void *glMapBufferRange(GLenum target, GLintptr offset, GLsizeiptr length, GLbitfield access);
void *glMapNamedBufferRange(GLuint buffer, GLintptr offset, GLsizeiptr length, GLbitfield access);
Specifies the target to which the buffer object is bound for glMapBufferRange, which must be one of the buffer binding targets in the following table:
Buffer Binding Target Purpose GL_ARRAY_BUFFER Vertex attributes GL_ATOMIC_COUNTER_BUFFER Atomic counter storage GL_COPY_READ_BUFFER Buffer copy source GL_COPY_WRITE_BUFFER Buffer copy destination GL_DISPATCH_INDIRECT_BUFFER Indirect compute dispatch commands GL_DRAW_INDIRECT_BUFFER Indirect command arguments GL_ELEMENT_ARRAY_BUFFER Vertex array indices GL_PIXEL_PACK_BUFFER Pixel read target GL_PIXEL_UNPACK_BUFFER Texture data source GL_QUERY_BUFFER Query result buffer GL_SHADER_STORAGE_BUFFER Read-write storage for shaders GL_TEXTURE_BUFFER Texture data buffer GL_TRANSFORM_FEEDBACK_BUFFER Transform feedback buffer GL_UNIFORM_BUFFER Uniform block storage
Specifies the name of the buffer object for glMapNamedBufferRange.
Specifies the starting offset within the buffer of the range to be mapped.
Specifies the length of the range to be mapped.
Specifies a combination of access flags indicating the desired access to the mapped range.
glMapBufferRange and glMapNamedBufferRange map all or part of the data store of a specified buffer object into the client's address space. offset and length indicate the range of data in the buffer object that is to be mapped, in terms of basic machine units. access is a bitfield containing flags which describe the requested mapping. These flags are described below.
A pointer to the beginning of the mapped range is returned once all pending operations on the buffer object have completed, and may be used to modify and/or query the corresponding range of the data store according to the following flag bits set in access:
- GL_MAP_READ_BIT indicates that the returned pointer may be used to read buffer object data. No GL error is generated if the pointer is used to query a mapping which excludes this flag, but the result is undefined and system errors (possibly including program termination) may occur.
- GL_MAP_WRITE_BIT indicates that the returned pointer may be used to modify buffer object data. No GL error is generated if the pointer is used to modify a mapping which excludes this flag, but the result is undefined and system errors (possibly including program termination) may occur.
- GL_MAP_PERSISTENT_BIT indicates that the mapping is to be made in a persistent fassion and that the client intends to hold and use the returned pointer during subsequent GL operation. It is not an error to call drawing commands (render) while buffers are mapped using this flag. It is an error to specify this flag if the buffer's data store was not allocated through a call to the glBufferStorage() command in which the GL_MAP_PERSISTENT_BIT was also set.
- GL_MAP_COHERENT_BIT indicates that a persistent mapping is also to be coherent. Coherent maps guarantee that the effect of writes to a buffer's data store by either the client or server will eventually become visible to the other without further intervention from the application. In the absence of this bit, persistent mappings are not coherent and modified ranges of the buffer store must be explicitly communicated to the GL, either by unmapping the buffer, or through a call to glFlushMappedBufferRange() or glMemoryBarrier().
The following optional flag bits in access may be used to modify the mapping:
- GL_MAP_INVALIDATE_RANGE_BIT indicates that the previous contents of the specified range may be discarded. Data within this range are undefined with the exception of subsequently written data. No GL error is generated if subsequent GL operations access unwritten data, but the result is undefined and system errors (possibly including program termination) may occur. This flag may not be used in combination with GL_MAP_READ_BIT.
- GL_MAP_INVALIDATE_BUFFER_BIT indicates that the previous contents of the entire buffer may be discarded. Data within the entire buffer are undefined with the exception of subsequently written data. No GL error is generated if subsequent GL operations access unwritten data, but the result is undefined and system errors (possibly including program termination) may occur. This flag may not be used in combination with GL_MAP_READ_BIT.
- GL_MAP_FLUSH_EXPLICIT_BIT indicates that one or more discrete subranges of the mapping may be modified. When this flag is set, modifications to each subrange must be explicitly flushed by calling glFlushMappedBufferRange(). No GL error is set if a subrange of the mapping is modified and not flushed, but data within the corresponding subrange of the buffer are undefined. This flag may only be used in conjunction with GL_MAP_WRITE_BIT. When this option is selected, flushing is strictly limited to regions that are explicitly indicated with calls to glFlushMappedBufferRange() prior to unmap; if this option is not selected glUnmapBuffer() will automatically flush the entire mapped range when called.
- GL_MAP_UNSYNCHRONIZED_BIT indicates that the GL should not attempt to synchronize pending operations on the buffer prior to returning from glMapBufferRange or glMapNamedBufferRange. No GL error is generated if pending operations which source or modify the buffer overlap the mapped region, but the result of such previous and any subsequent operations is undefined.
If an error occurs, a NULL pointer is returned.
If no error occurs, the returned pointer will reflect an allocation aligned to the value of GL_MIN_MAP_BUFFER_ALIGNMENT basic machine units. Subtracting offset from this returned pointer will always produce a multiple of the value of GL_MIN_MAP_BUFFER_ALIGNMENT.
The returned pointer values may not be passed as parameter values to GL commands. For example, they may not be used to specify array pointers, or to specify or query pixel or texture image data; such actions produce undefined results, although implementations may not check for such behavior for performance reasons.
Mappings to the data stores of buffer objects may have nonstandard performance characteristics. For example, such mappings may be marked as uncacheable regions of memory, and in such cases reading from them may be very slow. To ensure optimal performance, the client should use the mapping in a fashion consistent with the values of GL_BUFFER_USAGE for the buffer object and of access. Using a mapping in a fashion inconsistent with these values is liable to be multiple orders of magnitude slower than using normal memory.
Alignment of the returned pointer is guaranteed only if the version of the GL version is 4.2 or greater. Also, the GL_ATOMIC_COUNTER_BUFFER target is accepted only if the GL version is 4.2 or greater.
The GL_DISPATCH_INDIRECT_BUFFER and GL_SHADER_STORAGE_BUFFER targets are accepted only if the GL version is 4.3 or greater.
The GL_QUERY_BUFFER target is available only if the GL version is 4.4 or greater.
The GL_MAP_PERSISTENT_BIT and GL_MAP_COHERENT_BIT flags are available only if the GL version is 4.4 or greater.
GL_INVALID_ENUM is generated by glMapBufferRange if target is not one of the buffer binding targets listed above.
GL_INVALID_OPERATION is generated by glMapBufferRange if zero is bound to target.
GL_INVALID_OPERATION is generated by glMapNamedBufferRange if buffer is not the name of an existing buffer object.
GL_INVALID_VALUE is generated if offset or length is negative, if $offset + length$ is greater than the value of GL_BUFFER_SIZE for the buffer object, or if access has any bits set other than those defined above.
GL_INVALID_OPERATION is generated for any of the following conditions:
- length is zero.
- The buffer object is already in a mapped state.
- Neither GL_MAP_READ_BIT nor GL_MAP_WRITE_BIT is set.
- GL_MAP_READ_BIT is set and any of GL_MAP_INVALIDATE_RANGE_BIT, GL_MAP_INVALIDATE_BUFFER_BIT or GL_MAP_UNSYNCHRONIZED_BIT is set.
- GL_MAP_FLUSH_EXPLICIT_BIT is set and GL_MAP_WRITE_BIT is not set.
- Any of GL_MAP_READ_BIT, GL_MAP_WRITE_BIT, GL_MAP_PERSISTENT_BIT, or GL_MAP_COHERENT_BIT are set, but the same bit is not included in the buffer's storage flags.
No error is generated if memory outside the mapped range is modified or queried, but the result is undefined and system errors (possibly including program termination) may occur.
glGet() with pname GL_MIN_MAP_BUFFER_ALIGNMENT. The value must be a power of two that is at least 64.
|Function / Feature Name||2.0||2.1||3.0||3.1||3.2||3.3||4.0||4.1||4.2||4.3||4.4||4.5|
glMapBuffer(), glUnmapBuffer(), glFlushMappedBufferRange(), glBindBuffer(), glBufferStorage()
Copyright © 2010-2014 Khronos Group. This material may be distributed subject to the terms and conditions set forth in the Open Publication License, v 1.0, 8 June 1999. http://opencontent.org/openpub/.
Copyright © 2014 Khronos Group
glBufferSubData.3G(3), glCopyBufferSubData.3G(3), glFlushMappedBufferRange.3G(3), glMapBuffer.3G(3), glMemoryBarrier.3G(3), glUnmapBuffer.3G(3).
The man page glMapNamedBufferRange.3G(3) is an alias of glMapBufferRange.3G(3).