complex16SYcomputational - Man Page

complex16

Synopsis

Functions

subroutine zhetrf_aa_2stage (UPLO, N, A, LDA, TB, LTB, IPIV, IPIV2, WORK, LWORK, INFO)
ZHETRF_AA_2STAGE
subroutine zhetrs_aa_2stage (UPLO, N, NRHS, A, LDA, TB, LTB, IPIV, IPIV2, B, LDB, INFO)
ZHETRS_AA_2STAGE
subroutine zla_syamv (UPLO, N, ALPHA, A, LDA, X, INCX, BETA, Y, INCY)
ZLA_SYAMV computes a matrix-vector product using a symmetric indefinite matrix to calculate error bounds.
double precision function zla_syrcond_c (UPLO, N, A, LDA, AF, LDAF, IPIV, C, CAPPLY, INFO, WORK, RWORK)
ZLA_SYRCOND_C computes the infinity norm condition number of op(A)*inv(diag(c)) for symmetric indefinite matrices.
double precision function zla_syrcond_x (UPLO, N, A, LDA, AF, LDAF, IPIV, X, INFO, WORK, RWORK)
ZLA_SYRCOND_X computes the infinity norm condition number of op(A)*diag(x) for symmetric indefinite matrices.
subroutine zla_syrfsx_extended (PREC_TYPE, UPLO, N, NRHS, A, LDA, AF, LDAF, IPIV, COLEQU, C, B, LDB, Y, LDY, BERR_OUT, N_NORMS, ERR_BNDS_NORM, ERR_BNDS_COMP, RES, AYB, DY, Y_TAIL, RCOND, ITHRESH, RTHRESH, DZ_UB, IGNORE_CWISE, INFO)
ZLA_SYRFSX_EXTENDED improves the computed solution to a system of linear equations for symmetric indefinite matrices by performing extra-precise iterative refinement and provides error bounds and backward error estimates for the solution.
double precision function zla_syrpvgrw (UPLO, N, INFO, A, LDA, AF, LDAF, IPIV, WORK)
ZLA_SYRPVGRW computes the reciprocal pivot growth factor norm(A)/norm(U) for a symmetric indefinite matrix.
subroutine zlasyf (UPLO, N, NB, KB, A, LDA, IPIV, W, LDW, INFO)
ZLASYF computes a partial factorization of a complex symmetric matrix using the Bunch-Kaufman diagonal pivoting method.
subroutine zlasyf_aa (UPLO, J1, M, NB, A, LDA, IPIV, H, LDH, WORK)
ZLASYF_AA
subroutine zlasyf_rk (UPLO, N, NB, KB, A, LDA, E, IPIV, W, LDW, INFO)
ZLASYF_RK computes a partial factorization of a complex symmetric indefinite matrix using bounded Bunch-Kaufman (rook) diagonal pivoting method.
subroutine zlasyf_rook (UPLO, N, NB, KB, A, LDA, IPIV, W, LDW, INFO)
ZLASYF_ROOK computes a partial factorization of a complex symmetric matrix using the bounded Bunch-Kaufman ('rook') diagonal pivoting method.
subroutine zsycon (UPLO, N, A, LDA, IPIV, ANORM, RCOND, WORK, INFO)
ZSYCON
subroutine zsycon_3 (UPLO, N, A, LDA, E, IPIV, ANORM, RCOND, WORK, INFO)
ZSYCON_3
subroutine zsycon_rook (UPLO, N, A, LDA, IPIV, ANORM, RCOND, WORK, INFO)
ZSYCON_ROOK
subroutine zsyconv (UPLO, WAY, N, A, LDA, IPIV, E, INFO)
ZSYCONV
subroutine zsyconvf (UPLO, WAY, N, A, LDA, E, IPIV, INFO)
ZSYCONVF
subroutine zsyconvf_rook (UPLO, WAY, N, A, LDA, E, IPIV, INFO)
ZSYCONVF_ROOK
subroutine zsyequb (UPLO, N, A, LDA, S, SCOND, AMAX, WORK, INFO)
ZSYEQUB
subroutine zsyrfs (UPLO, N, NRHS, A, LDA, AF, LDAF, IPIV, B, LDB, X, LDX, FERR, BERR, WORK, RWORK, INFO)
ZSYRFS
subroutine zsyrfsx (UPLO, EQUED, N, NRHS, A, LDA, AF, LDAF, IPIV, S, B, LDB, X, LDX, RCOND, BERR, N_ERR_BNDS, ERR_BNDS_NORM, ERR_BNDS_COMP, NPARAMS, PARAMS, WORK, RWORK, INFO)
ZSYRFSX
subroutine zsysv_aa_2stage (UPLO, N, NRHS, A, LDA, TB, LTB, IPIV, IPIV2, B, LDB, WORK, LWORK, INFO)
ZSYSV_AA_2STAGE computes the solution to system of linear equations A * X = B for SY matrices
subroutine zsytf2 (UPLO, N, A, LDA, IPIV, INFO)
ZSYTF2 computes the factorization of a real symmetric indefinite matrix, using the diagonal pivoting method (unblocked algorithm).
subroutine zsytf2_rk (UPLO, N, A, LDA, E, IPIV, INFO)
ZSYTF2_RK computes the factorization of a complex symmetric indefinite matrix using the bounded Bunch-Kaufman (rook) diagonal pivoting method (BLAS2 unblocked algorithm).
subroutine zsytf2_rook (UPLO, N, A, LDA, IPIV, INFO)
ZSYTF2_ROOK computes the factorization of a complex symmetric indefinite matrix using the bounded Bunch-Kaufman ('rook') diagonal pivoting method (unblocked algorithm).
subroutine zsytrf (UPLO, N, A, LDA, IPIV, WORK, LWORK, INFO)
ZSYTRF
subroutine zsytrf_aa (UPLO, N, A, LDA, IPIV, WORK, LWORK, INFO)
ZSYTRF_AA
subroutine zsytrf_aa_2stage (UPLO, N, A, LDA, TB, LTB, IPIV, IPIV2, WORK, LWORK, INFO)
ZSYTRF_AA_2STAGE
subroutine zsytrf_rk (UPLO, N, A, LDA, E, IPIV, WORK, LWORK, INFO)
ZSYTRF_RK computes the factorization of a complex symmetric indefinite matrix using the bounded Bunch-Kaufman (rook) diagonal pivoting method (BLAS3 blocked algorithm).
subroutine zsytrf_rook (UPLO, N, A, LDA, IPIV, WORK, LWORK, INFO)
ZSYTRF_ROOK
subroutine zsytri (UPLO, N, A, LDA, IPIV, WORK, INFO)
ZSYTRI
subroutine zsytri2 (UPLO, N, A, LDA, IPIV, WORK, LWORK, INFO)
ZSYTRI2
subroutine zsytri2x (UPLO, N, A, LDA, IPIV, WORK, NB, INFO)
ZSYTRI2X
subroutine zsytri_3 (UPLO, N, A, LDA, E, IPIV, WORK, LWORK, INFO)
ZSYTRI_3
subroutine zsytri_3x (UPLO, N, A, LDA, E, IPIV, WORK, NB, INFO)
ZSYTRI_3X
subroutine zsytri_rook (UPLO, N, A, LDA, IPIV, WORK, INFO)
ZSYTRI_ROOK
subroutine zsytrs (UPLO, N, NRHS, A, LDA, IPIV, B, LDB, INFO)
ZSYTRS
subroutine zsytrs2 (UPLO, N, NRHS, A, LDA, IPIV, B, LDB, WORK, INFO)
ZSYTRS2
subroutine zsytrs_3 (UPLO, N, NRHS, A, LDA, E, IPIV, B, LDB, INFO)
ZSYTRS_3
subroutine zsytrs_aa (UPLO, N, NRHS, A, LDA, IPIV, B, LDB, WORK, LWORK, INFO)
ZSYTRS_AA
subroutine zsytrs_aa_2stage (UPLO, N, NRHS, A, LDA, TB, LTB, IPIV, IPIV2, B, LDB, INFO)
ZSYTRS_AA_2STAGE
subroutine zsytrs_rook (UPLO, N, NRHS, A, LDA, IPIV, B, LDB, INFO)
ZSYTRS_ROOK
subroutine ztgsyl (TRANS, IJOB, M, N, A, LDA, B, LDB, C, LDC, D, LDD, E, LDE, F, LDF, SCALE, DIF, WORK, LWORK, IWORK, INFO)
ZTGSYL
subroutine ztrsyl (TRANA, TRANB, ISGN, M, N, A, LDA, B, LDB, C, LDC, SCALE, INFO)
ZTRSYL

Detailed Description

This is the group of complex16 computational functions for SY matrices

Function Documentation

subroutine zhetrf_aa_2stage (character UPLO, integer N, complex*16, dimension( lda, * ) A, integer LDA, complex*16, dimension( * ) TB, integer LTB, integer, dimension( * ) IPIV, integer, dimension( * ) IPIV2, complex*16, dimension( * ) WORK, integer LWORK, integer INFO)

ZHETRF_AA_2STAGE  

Purpose:

 ZHETRF_AA_2STAGE computes the factorization of a double hermitian matrix A
 using the Aasen's algorithm.  The form of the factorization is

    A = U**H*T*U  or  A = L*T*L**H

 where U (or L) is a product of permutation and unit upper (lower)
 triangular matrices, and T is a hermitian band matrix with the
 bandwidth of NB (NB is internally selected and stored in TB( 1 ), and T is 
 LU factorized with partial pivoting).

 This is the blocked version of the algorithm, calling Level 3 BLAS.
Parameters

UPLO

          UPLO is CHARACTER*1
          = 'U':  Upper triangle of A is stored;
          = 'L':  Lower triangle of A is stored.

N

          N is INTEGER
          The order of the matrix A.  N >= 0.

A

          A is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (LDA,N)
          On entry, the hermitian matrix A.  If UPLO = 'U', the leading
          N-by-N upper triangular part of A contains the upper
          triangular part of the matrix A, and the strictly lower
          triangular part of A is not referenced.  If UPLO = 'L', the
          leading N-by-N lower triangular part of A contains the lower
          triangular part of the matrix A, and the strictly upper
          triangular part of A is not referenced.

          On exit, L is stored below (or above) the subdiaonal blocks,
          when UPLO  is 'L' (or 'U').

LDA

          LDA is INTEGER
          The leading dimension of the array A.  LDA >= max(1,N).

TB

          TB is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (LTB)
          On exit, details of the LU factorization of the band matrix.

LTB

          LTB is INTEGER
          The size of the array TB. LTB >= 4*N, internally
          used to select NB such that LTB >= (3*NB+1)*N.

          If LTB = -1, then a workspace query is assumed; the
          routine only calculates the optimal size of LTB, 
          returns this value as the first entry of TB, and
          no error message related to LTB is issued by XERBLA.

IPIV

          IPIV is INTEGER array, dimension (N)
          On exit, it contains the details of the interchanges, i.e.,
          the row and column k of A were interchanged with the
          row and column IPIV(k).

IPIV2

          IPIV2 is INTEGER array, dimension (N)
          On exit, it contains the details of the interchanges, i.e.,
          the row and column k of T were interchanged with the
          row and column IPIV(k).

WORK

          WORK is COMPLEX*16 workspace of size LWORK

LWORK

          LWORK is INTEGER
          The size of WORK. LWORK >= N, internally used to select NB
          such that LWORK >= N*NB.

          If LWORK = -1, then a workspace query is assumed; the
          routine only calculates the optimal size of the WORK array,
          returns this value as the first entry of the WORK array, and
          no error message related to LWORK is issued by XERBLA.

INFO

          INFO is INTEGER
          = 0:  successful exit
          < 0:  if INFO = -i, the i-th argument had an illegal value.
          > 0:  if INFO = i, band LU factorization failed on i-th column
Author

Univ. of Tennessee

Univ. of California Berkeley

Univ. of Colorado Denver

NAG Ltd.

Definition at line 158 of file zhetrf_aa_2stage.f.

subroutine zhetrs_aa_2stage (character UPLO, integer N, integer NRHS, complex*16, dimension( lda, * ) A, integer LDA, complex*16, dimension( * ) TB, integer LTB, integer, dimension( * ) IPIV, integer, dimension( * ) IPIV2, complex*16, dimension( ldb, * ) B, integer LDB, integer INFO)

ZHETRS_AA_2STAGE  

Purpose:

 ZHETRS_AA_2STAGE solves a system of linear equations A*X = B with a 
 hermitian matrix A using the factorization A = U**H*T*U or
 A = L*T*L**H computed by ZHETRF_AA_2STAGE.
Parameters

UPLO

          UPLO is CHARACTER*1
          Specifies whether the details of the factorization are stored
          as an upper or lower triangular matrix.
          = 'U':  Upper triangular, form is A = U**H*T*U;
          = 'L':  Lower triangular, form is A = L*T*L**H.

N

          N is INTEGER
          The order of the matrix A.  N >= 0.

NRHS

          NRHS is INTEGER
          The number of right hand sides, i.e., the number of columns
          of the matrix B.  NRHS >= 0.

A

          A is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (LDA,N)
          Details of factors computed by ZHETRF_AA_2STAGE.

LDA

          LDA is INTEGER
          The leading dimension of the array A.  LDA >= max(1,N).

TB

          TB is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (LTB)
          Details of factors computed by ZHETRF_AA_2STAGE.

LTB

          LTB is INTEGER
          The size of the array TB. LTB >= 4*N.

IPIV

          IPIV is INTEGER array, dimension (N)
          Details of the interchanges as computed by
          ZHETRF_AA_2STAGE.

IPIV2

          IPIV2 is INTEGER array, dimension (N)
          Details of the interchanges as computed by
          ZHETRF_AA_2STAGE.

B

          B is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (LDB,NRHS)
          On entry, the right hand side matrix B.
          On exit, the solution matrix X.

LDB

          LDB is INTEGER
          The leading dimension of the array B.  LDB >= max(1,N).

INFO

          INFO is INTEGER
          = 0:  successful exit
          < 0:  if INFO = -i, the i-th argument had an illegal value
Author

Univ. of Tennessee

Univ. of California Berkeley

Univ. of Colorado Denver

NAG Ltd.

Definition at line 139 of file zhetrs_aa_2stage.f.

subroutine zla_syamv (integer UPLO, integer N, double precision ALPHA, complex*16, dimension( lda, * ) A, integer LDA, complex*16, dimension( * ) X, integer INCX, double precision BETA, double precision, dimension( * ) Y, integer INCY)

ZLA_SYAMV computes a matrix-vector product using a symmetric indefinite matrix to calculate error bounds.  

Purpose:

 ZLA_SYAMV  performs the matrix-vector operation

         y := alpha*abs(A)*abs(x) + beta*abs(y),

 where alpha and beta are scalars, x and y are vectors and A is an
 n by n symmetric matrix.

 This function is primarily used in calculating error bounds.
 To protect against underflow during evaluation, components in
 the resulting vector are perturbed away from zero by (N+1)
 times the underflow threshold.  To prevent unnecessarily large
 errors for block-structure embedded in general matrices,
 "symbolically" zero components are not perturbed.  A zero
 entry is considered "symbolic" if all multiplications involved
 in computing that entry have at least one zero multiplicand.
Parameters

UPLO

          UPLO is INTEGER
           On entry, UPLO specifies whether the upper or lower
           triangular part of the array A is to be referenced as
           follows:

              UPLO = BLAS_UPPER   Only the upper triangular part of A
                                  is to be referenced.

              UPLO = BLAS_LOWER   Only the lower triangular part of A
                                  is to be referenced.

           Unchanged on exit.

N

          N is INTEGER
           On entry, N specifies the number of columns of the matrix A.
           N must be at least zero.
           Unchanged on exit.

ALPHA

          ALPHA is DOUBLE PRECISION .
           On entry, ALPHA specifies the scalar alpha.
           Unchanged on exit.

A

          A is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension ( LDA, n ).
           Before entry, the leading m by n part of the array A must
           contain the matrix of coefficients.
           Unchanged on exit.

LDA

          LDA is INTEGER
           On entry, LDA specifies the first dimension of A as declared
           in the calling (sub) program. LDA must be at least
           max( 1, n ).
           Unchanged on exit.

X

          X is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension at least
           ( 1 + ( n - 1 )*abs( INCX ) )
           Before entry, the incremented array X must contain the
           vector x.
           Unchanged on exit.

INCX

          INCX is INTEGER
           On entry, INCX specifies the increment for the elements of
           X. INCX must not be zero.
           Unchanged on exit.

BETA

          BETA is DOUBLE PRECISION .
           On entry, BETA specifies the scalar beta. When BETA is
           supplied as zero then Y need not be set on input.
           Unchanged on exit.

Y

          Y is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension
           ( 1 + ( n - 1 )*abs( INCY ) )
           Before entry with BETA non-zero, the incremented array Y
           must contain the vector y. On exit, Y is overwritten by the
           updated vector y.

INCY

          INCY is INTEGER
           On entry, INCY specifies the increment for the elements of
           Y. INCY must not be zero.
           Unchanged on exit.
Author

Univ. of Tennessee

Univ. of California Berkeley

Univ. of Colorado Denver

NAG Ltd.

Further Details:

  Level 2 Blas routine.

  -- Written on 22-October-1986.
     Jack Dongarra, Argonne National Lab.
     Jeremy Du Croz, Nag Central Office.
     Sven Hammarling, Nag Central Office.
     Richard Hanson, Sandia National Labs.
  -- Modified for the absolute-value product, April 2006
     Jason Riedy, UC Berkeley

Definition at line 177 of file zla_syamv.f.

double precision function zla_syrcond_c (character UPLO, integer N, complex*16, dimension( lda, * ) A, integer LDA, complex*16, dimension( ldaf, * ) AF, integer LDAF, integer, dimension( * ) IPIV, double precision, dimension( * ) C, logical CAPPLY, integer INFO, complex*16, dimension( * ) WORK, double precision, dimension( * ) RWORK)

ZLA_SYRCOND_C computes the infinity norm condition number of op(A)*inv(diag(c)) for symmetric indefinite matrices.  

Purpose:

    ZLA_SYRCOND_C Computes the infinity norm condition number of
    op(A) * inv(diag(C)) where C is a DOUBLE PRECISION vector.
Parameters

UPLO

          UPLO is CHARACTER*1
       = 'U':  Upper triangle of A is stored;
       = 'L':  Lower triangle of A is stored.

N

          N is INTEGER
     The number of linear equations, i.e., the order of the
     matrix A.  N >= 0.

A

          A is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (LDA,N)
     On entry, the N-by-N matrix A

LDA

          LDA is INTEGER
     The leading dimension of the array A.  LDA >= max(1,N).

AF

          AF is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (LDAF,N)
     The block diagonal matrix D and the multipliers used to
     obtain the factor U or L as computed by ZSYTRF.

LDAF

          LDAF is INTEGER
     The leading dimension of the array AF.  LDAF >= max(1,N).

IPIV

          IPIV is INTEGER array, dimension (N)
     Details of the interchanges and the block structure of D
     as determined by ZSYTRF.

C

          C is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (N)
     The vector C in the formula op(A) * inv(diag(C)).

CAPPLY

          CAPPLY is LOGICAL
     If .TRUE. then access the vector C in the formula above.

INFO

          INFO is INTEGER
       = 0:  Successful exit.
     i > 0:  The ith argument is invalid.

WORK

          WORK is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (2*N).
     Workspace.

RWORK

          RWORK is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (N).
     Workspace.
Author

Univ. of Tennessee

Univ. of California Berkeley

Univ. of Colorado Denver

NAG Ltd.

Definition at line 137 of file zla_syrcond_c.f.

double precision function zla_syrcond_x (character UPLO, integer N, complex*16, dimension( lda, * ) A, integer LDA, complex*16, dimension( ldaf, * ) AF, integer LDAF, integer, dimension( * ) IPIV, complex*16, dimension( * ) X, integer INFO, complex*16, dimension( * ) WORK, double precision, dimension( * ) RWORK)

ZLA_SYRCOND_X computes the infinity norm condition number of op(A)*diag(x) for symmetric indefinite matrices.  

Purpose:

    ZLA_SYRCOND_X Computes the infinity norm condition number of
    op(A) * diag(X) where X is a COMPLEX*16 vector.
Parameters

UPLO

          UPLO is CHARACTER*1
       = 'U':  Upper triangle of A is stored;
       = 'L':  Lower triangle of A is stored.

N

          N is INTEGER
     The number of linear equations, i.e., the order of the
     matrix A.  N >= 0.

A

          A is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (LDA,N)
     On entry, the N-by-N matrix A.

LDA

          LDA is INTEGER
     The leading dimension of the array A.  LDA >= max(1,N).

AF

          AF is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (LDAF,N)
     The block diagonal matrix D and the multipliers used to
     obtain the factor U or L as computed by ZSYTRF.

LDAF

          LDAF is INTEGER
     The leading dimension of the array AF.  LDAF >= max(1,N).

IPIV

          IPIV is INTEGER array, dimension (N)
     Details of the interchanges and the block structure of D
     as determined by ZSYTRF.

X

          X is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (N)
     The vector X in the formula op(A) * diag(X).

INFO

          INFO is INTEGER
       = 0:  Successful exit.
     i > 0:  The ith argument is invalid.

WORK

          WORK is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (2*N).
     Workspace.

RWORK

          RWORK is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (N).
     Workspace.
Author

Univ. of Tennessee

Univ. of California Berkeley

Univ. of Colorado Denver

NAG Ltd.

Definition at line 130 of file zla_syrcond_x.f.

subroutine zla_syrfsx_extended (integer PREC_TYPE, character UPLO, integer N, integer NRHS, complex*16, dimension( lda, * ) A, integer LDA, complex*16, dimension( ldaf, * ) AF, integer LDAF, integer, dimension( * ) IPIV, logical COLEQU, double precision, dimension( * ) C, complex*16, dimension( ldb, * ) B, integer LDB, complex*16, dimension( ldy, * ) Y, integer LDY, double precision, dimension( * ) BERR_OUT, integer N_NORMS, double precision, dimension( nrhs, * ) ERR_BNDS_NORM, double precision, dimension( nrhs, * ) ERR_BNDS_COMP, complex*16, dimension( * ) RES, double precision, dimension( * ) AYB, complex*16, dimension( * ) DY, complex*16, dimension( * ) Y_TAIL, double precision RCOND, integer ITHRESH, double precision RTHRESH, double precision DZ_UB, logical IGNORE_CWISE, integer INFO)

ZLA_SYRFSX_EXTENDED improves the computed solution to a system of linear equations for symmetric indefinite matrices by performing extra-precise iterative refinement and provides error bounds and backward error estimates for the solution.  

Purpose:

 ZLA_SYRFSX_EXTENDED improves the computed solution to a system of
 linear equations by performing extra-precise iterative refinement
 and provides error bounds and backward error estimates for the solution.
 This subroutine is called by ZSYRFSX to perform iterative refinement.
 In addition to normwise error bound, the code provides maximum
 componentwise error bound if possible. See comments for ERR_BNDS_NORM
 and ERR_BNDS_COMP for details of the error bounds. Note that this
 subroutine is only resonsible for setting the second fields of
 ERR_BNDS_NORM and ERR_BNDS_COMP.
Parameters

PREC_TYPE

          PREC_TYPE is INTEGER
     Specifies the intermediate precision to be used in refinement.
     The value is defined by ILAPREC(P) where P is a CHARACTER and P
          = 'S':  Single
          = 'D':  Double
          = 'I':  Indigenous
          = 'X' or 'E':  Extra

UPLO

          UPLO is CHARACTER*1
       = 'U':  Upper triangle of A is stored;
       = 'L':  Lower triangle of A is stored.

N

          N is INTEGER
     The number of linear equations, i.e., the order of the
     matrix A.  N >= 0.

NRHS

          NRHS is INTEGER
     The number of right-hand-sides, i.e., the number of columns of the
     matrix B.

A

          A is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (LDA,N)
     On entry, the N-by-N matrix A.

LDA

          LDA is INTEGER
     The leading dimension of the array A.  LDA >= max(1,N).

AF

          AF is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (LDAF,N)
     The block diagonal matrix D and the multipliers used to
     obtain the factor U or L as computed by ZSYTRF.

LDAF

          LDAF is INTEGER
     The leading dimension of the array AF.  LDAF >= max(1,N).

IPIV

          IPIV is INTEGER array, dimension (N)
     Details of the interchanges and the block structure of D
     as determined by ZSYTRF.

COLEQU

          COLEQU is LOGICAL
     If .TRUE. then column equilibration was done to A before calling
     this routine. This is needed to compute the solution and error
     bounds correctly.

C

          C is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (N)
     The column scale factors for A. If COLEQU = .FALSE., C
     is not accessed. If C is input, each element of C should be a power
     of the radix to ensure a reliable solution and error estimates.
     Scaling by powers of the radix does not cause rounding errors unless
     the result underflows or overflows. Rounding errors during scaling
     lead to refining with a matrix that is not equivalent to the
     input matrix, producing error estimates that may not be
     reliable.

B

          B is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (LDB,NRHS)
     The right-hand-side matrix B.

LDB

          LDB is INTEGER
     The leading dimension of the array B.  LDB >= max(1,N).

Y

          Y is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (LDY,NRHS)
     On entry, the solution matrix X, as computed by ZSYTRS.
     On exit, the improved solution matrix Y.

LDY

          LDY is INTEGER
     The leading dimension of the array Y.  LDY >= max(1,N).

BERR_OUT

          BERR_OUT is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (NRHS)
     On exit, BERR_OUT(j) contains the componentwise relative backward
     error for right-hand-side j from the formula
         max(i) ( abs(RES(i)) / ( abs(op(A_s))*abs(Y) + abs(B_s) )(i) )
     where abs(Z) is the componentwise absolute value of the matrix
     or vector Z. This is computed by ZLA_LIN_BERR.

N_NORMS

          N_NORMS is INTEGER
     Determines which error bounds to return (see ERR_BNDS_NORM
     and ERR_BNDS_COMP).
     If N_NORMS >= 1 return normwise error bounds.
     If N_NORMS >= 2 return componentwise error bounds.

ERR_BNDS_NORM

          ERR_BNDS_NORM is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (NRHS, N_ERR_BNDS)
     For each right-hand side, this array contains information about
     various error bounds and condition numbers corresponding to the
     normwise relative error, which is defined as follows:

     Normwise relative error in the ith solution vector:
             max_j (abs(XTRUE(j,i) - X(j,i)))
            ------------------------------
                  max_j abs(X(j,i))

     The array is indexed by the type of error information as described
     below. There currently are up to three pieces of information
     returned.

     The first index in ERR_BNDS_NORM(i,:) corresponds to the ith
     right-hand side.

     The second index in ERR_BNDS_NORM(:,err) contains the following
     three fields:
     err = 1 "Trust/don't trust" boolean. Trust the answer if the
              reciprocal condition number is less than the threshold
              sqrt(n) * slamch('Epsilon').

     err = 2 "Guaranteed" error bound: The estimated forward error,
              almost certainly within a factor of 10 of the true error
              so long as the next entry is greater than the threshold
              sqrt(n) * slamch('Epsilon'). This error bound should only
              be trusted if the previous boolean is true.

     err = 3  Reciprocal condition number: Estimated normwise
              reciprocal condition number.  Compared with the threshold
              sqrt(n) * slamch('Epsilon') to determine if the error
              estimate is "guaranteed". These reciprocal condition
              numbers are 1 / (norm(Z^{-1},inf) * norm(Z,inf)) for some
              appropriately scaled matrix Z.
              Let Z = S*A, where S scales each row by a power of the
              radix so all absolute row sums of Z are approximately 1.

     This subroutine is only responsible for setting the second field
     above.
     See Lapack Working Note 165 for further details and extra
     cautions.

ERR_BNDS_COMP

          ERR_BNDS_COMP is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (NRHS, N_ERR_BNDS)
     For each right-hand side, this array contains information about
     various error bounds and condition numbers corresponding to the
     componentwise relative error, which is defined as follows:

     Componentwise relative error in the ith solution vector:
                    abs(XTRUE(j,i) - X(j,i))
             max_j ----------------------
                         abs(X(j,i))

     The array is indexed by the right-hand side i (on which the
     componentwise relative error depends), and the type of error
     information as described below. There currently are up to three
     pieces of information returned for each right-hand side. If
     componentwise accuracy is not requested (PARAMS(3) = 0.0), then
     ERR_BNDS_COMP is not accessed.  If N_ERR_BNDS < 3, then at most
     the first (:,N_ERR_BNDS) entries are returned.

     The first index in ERR_BNDS_COMP(i,:) corresponds to the ith
     right-hand side.

     The second index in ERR_BNDS_COMP(:,err) contains the following
     three fields:
     err = 1 "Trust/don't trust" boolean. Trust the answer if the
              reciprocal condition number is less than the threshold
              sqrt(n) * slamch('Epsilon').

     err = 2 "Guaranteed" error bound: The estimated forward error,
              almost certainly within a factor of 10 of the true error
              so long as the next entry is greater than the threshold
              sqrt(n) * slamch('Epsilon'). This error bound should only
              be trusted if the previous boolean is true.

     err = 3  Reciprocal condition number: Estimated componentwise
              reciprocal condition number.  Compared with the threshold
              sqrt(n) * slamch('Epsilon') to determine if the error
              estimate is "guaranteed". These reciprocal condition
              numbers are 1 / (norm(Z^{-1},inf) * norm(Z,inf)) for some
              appropriately scaled matrix Z.
              Let Z = S*(A*diag(x)), where x is the solution for the
              current right-hand side and S scales each row of
              A*diag(x) by a power of the radix so all absolute row
              sums of Z are approximately 1.

     This subroutine is only responsible for setting the second field
     above.
     See Lapack Working Note 165 for further details and extra
     cautions.

RES

          RES is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (N)
     Workspace to hold the intermediate residual.

AYB

          AYB is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (N)
     Workspace.

DY

          DY is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (N)
     Workspace to hold the intermediate solution.

Y_TAIL

          Y_TAIL is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (N)
     Workspace to hold the trailing bits of the intermediate solution.

RCOND

          RCOND is DOUBLE PRECISION
     Reciprocal scaled condition number.  This is an estimate of the
     reciprocal Skeel condition number of the matrix A after
     equilibration (if done).  If this is less than the machine
     precision (in particular, if it is zero), the matrix is singular
     to working precision.  Note that the error may still be small even
     if this number is very small and the matrix appears ill-
     conditioned.

ITHRESH

          ITHRESH is INTEGER
     The maximum number of residual computations allowed for
     refinement. The default is 10. For 'aggressive' set to 100 to
     permit convergence using approximate factorizations or
     factorizations other than LU. If the factorization uses a
     technique other than Gaussian elimination, the guarantees in
     ERR_BNDS_NORM and ERR_BNDS_COMP may no longer be trustworthy.

RTHRESH

          RTHRESH is DOUBLE PRECISION
     Determines when to stop refinement if the error estimate stops
     decreasing. Refinement will stop when the next solution no longer
     satisfies norm(dx_{i+1}) < RTHRESH * norm(dx_i) where norm(Z) is
     the infinity norm of Z. RTHRESH satisfies 0 < RTHRESH <= 1. The
     default value is 0.5. For 'aggressive' set to 0.9 to permit
     convergence on extremely ill-conditioned matrices. See LAWN 165
     for more details.

DZ_UB

          DZ_UB is DOUBLE PRECISION
     Determines when to start considering componentwise convergence.
     Componentwise convergence is only considered after each component
     of the solution Y is stable, which we define as the relative
     change in each component being less than DZ_UB. The default value
     is 0.25, requiring the first bit to be stable. See LAWN 165 for
     more details.

IGNORE_CWISE

          IGNORE_CWISE is LOGICAL
     If .TRUE. then ignore componentwise convergence. Default value
     is .FALSE..

INFO

          INFO is INTEGER
       = 0:  Successful exit.
       < 0:  if INFO = -i, the ith argument to ZLA_HERFSX_EXTENDED had an illegal
             value
Author

Univ. of Tennessee

Univ. of California Berkeley

Univ. of Colorado Denver

NAG Ltd.

Definition at line 388 of file zla_syrfsx_extended.f.

double precision function zla_syrpvgrw (character*1 UPLO, integer N, integer INFO, complex*16, dimension( lda, * ) A, integer LDA, complex*16, dimension( ldaf, * ) AF, integer LDAF, integer, dimension( * ) IPIV, double precision, dimension( * ) WORK)

ZLA_SYRPVGRW computes the reciprocal pivot growth factor norm(A)/norm(U) for a symmetric indefinite matrix.  

Purpose:

 ZLA_SYRPVGRW computes the reciprocal pivot growth factor
 norm(A)/norm(U). The "max absolute element" norm is used. If this is
 much less than 1, the stability of the LU factorization of the
 (equilibrated) matrix A could be poor. This also means that the
 solution X, estimated condition numbers, and error bounds could be
 unreliable.
Parameters

UPLO

          UPLO is CHARACTER*1
       = 'U':  Upper triangle of A is stored;
       = 'L':  Lower triangle of A is stored.

N

          N is INTEGER
     The number of linear equations, i.e., the order of the
     matrix A.  N >= 0.

INFO

          INFO is INTEGER
     The value of INFO returned from ZSYTRF, .i.e., the pivot in
     column INFO is exactly 0.

A

          A is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (LDA,N)
     On entry, the N-by-N matrix A.

LDA

          LDA is INTEGER
     The leading dimension of the array A.  LDA >= max(1,N).

AF

          AF is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (LDAF,N)
     The block diagonal matrix D and the multipliers used to
     obtain the factor U or L as computed by ZSYTRF.

LDAF

          LDAF is INTEGER
     The leading dimension of the array AF.  LDAF >= max(1,N).

IPIV

          IPIV is INTEGER array, dimension (N)
     Details of the interchanges and the block structure of D
     as determined by ZSYTRF.

WORK

          WORK is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (2*N)
Author

Univ. of Tennessee

Univ. of California Berkeley

Univ. of Colorado Denver

NAG Ltd.

Definition at line 121 of file zla_syrpvgrw.f.

subroutine zlasyf (character UPLO, integer N, integer NB, integer KB, complex*16, dimension( lda, * ) A, integer LDA, integer, dimension( * ) IPIV, complex*16, dimension( ldw, * ) W, integer LDW, integer INFO)

ZLASYF computes a partial factorization of a complex symmetric matrix using the Bunch-Kaufman diagonal pivoting method.  

Purpose:

 ZLASYF computes a partial factorization of a complex symmetric matrix
 A using the Bunch-Kaufman diagonal pivoting method. The partial
 factorization has the form:

 A  =  ( I  U12 ) ( A11  0  ) (  I       0    )  if UPLO = 'U', or:
       ( 0  U22 ) (  0   D  ) ( U12**T U22**T )

 A  =  ( L11  0 ) ( D    0  ) ( L11**T L21**T )  if UPLO = 'L'
       ( L21  I ) ( 0   A22 ) (  0       I    )

 where the order of D is at most NB. The actual order is returned in
 the argument KB, and is either NB or NB-1, or N if N <= NB.
 Note that U**T denotes the transpose of U.

 ZLASYF is an auxiliary routine called by ZSYTRF. It uses blocked code
 (calling Level 3 BLAS) to update the submatrix A11 (if UPLO = 'U') or
 A22 (if UPLO = 'L').
Parameters

UPLO

          UPLO is CHARACTER*1
          Specifies whether the upper or lower triangular part of the
          symmetric matrix A is stored:
          = 'U':  Upper triangular
          = 'L':  Lower triangular

N

          N is INTEGER
          The order of the matrix A.  N >= 0.

NB

          NB is INTEGER
          The maximum number of columns of the matrix A that should be
          factored.  NB should be at least 2 to allow for 2-by-2 pivot
          blocks.

KB

          KB is INTEGER
          The number of columns of A that were actually factored.
          KB is either NB-1 or NB, or N if N <= NB.

A

          A is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (LDA,N)
          On entry, the symmetric matrix A.  If UPLO = 'U', the leading
          n-by-n upper triangular part of A contains the upper
          triangular part of the matrix A, and the strictly lower
          triangular part of A is not referenced.  If UPLO = 'L', the
          leading n-by-n lower triangular part of A contains the lower
          triangular part of the matrix A, and the strictly upper
          triangular part of A is not referenced.
          On exit, A contains details of the partial factorization.

LDA

          LDA is INTEGER
          The leading dimension of the array A.  LDA >= max(1,N).

IPIV

          IPIV is INTEGER array, dimension (N)
          Details of the interchanges and the block structure of D.

          If UPLO = 'U':
             Only the last KB elements of IPIV are set.

             If IPIV(k) > 0, then rows and columns k and IPIV(k) were
             interchanged and D(k,k) is a 1-by-1 diagonal block.

             If IPIV(k) = IPIV(k-1) < 0, then rows and columns
             k-1 and -IPIV(k) were interchanged and D(k-1:k,k-1:k)
             is a 2-by-2 diagonal block.

          If UPLO = 'L':
             Only the first KB elements of IPIV are set.

             If IPIV(k) > 0, then rows and columns k and IPIV(k) were
             interchanged and D(k,k) is a 1-by-1 diagonal block.

             If IPIV(k) = IPIV(k+1) < 0, then rows and columns
             k+1 and -IPIV(k) were interchanged and D(k:k+1,k:k+1)
             is a 2-by-2 diagonal block.

W

          W is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (LDW,NB)

LDW

          LDW is INTEGER
          The leading dimension of the array W.  LDW >= max(1,N).

INFO

          INFO is INTEGER
          = 0: successful exit
          > 0: if INFO = k, D(k,k) is exactly zero.  The factorization
               has been completed, but the block diagonal matrix D is
               exactly singular.
Author

Univ. of Tennessee

Univ. of California Berkeley

Univ. of Colorado Denver

NAG Ltd.

Contributors:

  November 2013,  Igor Kozachenko,
                  Computer Science Division,
                  University of California, Berkeley

Definition at line 176 of file zlasyf.f.

subroutine zlasyf_aa (character UPLO, integer J1, integer M, integer NB, complex*16, dimension( lda, * ) A, integer LDA, integer, dimension( * ) IPIV, complex*16, dimension( ldh, * ) H, integer LDH, complex*16, dimension( * ) WORK)

ZLASYF_AA  

Purpose:

 DLATRF_AA factorizes a panel of a complex symmetric matrix A using
 the Aasen's algorithm. The panel consists of a set of NB rows of A
 when UPLO is U, or a set of NB columns when UPLO is L.

 In order to factorize the panel, the Aasen's algorithm requires the
 last row, or column, of the previous panel. The first row, or column,
 of A is set to be the first row, or column, of an identity matrix,
 which is used to factorize the first panel.

 The resulting J-th row of U, or J-th column of L, is stored in the
 (J-1)-th row, or column, of A (without the unit diagonals), while
 the diagonal and subdiagonal of A are overwritten by those of T.
Parameters

UPLO

          UPLO is CHARACTER*1
          = 'U':  Upper triangle of A is stored;
          = 'L':  Lower triangle of A is stored.

J1

          J1 is INTEGER
          The location of the first row, or column, of the panel
          within the submatrix of A, passed to this routine, e.g.,
          when called by ZSYTRF_AA, for the first panel, J1 is 1,
          while for the remaining panels, J1 is 2.

M

          M is INTEGER
          The dimension of the submatrix. M >= 0.

NB

          NB is INTEGER
          The dimension of the panel to be facotorized.

A

          A is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (LDA,M) for
          the first panel, while dimension (LDA,M+1) for the
          remaining panels.

          On entry, A contains the last row, or column, of
          the previous panel, and the trailing submatrix of A
          to be factorized, except for the first panel, only
          the panel is passed.

          On exit, the leading panel is factorized.

LDA

          LDA is INTEGER
          The leading dimension of the array A.  LDA >= max(1,M).

IPIV

          IPIV is INTEGER array, dimension (M)
          Details of the row and column interchanges,
          the row and column k were interchanged with the row and
          column IPIV(k).

H

          H is COMPLEX*16 workspace, dimension (LDH,NB).

LDH

          LDH is INTEGER
          The leading dimension of the workspace H. LDH >= max(1,M).

WORK

          WORK is COMPLEX*16 workspace, dimension (M).
Author

Univ. of Tennessee

Univ. of California Berkeley

Univ. of Colorado Denver

NAG Ltd.

Definition at line 142 of file zlasyf_aa.f.

subroutine zlasyf_rk (character UPLO, integer N, integer NB, integer KB, complex*16, dimension( lda, * ) A, integer LDA, complex*16, dimension( * ) E, integer, dimension( * ) IPIV, complex*16, dimension( ldw, * ) W, integer LDW, integer INFO)

ZLASYF_RK computes a partial factorization of a complex symmetric indefinite matrix using bounded Bunch-Kaufman (rook) diagonal pivoting method.  

Purpose:

 ZLASYF_RK computes a partial factorization of a complex symmetric
 matrix A using the bounded Bunch-Kaufman (rook) diagonal
 pivoting method. The partial factorization has the form:

 A  =  ( I  U12 ) ( A11  0  ) (  I       0    )  if UPLO = 'U', or:
       ( 0  U22 ) (  0   D  ) ( U12**T U22**T )

 A  =  ( L11  0 ) (  D   0  ) ( L11**T L21**T )  if UPLO = 'L',
       ( L21  I ) (  0  A22 ) (  0       I    )

 where the order of D is at most NB. The actual order is returned in
 the argument KB, and is either NB or NB-1, or N if N <= NB.

 ZLASYF_RK is an auxiliary routine called by ZSYTRF_RK. It uses
 blocked code (calling Level 3 BLAS) to update the submatrix
 A11 (if UPLO = 'U') or A22 (if UPLO = 'L').
Parameters

UPLO

          UPLO is CHARACTER*1
          Specifies whether the upper or lower triangular part of the
          symmetric matrix A is stored:
          = 'U':  Upper triangular
          = 'L':  Lower triangular

N

          N is INTEGER
          The order of the matrix A.  N >= 0.

NB

          NB is INTEGER
          The maximum number of columns of the matrix A that should be
          factored.  NB should be at least 2 to allow for 2-by-2 pivot
          blocks.

KB

          KB is INTEGER
          The number of columns of A that were actually factored.
          KB is either NB-1 or NB, or N if N <= NB.

A

          A is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (LDA,N)
          On entry, the symmetric matrix A.
            If UPLO = 'U': the leading N-by-N upper triangular part
            of A contains the upper triangular part of the matrix A,
            and the strictly lower triangular part of A is not
            referenced.

            If UPLO = 'L': the leading N-by-N lower triangular part
            of A contains the lower triangular part of the matrix A,
            and the strictly upper triangular part of A is not
            referenced.

          On exit, contains:
            a) ONLY diagonal elements of the symmetric block diagonal
               matrix D on the diagonal of A, i.e. D(k,k) = A(k,k);
               (superdiagonal (or subdiagonal) elements of D
                are stored on exit in array E), and
            b) If UPLO = 'U': factor U in the superdiagonal part of A.
               If UPLO = 'L': factor L in the subdiagonal part of A.

LDA

          LDA is INTEGER
          The leading dimension of the array A.  LDA >= max(1,N).

E

          E is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (N)
          On exit, contains the superdiagonal (or subdiagonal)
          elements of the symmetric block diagonal matrix D
          with 1-by-1 or 2-by-2 diagonal blocks, where
          If UPLO = 'U': E(i) = D(i-1,i), i=2:N, E(1) is set to 0;
          If UPLO = 'L': E(i) = D(i+1,i), i=1:N-1, E(N) is set to 0.

          NOTE: For 1-by-1 diagonal block D(k), where
          1 <= k <= N, the element E(k) is set to 0 in both
          UPLO = 'U' or UPLO = 'L' cases.

IPIV

          IPIV is INTEGER array, dimension (N)
          IPIV describes the permutation matrix P in the factorization
          of matrix A as follows. The absolute value of IPIV(k)
          represents the index of row and column that were
          interchanged with the k-th row and column. The value of UPLO
          describes the order in which the interchanges were applied.
          Also, the sign of IPIV represents the block structure of
          the symmetric block diagonal matrix D with 1-by-1 or 2-by-2
          diagonal blocks which correspond to 1 or 2 interchanges
          at each factorization step.

          If UPLO = 'U',
          ( in factorization order, k decreases from N to 1 ):
            a) A single positive entry IPIV(k) > 0 means:
               D(k,k) is a 1-by-1 diagonal block.
               If IPIV(k) != k, rows and columns k and IPIV(k) were
               interchanged in the submatrix A(1:N,N-KB+1:N);
               If IPIV(k) = k, no interchange occurred.


            b) A pair of consecutive negative entries
               IPIV(k) < 0 and IPIV(k-1) < 0 means:
               D(k-1:k,k-1:k) is a 2-by-2 diagonal block.
               (NOTE: negative entries in IPIV appear ONLY in pairs).
               1) If -IPIV(k) != k, rows and columns
                  k and -IPIV(k) were interchanged
                  in the matrix A(1:N,N-KB+1:N).
                  If -IPIV(k) = k, no interchange occurred.
               2) If -IPIV(k-1) != k-1, rows and columns
                  k-1 and -IPIV(k-1) were interchanged
                  in the submatrix A(1:N,N-KB+1:N).
                  If -IPIV(k-1) = k-1, no interchange occurred.

            c) In both cases a) and b) is always ABS( IPIV(k) ) <= k.

            d) NOTE: Any entry IPIV(k) is always NONZERO on output.

          If UPLO = 'L',
          ( in factorization order, k increases from 1 to N ):
            a) A single positive entry IPIV(k) > 0 means:
               D(k,k) is a 1-by-1 diagonal block.
               If IPIV(k) != k, rows and columns k and IPIV(k) were
               interchanged in the submatrix A(1:N,1:KB).
               If IPIV(k) = k, no interchange occurred.

            b) A pair of consecutive negative entries
               IPIV(k) < 0 and IPIV(k+1) < 0 means:
               D(k:k+1,k:k+1) is a 2-by-2 diagonal block.
               (NOTE: negative entries in IPIV appear ONLY in pairs).
               1) If -IPIV(k) != k, rows and columns
                  k and -IPIV(k) were interchanged
                  in the submatrix A(1:N,1:KB).
                  If -IPIV(k) = k, no interchange occurred.
               2) If -IPIV(k+1) != k+1, rows and columns
                  k-1 and -IPIV(k-1) were interchanged
                  in the submatrix A(1:N,1:KB).
                  If -IPIV(k+1) = k+1, no interchange occurred.

            c) In both cases a) and b) is always ABS( IPIV(k) ) >= k.

            d) NOTE: Any entry IPIV(k) is always NONZERO on output.

W

          W is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (LDW,NB)

LDW

          LDW is INTEGER
          The leading dimension of the array W.  LDW >= max(1,N).

INFO

          INFO is INTEGER
          = 0: successful exit

          < 0: If INFO = -k, the k-th argument had an illegal value

          > 0: If INFO = k, the matrix A is singular, because:
                 If UPLO = 'U': column k in the upper
                 triangular part of A contains all zeros.
                 If UPLO = 'L': column k in the lower
                 triangular part of A contains all zeros.

               Therefore D(k,k) is exactly zero, and superdiagonal
               elements of column k of U (or subdiagonal elements of
               column k of L ) are all zeros. The factorization has
               been completed, but the block diagonal matrix D is
               exactly singular, and division by zero will occur if
               it is used to solve a system of equations.

               NOTE: INFO only stores the first occurrence of
               a singularity, any subsequent occurrence of singularity
               is not stored in INFO even though the factorization
               always completes.
Author

Univ. of Tennessee

Univ. of California Berkeley

Univ. of Colorado Denver

NAG Ltd.

Contributors:

  December 2016,  Igor Kozachenko,
                  Computer Science Division,
                  University of California, Berkeley

  September 2007, Sven Hammarling, Nicholas J. Higham, Craig Lucas,
                  School of Mathematics,
                  University of Manchester

Definition at line 260 of file zlasyf_rk.f.

subroutine zlasyf_rook (character UPLO, integer N, integer NB, integer KB, complex*16, dimension( lda, * ) A, integer LDA, integer, dimension( * ) IPIV, complex*16, dimension( ldw, * ) W, integer LDW, integer INFO)

ZLASYF_ROOK computes a partial factorization of a complex symmetric matrix using the bounded Bunch-Kaufman ('rook') diagonal pivoting method.  

Purpose:

 ZLASYF_ROOK computes a partial factorization of a complex symmetric
 matrix A using the bounded Bunch-Kaufman ("rook") diagonal
 pivoting method. The partial factorization has the form:

 A  =  ( I  U12 ) ( A11  0  ) (  I       0    )  if UPLO = 'U', or:
       ( 0  U22 ) (  0   D  ) ( U12**T U22**T )

 A  =  ( L11  0 ) (  D   0  ) ( L11**T L21**T )  if UPLO = 'L'
       ( L21  I ) (  0  A22 ) (  0       I    )

 where the order of D is at most NB. The actual order is returned in
 the argument KB, and is either NB or NB-1, or N if N <= NB.

 ZLASYF_ROOK is an auxiliary routine called by ZSYTRF_ROOK. It uses
 blocked code (calling Level 3 BLAS) to update the submatrix
 A11 (if UPLO = 'U') or A22 (if UPLO = 'L').
Parameters

UPLO

          UPLO is CHARACTER*1
          Specifies whether the upper or lower triangular part of the
          symmetric matrix A is stored:
          = 'U':  Upper triangular
          = 'L':  Lower triangular

N

          N is INTEGER
          The order of the matrix A.  N >= 0.

NB

          NB is INTEGER
          The maximum number of columns of the matrix A that should be
          factored.  NB should be at least 2 to allow for 2-by-2 pivot
          blocks.

KB

          KB is INTEGER
          The number of columns of A that were actually factored.
          KB is either NB-1 or NB, or N if N <= NB.

A

          A is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (LDA,N)
          On entry, the symmetric matrix A.  If UPLO = 'U', the leading
          n-by-n upper triangular part of A contains the upper
          triangular part of the matrix A, and the strictly lower
          triangular part of A is not referenced.  If UPLO = 'L', the
          leading n-by-n lower triangular part of A contains the lower
          triangular part of the matrix A, and the strictly upper
          triangular part of A is not referenced.
          On exit, A contains details of the partial factorization.

LDA

          LDA is INTEGER
          The leading dimension of the array A.  LDA >= max(1,N).

IPIV

          IPIV is INTEGER array, dimension (N)
          Details of the interchanges and the block structure of D.

          If UPLO = 'U':
             Only the last KB elements of IPIV are set.

             If IPIV(k) > 0, then rows and columns k and IPIV(k) were
             interchanged and D(k,k) is a 1-by-1 diagonal block.

             If IPIV(k) < 0 and IPIV(k-1) < 0, then rows and
             columns k and -IPIV(k) were interchanged and rows and
             columns k-1 and -IPIV(k-1) were inerchaged,
             D(k-1:k,k-1:k) is a 2-by-2 diagonal block.

          If UPLO = 'L':
             Only the first KB elements of IPIV are set.

             If IPIV(k) > 0, then rows and columns k and IPIV(k)
             were interchanged and D(k,k) is a 1-by-1 diagonal block.

             If IPIV(k) < 0 and IPIV(k+1) < 0, then rows and
             columns k and -IPIV(k) were interchanged and rows and
             columns k+1 and -IPIV(k+1) were inerchaged,
             D(k:k+1,k:k+1) is a 2-by-2 diagonal block.

W

          W is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (LDW,NB)

LDW

          LDW is INTEGER
          The leading dimension of the array W.  LDW >= max(1,N).

INFO

          INFO is INTEGER
          = 0: successful exit
          > 0: if INFO = k, D(k,k) is exactly zero.  The factorization
               has been completed, but the block diagonal matrix D is
               exactly singular.
Author

Univ. of Tennessee

Univ. of California Berkeley

Univ. of Colorado Denver

NAG Ltd.

Contributors:

  November 2013,  Igor Kozachenko,
                  Computer Science Division,
                  University of California, Berkeley

  September 2007, Sven Hammarling, Nicholas J. Higham, Craig Lucas,
                  School of Mathematics,
                  University of Manchester

Definition at line 182 of file zlasyf_rook.f.

subroutine zsycon (character UPLO, integer N, complex*16, dimension( lda, * ) A, integer LDA, integer, dimension( * ) IPIV, double precision ANORM, double precision RCOND, complex*16, dimension( * ) WORK, integer INFO)

ZSYCON  

Purpose:

 ZSYCON estimates the reciprocal of the condition number (in the
 1-norm) of a complex symmetric matrix A using the factorization
 A = U*D*U**T or A = L*D*L**T computed by ZSYTRF.

 An estimate is obtained for norm(inv(A)), and the reciprocal of the
 condition number is computed as RCOND = 1 / (ANORM * norm(inv(A))).
Parameters

UPLO

          UPLO is CHARACTER*1
          Specifies whether the details of the factorization are stored
          as an upper or lower triangular matrix.
          = 'U':  Upper triangular, form is A = U*D*U**T;
          = 'L':  Lower triangular, form is A = L*D*L**T.

N

          N is INTEGER
          The order of the matrix A.  N >= 0.

A

          A is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (LDA,N)
          The block diagonal matrix D and the multipliers used to
          obtain the factor U or L as computed by ZSYTRF.

LDA

          LDA is INTEGER
          The leading dimension of the array A.  LDA >= max(1,N).

IPIV

          IPIV is INTEGER array, dimension (N)
          Details of the interchanges and the block structure of D
          as determined by ZSYTRF.

ANORM

          ANORM is DOUBLE PRECISION
          The 1-norm of the original matrix A.

RCOND

          RCOND is DOUBLE PRECISION
          The reciprocal of the condition number of the matrix A,
          computed as RCOND = 1/(ANORM * AINVNM), where AINVNM is an
          estimate of the 1-norm of inv(A) computed in this routine.

WORK

          WORK is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (2*N)

INFO

          INFO is INTEGER
          = 0:  successful exit
          < 0:  if INFO = -i, the i-th argument had an illegal value
Author

Univ. of Tennessee

Univ. of California Berkeley

Univ. of Colorado Denver

NAG Ltd.

Definition at line 123 of file zsycon.f.

subroutine zsycon_3 (character UPLO, integer N, complex*16, dimension( lda, * ) A, integer LDA, complex*16, dimension( * ) E, integer, dimension( * ) IPIV, double precision ANORM, double precision RCOND, complex*16, dimension( * ) WORK, integer INFO)

ZSYCON_3  

Purpose:

 ZSYCON_3 estimates the reciprocal of the condition number (in the
 1-norm) of a complex symmetric matrix A using the factorization
 computed by ZSYTRF_RK or ZSYTRF_BK:

    A = P*U*D*(U**T)*(P**T) or A = P*L*D*(L**T)*(P**T),

 where U (or L) is unit upper (or lower) triangular matrix,
 U**T (or L**T) is the transpose of U (or L), P is a permutation
 matrix, P**T is the transpose of P, and D is symmetric and block
 diagonal with 1-by-1 and 2-by-2 diagonal blocks.

 An estimate is obtained for norm(inv(A)), and the reciprocal of the
 condition number is computed as RCOND = 1 / (ANORM * norm(inv(A))).
 This routine uses BLAS3 solver ZSYTRS_3.
Parameters

UPLO

          UPLO is CHARACTER*1
          Specifies whether the details of the factorization are
          stored as an upper or lower triangular matrix:
          = 'U':  Upper triangular, form is A = P*U*D*(U**T)*(P**T);
          = 'L':  Lower triangular, form is A = P*L*D*(L**T)*(P**T).

N

          N is INTEGER
          The order of the matrix A.  N >= 0.

A

          A is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (LDA,N)
          Diagonal of the block diagonal matrix D and factors U or L
          as computed by ZSYTRF_RK and ZSYTRF_BK:
            a) ONLY diagonal elements of the symmetric block diagonal
               matrix D on the diagonal of A, i.e. D(k,k) = A(k,k);
               (superdiagonal (or subdiagonal) elements of D
                should be provided on entry in array E), and
            b) If UPLO = 'U': factor U in the superdiagonal part of A.
               If UPLO = 'L': factor L in the subdiagonal part of A.

LDA

          LDA is INTEGER
          The leading dimension of the array A.  LDA >= max(1,N).

E

          E is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (N)
          On entry, contains the superdiagonal (or subdiagonal)
          elements of the symmetric block diagonal matrix D
          with 1-by-1 or 2-by-2 diagonal blocks, where
          If UPLO = 'U': E(i) = D(i-1,i),i=2:N, E(1) not referenced;
          If UPLO = 'L': E(i) = D(i+1,i),i=1:N-1, E(N) not referenced.

          NOTE: For 1-by-1 diagonal block D(k), where
          1 <= k <= N, the element E(k) is not referenced in both
          UPLO = 'U' or UPLO = 'L' cases.

IPIV

          IPIV is INTEGER array, dimension (N)
          Details of the interchanges and the block structure of D
          as determined by ZSYTRF_RK or ZSYTRF_BK.

ANORM

          ANORM is DOUBLE PRECISION
          The 1-norm of the original matrix A.

RCOND

          RCOND is DOUBLE PRECISION
          The reciprocal of the condition number of the matrix A,
          computed as RCOND = 1/(ANORM * AINVNM), where AINVNM is an
          estimate of the 1-norm of inv(A) computed in this routine.

WORK

          WORK is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (2*N)

INFO

          INFO is INTEGER
          = 0:  successful exit
          < 0:  if INFO = -i, the i-th argument had an illegal value
Author

Univ. of Tennessee

Univ. of California Berkeley

Univ. of Colorado Denver

NAG Ltd.

Contributors:

  June 2017,  Igor Kozachenko,
                  Computer Science Division,
                  University of California, Berkeley

  September 2007, Sven Hammarling, Nicholas J. Higham, Craig Lucas,
                  School of Mathematics,
                  University of Manchester

Definition at line 164 of file zsycon_3.f.

subroutine zsycon_rook (character UPLO, integer N, complex*16, dimension( lda, * ) A, integer LDA, integer, dimension( * ) IPIV, double precision ANORM, double precision RCOND, complex*16, dimension( * ) WORK, integer INFO)

ZSYCON_ROOK  

Purpose:

 ZSYCON_ROOK estimates the reciprocal of the condition number (in the
 1-norm) of a complex symmetric matrix A using the factorization
 A = U*D*U**T or A = L*D*L**T computed by ZSYTRF_ROOK.

 An estimate is obtained for norm(inv(A)), and the reciprocal of the
 condition number is computed as RCOND = 1 / (ANORM * norm(inv(A))).
Parameters

UPLO

          UPLO is CHARACTER*1
          Specifies whether the details of the factorization are stored
          as an upper or lower triangular matrix.
          = 'U':  Upper triangular, form is A = U*D*U**T;
          = 'L':  Lower triangular, form is A = L*D*L**T.

N

          N is INTEGER
          The order of the matrix A.  N >= 0.

A

          A is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (LDA,N)
          The block diagonal matrix D and the multipliers used to
          obtain the factor U or L as computed by ZSYTRF_ROOK.

LDA

          LDA is INTEGER
          The leading dimension of the array A.  LDA >= max(1,N).

IPIV

          IPIV is INTEGER array, dimension (N)
          Details of the interchanges and the block structure of D
          as determined by ZSYTRF_ROOK.

ANORM

          ANORM is DOUBLE PRECISION
          The 1-norm of the original matrix A.

RCOND

          RCOND is DOUBLE PRECISION
          The reciprocal of the condition number of the matrix A,
          computed as RCOND = 1/(ANORM * AINVNM), where AINVNM is an
          estimate of the 1-norm of inv(A) computed in this routine.

WORK

          WORK is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (2*N)

INFO

          INFO is INTEGER
          = 0:  successful exit
          < 0:  if INFO = -i, the i-th argument had an illegal value
Author

Univ. of Tennessee

Univ. of California Berkeley

Univ. of Colorado Denver

NAG Ltd.

Contributors:

   December 2016, Igor Kozachenko,
                  Computer Science Division,
                  University of California, Berkeley

  September 2007, Sven Hammarling, Nicholas J. Higham, Craig Lucas,
                  School of Mathematics,
                  University of Manchester

Definition at line 137 of file zsycon_rook.f.

subroutine zsyconv (character UPLO, character WAY, integer N, complex*16, dimension( lda, * ) A, integer LDA, integer, dimension( * ) IPIV, complex*16, dimension( * ) E, integer INFO)

ZSYCONV  

Purpose:

 ZSYCONV converts A given by ZHETRF into L and D or vice-versa.
 Get nondiagonal elements of D (returned in workspace) and
 apply or reverse permutation done in TRF.
Parameters

UPLO

          UPLO is CHARACTER*1
          Specifies whether the details of the factorization are stored
          as an upper or lower triangular matrix.
          = 'U':  Upper triangular, form is A = U*D*U**T;
          = 'L':  Lower triangular, form is A = L*D*L**T.

WAY

          WAY is CHARACTER*1
          = 'C': Convert
          = 'R': Revert

N

          N is INTEGER
          The order of the matrix A.  N >= 0.

A

          A is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (LDA,N)
          The block diagonal matrix D and the multipliers used to
          obtain the factor U or L as computed by ZSYTRF.

LDA

          LDA is INTEGER
          The leading dimension of the array A.  LDA >= max(1,N).

IPIV

          IPIV is INTEGER array, dimension (N)
          Details of the interchanges and the block structure of D
          as determined by ZSYTRF.

E

          E is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (N)
          E stores the supdiagonal/subdiagonal of the symmetric 1-by-1
          or 2-by-2 block diagonal matrix D in LDLT.

INFO

          INFO is INTEGER
          = 0:  successful exit
          < 0:  if INFO = -i, the i-th argument had an illegal value
Author

Univ. of Tennessee

Univ. of California Berkeley

Univ. of Colorado Denver

NAG Ltd.

Definition at line 113 of file zsyconv.f.

subroutine zsyconvf (character UPLO, character WAY, integer N, complex*16, dimension( lda, * ) A, integer LDA, complex*16, dimension( * ) E, integer, dimension( * ) IPIV, integer INFO)

ZSYCONVF  

Purpose:

 If parameter WAY = 'C':
 ZSYCONVF converts the factorization output format used in
 ZSYTRF provided on entry in parameter A into the factorization
 output format used in ZSYTRF_RK (or ZSYTRF_BK) that is stored
 on exit in parameters A and E. It also converts in place details of
 the intechanges stored in IPIV from the format used in ZSYTRF into
 the format used in ZSYTRF_RK (or ZSYTRF_BK).

 If parameter WAY = 'R':
 ZSYCONVF performs the conversion in reverse direction, i.e.
 converts the factorization output format used in ZSYTRF_RK
 (or ZSYTRF_BK) provided on entry in parameters A and E into
 the factorization output format used in ZSYTRF that is stored
 on exit in parameter A. It also converts in place details of
 the intechanges stored in IPIV from the format used in ZSYTRF_RK
 (or ZSYTRF_BK) into the format used in ZSYTRF.

 ZSYCONVF can also convert in Hermitian matrix case, i.e. between
 formats used in ZHETRF and ZHETRF_RK (or ZHETRF_BK).
Parameters

UPLO

          UPLO is CHARACTER*1
          Specifies whether the details of the factorization are
          stored as an upper or lower triangular matrix A.
          = 'U':  Upper triangular
          = 'L':  Lower triangular

WAY

          WAY is CHARACTER*1
          = 'C': Convert
          = 'R': Revert

N

          N is INTEGER
          The order of the matrix A.  N >= 0.

A

          A is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (LDA,N)

          1) If WAY ='C':

          On entry, contains factorization details in format used in
          ZSYTRF:
            a) all elements of the symmetric block diagonal
               matrix D on the diagonal of A and on superdiagonal
               (or subdiagonal) of A, and
            b) If UPLO = 'U': multipliers used to obtain factor U
               in the superdiagonal part of A.
               If UPLO = 'L': multipliers used to obtain factor L
               in the superdiagonal part of A.

          On exit, contains factorization details in format used in
          ZSYTRF_RK or ZSYTRF_BK:
            a) ONLY diagonal elements of the symmetric block diagonal
               matrix D on the diagonal of A, i.e. D(k,k) = A(k,k);
               (superdiagonal (or subdiagonal) elements of D
                are stored on exit in array E), and
            b) If UPLO = 'U': factor U in the superdiagonal part of A.
               If UPLO = 'L': factor L in the subdiagonal part of A.

          2) If WAY = 'R':

          On entry, contains factorization details in format used in
          ZSYTRF_RK or ZSYTRF_BK:
            a) ONLY diagonal elements of the symmetric block diagonal
               matrix D on the diagonal of A, i.e. D(k,k) = A(k,k);
               (superdiagonal (or subdiagonal) elements of D
                are stored on exit in array E), and
            b) If UPLO = 'U': factor U in the superdiagonal part of A.
               If UPLO = 'L': factor L in the subdiagonal part of A.

          On exit, contains factorization details in format used in
          ZSYTRF:
            a) all elements of the symmetric block diagonal
               matrix D on the diagonal of A and on superdiagonal
               (or subdiagonal) of A, and
            b) If UPLO = 'U': multipliers used to obtain factor U
               in the superdiagonal part of A.
               If UPLO = 'L': multipliers used to obtain factor L
               in the superdiagonal part of A.

LDA

          LDA is INTEGER
          The leading dimension of the array A.  LDA >= max(1,N).

E

          E is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (N)

          1) If WAY ='C':

          On entry, just a workspace.

          On exit, contains the superdiagonal (or subdiagonal)
          elements of the symmetric block diagonal matrix D
          with 1-by-1 or 2-by-2 diagonal blocks, where
          If UPLO = 'U': E(i) = D(i-1,i), i=2:N, E(1) is set to 0;
          If UPLO = 'L': E(i) = D(i+1,i), i=1:N-1, E(N) is set to 0.

          2) If WAY = 'R':

          On entry, contains the superdiagonal (or subdiagonal)
          elements of the symmetric block diagonal matrix D
          with 1-by-1 or 2-by-2 diagonal blocks, where
          If UPLO = 'U': E(i) = D(i-1,i),i=2:N, E(1) not referenced;
          If UPLO = 'L': E(i) = D(i+1,i),i=1:N-1, E(N) not referenced.

          On exit, is not changed

IPIV

          IPIV is INTEGER array, dimension (N)

          1) If WAY ='C':
          On entry, details of the interchanges and the block
          structure of D in the format used in ZSYTRF.
          On exit, details of the interchanges and the block
          structure of D in the format used in ZSYTRF_RK
          ( or ZSYTRF_BK).

          1) If WAY ='R':
          On entry, details of the interchanges and the block
          structure of D in the format used in ZSYTRF_RK
          ( or ZSYTRF_BK).
          On exit, details of the interchanges and the block
          structure of D in the format used in ZSYTRF.

INFO

          INFO is INTEGER
          = 0:  successful exit
          < 0:  if INFO = -i, the i-th argument had an illegal value
Author

Univ. of Tennessee

Univ. of California Berkeley

Univ. of Colorado Denver

NAG Ltd.

Contributors:

  November 2017,  Igor Kozachenko,
                  Computer Science Division,
                  University of California, Berkeley

Definition at line 208 of file zsyconvf.f.

subroutine zsyconvf_rook (character UPLO, character WAY, integer N, complex*16, dimension( lda, * ) A, integer LDA, complex*16, dimension( * ) E, integer, dimension( * ) IPIV, integer INFO)

ZSYCONVF_ROOK  

Purpose:

 If parameter WAY = 'C':
 ZSYCONVF_ROOK converts the factorization output format used in
 ZSYTRF_ROOK provided on entry in parameter A into the factorization
 output format used in ZSYTRF_RK (or ZSYTRF_BK) that is stored
 on exit in parameters A and E. IPIV format for ZSYTRF_ROOK and
 ZSYTRF_RK (or ZSYTRF_BK) is the same and is not converted.

 If parameter WAY = 'R':
 ZSYCONVF_ROOK performs the conversion in reverse direction, i.e.
 converts the factorization output format used in ZSYTRF_RK
 (or ZSYTRF_BK) provided on entry in parameters A and E into
 the factorization output format used in ZSYTRF_ROOK that is stored
 on exit in parameter A. IPIV format for ZSYTRF_ROOK and
 ZSYTRF_RK (or ZSYTRF_BK) is the same and is not converted.

 ZSYCONVF_ROOK can also convert in Hermitian matrix case, i.e. between
 formats used in ZHETRF_ROOK and ZHETRF_RK (or ZHETRF_BK).
Parameters

UPLO

          UPLO is CHARACTER*1
          Specifies whether the details of the factorization are
          stored as an upper or lower triangular matrix A.
          = 'U':  Upper triangular
          = 'L':  Lower triangular

WAY

          WAY is CHARACTER*1
          = 'C': Convert
          = 'R': Revert

N

          N is INTEGER
          The order of the matrix A.  N >= 0.

A

          A is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (LDA,N)

          1) If WAY ='C':

          On entry, contains factorization details in format used in
          ZSYTRF_ROOK:
            a) all elements of the symmetric block diagonal
               matrix D on the diagonal of A and on superdiagonal
               (or subdiagonal) of A, and
            b) If UPLO = 'U': multipliers used to obtain factor U
               in the superdiagonal part of A.
               If UPLO = 'L': multipliers used to obtain factor L
               in the superdiagonal part of A.

          On exit, contains factorization details in format used in
          ZSYTRF_RK or ZSYTRF_BK:
            a) ONLY diagonal elements of the symmetric block diagonal
               matrix D on the diagonal of A, i.e. D(k,k) = A(k,k);
               (superdiagonal (or subdiagonal) elements of D
                are stored on exit in array E), and
            b) If UPLO = 'U': factor U in the superdiagonal part of A.
               If UPLO = 'L': factor L in the subdiagonal part of A.

          2) If WAY = 'R':

          On entry, contains factorization details in format used in
          ZSYTRF_RK or ZSYTRF_BK:
            a) ONLY diagonal elements of the symmetric block diagonal
               matrix D on the diagonal of A, i.e. D(k,k) = A(k,k);
               (superdiagonal (or subdiagonal) elements of D
                are stored on exit in array E), and
            b) If UPLO = 'U': factor U in the superdiagonal part of A.
               If UPLO = 'L': factor L in the subdiagonal part of A.

          On exit, contains factorization details in format used in
          ZSYTRF_ROOK:
            a) all elements of the symmetric block diagonal
               matrix D on the diagonal of A and on superdiagonal
               (or subdiagonal) of A, and
            b) If UPLO = 'U': multipliers used to obtain factor U
               in the superdiagonal part of A.
               If UPLO = 'L': multipliers used to obtain factor L
               in the superdiagonal part of A.

LDA

          LDA is INTEGER
          The leading dimension of the array A.  LDA >= max(1,N).

E

          E is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (N)

          1) If WAY ='C':

          On entry, just a workspace.

          On exit, contains the superdiagonal (or subdiagonal)
          elements of the symmetric block diagonal matrix D
          with 1-by-1 or 2-by-2 diagonal blocks, where
          If UPLO = 'U': E(i) = D(i-1,i), i=2:N, E(1) is set to 0;
          If UPLO = 'L': E(i) = D(i+1,i), i=1:N-1, E(N) is set to 0.

          2) If WAY = 'R':

          On entry, contains the superdiagonal (or subdiagonal)
          elements of the symmetric block diagonal matrix D
          with 1-by-1 or 2-by-2 diagonal blocks, where
          If UPLO = 'U': E(i) = D(i-1,i),i=2:N, E(1) not referenced;
          If UPLO = 'L': E(i) = D(i+1,i),i=1:N-1, E(N) not referenced.

          On exit, is not changed

IPIV

          IPIV is INTEGER array, dimension (N)
          On entry, details of the interchanges and the block
          structure of D as determined:
          1) by ZSYTRF_ROOK, if WAY ='C';
          2) by ZSYTRF_RK (or ZSYTRF_BK), if WAY ='R'.
          The IPIV format is the same for all these routines.

          On exit, is not changed.

INFO

          INFO is INTEGER
          = 0:  successful exit
          < 0:  if INFO = -i, the i-th argument had an illegal value
Author

Univ. of Tennessee

Univ. of California Berkeley

Univ. of Colorado Denver

NAG Ltd.

Contributors:

  November 2017,  Igor Kozachenko,
                  Computer Science Division,
                  University of California, Berkeley

Definition at line 199 of file zsyconvf_rook.f.

subroutine zsyequb (character UPLO, integer N, complex*16, dimension( lda, * ) A, integer LDA, double precision, dimension( * ) S, double precision SCOND, double precision AMAX, complex*16, dimension( * ) WORK, integer INFO)

ZSYEQUB  

Purpose:

 ZSYEQUB computes row and column scalings intended to equilibrate a
 symmetric matrix A (with respect to the Euclidean norm) and reduce
 its condition number. The scale factors S are computed by the BIN
 algorithm (see references) so that the scaled matrix B with elements
 B(i,j) = S(i)*A(i,j)*S(j) has a condition number within a factor N of
 the smallest possible condition number over all possible diagonal
 scalings.
Parameters

UPLO

          UPLO is CHARACTER*1
          = 'U':  Upper triangle of A is stored;
          = 'L':  Lower triangle of A is stored.

N

          N is INTEGER
          The order of the matrix A. N >= 0.

A

          A is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (LDA,N)
          The N-by-N symmetric matrix whose scaling factors are to be
          computed.

LDA

          LDA is INTEGER
          The leading dimension of the array A. LDA >= max(1,N).

S

          S is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (N)
          If INFO = 0, S contains the scale factors for A.

SCOND

          SCOND is DOUBLE PRECISION
          If INFO = 0, S contains the ratio of the smallest S(i) to
          the largest S(i). If SCOND >= 0.1 and AMAX is neither too
          large nor too small, it is not worth scaling by S.

AMAX

          AMAX is DOUBLE PRECISION
          Largest absolute value of any matrix element. If AMAX is
          very close to overflow or very close to underflow, the
          matrix should be scaled.

WORK

          WORK is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (2*N)

INFO

          INFO is INTEGER
          = 0:  successful exit
          < 0:  if INFO = -i, the i-th argument had an illegal value
          > 0:  if INFO = i, the i-th diagonal element is nonpositive.
Author

Univ. of Tennessee

Univ. of California Berkeley

Univ. of Colorado Denver

NAG Ltd.

References:

Livne, O.E. and Golub, G.H., 'Scaling by Binormalization',
Numerical Algorithms, vol. 35, no. 1, pp. 97-120, January 2004.
DOI 10.1023/B:NUMA.0000016606.32820.69
Tech report version: http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/summary?doi=10.1.1.3.1679

Definition at line 131 of file zsyequb.f.

subroutine zsyrfs (character UPLO, integer N, integer NRHS, complex*16, dimension( lda, * ) A, integer LDA, complex*16, dimension( ldaf, * ) AF, integer LDAF, integer, dimension( * ) IPIV, complex*16, dimension( ldb, * ) B, integer LDB, complex*16, dimension( ldx, * ) X, integer LDX, double precision, dimension( * ) FERR, double precision, dimension( * ) BERR, complex*16, dimension( * ) WORK, double precision, dimension( * ) RWORK, integer INFO)

ZSYRFS  

Purpose:

 ZSYRFS improves the computed solution to a system of linear
 equations when the coefficient matrix is symmetric indefinite, and
 provides error bounds and backward error estimates for the solution.
Parameters

UPLO

          UPLO is CHARACTER*1
          = 'U':  Upper triangle of A is stored;
          = 'L':  Lower triangle of A is stored.

N

          N is INTEGER
          The order of the matrix A.  N >= 0.

NRHS

          NRHS is INTEGER
          The number of right hand sides, i.e., the number of columns
          of the matrices B and X.  NRHS >= 0.

A

          A is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (LDA,N)
          The symmetric matrix A.  If UPLO = 'U', the leading N-by-N
          upper triangular part of A contains the upper triangular part
          of the matrix A, and the strictly lower triangular part of A
          is not referenced.  If UPLO = 'L', the leading N-by-N lower
          triangular part of A contains the lower triangular part of
          the matrix A, and the strictly upper triangular part of A is
          not referenced.

LDA

          LDA is INTEGER
          The leading dimension of the array A.  LDA >= max(1,N).

AF

          AF is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (LDAF,N)
          The factored form of the matrix A.  AF contains the block
          diagonal matrix D and the multipliers used to obtain the
          factor U or L from the factorization A = U*D*U**T or
          A = L*D*L**T as computed by ZSYTRF.

LDAF

          LDAF is INTEGER
          The leading dimension of the array AF.  LDAF >= max(1,N).

IPIV

          IPIV is INTEGER array, dimension (N)
          Details of the interchanges and the block structure of D
          as determined by ZSYTRF.

B

          B is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (LDB,NRHS)
          The right hand side matrix B.

LDB

          LDB is INTEGER
          The leading dimension of the array B.  LDB >= max(1,N).

X

          X is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (LDX,NRHS)
          On entry, the solution matrix X, as computed by ZSYTRS.
          On exit, the improved solution matrix X.

LDX

          LDX is INTEGER
          The leading dimension of the array X.  LDX >= max(1,N).

FERR

          FERR is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (NRHS)
          The estimated forward error bound for each solution vector
          X(j) (the j-th column of the solution matrix X).
          If XTRUE is the true solution corresponding to X(j), FERR(j)
          is an estimated upper bound for the magnitude of the largest
          element in (X(j) - XTRUE) divided by the magnitude of the
          largest element in X(j).  The estimate is as reliable as
          the estimate for RCOND, and is almost always a slight
          overestimate of the true error.

BERR

          BERR is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (NRHS)
          The componentwise relative backward error of each solution
          vector X(j) (i.e., the smallest relative change in
          any element of A or B that makes X(j) an exact solution).

WORK

          WORK is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (2*N)

RWORK

          RWORK is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (N)

INFO

          INFO is INTEGER
          = 0:  successful exit
          < 0:  if INFO = -i, the i-th argument had an illegal value

Internal Parameters:

  ITMAX is the maximum number of steps of iterative refinement.
Author

Univ. of Tennessee

Univ. of California Berkeley

Univ. of Colorado Denver

NAG Ltd.

Definition at line 190 of file zsyrfs.f.

subroutine zsyrfsx (character UPLO, character EQUED, integer N, integer NRHS, complex*16, dimension( lda, * ) A, integer LDA, complex*16, dimension( ldaf, * ) AF, integer LDAF, integer, dimension( * ) IPIV, double precision, dimension( * ) S, complex*16, dimension( ldb, * ) B, integer LDB, complex*16, dimension( ldx, * ) X, integer LDX, double precision RCOND, double precision, dimension( * ) BERR, integer N_ERR_BNDS, double precision, dimension( nrhs, * ) ERR_BNDS_NORM, double precision, dimension( nrhs, * ) ERR_BNDS_COMP, integer NPARAMS, double precision, dimension( * ) PARAMS, complex*16, dimension( * ) WORK, double precision, dimension( * ) RWORK, integer INFO)

ZSYRFSX  

Purpose:

    ZSYRFSX improves the computed solution to a system of linear
    equations when the coefficient matrix is symmetric indefinite, and
    provides error bounds and backward error estimates for the
    solution.  In addition to normwise error bound, the code provides
    maximum componentwise error bound if possible.  See comments for
    ERR_BNDS_NORM and ERR_BNDS_COMP for details of the error bounds.

    The original system of linear equations may have been equilibrated
    before calling this routine, as described by arguments EQUED and S
    below. In this case, the solution and error bounds returned are
    for the original unequilibrated system.
     Some optional parameters are bundled in the PARAMS array.  These
     settings determine how refinement is performed, but often the
     defaults are acceptable.  If the defaults are acceptable, users
     can pass NPARAMS = 0 which prevents the source code from accessing
     the PARAMS argument.
Parameters

UPLO

          UPLO is CHARACTER*1
       = 'U':  Upper triangle of A is stored;
       = 'L':  Lower triangle of A is stored.

EQUED

          EQUED is CHARACTER*1
     Specifies the form of equilibration that was done to A
     before calling this routine. This is needed to compute
     the solution and error bounds correctly.
       = 'N':  No equilibration
       = 'Y':  Both row and column equilibration, i.e., A has been
               replaced by diag(S) * A * diag(S).
               The right hand side B has been changed accordingly.

N

          N is INTEGER
     The order of the matrix A.  N >= 0.

NRHS

          NRHS is INTEGER
     The number of right hand sides, i.e., the number of columns
     of the matrices B and X.  NRHS >= 0.

A

          A is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (LDA,N)
     The symmetric matrix A.  If UPLO = 'U', the leading N-by-N
     upper triangular part of A contains the upper triangular
     part of the matrix A, and the strictly lower triangular
     part of A is not referenced.  If UPLO = 'L', the leading
     N-by-N lower triangular part of A contains the lower
     triangular part of the matrix A, and the strictly upper
     triangular part of A is not referenced.

LDA

          LDA is INTEGER
     The leading dimension of the array A.  LDA >= max(1,N).

AF

          AF is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (LDAF,N)
     The factored form of the matrix A.  AF contains the block
     diagonal matrix D and the multipliers used to obtain the
     factor U or L from the factorization A = U*D*U**T or A =
     L*D*L**T as computed by DSYTRF.

LDAF

          LDAF is INTEGER
     The leading dimension of the array AF.  LDAF >= max(1,N).

IPIV

          IPIV is INTEGER array, dimension (N)
     Details of the interchanges and the block structure of D
     as determined by DSYTRF.

S

          S is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (N)
     The scale factors for A.  If EQUED = 'Y', A is multiplied on
     the left and right by diag(S).  S is an input argument if FACT =
     'F'; otherwise, S is an output argument.  If FACT = 'F' and EQUED
     = 'Y', each element of S must be positive.  If S is output, each
     element of S is a power of the radix. If S is input, each element
     of S should be a power of the radix to ensure a reliable solution
     and error estimates. Scaling by powers of the radix does not cause
     rounding errors unless the result underflows or overflows.
     Rounding errors during scaling lead to refining with a matrix that
     is not equivalent to the input matrix, producing error estimates
     that may not be reliable.

B

          B is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (LDB,NRHS)
     The right hand side matrix B.

LDB

          LDB is INTEGER
     The leading dimension of the array B.  LDB >= max(1,N).

X

          X is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (LDX,NRHS)
     On entry, the solution matrix X, as computed by DGETRS.
     On exit, the improved solution matrix X.

LDX

          LDX is INTEGER
     The leading dimension of the array X.  LDX >= max(1,N).

RCOND

          RCOND is DOUBLE PRECISION
     Reciprocal scaled condition number.  This is an estimate of the
     reciprocal Skeel condition number of the matrix A after
     equilibration (if done).  If this is less than the machine
     precision (in particular, if it is zero), the matrix is singular
     to working precision.  Note that the error may still be small even
     if this number is very small and the matrix appears ill-
     conditioned.

BERR

          BERR is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (NRHS)
     Componentwise relative backward error.  This is the
     componentwise relative backward error of each solution vector X(j)
     (i.e., the smallest relative change in any element of A or B that
     makes X(j) an exact solution).

N_ERR_BNDS

          N_ERR_BNDS is INTEGER
     Number of error bounds to return for each right hand side
     and each type (normwise or componentwise).  See ERR_BNDS_NORM and
     ERR_BNDS_COMP below.

ERR_BNDS_NORM

          ERR_BNDS_NORM is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (NRHS, N_ERR_BNDS)
     For each right-hand side, this array contains information about
     various error bounds and condition numbers corresponding to the
     normwise relative error, which is defined as follows:

     Normwise relative error in the ith solution vector:
             max_j (abs(XTRUE(j,i) - X(j,i)))
            ------------------------------
                  max_j abs(X(j,i))

     The array is indexed by the type of error information as described
     below. There currently are up to three pieces of information
     returned.

     The first index in ERR_BNDS_NORM(i,:) corresponds to the ith
     right-hand side.

     The second index in ERR_BNDS_NORM(:,err) contains the following
     three fields:
     err = 1 "Trust/don't trust" boolean. Trust the answer if the
              reciprocal condition number is less than the threshold
              sqrt(n) * dlamch('Epsilon').

     err = 2 "Guaranteed" error bound: The estimated forward error,
              almost certainly within a factor of 10 of the true error
              so long as the next entry is greater than the threshold
              sqrt(n) * dlamch('Epsilon'). This error bound should only
              be trusted if the previous boolean is true.

     err = 3  Reciprocal condition number: Estimated normwise
              reciprocal condition number.  Compared with the threshold
              sqrt(n) * dlamch('Epsilon') to determine if the error
              estimate is "guaranteed". These reciprocal condition
              numbers are 1 / (norm(Z^{-1},inf) * norm(Z,inf)) for some
              appropriately scaled matrix Z.
              Let Z = S*A, where S scales each row by a power of the
              radix so all absolute row sums of Z are approximately 1.

     See Lapack Working Note 165 for further details and extra
     cautions.

ERR_BNDS_COMP

          ERR_BNDS_COMP is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (NRHS, N_ERR_BNDS)
     For each right-hand side, this array contains information about
     various error bounds and condition numbers corresponding to the
     componentwise relative error, which is defined as follows:

     Componentwise relative error in the ith solution vector:
                    abs(XTRUE(j,i) - X(j,i))
             max_j ----------------------
                         abs(X(j,i))

     The array is indexed by the right-hand side i (on which the
     componentwise relative error depends), and the type of error
     information as described below. There currently are up to three
     pieces of information returned for each right-hand side. If
     componentwise accuracy is not requested (PARAMS(3) = 0.0), then
     ERR_BNDS_COMP is not accessed.  If N_ERR_BNDS < 3, then at most
     the first (:,N_ERR_BNDS) entries are returned.

     The first index in ERR_BNDS_COMP(i,:) corresponds to the ith
     right-hand side.

     The second index in ERR_BNDS_COMP(:,err) contains the following
     three fields:
     err = 1 "Trust/don't trust" boolean. Trust the answer if the
              reciprocal condition number is less than the threshold
              sqrt(n) * dlamch('Epsilon').

     err = 2 "Guaranteed" error bound: The estimated forward error,
              almost certainly within a factor of 10 of the true error
              so long as the next entry is greater than the threshold
              sqrt(n) * dlamch('Epsilon'). This error bound should only
              be trusted if the previous boolean is true.

     err = 3  Reciprocal condition number: Estimated componentwise
              reciprocal condition number.  Compared with the threshold
              sqrt(n) * dlamch('Epsilon') to determine if the error
              estimate is "guaranteed". These reciprocal condition
              numbers are 1 / (norm(Z^{-1},inf) * norm(Z,inf)) for some
              appropriately scaled matrix Z.
              Let Z = S*(A*diag(x)), where x is the solution for the
              current right-hand side and S scales each row of
              A*diag(x) by a power of the radix so all absolute row
              sums of Z are approximately 1.

     See Lapack Working Note 165 for further details and extra
     cautions.

NPARAMS

          NPARAMS is INTEGER
     Specifies the number of parameters set in PARAMS.  If <= 0, the
     PARAMS array is never referenced and default values are used.

PARAMS

          PARAMS is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension NPARAMS
     Specifies algorithm parameters.  If an entry is < 0.0, then
     that entry will be filled with default value used for that
     parameter.  Only positions up to NPARAMS are accessed; defaults
     are used for higher-numbered parameters.

       PARAMS(LA_LINRX_ITREF_I = 1) : Whether to perform iterative
            refinement or not.
         Default: 1.0D+0
            = 0.0:  No refinement is performed, and no error bounds are
                    computed.
            = 1.0:  Use the double-precision refinement algorithm,
                    possibly with doubled-single computations if the
                    compilation environment does not support DOUBLE
                    PRECISION.
              (other values are reserved for future use)

       PARAMS(LA_LINRX_ITHRESH_I = 2) : Maximum number of residual
            computations allowed for refinement.
         Default: 10
         Aggressive: Set to 100 to permit convergence using approximate
                     factorizations or factorizations other than LU. If
                     the factorization uses a technique other than
                     Gaussian elimination, the guarantees in
                     err_bnds_norm and err_bnds_comp may no longer be
                     trustworthy.

       PARAMS(LA_LINRX_CWISE_I = 3) : Flag determining if the code
            will attempt to find a solution with small componentwise
            relative error in the double-precision algorithm.  Positive
            is true, 0.0 is false.
         Default: 1.0 (attempt componentwise convergence)

WORK

          WORK is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (2*N)

RWORK

          RWORK is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (2*N)

INFO

          INFO is INTEGER
       = 0:  Successful exit. The solution to every right-hand side is
         guaranteed.
       < 0:  If INFO = -i, the i-th argument had an illegal value
       > 0 and <= N:  U(INFO,INFO) is exactly zero.  The factorization
         has been completed, but the factor U is exactly singular, so
         the solution and error bounds could not be computed. RCOND = 0
         is returned.
       = N+J: The solution corresponding to the Jth right-hand side is
         not guaranteed. The solutions corresponding to other right-
         hand sides K with K > J may not be guaranteed as well, but
         only the first such right-hand side is reported. If a small
         componentwise error is not requested (PARAMS(3) = 0.0) then
         the Jth right-hand side is the first with a normwise error
         bound that is not guaranteed (the smallest J such
         that ERR_BNDS_NORM(J,1) = 0.0). By default (PARAMS(3) = 1.0)
         the Jth right-hand side is the first with either a normwise or
         componentwise error bound that is not guaranteed (the smallest
         J such that either ERR_BNDS_NORM(J,1) = 0.0 or
         ERR_BNDS_COMP(J,1) = 0.0). See the definition of
         ERR_BNDS_NORM(:,1) and ERR_BNDS_COMP(:,1). To get information
         about all of the right-hand sides check ERR_BNDS_NORM or
         ERR_BNDS_COMP.
Author

Univ. of Tennessee

Univ. of California Berkeley

Univ. of Colorado Denver

NAG Ltd.

Definition at line 398 of file zsyrfsx.f.

subroutine zsysv_aa_2stage (character UPLO, integer N, integer NRHS, complex*16, dimension( lda, * ) A, integer LDA, complex*16, dimension( * ) TB, integer LTB, integer, dimension( * ) IPIV, integer, dimension( * ) IPIV2, complex*16, dimension( ldb, * ) B, integer LDB, complex*16, dimension( * ) WORK, integer LWORK, integer INFO)

ZSYSV_AA_2STAGE computes the solution to system of linear equations A * X = B for SY matrices  

Purpose:

 ZSYSV_AA_2STAGE computes the solution to a complex system of
 linear equations
    A * X = B,
 where A is an N-by-N symmetric matrix and X and B are N-by-NRHS
 matrices.

 Aasen's 2-stage algorithm is used to factor A as
    A = U**T * T * U,  if UPLO = 'U', or
    A = L * T * L**T,  if UPLO = 'L',
 where U (or L) is a product of permutation and unit upper (lower)
 triangular matrices, and T is symmetric and band. The matrix T is
 then LU-factored with partial pivoting. The factored form of A
 is then used to solve the system of equations A * X = B.

 This is the blocked version of the algorithm, calling Level 3 BLAS.
Parameters

UPLO

          UPLO is CHARACTER*1
          = 'U':  Upper triangle of A is stored;
          = 'L':  Lower triangle of A is stored.

N

          N is INTEGER
          The order of the matrix A.  N >= 0.

NRHS

          NRHS is INTEGER
          The number of right hand sides, i.e., the number of columns
          of the matrix B.  NRHS >= 0.

A

          A is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (LDA,N)
          On entry, the symmetric matrix A.  If UPLO = 'U', the leading
          N-by-N upper triangular part of A contains the upper
          triangular part of the matrix A, and the strictly lower
          triangular part of A is not referenced.  If UPLO = 'L', the
          leading N-by-N lower triangular part of A contains the lower
          triangular part of the matrix A, and the strictly upper
          triangular part of A is not referenced.

          On exit, L is stored below (or above) the subdiaonal blocks,
          when UPLO  is 'L' (or 'U').

LDA

          LDA is INTEGER
          The leading dimension of the array A.  LDA >= max(1,N).

TB

          TB is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (LTB)
          On exit, details of the LU factorization of the band matrix.

LTB

          LTB is INTEGER
          The size of the array TB. LTB >= 4*N, internally
          used to select NB such that LTB >= (3*NB+1)*N.

          If LTB = -1, then a workspace query is assumed; the
          routine only calculates the optimal size of LTB, 
          returns this value as the first entry of TB, and
          no error message related to LTB is issued by XERBLA.

IPIV

          IPIV is INTEGER array, dimension (N)
          On exit, it contains the details of the interchanges, i.e.,
          the row and column k of A were interchanged with the
          row and column IPIV(k).

IPIV2

          IPIV2 is INTEGER array, dimension (N)
          On exit, it contains the details of the interchanges, i.e.,
          the row and column k of T were interchanged with the
          row and column IPIV(k).

B

          B is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (LDB,NRHS)
          On entry, the right hand side matrix B.
          On exit, the solution matrix X.

LDB

          LDB is INTEGER
          The leading dimension of the array B.  LDB >= max(1,N).

WORK

          WORK is COMPLEX*16 workspace of size LWORK

LWORK

          LWORK is INTEGER
          The size of WORK. LWORK >= N, internally used to select NB
          such that LWORK >= N*NB.

          If LWORK = -1, then a workspace query is assumed; the
          routine only calculates the optimal size of the WORK array,
          returns this value as the first entry of the WORK array, and
          no error message related to LWORK is issued by XERBLA.

INFO

          INFO is INTEGER
          = 0:  successful exit
          < 0:  if INFO = -i, the i-th argument had an illegal value.
          > 0:  if INFO = i, band LU factorization failed on i-th column
Author

Univ. of Tennessee

Univ. of California Berkeley

Univ. of Colorado Denver

NAG Ltd.

Definition at line 183 of file zsysv_aa_2stage.f.

subroutine zsytf2 (character UPLO, integer N, complex*16, dimension( lda, * ) A, integer LDA, integer, dimension( * ) IPIV, integer INFO)

ZSYTF2 computes the factorization of a real symmetric indefinite matrix, using the diagonal pivoting method (unblocked algorithm).  

Purpose:

 ZSYTF2 computes the factorization of a complex symmetric matrix A
 using the Bunch-Kaufman diagonal pivoting method:

    A = U*D*U**T  or  A = L*D*L**T

 where U (or L) is a product of permutation and unit upper (lower)
 triangular matrices, U**T is the transpose of U, and D is symmetric and
 block diagonal with 1-by-1 and 2-by-2 diagonal blocks.

 This is the unblocked version of the algorithm, calling Level 2 BLAS.
Parameters

UPLO

          UPLO is CHARACTER*1
          Specifies whether the upper or lower triangular part of the
          symmetric matrix A is stored:
          = 'U':  Upper triangular
          = 'L':  Lower triangular

N

          N is INTEGER
          The order of the matrix A.  N >= 0.

A

          A is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (LDA,N)
          On entry, the symmetric matrix A.  If UPLO = 'U', the leading
          n-by-n upper triangular part of A contains the upper
          triangular part of the matrix A, and the strictly lower
          triangular part of A is not referenced.  If UPLO = 'L', the
          leading n-by-n lower triangular part of A contains the lower
          triangular part of the matrix A, and the strictly upper
          triangular part of A is not referenced.

          On exit, the block diagonal matrix D and the multipliers used
          to obtain the factor U or L (see below for further details).

LDA

          LDA is INTEGER
          The leading dimension of the array A.  LDA >= max(1,N).

IPIV

          IPIV is INTEGER array, dimension (N)
          Details of the interchanges and the block structure of D.

          If UPLO = 'U':
             If IPIV(k) > 0, then rows and columns k and IPIV(k) were
             interchanged and D(k,k) is a 1-by-1 diagonal block.

             If IPIV(k) = IPIV(k-1) < 0, then rows and columns
             k-1 and -IPIV(k) were interchanged and D(k-1:k,k-1:k)
             is a 2-by-2 diagonal block.

          If UPLO = 'L':
             If IPIV(k) > 0, then rows and columns k and IPIV(k) were
             interchanged and D(k,k) is a 1-by-1 diagonal block.

             If IPIV(k) = IPIV(k+1) < 0, then rows and columns
             k+1 and -IPIV(k) were interchanged and D(k:k+1,k:k+1)
             is a 2-by-2 diagonal block.

INFO

          INFO is INTEGER
          = 0: successful exit
          < 0: if INFO = -k, the k-th argument had an illegal value
          > 0: if INFO = k, D(k,k) is exactly zero.  The factorization
               has been completed, but the block diagonal matrix D is
               exactly singular, and division by zero will occur if it
               is used to solve a system of equations.
Author

Univ. of Tennessee

Univ. of California Berkeley

Univ. of Colorado Denver

NAG Ltd.

Further Details:

  If UPLO = 'U', then A = U*D*U**T, where
     U = P(n)*U(n)* ... *P(k)U(k)* ...,
  i.e., U is a product of terms P(k)*U(k), where k decreases from n to
  1 in steps of 1 or 2, and D is a block diagonal matrix with 1-by-1
  and 2-by-2 diagonal blocks D(k).  P(k) is a permutation matrix as
  defined by IPIV(k), and U(k) is a unit upper triangular matrix, such
  that if the diagonal block D(k) is of order s (s = 1 or 2), then

             (   I    v    0   )   k-s
     U(k) =  (   0    I    0   )   s
             (   0    0    I   )   n-k
                k-s   s   n-k

  If s = 1, D(k) overwrites A(k,k), and v overwrites A(1:k-1,k).
  If s = 2, the upper triangle of D(k) overwrites A(k-1,k-1), A(k-1,k),
  and A(k,k), and v overwrites A(1:k-2,k-1:k).

  If UPLO = 'L', then A = L*D*L**T, where
     L = P(1)*L(1)* ... *P(k)*L(k)* ...,
  i.e., L is a product of terms P(k)*L(k), where k increases from 1 to
  n in steps of 1 or 2, and D is a block diagonal matrix with 1-by-1
  and 2-by-2 diagonal blocks D(k).  P(k) is a permutation matrix as
  defined by IPIV(k), and L(k) is a unit lower triangular matrix, such
  that if the diagonal block D(k) is of order s (s = 1 or 2), then

             (   I    0     0   )  k-1
     L(k) =  (   0    I     0   )  s
             (   0    v     I   )  n-k-s+1
                k-1   s  n-k-s+1

  If s = 1, D(k) overwrites A(k,k), and v overwrites A(k+1:n,k).
  If s = 2, the lower triangle of D(k) overwrites A(k,k), A(k+1,k),
  and A(k+1,k+1), and v overwrites A(k+2:n,k:k+1).

Contributors:

  09-29-06 - patch from
    Bobby Cheng, MathWorks

    Replace l.209 and l.377
         IF( MAX( ABSAKK, COLMAX ).EQ.ZERO ) THEN
    by
         IF( (MAX( ABSAKK, COLMAX ).EQ.ZERO) .OR. DISNAN(ABSAKK) ) THEN

  1-96 - Based on modifications by J. Lewis, Boeing Computer Services
         Company

Definition at line 190 of file zsytf2.f.

subroutine zsytf2_rk (character UPLO, integer N, complex*16, dimension( lda, * ) A, integer LDA, complex*16, dimension( * ) E, integer, dimension( * ) IPIV, integer INFO)

ZSYTF2_RK computes the factorization of a complex symmetric indefinite matrix using the bounded Bunch-Kaufman (rook) diagonal pivoting method (BLAS2 unblocked algorithm).  

Purpose:

 ZSYTF2_RK computes the factorization of a complex symmetric matrix A
 using the bounded Bunch-Kaufman (rook) diagonal pivoting method:

    A = P*U*D*(U**T)*(P**T) or A = P*L*D*(L**T)*(P**T),

 where U (or L) is unit upper (or lower) triangular matrix,
 U**T (or L**T) is the transpose of U (or L), P is a permutation
 matrix, P**T is the transpose of P, and D is symmetric and block
 diagonal with 1-by-1 and 2-by-2 diagonal blocks.

 This is the unblocked version of the algorithm, calling Level 2 BLAS.
 For more information see Further Details section.
Parameters

UPLO

          UPLO is CHARACTER*1
          Specifies whether the upper or lower triangular part of the
          symmetric matrix A is stored:
          = 'U':  Upper triangular
          = 'L':  Lower triangular

N

          N is INTEGER
          The order of the matrix A.  N >= 0.

A

          A is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (LDA,N)
          On entry, the symmetric matrix A.
            If UPLO = 'U': the leading N-by-N upper triangular part
            of A contains the upper triangular part of the matrix A,
            and the strictly lower triangular part of A is not
            referenced.

            If UPLO = 'L': the leading N-by-N lower triangular part
            of A contains the lower triangular part of the matrix A,
            and the strictly upper triangular part of A is not
            referenced.

          On exit, contains:
            a) ONLY diagonal elements of the symmetric block diagonal
               matrix D on the diagonal of A, i.e. D(k,k) = A(k,k);
               (superdiagonal (or subdiagonal) elements of D
                are stored on exit in array E), and
            b) If UPLO = 'U': factor U in the superdiagonal part of A.
               If UPLO = 'L': factor L in the subdiagonal part of A.

LDA

          LDA is INTEGER
          The leading dimension of the array A.  LDA >= max(1,N).

E

          E is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (N)
          On exit, contains the superdiagonal (or subdiagonal)
          elements of the symmetric block diagonal matrix D
          with 1-by-1 or 2-by-2 diagonal blocks, where
          If UPLO = 'U': E(i) = D(i-1,i), i=2:N, E(1) is set to 0;
          If UPLO = 'L': E(i) = D(i+1,i), i=1:N-1, E(N) is set to 0.

          NOTE: For 1-by-1 diagonal block D(k), where
          1 <= k <= N, the element E(k) is set to 0 in both
          UPLO = 'U' or UPLO = 'L' cases.

IPIV

          IPIV is INTEGER array, dimension (N)
          IPIV describes the permutation matrix P in the factorization
          of matrix A as follows. The absolute value of IPIV(k)
          represents the index of row and column that were
          interchanged with the k-th row and column. The value of UPLO
          describes the order in which the interchanges were applied.
          Also, the sign of IPIV represents the block structure of
          the symmetric block diagonal matrix D with 1-by-1 or 2-by-2
          diagonal blocks which correspond to 1 or 2 interchanges
          at each factorization step. For more info see Further
          Details section.

          If UPLO = 'U',
          ( in factorization order, k decreases from N to 1 ):
            a) A single positive entry IPIV(k) > 0 means:
               D(k,k) is a 1-by-1 diagonal block.
               If IPIV(k) != k, rows and columns k and IPIV(k) were
               interchanged in the matrix A(1:N,1:N);
               If IPIV(k) = k, no interchange occurred.

            b) A pair of consecutive negative entries
               IPIV(k) < 0 and IPIV(k-1) < 0 means:
               D(k-1:k,k-1:k) is a 2-by-2 diagonal block.
               (NOTE: negative entries in IPIV appear ONLY in pairs).
               1) If -IPIV(k) != k, rows and columns
                  k and -IPIV(k) were interchanged
                  in the matrix A(1:N,1:N).
                  If -IPIV(k) = k, no interchange occurred.
               2) If -IPIV(k-1) != k-1, rows and columns
                  k-1 and -IPIV(k-1) were interchanged
                  in the matrix A(1:N,1:N).
                  If -IPIV(k-1) = k-1, no interchange occurred.

            c) In both cases a) and b), always ABS( IPIV(k) ) <= k.

            d) NOTE: Any entry IPIV(k) is always NONZERO on output.

          If UPLO = 'L',
          ( in factorization order, k increases from 1 to N ):
            a) A single positive entry IPIV(k) > 0 means:
               D(k,k) is a 1-by-1 diagonal block.
               If IPIV(k) != k, rows and columns k and IPIV(k) were
               interchanged in the matrix A(1:N,1:N).
               If IPIV(k) = k, no interchange occurred.

            b) A pair of consecutive negative entries
               IPIV(k) < 0 and IPIV(k+1) < 0 means:
               D(k:k+1,k:k+1) is a 2-by-2 diagonal block.
               (NOTE: negative entries in IPIV appear ONLY in pairs).
               1) If -IPIV(k) != k, rows and columns
                  k and -IPIV(k) were interchanged
                  in the matrix A(1:N,1:N).
                  If -IPIV(k) = k, no interchange occurred.
               2) If -IPIV(k+1) != k+1, rows and columns
                  k-1 and -IPIV(k-1) were interchanged
                  in the matrix A(1:N,1:N).
                  If -IPIV(k+1) = k+1, no interchange occurred.

            c) In both cases a) and b), always ABS( IPIV(k) ) >= k.

            d) NOTE: Any entry IPIV(k) is always NONZERO on output.

INFO

          INFO is INTEGER
          = 0: successful exit

          < 0: If INFO = -k, the k-th argument had an illegal value

          > 0: If INFO = k, the matrix A is singular, because:
                 If UPLO = 'U': column k in the upper
                 triangular part of A contains all zeros.
                 If UPLO = 'L': column k in the lower
                 triangular part of A contains all zeros.

               Therefore D(k,k) is exactly zero, and superdiagonal
               elements of column k of U (or subdiagonal elements of
               column k of L ) are all zeros. The factorization has
               been completed, but the block diagonal matrix D is
               exactly singular, and division by zero will occur if
               it is used to solve a system of equations.

               NOTE: INFO only stores the first occurrence of
               a singularity, any subsequent occurrence of singularity
               is not stored in INFO even though the factorization
               always completes.
Author

Univ. of Tennessee

Univ. of California Berkeley

Univ. of Colorado Denver

NAG Ltd.

Further Details:

 TODO: put further details

Contributors:

  December 2016,  Igor Kozachenko,
                  Computer Science Division,
                  University of California, Berkeley

  September 2007, Sven Hammarling, Nicholas J. Higham, Craig Lucas,
                  School of Mathematics,
                  University of Manchester

  01-01-96 - Based on modifications by
    J. Lewis, Boeing Computer Services Company
    A. Petitet, Computer Science Dept.,
                Univ. of Tenn., Knoxville abd , USA

Definition at line 240 of file zsytf2_rk.f.

subroutine zsytf2_rook (character UPLO, integer N, complex*16, dimension( lda, * ) A, integer LDA, integer, dimension( * ) IPIV, integer INFO)

ZSYTF2_ROOK computes the factorization of a complex symmetric indefinite matrix using the bounded Bunch-Kaufman ('rook') diagonal pivoting method (unblocked algorithm).  

Purpose:

 ZSYTF2_ROOK computes the factorization of a complex symmetric matrix A
 using the bounded Bunch-Kaufman ("rook") diagonal pivoting method:

    A = U*D*U**T  or  A = L*D*L**T

 where U (or L) is a product of permutation and unit upper (lower)
 triangular matrices, U**T is the transpose of U, and D is symmetric and
 block diagonal with 1-by-1 and 2-by-2 diagonal blocks.

 This is the unblocked version of the algorithm, calling Level 2 BLAS.
Parameters

UPLO

          UPLO is CHARACTER*1
          Specifies whether the upper or lower triangular part of the
          symmetric matrix A is stored:
          = 'U':  Upper triangular
          = 'L':  Lower triangular

N

          N is INTEGER
          The order of the matrix A.  N >= 0.

A

          A is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (LDA,N)
          On entry, the symmetric matrix A.  If UPLO = 'U', the leading
          n-by-n upper triangular part of A contains the upper
          triangular part of the matrix A, and the strictly lower
          triangular part of A is not referenced.  If UPLO = 'L', the
          leading n-by-n lower triangular part of A contains the lower
          triangular part of the matrix A, and the strictly upper
          triangular part of A is not referenced.

          On exit, the block diagonal matrix D and the multipliers used
          to obtain the factor U or L (see below for further details).

LDA

          LDA is INTEGER
          The leading dimension of the array A.  LDA >= max(1,N).

IPIV

          IPIV is INTEGER array, dimension (N)
          Details of the interchanges and the block structure of D.

          If UPLO = 'U':
             If IPIV(k) > 0, then rows and columns k and IPIV(k)
             were interchanged and D(k,k) is a 1-by-1 diagonal block.

             If IPIV(k) < 0 and IPIV(k-1) < 0, then rows and
             columns k and -IPIV(k) were interchanged and rows and
             columns k-1 and -IPIV(k-1) were inerchaged,
             D(k-1:k,k-1:k) is a 2-by-2 diagonal block.

          If UPLO = 'L':
             If IPIV(k) > 0, then rows and columns k and IPIV(k)
             were interchanged and D(k,k) is a 1-by-1 diagonal block.

             If IPIV(k) < 0 and IPIV(k+1) < 0, then rows and
             columns k and -IPIV(k) were interchanged and rows and
             columns k+1 and -IPIV(k+1) were inerchaged,
             D(k:k+1,k:k+1) is a 2-by-2 diagonal block.

INFO

          INFO is INTEGER
          = 0: successful exit
          < 0: if INFO = -k, the k-th argument had an illegal value
          > 0: if INFO = k, D(k,k) is exactly zero.  The factorization
               has been completed, but the block diagonal matrix D is
               exactly singular, and division by zero will occur if it
               is used to solve a system of equations.
Author

Univ. of Tennessee

Univ. of California Berkeley

Univ. of Colorado Denver

NAG Ltd.

Further Details:

  If UPLO = 'U', then A = U*D*U**T, where
     U = P(n)*U(n)* ... *P(k)U(k)* ...,
  i.e., U is a product of terms P(k)*U(k), where k decreases from n to
  1 in steps of 1 or 2, and D is a block diagonal matrix with 1-by-1
  and 2-by-2 diagonal blocks D(k).  P(k) is a permutation matrix as
  defined by IPIV(k), and U(k) is a unit upper triangular matrix, such
  that if the diagonal block D(k) is of order s (s = 1 or 2), then

             (   I    v    0   )   k-s
     U(k) =  (   0    I    0   )   s
             (   0    0    I   )   n-k
                k-s   s   n-k

  If s = 1, D(k) overwrites A(k,k), and v overwrites A(1:k-1,k).
  If s = 2, the upper triangle of D(k) overwrites A(k-1,k-1), A(k-1,k),
  and A(k,k), and v overwrites A(1:k-2,k-1:k).

  If UPLO = 'L', then A = L*D*L**T, where
     L = P(1)*L(1)* ... *P(k)*L(k)* ...,
  i.e., L is a product of terms P(k)*L(k), where k increases from 1 to
  n in steps of 1 or 2, and D is a block diagonal matrix with 1-by-1
  and 2-by-2 diagonal blocks D(k).  P(k) is a permutation matrix as
  defined by IPIV(k), and L(k) is a unit lower triangular matrix, such
  that if the diagonal block D(k) is of order s (s = 1 or 2), then

             (   I    0     0   )  k-1
     L(k) =  (   0    I     0   )  s
             (   0    v     I   )  n-k-s+1
                k-1   s  n-k-s+1

  If s = 1, D(k) overwrites A(k,k), and v overwrites A(k+1:n,k).
  If s = 2, the lower triangle of D(k) overwrites A(k,k), A(k+1,k),
  and A(k+1,k+1), and v overwrites A(k+2:n,k:k+1).

Contributors:

  November 2013,     Igor Kozachenko,
                  Computer Science Division,
                  University of California, Berkeley

  September 2007, Sven Hammarling, Nicholas J. Higham, Craig Lucas,
                  School of Mathematics,
                  University of Manchester

  01-01-96 - Based on modifications by
    J. Lewis, Boeing Computer Services Company
    A. Petitet, Computer Science Dept., Univ. of Tenn., Knoxville abd , USA

Definition at line 193 of file zsytf2_rook.f.

subroutine zsytrf (character UPLO, integer N, complex*16, dimension( lda, * ) A, integer LDA, integer, dimension( * ) IPIV, complex*16, dimension( * ) WORK, integer LWORK, integer INFO)

ZSYTRF  

Purpose:

 ZSYTRF computes the factorization of a complex symmetric matrix A
 using the Bunch-Kaufman diagonal pivoting method.  The form of the
 factorization is

    A = U*D*U**T  or  A = L*D*L**T

 where U (or L) is a product of permutation and unit upper (lower)
 triangular matrices, and D is symmetric and block diagonal with
 1-by-1 and 2-by-2 diagonal blocks.

 This is the blocked version of the algorithm, calling Level 3 BLAS.
Parameters

UPLO

          UPLO is CHARACTER*1
          = 'U':  Upper triangle of A is stored;
          = 'L':  Lower triangle of A is stored.

N

          N is INTEGER
          The order of the matrix A.  N >= 0.

A

          A is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (LDA,N)
          On entry, the symmetric matrix A.  If UPLO = 'U', the leading
          N-by-N upper triangular part of A contains the upper
          triangular part of the matrix A, and the strictly lower
          triangular part of A is not referenced.  If UPLO = 'L', the
          leading N-by-N lower triangular part of A contains the lower
          triangular part of the matrix A, and the strictly upper
          triangular part of A is not referenced.

          On exit, the block diagonal matrix D and the multipliers used
          to obtain the factor U or L (see below for further details).

LDA

          LDA is INTEGER
          The leading dimension of the array A.  LDA >= max(1,N).

IPIV

          IPIV is INTEGER array, dimension (N)
          Details of the interchanges and the block structure of D.
          If IPIV(k) > 0, then rows and columns k and IPIV(k) were
          interchanged and D(k,k) is a 1-by-1 diagonal block.
          If UPLO = 'U' and IPIV(k) = IPIV(k-1) < 0, then rows and
          columns k-1 and -IPIV(k) were interchanged and D(k-1:k,k-1:k)
          is a 2-by-2 diagonal block.  If UPLO = 'L' and IPIV(k) =
          IPIV(k+1) < 0, then rows and columns k+1 and -IPIV(k) were
          interchanged and D(k:k+1,k:k+1) is a 2-by-2 diagonal block.

WORK

          WORK is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (MAX(1,LWORK))
          On exit, if INFO = 0, WORK(1) returns the optimal LWORK.

LWORK

          LWORK is INTEGER
          The length of WORK.  LWORK >=1.  For best performance
          LWORK >= N*NB, where NB is the block size returned by ILAENV.

          If LWORK = -1, then a workspace query is assumed; the routine
          only calculates the optimal size of the WORK array, returns
          this value as the first entry of the WORK array, and no error
          message related to LWORK is issued by XERBLA.

INFO

          INFO is INTEGER
          = 0:  successful exit
          < 0:  if INFO = -i, the i-th argument had an illegal value
          > 0:  if INFO = i, D(i,i) is exactly zero.  The factorization
                has been completed, but the block diagonal matrix D is
                exactly singular, and division by zero will occur if it
                is used to solve a system of equations.
Author

Univ. of Tennessee

Univ. of California Berkeley

Univ. of Colorado Denver

NAG Ltd.

Further Details:

  If UPLO = 'U', then A = U*D*U**T, where
     U = P(n)*U(n)* ... *P(k)U(k)* ...,
  i.e., U is a product of terms P(k)*U(k), where k decreases from n to
  1 in steps of 1 or 2, and D is a block diagonal matrix with 1-by-1
  and 2-by-2 diagonal blocks D(k).  P(k) is a permutation matrix as
  defined by IPIV(k), and U(k) is a unit upper triangular matrix, such
  that if the diagonal block D(k) is of order s (s = 1 or 2), then

             (   I    v    0   )   k-s
     U(k) =  (   0    I    0   )   s
             (   0    0    I   )   n-k
                k-s   s   n-k

  If s = 1, D(k) overwrites A(k,k), and v overwrites A(1:k-1,k).
  If s = 2, the upper triangle of D(k) overwrites A(k-1,k-1), A(k-1,k),
  and A(k,k), and v overwrites A(1:k-2,k-1:k).

  If UPLO = 'L', then A = L*D*L**T, where
     L = P(1)*L(1)* ... *P(k)*L(k)* ...,
  i.e., L is a product of terms P(k)*L(k), where k increases from 1 to
  n in steps of 1 or 2, and D is a block diagonal matrix with 1-by-1
  and 2-by-2 diagonal blocks D(k).  P(k) is a permutation matrix as
  defined by IPIV(k), and L(k) is a unit lower triangular matrix, such
  that if the diagonal block D(k) is of order s (s = 1 or 2), then

             (   I    0     0   )  k-1
     L(k) =  (   0    I     0   )  s
             (   0    v     I   )  n-k-s+1
                k-1   s  n-k-s+1

  If s = 1, D(k) overwrites A(k,k), and v overwrites A(k+1:n,k).
  If s = 2, the lower triangle of D(k) overwrites A(k,k), A(k+1,k),
  and A(k+1,k+1), and v overwrites A(k+2:n,k:k+1).

Definition at line 181 of file zsytrf.f.

subroutine zsytrf_aa (character UPLO, integer N, complex*16, dimension( lda, * ) A, integer LDA, integer, dimension( * ) IPIV, complex*16, dimension( * ) WORK, integer LWORK, integer INFO)

ZSYTRF_AA  

Purpose:

 ZSYTRF_AA computes the factorization of a complex symmetric matrix A
 using the Aasen's algorithm.  The form of the factorization is

    A = U**T*T*U  or  A = L*T*L**T

 where U (or L) is a product of permutation and unit upper (lower)
 triangular matrices, and T is a complex symmetric tridiagonal matrix.

 This is the blocked version of the algorithm, calling Level 3 BLAS.
Parameters

UPLO

          UPLO is CHARACTER*1
          = 'U':  Upper triangle of A is stored;
          = 'L':  Lower triangle of A is stored.

N

          N is INTEGER
          The order of the matrix A.  N >= 0.

A

          A is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (LDA,N)
          On entry, the symmetric matrix A.  If UPLO = 'U', the leading
          N-by-N upper triangular part of A contains the upper
          triangular part of the matrix A, and the strictly lower
          triangular part of A is not referenced.  If UPLO = 'L', the
          leading N-by-N lower triangular part of A contains the lower
          triangular part of the matrix A, and the strictly upper
          triangular part of A is not referenced.

          On exit, the tridiagonal matrix is stored in the diagonals
          and the subdiagonals of A just below (or above) the diagonals,
          and L is stored below (or above) the subdiaonals, when UPLO
          is 'L' (or 'U').

LDA

          LDA is INTEGER
          The leading dimension of the array A.  LDA >= max(1,N).

IPIV

          IPIV is INTEGER array, dimension (N)
          On exit, it contains the details of the interchanges, i.e.,
          the row and column k of A were interchanged with the
          row and column IPIV(k).

WORK

          WORK is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (MAX(1,LWORK))
          On exit, if INFO = 0, WORK(1) returns the optimal LWORK.

LWORK

          LWORK is INTEGER
          The length of WORK. LWORK >=MAX(1,2*N). For optimum performance
          LWORK >= N*(1+NB), where NB is the optimal blocksize.

          If LWORK = -1, then a workspace query is assumed; the routine
          only calculates the optimal size of the WORK array, returns
          this value as the first entry of the WORK array, and no error
          message related to LWORK is issued by XERBLA.

INFO

          INFO is INTEGER
          = 0:  successful exit
          < 0:  if INFO = -i, the i-th argument had an illegal value.
Author

Univ. of Tennessee

Univ. of California Berkeley

Univ. of Colorado Denver

NAG Ltd.

Definition at line 131 of file zsytrf_aa.f.

subroutine zsytrf_aa_2stage (character UPLO, integer N, complex*16, dimension( lda, * ) A, integer LDA, complex*16, dimension( * ) TB, integer LTB, integer, dimension( * ) IPIV, integer, dimension( * ) IPIV2, complex*16, dimension( * ) WORK, integer LWORK, integer INFO)

ZSYTRF_AA_2STAGE  

Purpose:

 ZSYTRF_AA_2STAGE computes the factorization of a complex symmetric matrix A
 using the Aasen's algorithm.  The form of the factorization is

    A = U**T*T*U  or  A = L*T*L**T

 where U (or L) is a product of permutation and unit upper (lower)
 triangular matrices, and T is a complex symmetric band matrix with the
 bandwidth of NB (NB is internally selected and stored in TB( 1 ), and T is 
 LU factorized with partial pivoting).

 This is the blocked version of the algorithm, calling Level 3 BLAS.
Parameters

UPLO

          UPLO is CHARACTER*1
          = 'U':  Upper triangle of A is stored;
          = 'L':  Lower triangle of A is stored.

N

          N is INTEGER
          The order of the matrix A.  N >= 0.

A

          A is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (LDA,N)
          On entry, the hermitian matrix A.  If UPLO = 'U', the leading
          N-by-N upper triangular part of A contains the upper
          triangular part of the matrix A, and the strictly lower
          triangular part of A is not referenced.  If UPLO = 'L', the
          leading N-by-N lower triangular part of A contains the lower
          triangular part of the matrix A, and the strictly upper
          triangular part of A is not referenced.

          On exit, L is stored below (or above) the subdiaonal blocks,
          when UPLO  is 'L' (or 'U').

LDA

          LDA is INTEGER
          The leading dimension of the array A.  LDA >= max(1,N).

TB

          TB is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (LTB)
          On exit, details of the LU factorization of the band matrix.

LTB

          LTB is INTEGER
          The size of the array TB. LTB >= 4*N, internally
          used to select NB such that LTB >= (3*NB+1)*N.

          If LTB = -1, then a workspace query is assumed; the
          routine only calculates the optimal size of LTB, 
          returns this value as the first entry of TB, and
          no error message related to LTB is issued by XERBLA.

IPIV

          IPIV is INTEGER array, dimension (N)
          On exit, it contains the details of the interchanges, i.e.,
          the row and column k of A were interchanged with the
          row and column IPIV(k).

IPIV2

          IPIV2 is INTEGER array, dimension (N)
          On exit, it contains the details of the interchanges, i.e.,
          the row and column k of T were interchanged with the
          row and column IPIV(k).

WORK

          WORK is COMPLEX*16 workspace of size LWORK

LWORK

          LWORK is INTEGER
          The size of WORK. LWORK >= N, internally used to select NB
          such that LWORK >= N*NB.

          If LWORK = -1, then a workspace query is assumed; the
          routine only calculates the optimal size of the WORK array,
          returns this value as the first entry of the WORK array, and
          no error message related to LWORK is issued by XERBLA.

INFO

          INFO is INTEGER
          = 0:  successful exit
          < 0:  if INFO = -i, the i-th argument had an illegal value.
          > 0:  if INFO = i, band LU factorization failed on i-th column
Author

Univ. of Tennessee

Univ. of California Berkeley

Univ. of Colorado Denver

NAG Ltd.

Definition at line 158 of file zsytrf_aa_2stage.f.

subroutine zsytrf_rk (character UPLO, integer N, complex*16, dimension( lda, * ) A, integer LDA, complex*16, dimension( * ) E, integer, dimension( * ) IPIV, complex*16, dimension( * ) WORK, integer LWORK, integer INFO)

ZSYTRF_RK computes the factorization of a complex symmetric indefinite matrix using the bounded Bunch-Kaufman (rook) diagonal pivoting method (BLAS3 blocked algorithm).  

Purpose:

 ZSYTRF_RK computes the factorization of a complex symmetric matrix A
 using the bounded Bunch-Kaufman (rook) diagonal pivoting method:

    A = P*U*D*(U**T)*(P**T) or A = P*L*D*(L**T)*(P**T),

 where U (or L) is unit upper (or lower) triangular matrix,
 U**T (or L**T) is the transpose of U (or L), P is a permutation
 matrix, P**T is the transpose of P, and D is symmetric and block
 diagonal with 1-by-1 and 2-by-2 diagonal blocks.

 This is the blocked version of the algorithm, calling Level 3 BLAS.
 For more information see Further Details section.
Parameters

UPLO

          UPLO is CHARACTER*1
          Specifies whether the upper or lower triangular part of the
          symmetric matrix A is stored:
          = 'U':  Upper triangular
          = 'L':  Lower triangular

N

          N is INTEGER
          The order of the matrix A.  N >= 0.

A

          A is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (LDA,N)
          On entry, the symmetric matrix A.
            If UPLO = 'U': the leading N-by-N upper triangular part
            of A contains the upper triangular part of the matrix A,
            and the strictly lower triangular part of A is not
            referenced.

            If UPLO = 'L': the leading N-by-N lower triangular part
            of A contains the lower triangular part of the matrix A,
            and the strictly upper triangular part of A is not
            referenced.

          On exit, contains:
            a) ONLY diagonal elements of the symmetric block diagonal
               matrix D on the diagonal of A, i.e. D(k,k) = A(k,k);
               (superdiagonal (or subdiagonal) elements of D
                are stored on exit in array E), and
            b) If UPLO = 'U': factor U in the superdiagonal part of A.
               If UPLO = 'L': factor L in the subdiagonal part of A.

LDA

          LDA is INTEGER
          The leading dimension of the array A.  LDA >= max(1,N).

E

          E is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (N)
          On exit, contains the superdiagonal (or subdiagonal)
          elements of the symmetric block diagonal matrix D
          with 1-by-1 or 2-by-2 diagonal blocks, where
          If UPLO = 'U': E(i) = D(i-1,i), i=2:N, E(1) is set to 0;
          If UPLO = 'L': E(i) = D(i+1,i), i=1:N-1, E(N) is set to 0.

          NOTE: For 1-by-1 diagonal block D(k), where
          1 <= k <= N, the element E(k) is set to 0 in both
          UPLO = 'U' or UPLO = 'L' cases.

IPIV

          IPIV is INTEGER array, dimension (N)
          IPIV describes the permutation matrix P in the factorization
          of matrix A as follows. The absolute value of IPIV(k)
          represents the index of row and column that were
          interchanged with the k-th row and column. The value of UPLO
          describes the order in which the interchanges were applied.
          Also, the sign of IPIV represents the block structure of
          the symmetric block diagonal matrix D with 1-by-1 or 2-by-2
          diagonal blocks which correspond to 1 or 2 interchanges
          at each factorization step. For more info see Further
          Details section.

          If UPLO = 'U',
          ( in factorization order, k decreases from N to 1 ):
            a) A single positive entry IPIV(k) > 0 means:
               D(k,k) is a 1-by-1 diagonal block.
               If IPIV(k) != k, rows and columns k and IPIV(k) were
               interchanged in the matrix A(1:N,1:N);
               If IPIV(k) = k, no interchange occurred.

            b) A pair of consecutive negative entries
               IPIV(k) < 0 and IPIV(k-1) < 0 means:
               D(k-1:k,k-1:k) is a 2-by-2 diagonal block.
               (NOTE: negative entries in IPIV appear ONLY in pairs).
               1) If -IPIV(k) != k, rows and columns
                  k and -IPIV(k) were interchanged
                  in the matrix A(1:N,1:N).
                  If -IPIV(k) = k, no interchange occurred.
               2) If -IPIV(k-1) != k-1, rows and columns
                  k-1 and -IPIV(k-1) were interchanged
                  in the matrix A(1:N,1:N).
                  If -IPIV(k-1) = k-1, no interchange occurred.

            c) In both cases a) and b), always ABS( IPIV(k) ) <= k.

            d) NOTE: Any entry IPIV(k) is always NONZERO on output.

          If UPLO = 'L',
          ( in factorization order, k increases from 1 to N ):
            a) A single positive entry IPIV(k) > 0 means:
               D(k,k) is a 1-by-1 diagonal block.
               If IPIV(k) != k, rows and columns k and IPIV(k) were
               interchanged in the matrix A(1:N,1:N).
               If IPIV(k) = k, no interchange occurred.

            b) A pair of consecutive negative entries
               IPIV(k) < 0 and IPIV(k+1) < 0 means:
               D(k:k+1,k:k+1) is a 2-by-2 diagonal block.
               (NOTE: negative entries in IPIV appear ONLY in pairs).
               1) If -IPIV(k) != k, rows and columns
                  k and -IPIV(k) were interchanged
                  in the matrix A(1:N,1:N).
                  If -IPIV(k) = k, no interchange occurred.
               2) If -IPIV(k+1) != k+1, rows and columns
                  k-1 and -IPIV(k-1) were interchanged
                  in the matrix A(1:N,1:N).
                  If -IPIV(k+1) = k+1, no interchange occurred.

            c) In both cases a) and b), always ABS( IPIV(k) ) >= k.

            d) NOTE: Any entry IPIV(k) is always NONZERO on output.

WORK

          WORK is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension ( MAX(1,LWORK) ).
          On exit, if INFO = 0, WORK(1) returns the optimal LWORK.

LWORK

          LWORK is INTEGER
          The length of WORK.  LWORK >=1.  For best performance
          LWORK >= N*NB, where NB is the block size returned
          by ILAENV.

          If LWORK = -1, then a workspace query is assumed;
          the routine only calculates the optimal size of the WORK
          array, returns this value as the first entry of the WORK
          array, and no error message related to LWORK is issued
          by XERBLA.

INFO

          INFO is INTEGER
          = 0: successful exit

          < 0: If INFO = -k, the k-th argument had an illegal value

          > 0: If INFO = k, the matrix A is singular, because:
                 If UPLO = 'U': column k in the upper
                 triangular part of A contains all zeros.
                 If UPLO = 'L': column k in the lower
                 triangular part of A contains all zeros.

               Therefore D(k,k) is exactly zero, and superdiagonal
               elements of column k of U (or subdiagonal elements of
               column k of L ) are all zeros. The factorization has
               been completed, but the block diagonal matrix D is
               exactly singular, and division by zero will occur if
               it is used to solve a system of equations.

               NOTE: INFO only stores the first occurrence of
               a singularity, any subsequent occurrence of singularity
               is not stored in INFO even though the factorization
               always completes.
Author

Univ. of Tennessee

Univ. of California Berkeley

Univ. of Colorado Denver

NAG Ltd.

Further Details:

 TODO: put correct description

Contributors:

  December 2016,  Igor Kozachenko,
                  Computer Science Division,
                  University of California, Berkeley

  September 2007, Sven Hammarling, Nicholas J. Higham, Craig Lucas,
                  School of Mathematics,
                  University of Manchester

Definition at line 257 of file zsytrf_rk.f.

subroutine zsytrf_rook (character UPLO, integer N, complex*16, dimension( lda, * ) A, integer LDA, integer, dimension( * ) IPIV, complex*16, dimension( * ) WORK, integer LWORK, integer INFO)

ZSYTRF_ROOK  

Purpose:

 ZSYTRF_ROOK computes the factorization of a complex symmetric matrix A
 using the bounded Bunch-Kaufman ("rook") diagonal pivoting method.
 The form of the factorization is

    A = U*D*U**T  or  A = L*D*L**T

 where U (or L) is a product of permutation and unit upper (lower)
 triangular matrices, and D is symmetric and block diagonal with
 1-by-1 and 2-by-2 diagonal blocks.

 This is the blocked version of the algorithm, calling Level 3 BLAS.
Parameters

UPLO

          UPLO is CHARACTER*1
          = 'U':  Upper triangle of A is stored;
          = 'L':  Lower triangle of A is stored.

N

          N is INTEGER
          The order of the matrix A.  N >= 0.

A

          A is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (LDA,N)
          On entry, the symmetric matrix A.  If UPLO = 'U', the leading
          N-by-N upper triangular part of A contains the upper
          triangular part of the matrix A, and the strictly lower
          triangular part of A is not referenced.  If UPLO = 'L', the
          leading N-by-N lower triangular part of A contains the lower
          triangular part of the matrix A, and the strictly upper
          triangular part of A is not referenced.

          On exit, the block diagonal matrix D and the multipliers used
          to obtain the factor U or L (see below for further details).

LDA

          LDA is INTEGER
          The leading dimension of the array A.  LDA >= max(1,N).

IPIV

          IPIV is INTEGER array, dimension (N)
          Details of the interchanges and the block structure of D.

          If UPLO = 'U':
               If IPIV(k) > 0, then rows and columns k and IPIV(k)
               were interchanged and D(k,k) is a 1-by-1 diagonal block.

               If IPIV(k) < 0 and IPIV(k-1) < 0, then rows and
               columns k and -IPIV(k) were interchanged and rows and
               columns k-1 and -IPIV(k-1) were inerchaged,
               D(k-1:k,k-1:k) is a 2-by-2 diagonal block.

          If UPLO = 'L':
               If IPIV(k) > 0, then rows and columns k and IPIV(k)
               were interchanged and D(k,k) is a 1-by-1 diagonal block.

               If IPIV(k) < 0 and IPIV(k+1) < 0, then rows and
               columns k and -IPIV(k) were interchanged and rows and
               columns k+1 and -IPIV(k+1) were inerchaged,
               D(k:k+1,k:k+1) is a 2-by-2 diagonal block.

WORK

          WORK is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (MAX(1,LWORK)).
          On exit, if INFO = 0, WORK(1) returns the optimal LWORK.

LWORK

          LWORK is INTEGER
          The length of WORK.  LWORK >=1.  For best performance
          LWORK >= N*NB, where NB is the block size returned by ILAENV.

          If LWORK = -1, then a workspace query is assumed; the routine
          only calculates the optimal size of the WORK array, returns
          this value as the first entry of the WORK array, and no error
          message related to LWORK is issued by XERBLA.

INFO

          INFO is INTEGER
          = 0:  successful exit
          < 0:  if INFO = -i, the i-th argument had an illegal value
          > 0:  if INFO = i, D(i,i) is exactly zero.  The factorization
                has been completed, but the block diagonal matrix D is
                exactly singular, and division by zero will occur if it
                is used to solve a system of equations.
Author

Univ. of Tennessee

Univ. of California Berkeley

Univ. of Colorado Denver

NAG Ltd.

Further Details:

  If UPLO = 'U', then A = U*D*U**T, where
     U = P(n)*U(n)* ... *P(k)U(k)* ...,
  i.e., U is a product of terms P(k)*U(k), where k decreases from n to
  1 in steps of 1 or 2, and D is a block diagonal matrix with 1-by-1
  and 2-by-2 diagonal blocks D(k).  P(k) is a permutation matrix as
  defined by IPIV(k), and U(k) is a unit upper triangular matrix, such
  that if the diagonal block D(k) is of order s (s = 1 or 2), then

             (   I    v    0   )   k-s
     U(k) =  (   0    I    0   )   s
             (   0    0    I   )   n-k
                k-s   s   n-k

  If s = 1, D(k) overwrites A(k,k), and v overwrites A(1:k-1,k).
  If s = 2, the upper triangle of D(k) overwrites A(k-1,k-1), A(k-1,k),
  and A(k,k), and v overwrites A(1:k-2,k-1:k).

  If UPLO = 'L', then A = L*D*L**T, where
     L = P(1)*L(1)* ... *P(k)*L(k)* ...,
  i.e., L is a product of terms P(k)*L(k), where k increases from 1 to
  n in steps of 1 or 2, and D is a block diagonal matrix with 1-by-1
  and 2-by-2 diagonal blocks D(k).  P(k) is a permutation matrix as
  defined by IPIV(k), and L(k) is a unit lower triangular matrix, such
  that if the diagonal block D(k) is of order s (s = 1 or 2), then

             (   I    0     0   )  k-1
     L(k) =  (   0    I     0   )  s
             (   0    v     I   )  n-k-s+1
                k-1   s  n-k-s+1

  If s = 1, D(k) overwrites A(k,k), and v overwrites A(k+1:n,k).
  If s = 2, the lower triangle of D(k) overwrites A(k,k), A(k+1,k),
  and A(k+1,k+1), and v overwrites A(k+2:n,k:k+1).

Contributors:

   June 2016, Igor Kozachenko,
                  Computer Science Division,
                  University of California, Berkeley

  September 2007, Sven Hammarling, Nicholas J. Higham, Craig Lucas,
                  School of Mathematics,
                  University of Manchester

Definition at line 207 of file zsytrf_rook.f.

subroutine zsytri (character UPLO, integer N, complex*16, dimension( lda, * ) A, integer LDA, integer, dimension( * ) IPIV, complex*16, dimension( * ) WORK, integer INFO)

ZSYTRI  

Purpose:

 ZSYTRI computes the inverse of a complex symmetric indefinite matrix
 A using the factorization A = U*D*U**T or A = L*D*L**T computed by
 ZSYTRF.
Parameters

UPLO

          UPLO is CHARACTER*1
          Specifies whether the details of the factorization are stored
          as an upper or lower triangular matrix.
          = 'U':  Upper triangular, form is A = U*D*U**T;
          = 'L':  Lower triangular, form is A = L*D*L**T.

N

          N is INTEGER
          The order of the matrix A.  N >= 0.

A

          A is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (LDA,N)
          On entry, the block diagonal matrix D and the multipliers
          used to obtain the factor U or L as computed by ZSYTRF.

          On exit, if INFO = 0, the (symmetric) inverse of the original
          matrix.  If UPLO = 'U', the upper triangular part of the
          inverse is formed and the part of A below the diagonal is not
          referenced; if UPLO = 'L' the lower triangular part of the
          inverse is formed and the part of A above the diagonal is
          not referenced.

LDA

          LDA is INTEGER
          The leading dimension of the array A.  LDA >= max(1,N).

IPIV

          IPIV is INTEGER array, dimension (N)
          Details of the interchanges and the block structure of D
          as determined by ZSYTRF.

WORK

          WORK is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (2*N)

INFO

          INFO is INTEGER
          = 0: successful exit
          < 0: if INFO = -i, the i-th argument had an illegal value
          > 0: if INFO = i, D(i,i) = 0; the matrix is singular and its
               inverse could not be computed.
Author

Univ. of Tennessee

Univ. of California Berkeley

Univ. of Colorado Denver

NAG Ltd.

Definition at line 113 of file zsytri.f.

subroutine zsytri2 (character UPLO, integer N, complex*16, dimension( lda, * ) A, integer LDA, integer, dimension( * ) IPIV, complex*16, dimension( * ) WORK, integer LWORK, integer INFO)

ZSYTRI2  

Purpose:

 ZSYTRI2 computes the inverse of a COMPLEX*16 symmetric indefinite matrix
 A using the factorization A = U*D*U**T or A = L*D*L**T computed by
 ZSYTRF. ZSYTRI2 sets the LEADING DIMENSION of the workspace
 before calling ZSYTRI2X that actually computes the inverse.
Parameters

UPLO

          UPLO is CHARACTER*1
          Specifies whether the details of the factorization are stored
          as an upper or lower triangular matrix.
          = 'U':  Upper triangular, form is A = U*D*U**T;
          = 'L':  Lower triangular, form is A = L*D*L**T.

N

          N is INTEGER
          The order of the matrix A.  N >= 0.

A

          A is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (LDA,N)
          On entry, the block diagonal matrix D and the multipliers
          used to obtain the factor U or L as computed by ZSYTRF.

          On exit, if INFO = 0, the (symmetric) inverse of the original
          matrix.  If UPLO = 'U', the upper triangular part of the
          inverse is formed and the part of A below the diagonal is not
          referenced; if UPLO = 'L' the lower triangular part of the
          inverse is formed and the part of A above the diagonal is
          not referenced.

LDA

          LDA is INTEGER
          The leading dimension of the array A.  LDA >= max(1,N).

IPIV

          IPIV is INTEGER array, dimension (N)
          Details of the interchanges and the block structure of D
          as determined by ZSYTRF.

WORK

          WORK is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (N+NB+1)*(NB+3)

LWORK

          LWORK is INTEGER
          The dimension of the array WORK.
          WORK is size >= (N+NB+1)*(NB+3)
          If LDWORK = -1, then a workspace query is assumed; the routine
           calculates:
              - the optimal size of the WORK array, returns
          this value as the first entry of the WORK array,
              - and no error message related to LDWORK is issued by XERBLA.

INFO

          INFO is INTEGER
          = 0: successful exit
          < 0: if INFO = -i, the i-th argument had an illegal value
          > 0: if INFO = i, D(i,i) = 0; the matrix is singular and its
               inverse could not be computed.
Author

Univ. of Tennessee

Univ. of California Berkeley

Univ. of Colorado Denver

NAG Ltd.

Definition at line 126 of file zsytri2.f.

subroutine zsytri2x (character UPLO, integer N, complex*16, dimension( lda, * ) A, integer LDA, integer, dimension( * ) IPIV, complex*16, dimension( n+nb+1,* ) WORK, integer NB, integer INFO)

ZSYTRI2X  

Purpose:

 ZSYTRI2X computes the inverse of a complex symmetric indefinite matrix
 A using the factorization A = U*D*U**T or A = L*D*L**T computed by
 ZSYTRF.
Parameters

UPLO

          UPLO is CHARACTER*1
          Specifies whether the details of the factorization are stored
          as an upper or lower triangular matrix.
          = 'U':  Upper triangular, form is A = U*D*U**T;
          = 'L':  Lower triangular, form is A = L*D*L**T.

N

          N is INTEGER
          The order of the matrix A.  N >= 0.

A

          A is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (LDA,N)
          On entry, the NNB diagonal matrix D and the multipliers
          used to obtain the factor U or L as computed by ZSYTRF.

          On exit, if INFO = 0, the (symmetric) inverse of the original
          matrix.  If UPLO = 'U', the upper triangular part of the
          inverse is formed and the part of A below the diagonal is not
          referenced; if UPLO = 'L' the lower triangular part of the
          inverse is formed and the part of A above the diagonal is
          not referenced.

LDA

          LDA is INTEGER
          The leading dimension of the array A.  LDA >= max(1,N).

IPIV

          IPIV is INTEGER array, dimension (N)
          Details of the interchanges and the NNB structure of D
          as determined by ZSYTRF.

WORK

          WORK is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (N+NB+1,NB+3)

NB

          NB is INTEGER
          Block size

INFO

          INFO is INTEGER
          = 0: successful exit
          < 0: if INFO = -i, the i-th argument had an illegal value
          > 0: if INFO = i, D(i,i) = 0; the matrix is singular and its
               inverse could not be computed.
Author

Univ. of Tennessee

Univ. of California Berkeley

Univ. of Colorado Denver

NAG Ltd.

Definition at line 119 of file zsytri2x.f.

subroutine zsytri_3 (character UPLO, integer N, complex*16, dimension( lda, * ) A, integer LDA, complex*16, dimension( * ) E, integer, dimension( * ) IPIV, complex*16, dimension( * ) WORK, integer LWORK, integer INFO)

ZSYTRI_3  

Purpose:

 ZSYTRI_3 computes the inverse of a complex symmetric indefinite
 matrix A using the factorization computed by ZSYTRF_RK or ZSYTRF_BK:

     A = P*U*D*(U**T)*(P**T) or A = P*L*D*(L**T)*(P**T),

 where U (or L) is unit upper (or lower) triangular matrix,
 U**T (or L**T) is the transpose of U (or L), P is a permutation
 matrix, P**T is the transpose of P, and D is symmetric and block
 diagonal with 1-by-1 and 2-by-2 diagonal blocks.

 ZSYTRI_3 sets the leading dimension of the workspace  before calling
 ZSYTRI_3X that actually computes the inverse.  This is the blocked
 version of the algorithm, calling Level 3 BLAS.
Parameters

UPLO

          UPLO is CHARACTER*1
          Specifies whether the details of the factorization are
          stored as an upper or lower triangular matrix.
          = 'U':  Upper triangle of A is stored;
          = 'L':  Lower triangle of A is stored.

N

          N is INTEGER
          The order of the matrix A.  N >= 0.

A

          A is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (LDA,N)
          On entry, diagonal of the block diagonal matrix D and
          factors U or L as computed by ZSYTRF_RK and ZSYTRF_BK:
            a) ONLY diagonal elements of the symmetric block diagonal
               matrix D on the diagonal of A, i.e. D(k,k) = A(k,k);
               (superdiagonal (or subdiagonal) elements of D
                should be provided on entry in array E), and
            b) If UPLO = 'U': factor U in the superdiagonal part of A.
               If UPLO = 'L': factor L in the subdiagonal part of A.

          On exit, if INFO = 0, the symmetric inverse of the original
          matrix.
             If UPLO = 'U': the upper triangular part of the inverse
             is formed and the part of A below the diagonal is not
             referenced;
             If UPLO = 'L': the lower triangular part of the inverse
             is formed and the part of A above the diagonal is not
             referenced.

LDA

          LDA is INTEGER
          The leading dimension of the array A.  LDA >= max(1,N).

E

          E is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (N)
          On entry, contains the superdiagonal (or subdiagonal)
          elements of the symmetric block diagonal matrix D
          with 1-by-1 or 2-by-2 diagonal blocks, where
          If UPLO = 'U': E(i) = D(i-1,i),i=2:N, E(1) not referenced;
          If UPLO = 'L': E(i) = D(i+1,i),i=1:N-1, E(N) not referenced.

          NOTE: For 1-by-1 diagonal block D(k), where
          1 <= k <= N, the element E(k) is not referenced in both
          UPLO = 'U' or UPLO = 'L' cases.

IPIV

          IPIV is INTEGER array, dimension (N)
          Details of the interchanges and the block structure of D
          as determined by ZSYTRF_RK or ZSYTRF_BK.

WORK

          WORK is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (N+NB+1)*(NB+3).
          On exit, if INFO = 0, WORK(1) returns the optimal LWORK.

LWORK

          LWORK is INTEGER
          The length of WORK. LWORK >= (N+NB+1)*(NB+3).

          If LDWORK = -1, then a workspace query is assumed;
          the routine only calculates the optimal size of the optimal
          size of the WORK array, returns this value as the first
          entry of the WORK array, and no error message related to
          LWORK is issued by XERBLA.

INFO

          INFO is INTEGER
          = 0: successful exit
          < 0: if INFO = -i, the i-th argument had an illegal value
          > 0: if INFO = i, D(i,i) = 0; the matrix is singular and its
               inverse could not be computed.
Author

Univ. of Tennessee

Univ. of California Berkeley

Univ. of Colorado Denver

NAG Ltd.

Contributors:

  November 2017,  Igor Kozachenko,
                  Computer Science Division,
                  University of California, Berkeley

Definition at line 168 of file zsytri_3.f.

subroutine zsytri_3x (character UPLO, integer N, complex*16, dimension( lda, * ) A, integer LDA, complex*16, dimension( * ) E, integer, dimension( * ) IPIV, complex*16, dimension( n+nb+1, * ) WORK, integer NB, integer INFO)

ZSYTRI_3X  

Purpose:

 ZSYTRI_3X computes the inverse of a complex symmetric indefinite
 matrix A using the factorization computed by ZSYTRF_RK or ZSYTRF_BK:

     A = P*U*D*(U**T)*(P**T) or A = P*L*D*(L**T)*(P**T),

 where U (or L) is unit upper (or lower) triangular matrix,
 U**T (or L**T) is the transpose of U (or L), P is a permutation
 matrix, P**T is the transpose of P, and D is symmetric and block
 diagonal with 1-by-1 and 2-by-2 diagonal blocks.

 This is the blocked version of the algorithm, calling Level 3 BLAS.
Parameters

UPLO

          UPLO is CHARACTER*1
          Specifies whether the details of the factorization are
          stored as an upper or lower triangular matrix.
          = 'U':  Upper triangle of A is stored;
          = 'L':  Lower triangle of A is stored.

N

          N is INTEGER
          The order of the matrix A.  N >= 0.

A

          A is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (LDA,N)
          On entry, diagonal of the block diagonal matrix D and
          factors U or L as computed by ZSYTRF_RK and ZSYTRF_BK:
            a) ONLY diagonal elements of the symmetric block diagonal
               matrix D on the diagonal of A, i.e. D(k,k) = A(k,k);
               (superdiagonal (or subdiagonal) elements of D
                should be provided on entry in array E), and
            b) If UPLO = 'U': factor U in the superdiagonal part of A.
               If UPLO = 'L': factor L in the subdiagonal part of A.

          On exit, if INFO = 0, the symmetric inverse of the original
          matrix.
             If UPLO = 'U': the upper triangular part of the inverse
             is formed and the part of A below the diagonal is not
             referenced;
             If UPLO = 'L': the lower triangular part of the inverse
             is formed and the part of A above the diagonal is not
             referenced.

LDA

          LDA is INTEGER
          The leading dimension of the array A.  LDA >= max(1,N).

E

          E is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (N)
          On entry, contains the superdiagonal (or subdiagonal)
          elements of the symmetric block diagonal matrix D
          with 1-by-1 or 2-by-2 diagonal blocks, where
          If UPLO = 'U': E(i) = D(i-1,i), i=2:N, E(1) not referenced;
          If UPLO = 'L': E(i) = D(i+1,i), i=1:N-1, E(N) not referenced.

          NOTE: For 1-by-1 diagonal block D(k), where
          1 <= k <= N, the element E(k) is not referenced in both
          UPLO = 'U' or UPLO = 'L' cases.

IPIV

          IPIV is INTEGER array, dimension (N)
          Details of the interchanges and the block structure of D
          as determined by ZSYTRF_RK or ZSYTRF_BK.

WORK

          WORK is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (N+NB+1,NB+3).

NB

          NB is INTEGER
          Block size.

INFO

          INFO is INTEGER
          = 0: successful exit
          < 0: if INFO = -i, the i-th argument had an illegal value
          > 0: if INFO = i, D(i,i) = 0; the matrix is singular and its
               inverse could not be computed.
Author

Univ. of Tennessee

Univ. of California Berkeley

Univ. of Colorado Denver

NAG Ltd.

Contributors:

  June 2017,  Igor Kozachenko,
                  Computer Science Division,
                  University of California, Berkeley

Definition at line 158 of file zsytri_3x.f.

subroutine zsytri_rook (character UPLO, integer N, complex*16, dimension( lda, * ) A, integer LDA, integer, dimension( * ) IPIV, complex*16, dimension( * ) WORK, integer INFO)

ZSYTRI_ROOK  

Purpose:

 ZSYTRI_ROOK computes the inverse of a complex symmetric
 matrix A using the factorization A = U*D*U**T or A = L*D*L**T
 computed by ZSYTRF_ROOK.
Parameters

UPLO

          UPLO is CHARACTER*1
          Specifies whether the details of the factorization are stored
          as an upper or lower triangular matrix.
          = 'U':  Upper triangular, form is A = U*D*U**T;
          = 'L':  Lower triangular, form is A = L*D*L**T.

N

          N is INTEGER
          The order of the matrix A.  N >= 0.

A

          A is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (LDA,N)
          On entry, the block diagonal matrix D and the multipliers
          used to obtain the factor U or L as computed by ZSYTRF_ROOK.

          On exit, if INFO = 0, the (symmetric) inverse of the original
          matrix.  If UPLO = 'U', the upper triangular part of the
          inverse is formed and the part of A below the diagonal is not
          referenced; if UPLO = 'L' the lower triangular part of the
          inverse is formed and the part of A above the diagonal is
          not referenced.

LDA

          LDA is INTEGER
          The leading dimension of the array A.  LDA >= max(1,N).

IPIV

          IPIV is INTEGER array, dimension (N)
          Details of the interchanges and the block structure of D
          as determined by ZSYTRF_ROOK.

WORK

          WORK is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (N)

INFO

          INFO is INTEGER
          = 0: successful exit
          < 0: if INFO = -i, the i-th argument had an illegal value
          > 0: if INFO = i, D(i,i) = 0; the matrix is singular and its
               inverse could not be computed.
Author

Univ. of Tennessee

Univ. of California Berkeley

Univ. of Colorado Denver

NAG Ltd.

Contributors:

   December 2016, Igor Kozachenko,
                  Computer Science Division,
                  University of California, Berkeley

  September 2007, Sven Hammarling, Nicholas J. Higham, Craig Lucas,
                  School of Mathematics,
                  University of Manchester

Definition at line 128 of file zsytri_rook.f.

subroutine zsytrs (character UPLO, integer N, integer NRHS, complex*16, dimension( lda, * ) A, integer LDA, integer, dimension( * ) IPIV, complex*16, dimension( ldb, * ) B, integer LDB, integer INFO)

ZSYTRS  

Purpose:

 ZSYTRS solves a system of linear equations A*X = B with a complex
 symmetric matrix A using the factorization A = U*D*U**T or
 A = L*D*L**T computed by ZSYTRF.
Parameters

UPLO

          UPLO is CHARACTER*1
          Specifies whether the details of the factorization are stored
          as an upper or lower triangular matrix.
          = 'U':  Upper triangular, form is A = U*D*U**T;
          = 'L':  Lower triangular, form is A = L*D*L**T.

N

          N is INTEGER
          The order of the matrix A.  N >= 0.

NRHS

          NRHS is INTEGER
          The number of right hand sides, i.e., the number of columns
          of the matrix B.  NRHS >= 0.

A

          A is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (LDA,N)
          The block diagonal matrix D and the multipliers used to
          obtain the factor U or L as computed by ZSYTRF.

LDA

          LDA is INTEGER
          The leading dimension of the array A.  LDA >= max(1,N).

IPIV

          IPIV is INTEGER array, dimension (N)
          Details of the interchanges and the block structure of D
          as determined by ZSYTRF.

B

          B is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (LDB,NRHS)
          On entry, the right hand side matrix B.
          On exit, the solution matrix X.

LDB

          LDB is INTEGER
          The leading dimension of the array B.  LDB >= max(1,N).

INFO

          INFO is INTEGER
          = 0:  successful exit
          < 0:  if INFO = -i, the i-th argument had an illegal value
Author

Univ. of Tennessee

Univ. of California Berkeley

Univ. of Colorado Denver

NAG Ltd.

Definition at line 119 of file zsytrs.f.

subroutine zsytrs2 (character UPLO, integer N, integer NRHS, complex*16, dimension( lda, * ) A, integer LDA, integer, dimension( * ) IPIV, complex*16, dimension( ldb, * ) B, integer LDB, complex*16, dimension( * ) WORK, integer INFO)

ZSYTRS2  

Purpose:

 ZSYTRS2 solves a system of linear equations A*X = B with a complex
 symmetric matrix A using the factorization A = U*D*U**T or
 A = L*D*L**T computed by ZSYTRF and converted by ZSYCONV.
Parameters

UPLO

          UPLO is CHARACTER*1
          Specifies whether the details of the factorization are stored
          as an upper or lower triangular matrix.
          = 'U':  Upper triangular, form is A = U*D*U**T;
          = 'L':  Lower triangular, form is A = L*D*L**T.

N

          N is INTEGER
          The order of the matrix A.  N >= 0.

NRHS

          NRHS is INTEGER
          The number of right hand sides, i.e., the number of columns
          of the matrix B.  NRHS >= 0.

A

          A is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (LDA,N)
          The block diagonal matrix D and the multipliers used to
          obtain the factor U or L as computed by ZSYTRF.
          Note that A is input / output. This might be counter-intuitive,
          and one may think that A is input only. A is input / output. This
          is because, at the start of the subroutine, we permute A in a
          "better" form and then we permute A back to its original form at
          the end.

LDA

          LDA is INTEGER
          The leading dimension of the array A.  LDA >= max(1,N).

IPIV

          IPIV is INTEGER array, dimension (N)
          Details of the interchanges and the block structure of D
          as determined by ZSYTRF.

B

          B is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (LDB,NRHS)
          On entry, the right hand side matrix B.
          On exit, the solution matrix X.

LDB

          LDB is INTEGER
          The leading dimension of the array B.  LDB >= max(1,N).

WORK

          WORK is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (N)

INFO

          INFO is INTEGER
          = 0:  successful exit
          < 0:  if INFO = -i, the i-th argument had an illegal value
Author

Univ. of Tennessee

Univ. of California Berkeley

Univ. of Colorado Denver

NAG Ltd.

Definition at line 130 of file zsytrs2.f.

subroutine zsytrs_3 (character UPLO, integer N, integer NRHS, complex*16, dimension( lda, * ) A, integer LDA, complex*16, dimension( * ) E, integer, dimension( * ) IPIV, complex*16, dimension( ldb, * ) B, integer LDB, integer INFO)

ZSYTRS_3  

Purpose:

 ZSYTRS_3 solves a system of linear equations A * X = B with a complex
 symmetric matrix A using the factorization computed
 by ZSYTRF_RK or ZSYTRF_BK:

    A = P*U*D*(U**T)*(P**T) or A = P*L*D*(L**T)*(P**T),

 where U (or L) is unit upper (or lower) triangular matrix,
 U**T (or L**T) is the transpose of U (or L), P is a permutation
 matrix, P**T is the transpose of P, and D is symmetric and block
 diagonal with 1-by-1 and 2-by-2 diagonal blocks.

 This algorithm is using Level 3 BLAS.
Parameters

UPLO

          UPLO is CHARACTER*1
          Specifies whether the details of the factorization are
          stored as an upper or lower triangular matrix:
          = 'U':  Upper triangular, form is A = P*U*D*(U**T)*(P**T);
          = 'L':  Lower triangular, form is A = P*L*D*(L**T)*(P**T).

N

          N is INTEGER
          The order of the matrix A.  N >= 0.

NRHS

          NRHS is INTEGER
          The number of right hand sides, i.e., the number of columns
          of the matrix B.  NRHS >= 0.

A

          A is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (LDA,N)
          Diagonal of the block diagonal matrix D and factors U or L
          as computed by ZSYTRF_RK and ZSYTRF_BK:
            a) ONLY diagonal elements of the symmetric block diagonal
               matrix D on the diagonal of A, i.e. D(k,k) = A(k,k);
               (superdiagonal (or subdiagonal) elements of D
                should be provided on entry in array E), and
            b) If UPLO = 'U': factor U in the superdiagonal part of A.
               If UPLO = 'L': factor L in the subdiagonal part of A.

LDA

          LDA is INTEGER
          The leading dimension of the array A.  LDA >= max(1,N).

E

          E is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (N)
          On entry, contains the superdiagonal (or subdiagonal)
          elements of the symmetric block diagonal matrix D
          with 1-by-1 or 2-by-2 diagonal blocks, where
          If UPLO = 'U': E(i) = D(i-1,i),i=2:N, E(1) not referenced;
          If UPLO = 'L': E(i) = D(i+1,i),i=1:N-1, E(N) not referenced.

          NOTE: For 1-by-1 diagonal block D(k), where
          1 <= k <= N, the element E(k) is not referenced in both
          UPLO = 'U' or UPLO = 'L' cases.

IPIV

          IPIV is INTEGER array, dimension (N)
          Details of the interchanges and the block structure of D
          as determined by ZSYTRF_RK or ZSYTRF_BK.

B

          B is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (LDB,NRHS)
          On entry, the right hand side matrix B.
          On exit, the solution matrix X.

LDB

          LDB is INTEGER
          The leading dimension of the array B.  LDB >= max(1,N).

INFO

          INFO is INTEGER
          = 0:  successful exit
          < 0:  if INFO = -i, the i-th argument had an illegal value
Author

Univ. of Tennessee

Univ. of California Berkeley

Univ. of Colorado Denver

NAG Ltd.

Contributors:

  June 2017,  Igor Kozachenko,
                  Computer Science Division,
                  University of California, Berkeley

  September 2007, Sven Hammarling, Nicholas J. Higham, Craig Lucas,
                  School of Mathematics,
                  University of Manchester

Definition at line 163 of file zsytrs_3.f.

subroutine zsytrs_aa (character UPLO, integer N, integer NRHS, complex*16, dimension( lda, * ) A, integer LDA, integer, dimension( * ) IPIV, complex*16, dimension( ldb, * ) B, integer LDB, complex*16, dimension( * ) WORK, integer LWORK, integer INFO)

ZSYTRS_AA  

Purpose:

 ZSYTRS_AA solves a system of linear equations A*X = B with a complex
 symmetric matrix A using the factorization A = U**T*T*U or
 A = L*T*L**T computed by ZSYTRF_AA.
Parameters

UPLO

          UPLO is CHARACTER*1
          Specifies whether the details of the factorization are stored
          as an upper or lower triangular matrix.
          = 'U':  Upper triangular, form is A = U**T*T*U;
          = 'L':  Lower triangular, form is A = L*T*L**T.

N

          N is INTEGER
          The order of the matrix A.  N >= 0.

NRHS

          NRHS is INTEGER
          The number of right hand sides, i.e., the number of columns
          of the matrix B.  NRHS >= 0.

A

          A is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (LDA,N)
          Details of factors computed by ZSYTRF_AA.

LDA

          LDA is INTEGER
          The leading dimension of the array A.  LDA >= max(1,N).

IPIV

          IPIV is INTEGER array, dimension (N)
          Details of the interchanges as computed by ZSYTRF_AA.

B

          B is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (LDB,NRHS)
          On entry, the right hand side matrix B.
          On exit, the solution matrix X.

LDB

          LDB is INTEGER
          The leading dimension of the array B.  LDB >= max(1,N).

WORK

          WORK is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (MAX(1,LWORK))

LWORK

          LWORK is INTEGER
          The dimension of the array WORK. LWORK >= max(1,3*N-2).

INFO

          INFO is INTEGER
          = 0:  successful exit
          < 0:  if INFO = -i, the i-th argument had an illegal value
Author

Univ. of Tennessee

Univ. of California Berkeley

Univ. of Colorado Denver

NAG Ltd.

Definition at line 129 of file zsytrs_aa.f.

subroutine zsytrs_aa_2stage (character UPLO, integer N, integer NRHS, complex*16, dimension( lda, * ) A, integer LDA, complex*16, dimension( * ) TB, integer LTB, integer, dimension( * ) IPIV, integer, dimension( * ) IPIV2, complex*16, dimension( ldb, * ) B, integer LDB, integer INFO)

ZSYTRS_AA_2STAGE  

Purpose:

 ZSYTRS_AA_2STAGE solves a system of linear equations A*X = B with a complex
 symmetric matrix A using the factorization A = U**T*T*U or
 A = L*T*L**T computed by ZSYTRF_AA_2STAGE.
Parameters

UPLO

          UPLO is CHARACTER*1
          Specifies whether the details of the factorization are stored
          as an upper or lower triangular matrix.
          = 'U':  Upper triangular, form is A = U**T*T*U;
          = 'L':  Lower triangular, form is A = L*T*L**T.

N

          N is INTEGER
          The order of the matrix A.  N >= 0.

NRHS

          NRHS is INTEGER
          The number of right hand sides, i.e., the number of columns
          of the matrix B.  NRHS >= 0.

A

          A is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (LDA,N)
          Details of factors computed by ZSYTRF_AA_2STAGE.

LDA

          LDA is INTEGER
          The leading dimension of the array A.  LDA >= max(1,N).

TB

          TB is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (LTB)
          Details of factors computed by ZSYTRF_AA_2STAGE.

LTB

          LTB is INTEGER
          The size of the array TB. LTB >= 4*N.

IPIV

          IPIV is INTEGER array, dimension (N)
          Details of the interchanges as computed by
          ZSYTRF_AA_2STAGE.

IPIV2

          IPIV2 is INTEGER array, dimension (N)
          Details of the interchanges as computed by
          ZSYTRF_AA_2STAGE.

B

          B is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (LDB,NRHS)
          On entry, the right hand side matrix B.
          On exit, the solution matrix X.

LDB

          LDB is INTEGER
          The leading dimension of the array B.  LDB >= max(1,N).

INFO

          INFO is INTEGER
          = 0:  successful exit
          < 0:  if INFO = -i, the i-th argument had an illegal value
Author

Univ. of Tennessee

Univ. of California Berkeley

Univ. of Colorado Denver

NAG Ltd.

Definition at line 137 of file zsytrs_aa_2stage.f.

subroutine zsytrs_rook (character UPLO, integer N, integer NRHS, complex*16, dimension( lda, * ) A, integer LDA, integer, dimension( * ) IPIV, complex*16, dimension( ldb, * ) B, integer LDB, integer INFO)

ZSYTRS_ROOK  

Purpose:

 ZSYTRS_ROOK solves a system of linear equations A*X = B with
 a complex symmetric matrix A using the factorization A = U*D*U**T or
 A = L*D*L**T computed by ZSYTRF_ROOK.
Parameters

UPLO

          UPLO is CHARACTER*1
          Specifies whether the details of the factorization are stored
          as an upper or lower triangular matrix.
          = 'U':  Upper triangular, form is A = U*D*U**T;
          = 'L':  Lower triangular, form is A = L*D*L**T.

N

          N is INTEGER
          The order of the matrix A.  N >= 0.

NRHS

          NRHS is INTEGER
          The number of right hand sides, i.e., the number of columns
          of the matrix B.  NRHS >= 0.

A

          A is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (LDA,N)
          The block diagonal matrix D and the multipliers used to
          obtain the factor U or L as computed by ZSYTRF_ROOK.

LDA

          LDA is INTEGER
          The leading dimension of the array A.  LDA >= max(1,N).

IPIV

          IPIV is INTEGER array, dimension (N)
          Details of the interchanges and the block structure of D
          as determined by ZSYTRF_ROOK.

B

          B is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (LDB,NRHS)
          On entry, the right hand side matrix B.
          On exit, the solution matrix X.

LDB

          LDB is INTEGER
          The leading dimension of the array B.  LDB >= max(1,N).

INFO

          INFO is INTEGER
          = 0:  successful exit
          < 0:  if INFO = -i, the i-th argument had an illegal value
Author

Univ. of Tennessee

Univ. of California Berkeley

Univ. of Colorado Denver

NAG Ltd.

Contributors:

   December 2016, Igor Kozachenko,
                  Computer Science Division,
                  University of California, Berkeley

  September 2007, Sven Hammarling, Nicholas J. Higham, Craig Lucas,
                  School of Mathematics,
                  University of Manchester

Definition at line 134 of file zsytrs_rook.f.

subroutine ztgsyl (character TRANS, integer IJOB, integer M, integer N, complex*16, dimension( lda, * ) A, integer LDA, complex*16, dimension( ldb, * ) B, integer LDB, complex*16, dimension( ldc, * ) C, integer LDC, complex*16, dimension( ldd, * ) D, integer LDD, complex*16, dimension( lde, * ) E, integer LDE, complex*16, dimension( ldf, * ) F, integer LDF, double precision SCALE, double precision DIF, complex*16, dimension( * ) WORK, integer LWORK, integer, dimension( * ) IWORK, integer INFO)

ZTGSYL  

Purpose:

 ZTGSYL solves the generalized Sylvester equation:

             A * R - L * B = scale * C            (1)
             D * R - L * E = scale * F

 where R and L are unknown m-by-n matrices, (A, D), (B, E) and
 (C, F) are given matrix pairs of size m-by-m, n-by-n and m-by-n,
 respectively, with complex entries. A, B, D and E are upper
 triangular (i.e., (A,D) and (B,E) in generalized Schur form).

 The solution (R, L) overwrites (C, F). 0 <= SCALE <= 1
 is an output scaling factor chosen to avoid overflow.

 In matrix notation (1) is equivalent to solve Zx = scale*b, where Z
 is defined as

        Z = [ kron(In, A)  -kron(B**H, Im) ]        (2)
            [ kron(In, D)  -kron(E**H, Im) ],

 Here Ix is the identity matrix of size x and X**H is the conjugate
 transpose of X. Kron(X, Y) is the Kronecker product between the
 matrices X and Y.

 If TRANS = 'C', y in the conjugate transposed system Z**H *y = scale*b
 is solved for, which is equivalent to solve for R and L in

             A**H * R + D**H * L = scale * C           (3)
             R * B**H + L * E**H = scale * -F

 This case (TRANS = 'C') is used to compute an one-norm-based estimate
 of Dif[(A,D), (B,E)], the separation between the matrix pairs (A,D)
 and (B,E), using ZLACON.

 If IJOB >= 1, ZTGSYL computes a Frobenius norm-based estimate of
 Dif[(A,D),(B,E)]. That is, the reciprocal of a lower bound on the
 reciprocal of the smallest singular value of Z.

 This is a level-3 BLAS algorithm.
Parameters

TRANS

          TRANS is CHARACTER*1
          = 'N': solve the generalized sylvester equation (1).
          = 'C': solve the "conjugate transposed" system (3).

IJOB

          IJOB is INTEGER
          Specifies what kind of functionality to be performed.
          =0: solve (1) only.
          =1: The functionality of 0 and 3.
          =2: The functionality of 0 and 4.
          =3: Only an estimate of Dif[(A,D), (B,E)] is computed.
              (look ahead strategy is used).
          =4: Only an estimate of Dif[(A,D), (B,E)] is computed.
              (ZGECON on sub-systems is used).
          Not referenced if TRANS = 'C'.

M

          M is INTEGER
          The order of the matrices A and D, and the row dimension of
          the matrices C, F, R and L.

N

          N is INTEGER
          The order of the matrices B and E, and the column dimension
          of the matrices C, F, R and L.

A

          A is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (LDA, M)
          The upper triangular matrix A.

LDA

          LDA is INTEGER
          The leading dimension of the array A. LDA >= max(1, M).

B

          B is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (LDB, N)
          The upper triangular matrix B.

LDB

          LDB is INTEGER
          The leading dimension of the array B. LDB >= max(1, N).

C

          C is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (LDC, N)
          On entry, C contains the right-hand-side of the first matrix
          equation in (1) or (3).
          On exit, if IJOB = 0, 1 or 2, C has been overwritten by
          the solution R. If IJOB = 3 or 4 and TRANS = 'N', C holds R,
          the solution achieved during the computation of the
          Dif-estimate.

LDC

          LDC is INTEGER
          The leading dimension of the array C. LDC >= max(1, M).

D

          D is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (LDD, M)
          The upper triangular matrix D.

LDD

          LDD is INTEGER
          The leading dimension of the array D. LDD >= max(1, M).

E

          E is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (LDE, N)
          The upper triangular matrix E.

LDE

          LDE is INTEGER
          The leading dimension of the array E. LDE >= max(1, N).

F

          F is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (LDF, N)
          On entry, F contains the right-hand-side of the second matrix
          equation in (1) or (3).
          On exit, if IJOB = 0, 1 or 2, F has been overwritten by
          the solution L. If IJOB = 3 or 4 and TRANS = 'N', F holds L,
          the solution achieved during the computation of the
          Dif-estimate.

LDF

          LDF is INTEGER
          The leading dimension of the array F. LDF >= max(1, M).

DIF

          DIF is DOUBLE PRECISION
          On exit DIF is the reciprocal of a lower bound of the
          reciprocal of the Dif-function, i.e. DIF is an upper bound of
          Dif[(A,D), (B,E)] = sigma-min(Z), where Z as in (2).
          IF IJOB = 0 or TRANS = 'C', DIF is not referenced.

SCALE

          SCALE is DOUBLE PRECISION
          On exit SCALE is the scaling factor in (1) or (3).
          If 0 < SCALE < 1, C and F hold the solutions R and L, resp.,
          to a slightly perturbed system but the input matrices A, B,
          D and E have not been changed. If SCALE = 0, R and L will
          hold the solutions to the homogeneous system with C = F = 0.

WORK

          WORK is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (MAX(1,LWORK))
          On exit, if INFO = 0, WORK(1) returns the optimal LWORK.

LWORK

          LWORK is INTEGER
          The dimension of the array WORK. LWORK > = 1.
          If IJOB = 1 or 2 and TRANS = 'N', LWORK >= max(1,2*M*N).

          If LWORK = -1, then a workspace query is assumed; the routine
          only calculates the optimal size of the WORK array, returns
          this value as the first entry of the WORK array, and no error
          message related to LWORK is issued by XERBLA.

IWORK

          IWORK is INTEGER array, dimension (M+N+2)

INFO

          INFO is INTEGER
            =0: successful exit
            <0: If INFO = -i, the i-th argument had an illegal value.
            >0: (A, D) and (B, E) have common or very close
                eigenvalues.
Author

Univ. of Tennessee

Univ. of California Berkeley

Univ. of Colorado Denver

NAG Ltd.

Contributors:

Bo Kagstrom and Peter Poromaa, Department of Computing Science, Umea University, S-901 87 Umea, Sweden.

References:

[1] B. Kagstrom and P. Poromaa, LAPACK-Style Algorithms and Software for Solving the Generalized Sylvester Equation and Estimating the Separation between Regular Matrix Pairs, Report UMINF - 93.23, Department of Computing Science, Umea University, S-901 87 Umea, Sweden, December 1993, Revised April 1994, Also as LAPACK Working Note 75. To appear in ACM Trans. on Math. Software, Vol 22, No 1, 1996.
[2] B. Kagstrom, A Perturbation Analysis of the Generalized Sylvester Equation (AR - LB, DR - LE ) = (C, F), SIAM J. Matrix Anal. Appl., 15(4):1045-1060, 1994.
[3] B. Kagstrom and L. Westin, Generalized Schur Methods with Condition Estimators for Solving the Generalized Sylvester Equation, IEEE Transactions on Automatic Control, Vol. 34, No. 7, July 1989, pp 745-751.

Definition at line 292 of file ztgsyl.f.

subroutine ztrsyl (character TRANA, character TRANB, integer ISGN, integer M, integer N, complex*16, dimension( lda, * ) A, integer LDA, complex*16, dimension( ldb, * ) B, integer LDB, complex*16, dimension( ldc, * ) C, integer LDC, double precision SCALE, integer INFO)

ZTRSYL  

Purpose:

 ZTRSYL solves the complex Sylvester matrix equation:

    op(A)*X + X*op(B) = scale*C or
    op(A)*X - X*op(B) = scale*C,

 where op(A) = A or A**H, and A and B are both upper triangular. A is
 M-by-M and B is N-by-N; the right hand side C and the solution X are
 M-by-N; and scale is an output scale factor, set <= 1 to avoid
 overflow in X.
Parameters

TRANA

          TRANA is CHARACTER*1
          Specifies the option op(A):
          = 'N': op(A) = A    (No transpose)
          = 'C': op(A) = A**H (Conjugate transpose)

TRANB

          TRANB is CHARACTER*1
          Specifies the option op(B):
          = 'N': op(B) = B    (No transpose)
          = 'C': op(B) = B**H (Conjugate transpose)

ISGN

          ISGN is INTEGER
          Specifies the sign in the equation:
          = +1: solve op(A)*X + X*op(B) = scale*C
          = -1: solve op(A)*X - X*op(B) = scale*C

M

          M is INTEGER
          The order of the matrix A, and the number of rows in the
          matrices X and C. M >= 0.

N

          N is INTEGER
          The order of the matrix B, and the number of columns in the
          matrices X and C. N >= 0.

A

          A is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (LDA,M)
          The upper triangular matrix A.

LDA

          LDA is INTEGER
          The leading dimension of the array A. LDA >= max(1,M).

B

          B is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (LDB,N)
          The upper triangular matrix B.

LDB

          LDB is INTEGER
          The leading dimension of the array B. LDB >= max(1,N).

C

          C is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (LDC,N)
          On entry, the M-by-N right hand side matrix C.
          On exit, C is overwritten by the solution matrix X.

LDC

          LDC is INTEGER
          The leading dimension of the array C. LDC >= max(1,M)

SCALE

          SCALE is DOUBLE PRECISION
          The scale factor, scale, set <= 1 to avoid overflow in X.

INFO

          INFO is INTEGER
          = 0: successful exit
          < 0: if INFO = -i, the i-th argument had an illegal value
          = 1: A and B have common or very close eigenvalues; perturbed
               values were used to solve the equation (but the matrices
               A and B are unchanged).
Author

Univ. of Tennessee

Univ. of California Berkeley

Univ. of Colorado Denver

NAG Ltd.

Definition at line 155 of file ztrsyl.f.

Author

Generated automatically by Doxygen for LAPACK from the source code.

Referenced By

The man pages zhetrf_aa_2stage(3), zhetrs_aa_2stage(3), zla_syamv(3), zlasyf(3), zlasyf_aa(3), zlasyf_rk(3), zlasyf_rook(3), zla_syrcond_c(3), zla_syrcond_x(3), zla_syrfsx_extended(3), zla_syrpvgrw(3), zsycon(3), zsycon_3(3), zsycon_rook(3), zsyconv(3), zsyconvf(3), zsyconvf_rook(3), zsyequb(3), zsyrfs(3), zsyrfsx(3), zsysv_aa_2stage(3), zsytf2(3), zsytf2_rk(3), zsytf2_rook(3), zsytrf(3), zsytrf_aa(3), zsytrf_aa_2stage(3), zsytrf_rk(3), zsytrf_rook(3), zsytri(3), zsytri2(3), zsytri2x(3), zsytri_3(3), zsytri_3x(3), zsytri_rook(3), zsytrs(3), zsytrs2(3), zsytrs_3(3), zsytrs_aa(3), zsytrs_aa_2stage(3), zsytrs_rook(3), ztgsyl(3) and ztrsyl(3) are aliases of complex16SYcomputational(3).

Thu Apr 1 2021 Version 3.9.1 LAPACK