# dlals0.f man page

dlals0.f —

## Synopsis

### Functions/Subroutines

subroutinedlals0(ICOMPQ, NL, NR, SQRE, NRHS, B, LDB, BX, LDBX, PERM, GIVPTR, GIVCOL, LDGCOL, GIVNUM, LDGNUM, POLES, DIFL, DIFR, Z, K, C, S, WORK, INFO)DLALS0applies back multiplying factors in solving the least squares problem using divide and conquer SVD approach. Used by sgelsd.

## Function/Subroutine Documentation

### subroutine dlals0 (integerICOMPQ, integerNL, integerNR, integerSQRE, integerNRHS, double precision, dimension( ldb, * )B, integerLDB, double precision, dimension( ldbx, * )BX, integerLDBX, integer, dimension( * )PERM, integerGIVPTR, integer, dimension( ldgcol, * )GIVCOL, integerLDGCOL, double precision, dimension( ldgnum, * )GIVNUM, integerLDGNUM, double precision, dimension( ldgnum, * )POLES, double precision, dimension( * )DIFL, double precision, dimension( ldgnum, * )DIFR, double precision, dimension( * )Z, integerK, double precisionC, double precisionS, double precision, dimension( * )WORK, integerINFO)

**DLALS0** applies back multiplying factors in solving the least squares problem using divide and conquer SVD approach. Used by sgelsd.

**Purpose:**

```
DLALS0 applies back the multiplying factors of either the left or the
right singular vector matrix of a diagonal matrix appended by a row
to the right hand side matrix B in solving the least squares problem
using the divide-and-conquer SVD approach.
For the left singular vector matrix, three types of orthogonal
matrices are involved:
(1L) Givens rotations: the number of such rotations is GIVPTR; the
pairs of columns/rows they were applied to are stored in GIVCOL;
and the C- and S-values of these rotations are stored in GIVNUM.
(2L) Permutation. The (NL+1)-st row of B is to be moved to the first
row, and for J=2:N, PERM(J)-th row of B is to be moved to the
J-th row.
(3L) The left singular vector matrix of the remaining matrix.
For the right singular vector matrix, four types of orthogonal
matrices are involved:
(1R) The right singular vector matrix of the remaining matrix.
(2R) If SQRE = 1, one extra Givens rotation to generate the right
null space.
(3R) The inverse transformation of (2L).
(4R) The inverse transformation of (1L).
```

**Parameters:**

*ICOMPQ*

```
ICOMPQ is INTEGER
Specifies whether singular vectors are to be computed in
factored form:
= 0: Left singular vector matrix.
= 1: Right singular vector matrix.
```

*NL*

```
NL is INTEGER
The row dimension of the upper block. NL >= 1.
```

*NR*

```
NR is INTEGER
The row dimension of the lower block. NR >= 1.
```

*SQRE*

```
SQRE is INTEGER
= 0: the lower block is an NR-by-NR square matrix.
= 1: the lower block is an NR-by-(NR+1) rectangular matrix.
The bidiagonal matrix has row dimension N = NL + NR + 1,
and column dimension M = N + SQRE.
```

*NRHS*

```
NRHS is INTEGER
The number of columns of B and BX. NRHS must be at least 1.
```

*B*

```
B is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension ( LDB, NRHS )
On input, B contains the right hand sides of the least
squares problem in rows 1 through M. On output, B contains
the solution X in rows 1 through N.
```

*LDB*

```
LDB is INTEGER
The leading dimension of B. LDB must be at least
max(1,MAX( M, N ) ).
```

*BX*

`BX is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension ( LDBX, NRHS )`

*LDBX*

```
LDBX is INTEGER
The leading dimension of BX.
```

*PERM*

```
PERM is INTEGER array, dimension ( N )
The permutations (from deflation and sorting) applied
to the two blocks.
```

*GIVPTR*

```
GIVPTR is INTEGER
The number of Givens rotations which took place in this
subproblem.
```

*GIVCOL*

```
GIVCOL is INTEGER array, dimension ( LDGCOL, 2 )
Each pair of numbers indicates a pair of rows/columns
involved in a Givens rotation.
```

*LDGCOL*

```
LDGCOL is INTEGER
The leading dimension of GIVCOL, must be at least N.
```

*GIVNUM*

```
GIVNUM is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension ( LDGNUM, 2 )
Each number indicates the C or S value used in the
corresponding Givens rotation.
```

*LDGNUM*

```
LDGNUM is INTEGER
The leading dimension of arrays DIFR, POLES and
GIVNUM, must be at least K.
```

*POLES*

```
POLES is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension ( LDGNUM, 2 )
On entry, POLES(1:K, 1) contains the new singular
values obtained from solving the secular equation, and
POLES(1:K, 2) is an array containing the poles in the secular
equation.
```

*DIFL*

```
DIFL is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension ( K ).
On entry, DIFL(I) is the distance between I-th updated
(undeflated) singular value and the I-th (undeflated) old
singular value.
```

*DIFR*

```
DIFR is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension ( LDGNUM, 2 ).
On entry, DIFR(I, 1) contains the distances between I-th
updated (undeflated) singular value and the I+1-th
(undeflated) old singular value. And DIFR(I, 2) is the
normalizing factor for the I-th right singular vector.
```

*Z*

```
Z is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension ( K )
Contain the components of the deflation-adjusted updating row
vector.
```

*K*

```
K is INTEGER
Contains the dimension of the non-deflated matrix,
This is the order of the related secular equation. 1 <= K <=N.
```

*C*

```
C is DOUBLE PRECISION
C contains garbage if SQRE =0 and the C-value of a Givens
rotation related to the right null space if SQRE = 1.
```

*S*

```
S is DOUBLE PRECISION
S contains garbage if SQRE =0 and the S-value of a Givens
rotation related to the right null space if SQRE = 1.
```

*WORK*

`WORK is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension ( K )`

*INFO*

```
INFO is INTEGER
= 0: successful exit.
< 0: if INFO = -i, the i-th argument had an illegal value.
```

**Author:**

Univ. of Tennessee

Univ. of California Berkeley

Univ. of Colorado Denver

NAG Ltd.

**Date:**

September 2012

**Contributors:**

Ming Gu and Ren-Cang Li, Computer Science Division, University of California at Berkeley, USA

Osni Marques, LBNL/NERSC, USA

Definition at line 267 of file dlals0.f.

## Author

Generated automatically by Doxygen for LAPACK from the source code.

## Referenced By

dlals0(3) is an alias of dlals0.f(3).

Sat Nov 16 2013 Version 3.4.2 LAPACK