# dspsv.f man page

dspsv.f —

## Synopsis

### Functions/Subroutines

subroutinedspsv(UPLO, N, NRHS, AP, IPIV, B, LDB, INFO)DSPSV computes the solution to system of linear equations A * X = B for OTHER matrices

## Function/Subroutine Documentation

### subroutine dspsv (characterUPLO, integerN, integerNRHS, double precision, dimension( * )AP, integer, dimension( * )IPIV, double precision, dimension( ldb, * )B, integerLDB, integerINFO)

**DSPSV computes the solution to system of linear equations A * X = B for OTHER matrices**

**Purpose:**

```
DSPSV computes the solution to a real system of linear equations
A * X = B,
where A is an N-by-N symmetric matrix stored in packed format and X
and B are N-by-NRHS matrices.
The diagonal pivoting method is used to factor A as
A = U * D * U**T, if UPLO = 'U', or
A = L * D * L**T, if UPLO = 'L',
where U (or L) is a product of permutation and unit upper (lower)
triangular matrices, D is symmetric and block diagonal with 1-by-1
and 2-by-2 diagonal blocks. The factored form of A is then used to
solve the system of equations A * X = B.
```

**Parameters:**

*UPLO*

```
UPLO is CHARACTER*1
= 'U': Upper triangle of A is stored;
= 'L': Lower triangle of A is stored.
```

*N*

```
N is INTEGER
The number of linear equations, i.e., the order of the
matrix A. N >= 0.
```

*NRHS*

```
NRHS is INTEGER
The number of right hand sides, i.e., the number of columns
of the matrix B. NRHS >= 0.
```

*AP*

```
AP is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (N*(N+1)/2)
On entry, the upper or lower triangle of the symmetric matrix
A, packed columnwise in a linear array. The j-th column of A
is stored in the array AP as follows:
if UPLO = 'U', AP(i + (j-1)*j/2) = A(i,j) for 1<=i<=j;
if UPLO = 'L', AP(i + (j-1)*(2n-j)/2) = A(i,j) for j<=i<=n.
See below for further details.
On exit, the block diagonal matrix D and the multipliers used
to obtain the factor U or L from the factorization
A = U*D*U**T or A = L*D*L**T as computed by DSPTRF, stored as
a packed triangular matrix in the same storage format as A.
```

*IPIV*

```
IPIV is INTEGER array, dimension (N)
Details of the interchanges and the block structure of D, as
determined by DSPTRF. If IPIV(k) > 0, then rows and columns
k and IPIV(k) were interchanged, and D(k,k) is a 1-by-1
diagonal block. If UPLO = 'U' and IPIV(k) = IPIV(k-1) < 0,
then rows and columns k-1 and -IPIV(k) were interchanged and
D(k-1:k,k-1:k) is a 2-by-2 diagonal block. If UPLO = 'L' and
IPIV(k) = IPIV(k+1) < 0, then rows and columns k+1 and
-IPIV(k) were interchanged and D(k:k+1,k:k+1) is a 2-by-2
diagonal block.
```

*B*

```
B is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (LDB,NRHS)
On entry, the N-by-NRHS right hand side matrix B.
On exit, if INFO = 0, the N-by-NRHS solution matrix X.
```

*LDB*

```
LDB is INTEGER
The leading dimension of the array B. LDB >= max(1,N).
```

*INFO*

```
INFO is INTEGER
= 0: successful exit
< 0: if INFO = -i, the i-th argument had an illegal value
> 0: if INFO = i, D(i,i) is exactly zero. The factorization
has been completed, but the block diagonal matrix D is
exactly singular, so the solution could not be
computed.
```

**Author:**

Univ. of Tennessee

Univ. of California Berkeley

Univ. of Colorado Denver

NAG Ltd.

**Date:**

November 2011

**Further Details:**

```
The packed storage scheme is illustrated by the following example
when N = 4, UPLO = 'U':
Two-dimensional storage of the symmetric matrix A:
a11 a12 a13 a14
a22 a23 a24
a33 a34 (aij = aji)
a44
Packed storage of the upper triangle of A:
AP = [ a11, a12, a22, a13, a23, a33, a14, a24, a34, a44 ]
```

Definition at line 163 of file dspsv.f.

## Author

Generated automatically by Doxygen for LAPACK from the source code.

## Referenced By

dspsv(3) is an alias of dspsv.f(3).