explain_getresgid man page

explain_getresgid — explain getresgid(2) errors

Synopsis

#include <libexplain/getresgid.h>

const char *explain_getresgid(gid_t *rgid, gid_t *egid, gid_t *sgid);
const char *explain_errno_getresgid(int errnum, gid_t *rgid, gid_t *egid, gid_t *sgid);
void explain_message_getresgid(char *message, int message_size, gid_t *rgid, gid_t *egid, gid_t *sgid);
void explain_message_errno_getresgid(char *message, int message_size, int errnum, gid_t *rgid, gid_t *egid, gid_t *sgid);

Description

These functions may be used to obtain explanations for errors returned by the getresgid(2) system call.

explain_getresgid

const char *explain_getresgid(gid_t *rgid, gid_t *egid, gid_t *sgid);

The explain_getresgid function is used to obtain an explanation of an error returned by the getresgid(2) system call. The least the message will contain is the value of strerror(errno), but usually it will do much better, and indicate the underlying cause in more detail.

The errno global variable will be used to obtain the error value to be decoded.

rgid
The original rgid, exactly as passed to the getresgid(2) system call.
egid
The original egid, exactly as passed to the getresgid(2) system call.
sgid
The original sgid, exactly as passed to the getresgid(2) system call.
Returns:
The message explaining the error. This message buffer is shared by all libexplain functions which do not supply a buffer in their argument list. This will be overwritten by the next call to any libexplain function which shares this buffer, including other threads.

Note: This function is not thread safe, because it shares a return buffer across all threads, and many other functions in this library.

Example: This function is intended to be used in a fashion similar to the following example:

if (getresgid(rgid, egid, sgid) < 0)

{

fprintf(stderr, "%s\n", explain_getresgid(rgid, egid, sgid));

    exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
}

The above code example is available pre-packaged as the explain_getresgid_or_die(3) function.

explain_errno_getresgid

const char *explain_errno_getresgid(int errnum, gid_t *rgid, gid_t *egid, gid_t *sgid);

The explain_errno_getresgid function is used to obtain an explanation of an error returned by the getresgid(2) system call. The least the message will contain is the value of strerror(errno), but usually it will do much better, and indicate the underlying cause in more detail.

errnum
The error value to be decoded, usually obtained from the errno global variable just before this function is called. This is necessary if you need to call any code between the system call to be explained and this function, because many libc functions will alter the value of errno.
rgid
The original rgid, exactly as passed to the getresgid(2) system call.
egid
The original egid, exactly as passed to the getresgid(2) system call.
sgid
The original sgid, exactly as passed to the getresgid(2) system call.
Returns:
The message explaining the error. This message buffer is shared by all libexplain functions which do not supply a buffer in their argument list. This will be overwritten by the next call to any libexplain function which shares this buffer, including other threads.

Note: This function is not thread safe, because it shares a return buffer across all threads, and many other functions in this library.

Example: This function is intended to be used in a fashion similar to the following example:

if (getresgid(rgid, egid, sgid) < 0)

{
    int err = errno;

fprintf(stderr, "%s\n", explain_errno_getresgid(err, rgid, egid, sgid));

    exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
}

The above code example is available pre-packaged as the explain_getresgid_or_die(3) function.

explain_message_getresgid

void explain_message_getresgid(char *message, int message_size, gid_t *rgid, gid_t *egid, gid_t *sgid);

The explain_message_getresgid function is used to obtain an explanation of an error returned by the getresgid(2) system call. The least the message will contain is the value of strerror(errno), but usually it will do much better, and indicate the underlying cause in more detail.

The errno global variable will be used to obtain the error value to be decoded.

message
The location in which to store the returned message. If a suitable message return buffer is supplied, this function is thread safe.
message_size
The size in bytes of the location in which to store the returned message.
rgid
The original rgid, exactly as passed to the getresgid(2) system call.
egid
The original egid, exactly as passed to the getresgid(2) system call.
sgid
The original sgid, exactly as passed to the getresgid(2) system call.

Example: This function is intended to be used in a fashion similar to the following example:

if (getresgid(rgid, egid, sgid) < 0)

{
    char message[3000];

explain_message_getresgid(message, sizeof(message), rgid, egid, sgid);

    fprintf(stderr, "%s\n", message);
    exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
}

The above code example is available pre-packaged as the explain_getresgid_or_die(3) function.

explain_message_errno_getresgid

void explain_message_errno_getresgid(char *message, int message_size, int errnum, gid_t *rgid, gid_t *egid, gid_t *sgid);

The explain_message_errno_getresgid function is used to obtain an explanation of an error returned by the getresgid(2) system call. The least the message will contain is the value of strerror(errno), but usually it will do much better, and indicate the underlying cause in more detail.

message
The location in which to store the returned message. If a suitable message return buffer is supplied, this function is thread safe.
message_size
The size in bytes of the location in which to store the returned message.
errnum
The error value to be decoded, usually obtained from the errno global variable just before this function is called. This is necessary if you need to call any code between the system call to be explained and this function, because many libc functions will alter the value of errno.
rgid
The original rgid, exactly as passed to the getresgid(2) system call.
egid
The original egid, exactly as passed to the getresgid(2) system call.
sgid
The original sgid, exactly as passed to the getresgid(2) system call.

Example: This function is intended to be used in a fashion similar to the following example:

if (getresgid(rgid, egid, sgid) < 0)

{
    int err = errno;
    char message[3000];

explain_message_errno_getresgid(message, sizeof(message), err, rgid, egid, sgid);

    fprintf(stderr, "%s\n", message);
    exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
}

The above code example is available pre-packaged as the explain_getresgid_or_die(3) function.

See Also

getresgid(2)
get real, effective and saved group IDs
explain_getresgid_or_die(3)
get real, effective and saved group IDs and report errors

Referenced By

explain(3), explain_getresgid_or_die(3).