dpbsvx.f man page

dpbsvx.f —

Synopsis

Functions/Subroutines

subroutine dpbsvx (FACT, UPLO, N, KD, NRHS, AB, LDAB, AFB, LDAFB, EQUED, S, B, LDB, X, LDX, RCOND, FERR, BERR, WORK, IWORK, INFO)
DPBSVX computes the solution to system of linear equations A * X = B for OTHER matrices

Function/Subroutine Documentation

subroutine dpbsvx (characterFACT, characterUPLO, integerN, integerKD, integerNRHS, double precision, dimension( ldab, * )AB, integerLDAB, double precision, dimension( ldafb, * )AFB, integerLDAFB, characterEQUED, double precision, dimension( * )S, double precision, dimension( ldb, * )B, integerLDB, double precision, dimension( ldx, * )X, integerLDX, double precisionRCOND, double precision, dimension( * )FERR, double precision, dimension( * )BERR, double precision, dimension( * )WORK, integer, dimension( * )IWORK, integerINFO)

DPBSVX computes the solution to system of linear equations A * X = B for OTHER matrices

Purpose:

DPBSVX uses the Cholesky factorization A = U**T*U or A = L*L**T to
compute the solution to a real system of linear equations
   A * X = B,
where A is an N-by-N symmetric positive definite band matrix and X
and B are N-by-NRHS matrices.

Error bounds on the solution and a condition estimate are also
provided.

Description:

The following steps are performed:

1. If FACT = 'E', real scaling factors are computed to equilibrate
   the system:
      diag(S) * A * diag(S) * inv(diag(S)) * X = diag(S) * B
   Whether or not the system will be equilibrated depends on the
   scaling of the matrix A, but if equilibration is used, A is
   overwritten by diag(S)*A*diag(S) and B by diag(S)*B.

2. If FACT = 'N' or 'E', the Cholesky decomposition is used to
   factor the matrix A (after equilibration if FACT = 'E') as
      A = U**T * U,  if UPLO = 'U', or
      A = L * L**T,  if UPLO = 'L',
   where U is an upper triangular band matrix, and L is a lower
   triangular band matrix.

3. If the leading i-by-i principal minor is not positive definite,
   then the routine returns with INFO = i. Otherwise, the factored
   form of A is used to estimate the condition number of the matrix
   A.  If the reciprocal of the condition number is less than machine
   precision, INFO = N+1 is returned as a warning, but the routine
   still goes on to solve for X and compute error bounds as
   described below.

4. The system of equations is solved for X using the factored form
   of A.

5. Iterative refinement is applied to improve the computed solution
   matrix and calculate error bounds and backward error estimates
   for it.

6. If equilibration was used, the matrix X is premultiplied by
   diag(S) so that it solves the original system before
   equilibration.

Parameters:

FACT

FACT is CHARACTER*1
Specifies whether or not the factored form of the matrix A is
supplied on entry, and if not, whether the matrix A should be
equilibrated before it is factored.
= 'F':  On entry, AFB contains the factored form of A.
        If EQUED = 'Y', the matrix A has been equilibrated
        with scaling factors given by S.  AB and AFB will not
        be modified.
= 'N':  The matrix A will be copied to AFB and factored.
= 'E':  The matrix A will be equilibrated if necessary, then
        copied to AFB and factored.

UPLO

UPLO is CHARACTER*1
= 'U':  Upper triangle of A is stored;
= 'L':  Lower triangle of A is stored.

N

N is INTEGER
The number of linear equations, i.e., the order of the
matrix A.  N >= 0.

KD

KD is INTEGER
The number of superdiagonals of the matrix A if UPLO = 'U',
or the number of subdiagonals if UPLO = 'L'.  KD >= 0.

NRHS

NRHS is INTEGER
The number of right-hand sides, i.e., the number of columns
of the matrices B and X.  NRHS >= 0.

AB

AB is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (LDAB,N)
On entry, the upper or lower triangle of the symmetric band
matrix A, stored in the first KD+1 rows of the array, except
if FACT = 'F' and EQUED = 'Y', then A must contain the
equilibrated matrix diag(S)*A*diag(S).  The j-th column of A
is stored in the j-th column of the array AB as follows:
if UPLO = 'U', AB(KD+1+i-j,j) = A(i,j) for max(1,j-KD)<=i<=j;
if UPLO = 'L', AB(1+i-j,j)    = A(i,j) for j<=i<=min(N,j+KD).
See below for further details.

On exit, if FACT = 'E' and EQUED = 'Y', A is overwritten by
diag(S)*A*diag(S).

LDAB

LDAB is INTEGER
The leading dimension of the array A.  LDAB >= KD+1.

AFB

AFB is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (LDAFB,N)
If FACT = 'F', then AFB is an input argument and on entry
contains the triangular factor U or L from the Cholesky
factorization A = U**T*U or A = L*L**T of the band matrix
A, in the same storage format as A (see AB).  If EQUED = 'Y',
then AFB is the factored form of the equilibrated matrix A.

If FACT = 'N', then AFB is an output argument and on exit
returns the triangular factor U or L from the Cholesky
factorization A = U**T*U or A = L*L**T.

If FACT = 'E', then AFB is an output argument and on exit
returns the triangular factor U or L from the Cholesky
factorization A = U**T*U or A = L*L**T of the equilibrated
matrix A (see the description of A for the form of the
equilibrated matrix).

LDAFB

LDAFB is INTEGER
The leading dimension of the array AFB.  LDAFB >= KD+1.

EQUED

EQUED is CHARACTER*1
Specifies the form of equilibration that was done.
= 'N':  No equilibration (always true if FACT = 'N').
= 'Y':  Equilibration was done, i.e., A has been replaced by
        diag(S) * A * diag(S).
EQUED is an input argument if FACT = 'F'; otherwise, it is an
output argument.

S

S is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (N)
The scale factors for A; not accessed if EQUED = 'N'.  S is
an input argument if FACT = 'F'; otherwise, S is an output
argument.  If FACT = 'F' and EQUED = 'Y', each element of S
must be positive.

B

B is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (LDB,NRHS)
On entry, the N-by-NRHS right hand side matrix B.
On exit, if EQUED = 'N', B is not modified; if EQUED = 'Y',
B is overwritten by diag(S) * B.

LDB

LDB is INTEGER
The leading dimension of the array B.  LDB >= max(1,N).

X

X is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (LDX,NRHS)
If INFO = 0 or INFO = N+1, the N-by-NRHS solution matrix X to
the original system of equations.  Note that if EQUED = 'Y',
A and B are modified on exit, and the solution to the
equilibrated system is inv(diag(S))*X.

LDX

LDX is INTEGER
The leading dimension of the array X.  LDX >= max(1,N).

RCOND

RCOND is DOUBLE PRECISION
The estimate of the reciprocal condition number of the matrix
A after equilibration (if done).  If RCOND is less than the
machine precision (in particular, if RCOND = 0), the matrix
is singular to working precision.  This condition is
indicated by a return code of INFO > 0.

FERR

FERR is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (NRHS)
The estimated forward error bound for each solution vector
X(j) (the j-th column of the solution matrix X).
If XTRUE is the true solution corresponding to X(j), FERR(j)
is an estimated upper bound for the magnitude of the largest
element in (X(j) - XTRUE) divided by the magnitude of the
largest element in X(j).  The estimate is as reliable as
the estimate for RCOND, and is almost always a slight
overestimate of the true error.

BERR

BERR is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (NRHS)
The componentwise relative backward error of each solution
vector X(j) (i.e., the smallest relative change in
any element of A or B that makes X(j) an exact solution).

WORK

WORK is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (3*N)

IWORK

IWORK is INTEGER array, dimension (N)

INFO

INFO is INTEGER
= 0:  successful exit
< 0:  if INFO = -i, the i-th argument had an illegal value
> 0:  if INFO = i, and i is
      <= N:  the leading minor of order i of A is
             not positive definite, so the factorization
             could not be completed, and the solution has not
             been computed. RCOND = 0 is returned.
      = N+1: U is nonsingular, but RCOND is less than machine
             precision, meaning that the matrix is singular
             to working precision.  Nevertheless, the
             solution and error bounds are computed because
             there are a number of situations where the
             computed solution can be more accurate than the
             value of RCOND would suggest.

Author:

Univ. of Tennessee

Univ. of California Berkeley

Univ. of Colorado Denver

NAG Ltd.

Date:

April 2012

Further Details:

The band storage scheme is illustrated by the following example, when
N = 6, KD = 2, and UPLO = 'U':

Two-dimensional storage of the symmetric matrix A:

   a11  a12  a13
        a22  a23  a24
             a33  a34  a35
                  a44  a45  a46
                       a55  a56
   (aij=conjg(aji))         a66

Band storage of the upper triangle of A:

    *    *   a13  a24  a35  a46
    *   a12  a23  a34  a45  a56
   a11  a22  a33  a44  a55  a66

Similarly, if UPLO = 'L' the format of A is as follows:

   a11  a22  a33  a44  a55  a66
   a21  a32  a43  a54  a65   *
   a31  a42  a53  a64   *    *

Array elements marked * are not used by the routine.

Definition at line 342 of file dpbsvx.f.

Author

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Referenced By

dpbsvx(3) is an alias of dpbsvx.f(3).

Sat Nov 16 2013 Version 3.4.2 LAPACK