# cgees.f - Man Page

## Synopsis

### Functions/Subroutines

subroutine **cgees** (JOBVS, SORT, SELECT, **N**, A, **LDA**, SDIM, W, VS, LDVS, WORK, LWORK, RWORK, BWORK, INFO)

**CGEES computes the eigenvalues, the Schur form, and, optionally, the matrix of Schur vectors for GE matrices**

## Function/Subroutine Documentation

### subroutine cgees (character JOBVS, character SORT, external SELECT, integer N, complex, dimension( lda, * ) A, integer LDA, integer SDIM, complex, dimension( * ) W, complex, dimension( ldvs, * ) VS, integer LDVS, complex, dimension( * ) WORK, integer LWORK, real, dimension( * ) RWORK, logical, dimension( * ) BWORK, integer INFO)

**CGEES computes the eigenvalues, the Schur form, and, optionally, the matrix of Schur vectors for GE matrices**

**Purpose:**

CGEES computes for an N-by-N complex nonsymmetric matrix A, the eigenvalues, the Schur form T, and, optionally, the matrix of Schur vectors Z. This gives the Schur factorization A = Z*T*(Z**H). Optionally, it also orders the eigenvalues on the diagonal of the Schur form so that selected eigenvalues are at the top left. The leading columns of Z then form an orthonormal basis for the invariant subspace corresponding to the selected eigenvalues. A complex matrix is in Schur form if it is upper triangular.

**Parameters:***JOBVS*JOBVS is CHARACTER*1 = 'N': Schur vectors are not computed; = 'V': Schur vectors are computed.

*SORT*SORT is CHARACTER*1 Specifies whether or not to order the eigenvalues on the diagonal of the Schur form. = 'N': Eigenvalues are not ordered: = 'S': Eigenvalues are ordered (see SELECT).

*SELECT*SELECT is a LOGICAL FUNCTION of one COMPLEX argument SELECT must be declared EXTERNAL in the calling subroutine. If SORT = 'S', SELECT is used to select eigenvalues to order to the top left of the Schur form. IF SORT = 'N', SELECT is not referenced. The eigenvalue W(j) is selected if SELECT(W(j)) is true.

*N*N is INTEGER The order of the matrix A. N >= 0.

*A*A is COMPLEX array, dimension (LDA,N) On entry, the N-by-N matrix A. On exit, A has been overwritten by its Schur form T.

*LDA*LDA is INTEGER The leading dimension of the array A. LDA >= max(1,N).

*SDIM*SDIM is INTEGER If SORT = 'N', SDIM = 0. If SORT = 'S', SDIM = number of eigenvalues for which SELECT is true.

*W*W is COMPLEX array, dimension (N) W contains the computed eigenvalues, in the same order that they appear on the diagonal of the output Schur form T.

*VS*VS is COMPLEX array, dimension (LDVS,N) If JOBVS = 'V', VS contains the unitary matrix Z of Schur vectors. If JOBVS = 'N', VS is not referenced.

*LDVS*LDVS is INTEGER The leading dimension of the array VS. LDVS >= 1; if JOBVS = 'V', LDVS >= N.

*WORK*WORK is COMPLEX array, dimension (MAX(1,LWORK)) On exit, if INFO = 0, WORK(1) returns the optimal LWORK.

*LWORK*LWORK is INTEGER The dimension of the array WORK. LWORK >= max(1,2*N). For good performance, LWORK must generally be larger. If LWORK = -1, then a workspace query is assumed; the routine only calculates the optimal size of the WORK array, returns this value as the first entry of the WORK array, and no error message related to LWORK is issued by XERBLA.

*RWORK*RWORK is REAL array, dimension (N)

*BWORK*BWORK is LOGICAL array, dimension (N) Not referenced if SORT = 'N'.

*INFO*INFO is INTEGER = 0: successful exit < 0: if INFO = -i, the i-th argument had an illegal value. > 0: if INFO = i, and i is <= N: the QR algorithm failed to compute all the eigenvalues; elements 1:ILO-1 and i+1:N of W contain those eigenvalues which have converged; if JOBVS = 'V', VS contains the matrix which reduces A to its partially converged Schur form. = N+1: the eigenvalues could not be reordered because some eigenvalues were too close to separate (the problem is very ill-conditioned); = N+2: after reordering, roundoff changed values of some complex eigenvalues so that leading eigenvalues in the Schur form no longer satisfy SELECT = .TRUE.. This could also be caused by underflow due to scaling.

**Author:**Univ. of Tennessee

Univ. of California Berkeley

Univ. of Colorado Denver

NAG Ltd.

**Date:**December 2016

Definition at line 199 of file cgees.f.

## Author

Generated automatically by Doxygen for LAPACK from the source code.

## Referenced By

The man page cgees(3) is an alias of cgees.f(3).

Tue Nov 14 2017 Version 3.8.0 LAPACK