# cptsvx.f man page

cptsvx.f —

## Synopsis

### Functions/Subroutines

subroutinecptsvx(FACT, N, NRHS, D, E, DF, EF, B, LDB, X, LDX, RCOND, FERR, BERR, WORK, RWORK, INFO)CPTSVX computes the solution to system of linear equations A * X = B for PT matrices

## Function/Subroutine Documentation

### subroutine cptsvx (characterFACT, integerN, integerNRHS, real, dimension( * )D, complex, dimension( * )E, real, dimension( * )DF, complex, dimension( * )EF, complex, dimension( ldb, * )B, integerLDB, complex, dimension( ldx, * )X, integerLDX, realRCOND, real, dimension( * )FERR, real, dimension( * )BERR, complex, dimension( * )WORK, real, dimension( * )RWORK, integerINFO)

**CPTSVX computes the solution to system of linear equations A * X = B for PT matrices**

**Purpose:**

```
CPTSVX uses the factorization A = L*D*L**H to compute the solution
to a complex system of linear equations A*X = B, where A is an
N-by-N Hermitian positive definite tridiagonal matrix and X and B
are N-by-NRHS matrices.
Error bounds on the solution and a condition estimate are also
provided.
```

**Description:**

```
The following steps are performed:
1. If FACT = 'N', the matrix A is factored as A = L*D*L**H, where L
is a unit lower bidiagonal matrix and D is diagonal. The
factorization can also be regarded as having the form
A = U**H*D*U.
2. If the leading i-by-i principal minor is not positive definite,
then the routine returns with INFO = i. Otherwise, the factored
form of A is used to estimate the condition number of the matrix
A. If the reciprocal of the condition number is less than machine
precision, INFO = N+1 is returned as a warning, but the routine
still goes on to solve for X and compute error bounds as
described below.
3. The system of equations is solved for X using the factored form
of A.
4. Iterative refinement is applied to improve the computed solution
matrix and calculate error bounds and backward error estimates
for it.
```

**Parameters:**

*FACT*

```
FACT is CHARACTER*1
Specifies whether or not the factored form of the matrix
A is supplied on entry.
= 'F': On entry, DF and EF contain the factored form of A.
D, E, DF, and EF will not be modified.
= 'N': The matrix A will be copied to DF and EF and
factored.
```

*N*

```
N is INTEGER
The order of the matrix A. N >= 0.
```

*NRHS*

```
NRHS is INTEGER
The number of right hand sides, i.e., the number of columns
of the matrices B and X. NRHS >= 0.
```

*D*

```
D is REAL array, dimension (N)
The n diagonal elements of the tridiagonal matrix A.
```

*E*

```
E is COMPLEX array, dimension (N-1)
The (n-1) subdiagonal elements of the tridiagonal matrix A.
```

*DF*

```
DF is REAL array, dimension (N)
If FACT = 'F', then DF is an input argument and on entry
contains the n diagonal elements of the diagonal matrix D
from the L*D*L**H factorization of A.
If FACT = 'N', then DF is an output argument and on exit
contains the n diagonal elements of the diagonal matrix D
from the L*D*L**H factorization of A.
```

*EF*

```
EF is COMPLEX array, dimension (N-1)
If FACT = 'F', then EF is an input argument and on entry
contains the (n-1) subdiagonal elements of the unit
bidiagonal factor L from the L*D*L**H factorization of A.
If FACT = 'N', then EF is an output argument and on exit
contains the (n-1) subdiagonal elements of the unit
bidiagonal factor L from the L*D*L**H factorization of A.
```

*B*

```
B is COMPLEX array, dimension (LDB,NRHS)
The N-by-NRHS right hand side matrix B.
```

*LDB*

```
LDB is INTEGER
The leading dimension of the array B. LDB >= max(1,N).
```

*X*

```
X is COMPLEX array, dimension (LDX,NRHS)
If INFO = 0 or INFO = N+1, the N-by-NRHS solution matrix X.
```

*LDX*

```
LDX is INTEGER
The leading dimension of the array X. LDX >= max(1,N).
```

*RCOND*

```
RCOND is REAL
The reciprocal condition number of the matrix A. If RCOND
is less than the machine precision (in particular, if
RCOND = 0), the matrix is singular to working precision.
This condition is indicated by a return code of INFO > 0.
```

*FERR*

```
FERR is REAL array, dimension (NRHS)
The forward error bound for each solution vector
X(j) (the j-th column of the solution matrix X).
If XTRUE is the true solution corresponding to X(j), FERR(j)
is an estimated upper bound for the magnitude of the largest
element in (X(j) - XTRUE) divided by the magnitude of the
largest element in X(j).
```

*BERR*

```
BERR is REAL array, dimension (NRHS)
The componentwise relative backward error of each solution
vector X(j) (i.e., the smallest relative change in any
element of A or B that makes X(j) an exact solution).
```

*WORK*

`WORK is COMPLEX array, dimension (N)`

*RWORK*

`RWORK is REAL array, dimension (N)`

*INFO*

```
INFO is INTEGER
= 0: successful exit
< 0: if INFO = -i, the i-th argument had an illegal value
> 0: if INFO = i, and i is
<= N: the leading minor of order i of A is
not positive definite, so the factorization
could not be completed, and the solution has not
been computed. RCOND = 0 is returned.
= N+1: U is nonsingular, but RCOND is less than machine
precision, meaning that the matrix is singular
to working precision. Nevertheless, the
solution and error bounds are computed because
there are a number of situations where the
computed solution can be more accurate than the
value of RCOND would suggest.
```

**Author:**

Univ. of Tennessee

Univ. of California Berkeley

Univ. of Colorado Denver

NAG Ltd.

**Date:**

September 2012

Definition at line 234 of file cptsvx.f.

## Author

Generated automatically by Doxygen for LAPACK from the source code.

## Referenced By

cptsvx(3) is an alias of cptsvx.f(3).

Sat Nov 16 2013 Version 3.4.2 LAPACK