth as an integer (1-12) to an abbreviated string, that is:

1 = "Jan", 2 = "Feb", ..., 12 = "Dec".

multi_lookup(ETSTable,Key) -> Result

Types:

ETSTable = ets_table()
Key = term()
Result = [term()]

multi_lookup extracts all {Key,Value} tuples from an ETSTable and returns all Values associated with Key in a list.

reason_phrase(StatusCode) -> Description

Types:

StatusCode = 100| 200 | 201 | 202 | 204 | 205 | 206 | 300 | 301 | 302 | 303 | 304 | 400 | 401 | 402 | 403 | 404 | 405 | 406 | 410 411 | 412 | 413 | 414 415 | 416 | 417 | 500 | 501 | 502 | 503 | 504 | 505
Description = string()

reason_phrase returns Description of an HTTP 1.1 StatusCode, for example, 200 is "OK" and 201 is "Created". For more information, see RFC 2616.

rfc1123_date() -> RFC1123Date
rfc1123_date(Date) -> RFC1123Date

Types:

Date = calendar:datetime()
RFC1123Date = string()

rfc1123_date/0 returns the current date in RFC 1123 format. rfc_date/1 converts the date in the Erlang format to the RFC 1123 date format.

split(String,RegExp,N) -> SplitRes

Types:

String = RegExp = string()
SplitRes = {ok, FieldList} | {error, errordesc()}
Fieldlist = [string()]
N = integer

split/3 splits String in N chunks using RegExp. split/3 is equivalent to regexp:split/2 with the exception that N defines the maximum number of fields in FieldList.

split_script_path(RequestLine) -> Splitted

Types:

RequestLine = string()
Splitted = not_a_script | {Path, PathInfo, QueryString}
Path = QueryString = PathInfo = string()

split_script_path/1 is equivalent to split_path/1 with one exception. If the longest possible path is not a regular, accessible, and executable file, then not_a_script is returned.

split_path(RequestLine) -> {Path,QueryStringOrPathInfo}

Types:

RequestLine = Path = QueryStringOrPathInfo = string()

split_path/1 splits RequestLine in a file reference (Path), and a QueryString or a PathInfo string as specified in RFC 2616. A QueryString is isolated from Path with a question mark (?) and PathInfo with a slash (/). In the case of a QueryString, everything before ? is a Path and everything after ? is a QueryString. In the case of a PathInfo, RequestLine is scanned from left-to-right on the hunt for longest possible Path being a file or a directory. Everything after the longest possible Path, isolated with a /, is regarded as PathInfo. The resulting Path is decoded using decode_hex/1 before delivery.

strip(String) -> Stripped

Types:

String = Stripped = string()

strip/1 removes any leading or trailing linear white space from the string. Linear white space is to be read as horizontal tab or space.

suffix(FileName) -> Suffix

Types:

FileName = Suffix = string()

suffix/1 is equivalent to filename:extension/1 with the exception that Suffix is returned without a leading dot (.).

See Also

httpd(3)

Info

inets 7.4.1 Ericsson AB Erlang Module Definition