# dspgvx.f man page

dspgvx.f —

## Synopsis

### Functions/Subroutines

subroutinedspgvx(ITYPE, JOBZ, RANGE, UPLO, N, AP, BP, VL, VU, IL, IU, ABSTOL, M, W, Z, LDZ, WORK, IWORK, IFAIL, INFO)DSPGST

## Function/Subroutine Documentation

### subroutine dspgvx (integerITYPE, characterJOBZ, characterRANGE, characterUPLO, integerN, double precision, dimension( * )AP, double precision, dimension( * )BP, double precisionVL, double precisionVU, integerIL, integerIU, double precisionABSTOL, integerM, double precision, dimension( * )W, double precision, dimension( ldz, * )Z, integerLDZ, double precision, dimension( * )WORK, integer, dimension( * )IWORK, integer, dimension( * )IFAIL, integerINFO)

**DSPGST**

**Purpose:**

```
DSPGVX computes selected eigenvalues, and optionally, eigenvectors
of a real generalized symmetric-definite eigenproblem, of the form
A*x=(lambda)*B*x, A*Bx=(lambda)*x, or B*A*x=(lambda)*x. Here A
and B are assumed to be symmetric, stored in packed storage, and B
is also positive definite. Eigenvalues and eigenvectors can be
selected by specifying either a range of values or a range of indices
for the desired eigenvalues.
```

**Parameters:**

*ITYPE*

```
ITYPE is INTEGER
Specifies the problem type to be solved:
= 1: A*x = (lambda)*B*x
= 2: A*B*x = (lambda)*x
= 3: B*A*x = (lambda)*x
```

*JOBZ*

```
JOBZ is CHARACTER*1
= 'N': Compute eigenvalues only;
= 'V': Compute eigenvalues and eigenvectors.
```

*RANGE*

```
RANGE is CHARACTER*1
= 'A': all eigenvalues will be found.
= 'V': all eigenvalues in the half-open interval (VL,VU]
will be found.
= 'I': the IL-th through IU-th eigenvalues will be found.
```

*UPLO*

```
UPLO is CHARACTER*1
= 'U': Upper triangle of A and B are stored;
= 'L': Lower triangle of A and B are stored.
```

*N*

```
N is INTEGER
The order of the matrix pencil (A,B). N >= 0.
```

*AP*

```
AP is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (N*(N+1)/2)
On entry, the upper or lower triangle of the symmetric matrix
A, packed columnwise in a linear array. The j-th column of A
is stored in the array AP as follows:
if UPLO = 'U', AP(i + (j-1)*j/2) = A(i,j) for 1<=i<=j;
if UPLO = 'L', AP(i + (j-1)*(2*n-j)/2) = A(i,j) for j<=i<=n.
On exit, the contents of AP are destroyed.
```

*BP*

```
BP is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (N*(N+1)/2)
On entry, the upper or lower triangle of the symmetric matrix
B, packed columnwise in a linear array. The j-th column of B
is stored in the array BP as follows:
if UPLO = 'U', BP(i + (j-1)*j/2) = B(i,j) for 1<=i<=j;
if UPLO = 'L', BP(i + (j-1)*(2*n-j)/2) = B(i,j) for j<=i<=n.
On exit, the triangular factor U or L from the Cholesky
factorization B = U**T*U or B = L*L**T, in the same storage
format as B.
```

*VL*

`VL is DOUBLE PRECISION`

*VU*

```
VU is DOUBLE PRECISION
If RANGE='V', the lower and upper bounds of the interval to
be searched for eigenvalues. VL < VU.
Not referenced if RANGE = 'A' or 'I'.
```

*IL*

`IL is INTEGER`

*IU*

```
IU is INTEGER
If RANGE='I', the indices (in ascending order) of the
smallest and largest eigenvalues to be returned.
1 <= IL <= IU <= N, if N > 0; IL = 1 and IU = 0 if N = 0.
Not referenced if RANGE = 'A' or 'V'.
```

*ABSTOL*

```
ABSTOL is DOUBLE PRECISION
The absolute error tolerance for the eigenvalues.
An approximate eigenvalue is accepted as converged
when it is determined to lie in an interval [a,b]
of width less than or equal to
ABSTOL + EPS * max( |a|,|b| ) ,
where EPS is the machine precision. If ABSTOL is less than
or equal to zero, then EPS*|T| will be used in its place,
where |T| is the 1-norm of the tridiagonal matrix obtained
by reducing A to tridiagonal form.
Eigenvalues will be computed most accurately when ABSTOL is
set to twice the underflow threshold 2*DLAMCH('S'), not zero.
If this routine returns with INFO>0, indicating that some
eigenvectors did not converge, try setting ABSTOL to
2*DLAMCH('S').
```

*M*

```
M is INTEGER
The total number of eigenvalues found. 0 <= M <= N.
If RANGE = 'A', M = N, and if RANGE = 'I', M = IU-IL+1.
```

*W*

```
W is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (N)
On normal exit, the first M elements contain the selected
eigenvalues in ascending order.
```

*Z*

```
Z is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (LDZ, max(1,M))
If JOBZ = 'N', then Z is not referenced.
If JOBZ = 'V', then if INFO = 0, the first M columns of Z
contain the orthonormal eigenvectors of the matrix A
corresponding to the selected eigenvalues, with the i-th
column of Z holding the eigenvector associated with W(i).
The eigenvectors are normalized as follows:
if ITYPE = 1 or 2, Z**T*B*Z = I;
if ITYPE = 3, Z**T*inv(B)*Z = I.
If an eigenvector fails to converge, then that column of Z
contains the latest approximation to the eigenvector, and the
index of the eigenvector is returned in IFAIL.
Note: the user must ensure that at least max(1,M) columns are
supplied in the array Z; if RANGE = 'V', the exact value of M
is not known in advance and an upper bound must be used.
```

*LDZ*

```
LDZ is INTEGER
The leading dimension of the array Z. LDZ >= 1, and if
JOBZ = 'V', LDZ >= max(1,N).
```

*WORK*

`WORK is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (8*N)`

*IWORK*

`IWORK is INTEGER array, dimension (5*N)`

*IFAIL*

```
IFAIL is INTEGER array, dimension (N)
If JOBZ = 'V', then if INFO = 0, the first M elements of
IFAIL are zero. If INFO > 0, then IFAIL contains the
indices of the eigenvectors that failed to converge.
If JOBZ = 'N', then IFAIL is not referenced.
```

*INFO*

```
INFO is INTEGER
= 0: successful exit
< 0: if INFO = -i, the i-th argument had an illegal value
> 0: DPPTRF or DSPEVX returned an error code:
<= N: if INFO = i, DSPEVX failed to converge;
i eigenvectors failed to converge. Their indices
are stored in array IFAIL.
> N: if INFO = N + i, for 1 <= i <= N, then the leading
minor of order i of B is not positive definite.
The factorization of B could not be completed and
no eigenvalues or eigenvectors were computed.
```

**Author:**

Univ. of Tennessee

Univ. of California Berkeley

Univ. of Colorado Denver

NAG Ltd.

**Date:**

November 2011

**Contributors:**

Mark Fahey, Department of Mathematics, Univ. of Kentucky, USA

Definition at line 262 of file dspgvx.f.

## Author

Generated automatically by Doxygen for LAPACK from the source code.

## Referenced By

dspgvx(3) is an alias of dspgvx.f(3).

Sat Nov 16 2013 Version 3.4.2 LAPACK