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gensio_mdns - Man Page

Functions for doing mDNS operations

Synopsis

#include <gensio/gensio_mdns.h>

typedef void (*gensio_mdns_done)(struct gensio_mdns *m,

void *userdata);

int gensio_alloc_mdns(struct gensio_os_funcs *o,

struct gensio_mdns **m);

int gensio_free_mdns(struct gensio_mdns *m, gensio_mdns_done done,

void *userdata);

int gensio_mdns_add_service(struct gensio_mdns *m, int interface,

int ipdomain, const char *name, const char *type,
const char *domain, const char *host,
int port, const char *txt[],
struct gensio_mdns_service **s);

typedef void (*gensio_mdns_service_cb)(struct gensio_mdns_service *service,

enum gensio_mdns_service_event ev,
const char *info,
void *cb_data);

int gensio_mdns_add_service2(struct gensio_mdns *m, int interface,

int ipdomain, const char *name, const char *type,
const char *domain, const char *host,
int port, const char *txt[],
gensio_mdns_service_cb cb, void *cb_data,
struct gensio_mdns_service **s);

int gensio_mdns_remove_service(struct gensio_mdns_service *s);
typedef void gensio_mdns_watch_cb(struct gensio_mdns_watch *w,

enum gensio_mdns_data_state state,
int interface, int ipdomain,
const char *name, const char *type,
const char *domain, const char *host,
const struct gensio_addr *addr, const char *txt[],
void *userdata);

int gensio_mdns_add_watch(struct gensio_mdns *m, int interface,

int ipdomain, const char *name, const char *type,
const char *domain, const char *host,
gensio_mdns_watch_cb callback, void *userdata,
struct gensio_mdns_watch **w);

int gensio_mdns_remove_watch(struct gensio_mdns_watch *w);

Description

These functions and type deal with mDNS (Multicast DNS) discovery of services on a local network.  They can be used to advertise services or find services.  These provide a powerful and easy to use interface to mDNS capabilities.

To do these things, you must first use gensio_alloc_mdns to allocate an mdns structure with the standard gensio OS functions structure.  You must, of course, do the standard OS functions wait loops and such.  When you are finished, you should free the mdns structure with gensio_free_mdns. Note that code may still be in mdns callbacks when the free returns, you have to make sure to wait until the done callback is called to know the code is out of all callbacks.  The done callback is optional if you don't care.  Also note that the mdns will not be freed (and done not called) until all the services and watches are freed for it.

For the remaining functions, the interface parameter is the system interface number of the network device, and may be -1 to specify all interfaces.  The ipdomain parameter is one of:

GENSIO_NETTYPE_UNSPEC

Do both IPV4 and IPV4

GENSIO_NETTYPE_IPV4

IPV4 only

GENSIO_NETTYPE_IPV6

IPV6 only

The name, type, domain, and host parameters are the standard mDNS fields, see documentation on mDNS for details.  The txt parameter is for mDNS text fields, and is a standard argv-like array.

Once you have an mdns structure, you can advertise a service on the net with it using gensio_mdns_add_service2. That service will continue to be advertised until you call gensio_mdns_remove_service on it or your program terminates.  The domain and host parameters should generally be NULL to take the system defaults.  The txt parameter may be NULL if you don't have any.

gensio_mdns_add_service2 takes a callback, it will be called when the service has been registered, and possible with a new name if there was a name conflict. You may pass in a NULL for the callback if you don't care.  The callback parameter can take the following values:

GENSIO_MDNS_SERVICE_READY

The service is now registered, and the name is the same as the name you passed in.

GENSIO_MDNS_SERVICE_READY_NEW_NAME

The service is now registered, but the name was changed, it will be in the info parameter.

GENSIO_MDNS_SERVICE_REMOVED

You requested the service be removed, the remove is now complete and the callback will not be called again.

GENSIO_MDNS_SERVICE_ERROR

An error occurred as part of service registration.

There is a gensio_mdns_add_service function for backwards compatibility, it is equivalent to calling gensio_mdns_add_service2 with a NULL callback.  Don't use it in new code.

To find services on the network, you add a watch with gensio_mdns_add_watch. Any service that matches your query will be reported with the callback functions and all fields will be provided in the callback.  Once you are done with a watch, you may call gensio_mdns_remove_watch Note that code may still be in mdns callbacks when the remove returns, you have to make sure to wait until the done callback is called to know the code is out of all callbacks.  The done callback is optional if you don't care.

Some MDNS libraries do not support an NULL type for the watch, and some do.  For portable code, always specify the watch.  If the library does not support a null type the function will return GE_INCONSISTENT.

The watch callback state has three possible values:

GENSIO_MDNS_WATCH_NEW_DATA

This is a new entry being reported.

GENSIO_MDNS_WATCH_DATA_GONE

An entry that was previously reported as gone away.

GENSIO_MDNS_WATCH_ALL_FOR_NOW

This is called one time after the watch is created, it reports that all currently known entries have been reported.  New ones may be reported in the future, but those will have been dynamically added later.

In the watch callback, you must make copies of all the strings and addresses passed to you to keep them.  Their continued existence is not guaranteed.

In watches, all of the string fields may be NULL, meaning you want to take anything in that field.  So if all the strings are NULL and the interface is -1 and the ipdomain is GENSIO_NETTYPE_UNSPEC you will get all of the fields.

String Values for Watches

The string values to the watch add function may use regular expressions.  If the string starts with '%', then the data after it is treated as a regular expression and fields are matched against that.  See the regex(7) man page for details.

Globs are supported on some platforms, but their use is discouraged because they aren't available on some platforms.  If the string starts with '@', the the data after it is treated as a standard glob.  See the glob(7) man page for details.  An error will be returned if the platform doesn't have glob matching.

If the string starts with '=', an exact comparison is done with the data after it.

If the string starts with a-z0-9_ or a space, then an exact string comparison is done, including the first character.

The behavior of matching for any other starting character is undefined.  In general, you should always use '@', '%', or '=' as the starting character of all your query strings to be sure.

Return Values

Zero is returned on success, or a gensio error on failure.

See Also

gensio_err(3), gensio_os_funcs(3), regex(7), glob(7)

Referenced By

gensio(5), gmdns(1).

The man pages gensio_alloc_mdns(3), gensio_free_mdns(3), gensio_mdns_add_service(3), gensio_mdns_add_watch(3), gensio_mdns_remove_service(3) and gensio_mdns_remove_watch(3) are aliases of gensio_mdns(3).

15 Oct 2020