# dggsvd3.f - Man Page

SRC/dggsvd3.f

## Synopsis

### Functions/Subroutines

subroutine **dggsvd3** (jobu, jobv, jobq, m, n, p, k, l, a, lda, b, ldb, alpha, beta, u, ldu, v, ldv, q, ldq, work, lwork, iwork, info)

**DGGSVD3 computes the singular value decomposition (SVD) for OTHER matrices**

## Function/Subroutine Documentation

### subroutine dggsvd3 (character jobu, character jobv, character jobq, integer m, integer n, integer p, integer k, integer l, double precision, dimension( lda, * ) a, integer lda, double precision, dimension( ldb, * ) b, integer ldb, double precision, dimension( * ) alpha, double precision, dimension( * ) beta, double precision, dimension( ldu, * ) u, integer ldu, double precision, dimension( ldv, * ) v, integer ldv, double precision, dimension( ldq, * ) q, integer ldq, double precision, dimension( * ) work, integer lwork, integer, dimension( * ) iwork, integer info)

**DGGSVD3 computes the singular value decomposition (SVD) for OTHER matrices**

**Purpose:**

DGGSVD3 computes the generalized singular value decomposition (GSVD) of an M-by-N real matrix A and P-by-N real matrix B: U**T*A*Q = D1*( 0 R ), V**T*B*Q = D2*( 0 R ) where U, V and Q are orthogonal matrices. Let K+L = the effective numerical rank of the matrix (A**T,B**T)**T, then R is a K+L-by-K+L nonsingular upper triangular matrix, D1 and D2 are M-by-(K+L) and P-by-(K+L) 'diagonal' matrices and of the following structures, respectively: If M-K-L >= 0, K L D1 = K ( I 0 ) L ( 0 C ) M-K-L ( 0 0 ) K L D2 = L ( 0 S ) P-L ( 0 0 ) N-K-L K L ( 0 R ) = K ( 0 R11 R12 ) L ( 0 0 R22 ) where C = diag( ALPHA(K+1), ... , ALPHA(K+L) ), S = diag( BETA(K+1), ... , BETA(K+L) ), C**2 + S**2 = I. R is stored in A(1:K+L,N-K-L+1:N) on exit. If M-K-L < 0, K M-K K+L-M D1 = K ( I 0 0 ) M-K ( 0 C 0 ) K M-K K+L-M D2 = M-K ( 0 S 0 ) K+L-M ( 0 0 I ) P-L ( 0 0 0 ) N-K-L K M-K K+L-M ( 0 R ) = K ( 0 R11 R12 R13 ) M-K ( 0 0 R22 R23 ) K+L-M ( 0 0 0 R33 ) where C = diag( ALPHA(K+1), ... , ALPHA(M) ), S = diag( BETA(K+1), ... , BETA(M) ), C**2 + S**2 = I. (R11 R12 R13 ) is stored in A(1:M, N-K-L+1:N), and R33 is stored ( 0 R22 R23 ) in B(M-K+1:L,N+M-K-L+1:N) on exit. The routine computes C, S, R, and optionally the orthogonal transformation matrices U, V and Q. In particular, if B is an N-by-N nonsingular matrix, then the GSVD of A and B implicitly gives the SVD of A*inv(B): A*inv(B) = U*(D1*inv(D2))*V**T. If ( A**T,B**T)**T has orthonormal columns, then the GSVD of A and B is also equal to the CS decomposition of A and B. Furthermore, the GSVD can be used to derive the solution of the eigenvalue problem: A**T*A x = lambda* B**T*B x. In some literature, the GSVD of A and B is presented in the form U**T*A*X = ( 0 D1 ), V**T*B*X = ( 0 D2 ) where U and V are orthogonal and X is nonsingular, D1 and D2 are “diagonal”. The former GSVD form can be converted to the latter form by taking the nonsingular matrix X as X = Q*( I 0 ) ( 0 inv(R) ).

**Parameters***JOBU*JOBU is CHARACTER*1 = 'U': Orthogonal matrix U is computed; = 'N': U is not computed.

*JOBV*JOBV is CHARACTER*1 = 'V': Orthogonal matrix V is computed; = 'N': V is not computed.

*JOBQ*JOBQ is CHARACTER*1 = 'Q': Orthogonal matrix Q is computed; = 'N': Q is not computed.

*M*M is INTEGER The number of rows of the matrix A. M >= 0.

*N*N is INTEGER The number of columns of the matrices A and B. N >= 0.

*P*P is INTEGER The number of rows of the matrix B. P >= 0.

*K*K is INTEGER

*L*L is INTEGER On exit, K and L specify the dimension of the subblocks described in Purpose. K + L = effective numerical rank of (A**T,B**T)**T.

*A*A is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (LDA,N) On entry, the M-by-N matrix A. On exit, A contains the triangular matrix R, or part of R. See Purpose for details.

*LDA*LDA is INTEGER The leading dimension of the array A. LDA >= max(1,M).

*B*B is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (LDB,N) On entry, the P-by-N matrix B. On exit, B contains the triangular matrix R if M-K-L < 0. See Purpose for details.

*LDB*LDB is INTEGER The leading dimension of the array B. LDB >= max(1,P).

*ALPHA*ALPHA is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (N)

*BETA*BETA is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (N) On exit, ALPHA and BETA contain the generalized singular value pairs of A and B; ALPHA(1:K) = 1, BETA(1:K) = 0, and if M-K-L >= 0, ALPHA(K+1:K+L) = C, BETA(K+1:K+L) = S, or if M-K-L < 0, ALPHA(K+1:M)=C, ALPHA(M+1:K+L)=0 BETA(K+1:M) =S, BETA(M+1:K+L) =1 and ALPHA(K+L+1:N) = 0 BETA(K+L+1:N) = 0

*U*U is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (LDU,M) If JOBU = 'U', U contains the M-by-M orthogonal matrix U. If JOBU = 'N', U is not referenced.

*LDU*LDU is INTEGER The leading dimension of the array U. LDU >= max(1,M) if JOBU = 'U'; LDU >= 1 otherwise.

*V*V is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (LDV,P) If JOBV = 'V', V contains the P-by-P orthogonal matrix V. If JOBV = 'N', V is not referenced.

*LDV*LDV is INTEGER The leading dimension of the array V. LDV >= max(1,P) if JOBV = 'V'; LDV >= 1 otherwise.

*Q*Q is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (LDQ,N) If JOBQ = 'Q', Q contains the N-by-N orthogonal matrix Q. If JOBQ = 'N', Q is not referenced.

*LDQ*LDQ is INTEGER The leading dimension of the array Q. LDQ >= max(1,N) if JOBQ = 'Q'; LDQ >= 1 otherwise.

*WORK*WORK is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (MAX(1,LWORK)) On exit, if INFO = 0, WORK(1) returns the optimal LWORK.

*LWORK*LWORK is INTEGER The dimension of the array WORK. If LWORK = -1, then a workspace query is assumed; the routine only calculates the optimal size of the WORK array, returns this value as the first entry of the WORK array, and no error message related to LWORK is issued by XERBLA.

*IWORK*IWORK is INTEGER array, dimension (N) On exit, IWORK stores the sorting information. More precisely, the following loop will sort ALPHA for I = K+1, min(M,K+L) swap ALPHA(I) and ALPHA(IWORK(I)) endfor such that ALPHA(1) >= ALPHA(2) >= ... >= ALPHA(N).

*INFO*INFO is INTEGER = 0: successful exit. < 0: if INFO = -i, the i-th argument had an illegal value. > 0: if INFO = 1, the Jacobi-type procedure failed to converge. For further details, see subroutine DTGSJA.

**Internal Parameters:**

TOLA DOUBLE PRECISION TOLB DOUBLE PRECISION TOLA and TOLB are the thresholds to determine the effective rank of (A**T,B**T)**T. Generally, they are set to TOLA = MAX(M,N)*norm(A)*MACHEPS, TOLB = MAX(P,N)*norm(B)*MACHEPS. The size of TOLA and TOLB may affect the size of backward errors of the decomposition.

**Author**Univ. of Tennessee

Univ. of California Berkeley

Univ. of Colorado Denver

NAG Ltd.

**Contributors:**Ming Gu and Huan Ren, Computer Science Division, University of California at Berkeley, USA

**Further Details:**DGGSVD3 replaces the deprecated subroutine DGGSVD.

Definition at line **346** of file **dggsvd3.f**.

## Author

Generated automatically by Doxygen for LAPACK from the source code.

## Referenced By

The man page dggsvd3(3) is an alias of dggsvd3.f(3).