gv.3perl man page

gv_perl — graph manipulation in perl

Synopsis

#!/usr/bin/perl
use gv;

Usage

Introduction

gv_perl is a dynamically loaded extension for perl that provides access to the graph facilities of graphviz.

Commands

New graphs
New empty graph

graph_handle gv::graph (name);
graph_handle gv::digraph (name);
graph_handle gv::strictgraph (name);
graph_handle gv::strictdigraph (name);

New graph from a dot-syntax string or file

graph_handle gv::readstring (string);
graph_handle gv::read (string filename);
graph_handle gv::read (channel);

Add new subgraph to existing graph

graph_handle gv::graph (graph_handle, name);

New nodes
Add new node to existing graph

node_handle gv::node (graph_handle, name);

New edges
Add new edge between existing nodes

edge_handle gv::edge (tail_node_handle, head_node_handle);

Add a new edge between an existing tail node, and a named head node which will be induced in the graph if it doesn't already exist

edge_handle gv::edge (tail_node_handle, head_name);

Add a new edge between an existing head node, and a named tail node which will be induced in the graph if it doesn't already exist

edge_handle gv::edge (tail_name, head_node_handle);

Add a new edge between named tail  and head nodes which will be induced in the graph if they don't already exist

edge_handle gv::edge (graph_handle, tail_name, head_name);

Setting attribute values
Set value of named attribute of graph/node/edge - creating attribute if necessary

string gv::setv (graph_handle, attr_name, attr_value);
string gv::setv (node_handle, attr_name, attr_value);
string gv::setv (edge_handle, attr_name, attr_value);

Set value of existing attribute of graph/node/edge (using attribute handle)

string gv::setv (graph_handle, attr_handle, attr_value);
string gv::setv (node_handle, attr_handle, attr_value);
string gv::setv (edge_handle, attr_handle, attr_value);

Getting attribute values
Get value of named attribute of graph/node/edge

string gv::getv (graph_handle, attr_name);
string gv::getv (node_handle, attr_name);
string gv::getv (edge_handle, attr_name);

Get value of attribute of graph/node/edge (using attribute handle)

string gv::getv (graph_handle, attr_handle);
string gv::getv (node_handle, attr_handle);
string gv::getv (edge_handle, attr_handle);

Obtain names from handles

string gv::nameof (graph_handle);
string gv::nameof (node_handle);
string gv::nameof (attr_handle);

Find handles from names

graph_handle gv::findsubg (graph_handle, name);
node_handle gv::findnode (graph_handle, name);
edge_handle gv::findedge (tail_node_handle, head_node_handle);
attribute_handle gv::findattr (graph_handle, name);
attribute_handle gv::findattr (node_handle, name);
attribute_handle gv::findattr (edge_handle, name);

Misc graph navigators returning handles

node_handle gv::headof (edge_handle);
node_handle gv::tailof (edge_handle);
graph_handle gv::graphof (graph_handle);
graph_handle gv::graphof (edge_handle);
graph_handle gv::graphof (node_handle);
graph_handle gv::rootof (graph_handle);

Obtain handles of proto node/edge for setting default attribute values

node_handle gv::protonode (graph_handle);
edge_handle gv::protoedge (graph_handle);

Iterators
Iteration termination tests

bool gv::ok (graph_handle);
bool gv::ok (node_handle);
bool gv::ok (edge_handle);
bool gv::ok (attr_handle);

Iterate over subgraphs of a graph

graph_handle gv::firstsubg (graph_handle);
graph_handle gv::nextsubg (graph_handle, subgraph_handle);

Iterate over supergraphs of a graph (obscure and rarely useful)

graph_handle gv::firstsupg (graph_handle);
graph_handle gv::nextsupg (graph_handle, subgraph_handle);

Iterate over edges of a graph

edge_handle gv::firstedge (graph_handle);
edge_handle gv::nextedge (graph_handle, edge_handle);

Iterate over outedges of a graph

edge_handle gv::firstout (graph_handle);
edge_handle gv::nextout (graph_handle, edge_handle);

Iterate over edges of a node

edge_handle gv::firstedge (node_handle);
edge_handle gv::nextedge (node_handle, edge_handle);

Iterate over out-edges of a node

edge_handle gv::firstout (node_handle);
edge_handle gv::nextout (node_handle, edge_handle);

Iterate over head nodes reachable from out-edges of a node

node_handle gv::firsthead (node_handle);
node_handle gv::nexthead (node_handle, head_node_handle);

Iterate over in-edges of a graph

edge_handle gv::firstin (graph_handle);
edge_handle gv::nextin (node_handle, edge_handle);

Iterate over in-edges of a node

edge_handle gv::firstin (node_handle);
edge_handle gv::nextin (graph_handle, edge_handle);

Iterate over tail nodes reachable from in-edges of a node

node_handle gv::firsttail (node_handle);
node_handle gv::nexttail (node_handle, tail_node_handle);

Iterate over nodes of a graph

node_handle gv::firstnode (graph_handle);
node_handle gv::nextnode (graph_handle, node_handle);

Iterate over nodes of an edge

node_handle gv::firstnode (edge_handle);
node_handle gv::nextnode (edge_handle, node_handle);

Iterate over attributes of a graph

attribute_handle gv::firstattr (graph_handle);
attribute_handle gv::nextattr (graph_handle, attr_handle);

Iterate over attributes of an edge

attribute_handle gv::firstattr (edge_handle);
attribute_handle gv::nextattr (edge_handle, attr_handle);

Iterate over attributes of a node

attribute_handle gv::firstattr (node_handle);
attribute_handle gv::nextattr (node_handle, attr_handle);

Remove graph objects

bool gv::rm (graph_handle);
bool gv::rm (node_handle);
bool gv::rm (edge_handle);

Layout
Annotate a graph with layout attributes and values using a specific layout engine

bool gv::layout (graph_handle, string engine);

Render
Render a layout into attributes of the graph

bool gv::render (graph_handle);

Render a layout to stdout

bool gv::render (graph_handle, string format);

Render to an open file

bool gv::render (graph_handle, string format, channel fout);

Render a layout to an unopened file by name

bool gv::render (graph_handle, string format, string filename);

Render to a string result

string gv::renderresult (graph_handle ing, string format);
gv::renderresult (graph_handle, string format, string outdata);

Render to an open channel

bool gv::renderchannel (graph_handle, string format, string channelname);

Render a layout to a malloc'ed string, to be free'd by the caller
(deprecated - too easy to leak memory)
(still needed for "eval [gv::renderdata $G tk]" )

string gv::renderdata (graph_handle, string format);

Writing graph back to file

bool gv::write (graph_handle, string filename);
bool gv::write (graph_handle, channel);

Graph transformation tools

bool gv::tred (graph_handle);

Keywords

graph, dot, neato, fdp, circo, twopi, perl.

Info

17 December 2016