dispatch_read(int fd, size_t length, dispatch_queue_t queue, void (^handler)(dispatch_data_t data, int error));
dispatch_write(int fd, dispatch_data_t data, dispatch_queue_t queue, void (^handler)(dispatch_data_t data, int error)));
dispatch_write() functions asynchronously read from and write to POSIX file descriptors. They can be thought of as asynchronous, callback-based versions of the
fwrite() functions provided by the standard C library. They are convenience functions based on the dispatch_io_read(3) and dispatch_io_write(3) functions, intended for simple one-shot read or write requests. Multiple request on the same file desciptor are better handled with the full underlying dispatch I/O channel functions.
dispatch_read() function schedules an asynchronous read operation on the file descriptor fd. Once the file descriptor is readable, the system will read as much data as is currently available, up to the specified length, starting at the current file pointer position. The given handler block will be submitted to queue when the operation completes or an error occurs. The block will be passed a dispatch data object with the result of the read operation. If an error occurred while reading from the file descriptor, the error parameter to the block will be set to the appropriate POSIX error code and data will contain any data that could be read successfully. If the file pointer position is at end-of-file, emtpy data and zero error will be passed to the handler block.
dispatch_write() function schedules an asynchronous write operation on the file descriptor fd. The system will attempt to write the entire contents of the provided data object to fd at the current file pointer position. The given handler block will be submitted to queue when the operation completes or an error occurs. If the write operation completed successfully, the error parameter to the block will be set to zero, otherwise it will be set to the appropriate POSIX error code and the data parameter will contain any data that could not be written.
The data object passed to a handler block is released by the system when the block returns. If data is needed outside of the handler block, it must concatenate, copy, or retain it.
Once an asynchronous read or write operation has been submitted on a file descriptor fd, the system takes control of that file descriptor until the handler block is executed. During this time the application must not manipulate fd directly, in particular it is only safe to close fd from the handler block (or after it has returned).
If multiple asynchronous read or write operations are submitted to the same file descriptor, they will be performed in order, but their handlers will only be submitted once all operations have completed and control over the file descriptor has been relinquished. For details on this and on the interaction with dispatch I/O channels created from the same file descriptor, see FILEDESCRIPTOR OWNERSHIP in dispatch_io_create(3).
dispatch(3), dispatch_data_create(3), dispatch_io_create(3), dispatch_io_read(3), fread(3)