curs_insstr.3x - Man Page

insert a string in a curses window


#include <curses.h>
int insstr(const char *str);
int insnstr(const char *str, int n);
int winsstr(WINDOW *win, const char *str);
int winsnstr(WINDOW *win, const char *str, int n);

int mvinsstr(int y, int x, const char *str);
int mvinsnstr(int y, int x, const char *str, int n);
int mvwinsstr(WINDOW *win, int y, int x, const char *str);
int mvwinsnstr(WINDOW *win, int y, int x, const char *str, int n);


These routines insert a character string (as many characters as will fit on the line) before the character under the cursor, as if calling winsch(3X). All characters to the right of the cursor are shifted right, with the possibility of the rightmost characters on the line being lost. No wrapping is performed.

The cursor position does not change (after moving to y, x, if specified).

The functions with n as the last argument insert a leading substring of at most n characters. If n is less than zero, the entire string is inserted (stopping on a NUL character).

Special characters are handled as in waddch(3X).

Return Value

All functions return the integer ERR upon failure and OK on success.

X/Open does not define any error conditions. This implementation returns an error

Functions with a “mv” prefix first perform a cursor movement using wmove(3X), and return an error if the position is outside the window, or if the window pointer is null.


All but winsnstr may be macros.


These functions are described in the XSI Curses standard, Issue 4, which adds const qualifiers to the arguments.

The Single Unix Specification, Version 2 states that insnstr and winsnstr perform wrapping. This is probably an error, since it makes this group of functions inconsistent. Also, no implementation of curses documents this inconsistency.

X/Open states that the entire string is inserted if n is less than 1. This is probably an error, because it is inconsistent with other functions, and differs from the SVr4 and X/Open implementations on Solaris.

See Also

curses(3X), curs_inch(3X), curs_ins_wstr(3X), curs_util(3X)

Referenced By

The man pages insnstr.3x(3), insstr.3x(3), mvinsnstr.3x(3), mvinsstr.3x(3), mvwinsnstr.3x(3), mvwinsstr.3x(3), winsnstr.3x(3) and winsstr.3x(3) are aliases of curs_insstr.3x(3).

2023-11-25 ncurses 6.4 Library calls