div - Man Page

compute quotient and remainder of an integer division


Standard C library (libc, -lc)


#include <stdlib.h>

div_t div(int numerator, int denominator);
ldiv_t ldiv(long numerator, long denominator);
lldiv_t lldiv(long long numerator, long long denominator);

#include <inttypes.h>

imaxdiv_t imaxdiv(intmax_t numerator, intmax_t denominator);

Feature Test Macro Requirements for glibc (see feature_test_macros(7)):


    _ISOC99_SOURCE || _POSIX_C_SOURCE >= 200112L


The div() function computes the value numerator/denominator and returns the quotient and remainder in a structure named div_t that contains two integer members (in unspecified order) named quot and rem. The quotient is rounded toward zero. The result satisfies quot*denominator+rem = numerator.

The ldiv(), lldiv(), and imaxdiv() functions do the same, dividing numbers of the indicated type and returning the result in a structure of the indicated name, in all cases with fields quot and rem of the same type as the function arguments.

Return Value

The div_t (etc.) structure.


For an explanation of the terms used in this section, see attributes(7).

div(), ldiv(), lldiv(), imaxdiv()Thread safetyMT-Safe


C11, POSIX.1-2008.


POSIX.1-2001, C89, C99, SVr4, 4.3BSD.

lldiv() and imaxdiv() were added in C99.



div_t q = div(-5, 3);

the values q.quot and q.rem are -1 and -2, respectively.

See Also

abs(3), remainder(3)

Referenced By

remainder(3), strtoimax(3), wcstoimax(3).

The man pages imaxdiv(3), ldiv(3) and lldiv(3) are aliases of div(3).

2023-10-31 Linux man-pages 6.06