# exp man page

exp, expf, expl — base-e exponential function

## Synopsis

**#include <math.h>**
**double exp(double** *x***);**
**float expf(float** *x***);**
**long double expl(long double** *x***);**

`Link with `

*-lm*.

Feature Test Macro Requirements for glibc (see feature_test_macros(7)):**expf**(), **expl**():

_ISOC99_SOURCE || _POSIX_C_SOURCE >= 200112L

|| /* Since glibc 2.19: */ _DEFAULT_SOURCE

|| /* Glibc versions <= 2.19: */ _BSD_SOURCE || _SVID_SOURCE

## Description

These functions return the value of e (the base of natural logarithms) raised to the power of *x*.

## Return Value

On success, these functions return the exponential value of *x*.

If *x* is a NaN, a NaN is returned.

If *x* is positive infinity, positive infinity is returned.

If *x* is negative infinity, +0 is returned.

If the result underflows, a range error occurs, and zero is returned.

If the result overflows, a range error occurs, and the functions return +**HUGE_VAL**, +**HUGE_VALF**, or +**HUGE_VALL**, respectively.

## Errors

See math_error(7) for information on how to determine whether an error has occurred when calling these functions.

The following errors can occur:

- Range error, overflow
*errno*is set to**ERANGE**. An overflow floating-point exception (**FE_OVERFLOW**) is raised.- Range error, underflow
*errno*is set to**ERANGE**. An underflow floating-point exception (**FE_UNDERFLOW**) is raised.

## Attributes

For an explanation of the terms used in this section, see attributes(7).

Interface | Attribute | Value |
---|---|---|

exp(), expf(), expl() | Thread safety | MT-Safe |

## Conforming to

C99, POSIX.1-2001, POSIX.1-2008.

The variant returning *double* also conforms to SVr4, 4.3BSD, C89.

## See Also

## Referenced By

erf(3), erfc(3), exp10(3), exp2(3), expm1(3), log1p(3).

Explore man page connections for exp(3).

expf(3) and expl(3) are aliases of exp(3).