gluBuild3DMipmaps.3G man page

gluBuild3DMipmaps — builds a three-dimensional mipmap

C Specification

GLint gluBuild3DMipmaps(GLenum target, GLint internalFormat, GLsizei width, GLsizei height, GLsizei depth, GLenum format, GLenum type, const void * data);

Parameters

target

Specifies the target texture. Must be GLU_TEXTURE_3D.

internalFormat

Requests the internal storage format of the texture image. The most current version of the SGI implementation of GLU does not check this value for validity before passing it on to the underlying OpenGL implementation. A value that is not accepted by the OpenGL implementation will lead to an OpenGL error. The benefit of not checking this value at the GLU level is that OpenGL extensions can add new internal texture formats without requiring a revision of the GLU implementation. Older implementations of GLU check this value and raise a GLU error if it is not 1, 2, 3, or 4 or one of the following symbolic constants: GLU_ALPHA, GLU_ALPHA4, GLU_ALPHA8, GLU_ALPHA12, GLU_ALPHA16, GLU_LUMINANCE, GLU_LUMINANCE4, GLU_LUMINANCE8, GLU_LUMINANCE12, GLU_LUMINANCE16, GLU_LUMINANCE_ALPHA, GLU_LUMINANCE4_ALPHA4, GLU_LUMINANCE6_ALPHA2, GLU_LUMINANCE8_ALPHA8, GLU_LUMINANCE12_ALPHA4, GLU_LUMINANCE12_ALPHA12, GLU_LUMINANCE16_ALPHA16, GLU_INTENSITY, GLU_INTENSITY4, GLU_INTENSITY8, GLU_INTENSITY12, GLU_INTENSITY16, GLU_RGB, GLU_R3_G3_B2, GLU_RGB4, GLU_RGB5, GLU_RGB8, GLU_RGB10, GLU_RGB12, GLU_RGB16, GLU_RGBA, GLU_RGBA2, GLU_RGBA4, GLU_RGB5_A1, GLU_RGBA8, GLU_RGB10_A2, GLU_RGBA12, or GLU_RGBA16.

width, height, depth

Specifies in pixels the width, height and depth respectively, in pixels of the texture image.

format

Specifies the format of the pixel data. Must be one of GLU_COLOR_INDEX, GLU_DEPTH_COMPONENT, GLU_RED, GLU_GREEN, GLU_BLUE, GLU_ALPHA, GLU_RGB, GLU_RGBA, GLU_BGR, GLU_BGRA, GLU_LUMINANCE, or GLU_LUMINANCE_ALPHA.

type

Specifies the data type for data. Must be one of: GLU_UNSIGNED_BYTE, GLU_BYTE, GLU_BITMAP, GLU_UNSIGNED_SHORT, GLU_SHORT, GLU_UNSIGNED_INT, GLU_INT, GLU_FLOAT, GLU_UNSIGNED_BYTE_3_3_2, GLU_UNSIGNED_BYTE_2_3_3_REV, GLU_UNSIGNED_SHORT_5_6_5, GLU_UNSIGNED_SHORT_5_6_5_REV, GLU_UNSIGNED_SHORT_4_4_4_4, GLU_UNSIGNED_SHORT_4_4_4_4_REV, GLU_UNSIGNED_SHORT_5_5_5_1, GLU_UNSIGNED_SHORT_1_5_5_5_REV, GLU_UNSIGNED_INT_8_8_8_8, GLU_UNSIGNED_INT_8_8_8_8_REV, GLU_UNSIGNED_INT_10_10_10_2, or GLU_UNSIGNED_INT_2_10_10_10_REV.

data

Specifies a pointer to the image data in memory.

Description

gluBuild3DMipmaps builds a series of prefiltered three-dimensional texture maps of decreasing resolutions called a mipmap. This is used for the antialiasing of texture-mapped primitives.

A return value of zero indicates success, otherwise a GLU error code is returned (see gluErrorString()).

Initially, the width, height and depth of data are checked to see if they are a power of 2. If not, a copy of data is made and scaled up or down to the nearest power of 2. (If width, height, or depth is exactly between powers of 2, then the copy of data will scale upwards.) This copy will be used for subsequent mipmapping operations described below. For example, if width is 57, height is 23, and depth is 24, then a copy of data will scale up to 64 in width, down to 16 in height, and up to 32 in depth before mipmapping takes place.

Then, proxy textures (see glTexImage3D()) are used to determine if the implementation can fit the requested texture. If not, all three dimensions are continually halved until it fits.

Next, a series of mipmap levels is built by decimating a copy of data in half along all three dimensions until size 1 × 1 × 1 is reached. At each level, each texel in the halved mipmap level is an average of the corresponding eight texels in the larger mipmap level. (If exactly one of the dimensions is 1, four texels are averaged. If exactly two of the dimensions are 1, two texels are averaged.)

glTexImage3D() is called to load each of these mipmap levels. Level 0 is a copy of data. The highest level is log 2 ⁡ max ⁡ width height depth. For example, if width is 64, height is 16, and depth is 32, and the implementation can store a texture of this size, the following mipmap levels are built: 64 × 16 × 32, 32 × 8 × 16, 16 × 4 × 8, 8 × 2 × 4, 4 × 1 × 2, 2 × 1 × 1, and 1 × 1 × 1. These correspond to levels 0 through 6, respectively.

See the glTexImage1D() reference page for a description of the acceptable values for format parameter. See the glDrawPixels() reference page for a description of the acceptable values for type parameter.

Notes

Note that there is no direct way of querying the maximum level. This can be derived indirectly via glGetTexLevelParameter(). First, query the width, height, and depth actually used at level 0. (The width, height, and depth may not be equal to width, height, and depth respectively since proxy textures might have scaled them to fit the implementation.) Then the maximum level can be derived from the formula log 2 ⁡ max ⁡ width height depth.

gluBuild3DMipmaps is only available if the GLU version is 1.3 or greater.

Formats GLU_BGR, and GLU_BGRA, and types GLU_UNSIGNED_BYTE_3_3_2, GLU_UNSIGNED_BYTE_2_3_3_REV, GLU_UNSIGNED_SHORT_5_6_5, GLU_UNSIGNED_SHORT_5_6_5_REV, GLU_UNSIGNED_SHORT_4_4_4_4, GLU_UNSIGNED_SHORT_4_4_4_4_REV, GLU_UNSIGNED_SHORT_5_5_5_1, GLU_UNSIGNED_SHORT_1_5_5_5_REV, GLU_UNSIGNED_INT_8_8_8_8, GLU_UNSIGNED_INT_8_8_8_8_REV, GLU_UNSIGNED_INT_10_10_10_2, and GLU_UNSIGNED_INT_2_10_10_10_REV are only available if the GL version is 1.2 or greater.

Errors

GLU_INVALID_VALUE is returned if width, height, or depth is < 1.

GLU_INVALID_ENUM is returned if internalFormat, format, or type is not legal.

GLU_INVALID_OPERATION is returned if type is GLU_UNSIGNED_BYTE_3_3_2 or GLU_UNSIGNED_BYTE_2_3_3_REV and format is not GLU_RGB.

GLU_INVALID_OPERATION is returned if type is GLU_UNSIGNED_SHORT_5_6_5 or GLU_UNSIGNED_SHORT_5_6_5_REV and format is not GLU_RGB.

GLU_INVALID_OPERATION is returned if type is GLU_UNSIGNED_SHORT_4_4_4_4 or GLU_UNSIGNED_SHORT_4_4_4_4_REV and format is neither GLU_RGBA nor GLU_BGRA.

GLU_INVALID_OPERATION is returned if type is GLU_UNSIGNED_SHORT_5_5_5_1 or GLU_UNSIGNED_SHORT_1_5_5_5_REV and format is neither GLU_RGBA nor GLU_BGRA.

GLU_INVALID_OPERATION is returned if type is GLU_UNSIGNED_INT_8_8_8_8 or GLU_UNSIGNED_INT_8_8_8_8_REV and format is neither GLU_RGBA nor GLU_BGRA.

GLU_INVALID_OPERATION is returned if type is GLU_UNSIGNED_INT_10_10_10_2 or GLU_UNSIGNED_INT_2_10_10_10_REV and format is neither GLU_RGBA nor GLU_BGRA.

See Also

gluBuild1DMipmapLevels(), gluBuild1DMipmaps(), gluBuild2DMipmapLevels(), gluBuild3DMipmapLevels(), gluBuild3DMipmaps, gluErrorString(), glDrawPixels(), glGetTexImage(), glGetTexLevelParameter(), glTexImage1D(), glTexImage2D(), glTexImage3D()

Authors

opengl.org

Info

02/04/2016 opengl.org OpenGL Manual