# ctrevc3.f - Man Page

SRC/ctrevc3.f

## Synopsis

### Functions/Subroutines

subroutine **ctrevc3** (side, howmny, select, n, t, ldt, vl, ldvl, vr, ldvr, mm, m, work, lwork, rwork, lrwork, info)**CTREVC3**

## Function/Subroutine Documentation

### subroutine ctrevc3 (character side, character howmny, logical, dimension( * ) select, integer n, complex, dimension( ldt, * ) t, integer ldt, complex, dimension( ldvl, * ) vl, integer ldvl, complex, dimension( ldvr, * ) vr, integer ldvr, integer mm, integer m, complex, dimension( * ) work, integer lwork, real, dimension( * ) rwork, integer lrwork, integer info)

**CTREVC3**

**Purpose:**

CTREVC3 computes some or all of the right and/or left eigenvectors of a complex upper triangular matrix T. Matrices of this type are produced by the Schur factorization of a complex general matrix: A = Q*T*Q**H, as computed by CHSEQR. The right eigenvector x and the left eigenvector y of T corresponding to an eigenvalue w are defined by: T*x = w*x, (y**H)*T = w*(y**H) where y**H denotes the conjugate transpose of the vector y. The eigenvalues are not input to this routine, but are read directly from the diagonal of T. This routine returns the matrices X and/or Y of right and left eigenvectors of T, or the products Q*X and/or Q*Y, where Q is an input matrix. If Q is the unitary factor that reduces a matrix A to Schur form T, then Q*X and Q*Y are the matrices of right and left eigenvectors of A. This uses a Level 3 BLAS version of the back transformation.

**Parameters***SIDE*SIDE is CHARACTER*1 = 'R': compute right eigenvectors only; = 'L': compute left eigenvectors only; = 'B': compute both right and left eigenvectors.

*HOWMNY*HOWMNY is CHARACTER*1 = 'A': compute all right and/or left eigenvectors; = 'B': compute all right and/or left eigenvectors, backtransformed using the matrices supplied in VR and/or VL; = 'S': compute selected right and/or left eigenvectors, as indicated by the logical array SELECT.

*SELECT*SELECT is LOGICAL array, dimension (N) If HOWMNY = 'S', SELECT specifies the eigenvectors to be computed. The eigenvector corresponding to the j-th eigenvalue is computed if SELECT(j) = .TRUE.. Not referenced if HOWMNY = 'A' or 'B'.

*N*N is INTEGER The order of the matrix T. N >= 0.

*T*T is COMPLEX array, dimension (LDT,N) The upper triangular matrix T. T is modified, but restored on exit.

*LDT*LDT is INTEGER The leading dimension of the array T. LDT >= max(1,N).

*VL*VL is COMPLEX array, dimension (LDVL,MM) On entry, if SIDE = 'L' or 'B' and HOWMNY = 'B', VL must contain an N-by-N matrix Q (usually the unitary matrix Q of Schur vectors returned by CHSEQR). On exit, if SIDE = 'L' or 'B', VL contains: if HOWMNY = 'A', the matrix Y of left eigenvectors of T; if HOWMNY = 'B', the matrix Q*Y; if HOWMNY = 'S', the left eigenvectors of T specified by SELECT, stored consecutively in the columns of VL, in the same order as their eigenvalues. Not referenced if SIDE = 'R'.

*LDVL*LDVL is INTEGER The leading dimension of the array VL. LDVL >= 1, and if SIDE = 'L' or 'B', LDVL >= N.

*VR*VR is COMPLEX array, dimension (LDVR,MM) On entry, if SIDE = 'R' or 'B' and HOWMNY = 'B', VR must contain an N-by-N matrix Q (usually the unitary matrix Q of Schur vectors returned by CHSEQR). On exit, if SIDE = 'R' or 'B', VR contains: if HOWMNY = 'A', the matrix X of right eigenvectors of T; if HOWMNY = 'B', the matrix Q*X; if HOWMNY = 'S', the right eigenvectors of T specified by SELECT, stored consecutively in the columns of VR, in the same order as their eigenvalues. Not referenced if SIDE = 'L'.

*LDVR*LDVR is INTEGER The leading dimension of the array VR. LDVR >= 1, and if SIDE = 'R' or 'B', LDVR >= N.

*MM*MM is INTEGER The number of columns in the arrays VL and/or VR. MM >= M.

*M*M is INTEGER The number of columns in the arrays VL and/or VR actually used to store the eigenvectors. If HOWMNY = 'A' or 'B', M is set to N. Each selected eigenvector occupies one column.

*WORK*WORK is COMPLEX array, dimension (MAX(1,LWORK))

*LWORK*LWORK is INTEGER The dimension of array WORK. LWORK >= max(1,2*N). For optimum performance, LWORK >= N + 2*N*NB, where NB is the optimal blocksize. If LWORK = -1, then a workspace query is assumed; the routine only calculates the optimal size of the WORK array, returns this value as the first entry of the WORK array, and no error message related to LWORK is issued by XERBLA.

*RWORK*RWORK is REAL array, dimension (LRWORK)

*LRWORK*LRWORK is INTEGER The dimension of array RWORK. LRWORK >= max(1,N). If LRWORK = -1, then a workspace query is assumed; the routine only calculates the optimal size of the RWORK array, returns this value as the first entry of the RWORK array, and no error message related to LRWORK is issued by XERBLA.

*INFO*INFO is INTEGER = 0: successful exit < 0: if INFO = -i, the i-th argument had an illegal value

**Author**Univ. of Tennessee

Univ. of California Berkeley

Univ. of Colorado Denver

NAG Ltd.

**Further Details:**

The algorithm used in this program is basically backward (forward) substitution, with scaling to make the the code robust against possible overflow. Each eigenvector is normalized so that the element of largest magnitude has magnitude 1; here the magnitude of a complex number (x,y) is taken to be |x| + |y|.

Definition at line **242** of file **ctrevc3.f**.

## Author

Generated automatically by Doxygen for LAPACK from the source code.

## Referenced By

The man page ctrevc3(3) is an alias of ctrevc3.f(3).

Tue Nov 28 2023 12:08:41 Version 3.12.0 LAPACK