# cgels.f man page

cgels.f —

## Synopsis

### Functions/Subroutines

subroutinecgels(TRANS, M, N, NRHS, A, LDA, B, LDB, WORK, LWORK, INFO)CGELS solves overdetermined or underdetermined systems for GE matrices

## Function/Subroutine Documentation

### subroutine cgels (characterTRANS, integerM, integerN, integerNRHS, complex, dimension( lda, * )A, integerLDA, complex, dimension( ldb, * )B, integerLDB, complex, dimension( * )WORK, integerLWORK, integerINFO)

**CGELS solves overdetermined or underdetermined systems for GE matrices**

**Purpose:**

```
CGELS solves overdetermined or underdetermined complex linear systems
involving an M-by-N matrix A, or its conjugate-transpose, using a QR
or LQ factorization of A. It is assumed that A has full rank.
The following options are provided:
1. If TRANS = 'N' and m >= n: find the least squares solution of
an overdetermined system, i.e., solve the least squares problem
minimize || B - A*X ||.
2. If TRANS = 'N' and m < n: find the minimum norm solution of
an underdetermined system A * X = B.
3. If TRANS = 'C' and m >= n: find the minimum norm solution of
an undetermined system A**H * X = B.
4. If TRANS = 'C' and m < n: find the least squares solution of
an overdetermined system, i.e., solve the least squares problem
minimize || B - A**H * X ||.
Several right hand side vectors b and solution vectors x can be
handled in a single call; they are stored as the columns of the
M-by-NRHS right hand side matrix B and the N-by-NRHS solution
matrix X.
```

**Parameters:**

*TRANS*

```
TRANS is CHARACTER*1
= 'N': the linear system involves A;
= 'C': the linear system involves A**H.
```

*M*

```
M is INTEGER
The number of rows of the matrix A. M >= 0.
```

*N*

```
N is INTEGER
The number of columns of the matrix A. N >= 0.
```

*NRHS*

```
NRHS is INTEGER
The number of right hand sides, i.e., the number of
columns of the matrices B and X. NRHS >= 0.
```

*A*

```
A is COMPLEX array, dimension (LDA,N)
On entry, the M-by-N matrix A.
if M >= N, A is overwritten by details of its QR
factorization as returned by CGEQRF;
if M < N, A is overwritten by details of its LQ
factorization as returned by CGELQF.
```

*LDA*

```
LDA is INTEGER
The leading dimension of the array A. LDA >= max(1,M).
```

*B*

```
B is COMPLEX array, dimension (LDB,NRHS)
On entry, the matrix B of right hand side vectors, stored
columnwise; B is M-by-NRHS if TRANS = 'N', or N-by-NRHS
if TRANS = 'C'.
On exit, if INFO = 0, B is overwritten by the solution
vectors, stored columnwise:
if TRANS = 'N' and m >= n, rows 1 to n of B contain the least
squares solution vectors; the residual sum of squares for the
solution in each column is given by the sum of squares of the
modulus of elements N+1 to M in that column;
if TRANS = 'N' and m < n, rows 1 to N of B contain the
minimum norm solution vectors;
if TRANS = 'C' and m >= n, rows 1 to M of B contain the
minimum norm solution vectors;
if TRANS = 'C' and m < n, rows 1 to M of B contain the
least squares solution vectors; the residual sum of squares
for the solution in each column is given by the sum of
squares of the modulus of elements M+1 to N in that column.
```

*LDB*

```
LDB is INTEGER
The leading dimension of the array B. LDB >= MAX(1,M,N).
```

*WORK*

```
WORK is COMPLEX array, dimension (MAX(1,LWORK))
On exit, if INFO = 0, WORK(1) returns the optimal LWORK.
```

*LWORK*

```
LWORK is INTEGER
The dimension of the array WORK.
LWORK >= max( 1, MN + max( MN, NRHS ) ).
For optimal performance,
LWORK >= max( 1, MN + max( MN, NRHS )*NB ).
where MN = min(M,N) and NB is the optimum block size.
If LWORK = -1, then a workspace query is assumed; the routine
only calculates the optimal size of the WORK array, returns
this value as the first entry of the WORK array, and no error
message related to LWORK is issued by XERBLA.
```

*INFO*

```
INFO is INTEGER
= 0: successful exit
< 0: if INFO = -i, the i-th argument had an illegal value
> 0: if INFO = i, the i-th diagonal element of the
triangular factor of A is zero, so that A does not have
full rank; the least squares solution could not be
computed.
```

**Author:**

Univ. of Tennessee

Univ. of California Berkeley

Univ. of Colorado Denver

NAG Ltd.

**Date:**

November 2011

Definition at line 182 of file cgels.f.

## Author

Generated automatically by Doxygen for LAPACK from the source code.

## Referenced By

cgels(3) is an alias of cgels.f(3).

Sat Nov 16 2013 Version 3.4.2 LAPACK