cap_t cap_get_file(const char *path_p);
int cap_set_file(const char *path_p, cap_t cap_p);
cap_t cap_get_fd(int fd);
int cap_set_fd(int fd, cap_t caps);
uid_t cap_get_nsowner(cap_t caps);
int cap_set_nsowner(cap_t caps, uid_t rootuid);
Link with -lcap.
cap_get_file() and cap_get_fd() allocate a capability state in working storage and set it to represent the capability state of the pathname pointed to by path_p or the file open on descriptor fd. These functions return a pointer to the newly created capability state. The effects of reading the capability state from any file other than a regular file is undefined. The caller should free any releasable memory, when the capability state in working storage is no longer required, by calling cap_free() with the used cap_t as an argument.
cap_set_file() and cap_set_fd() set the values for all capability flags for all capabilities for the pathname pointed to by path_p or the file open on descriptor fd, with the capability state identified by cap_p. The new capability state of the file is completely determined by the contents of cap_p. A NULL value for cap_p is used to indicate that capabilities for the file should be deleted. For these functions to succeed, the calling process must have the CAP_SETFCAP capability in its effective set and either the effective user ID of the process must match the file owner or the calling process must have the CAP_FOWNER capability in its effective capability set. The effects of writing the capability state to any file type other than a regular file are undefined.
A capability set held in memory can be associated with the root user ID in use in a specific user namespace. It is possible to get and set this value (in the memory copy) with cap_get_nsowner() and cap_set_nsowner() respectively. The root user ID is ignored by the libcap library in all cases other than when the capability is written to a file. Only if the value is non-zero will the library attempt to include it in the written file capability set.
cap_get_file() and cap_get_fd() return a non-NULL value on success, and NULL on failure.
cap_set_file() and cap_set_fd() return zero on success, and -1 on failure.
On failure, errno is set to EACCES, EBADFD, ENAMETOOLONG, ENOENT, ENOMEM, ENOTDIR, EPERM, or EROFS.
These functions are specified by withdrawn POSIX.1e draft specification.
Support for file capabilities is provided on Linux since version 2.6.24.
On Linux, the file Effective set is a single bit. If it is enabled, then all Permitted capabilities are enabled in the Effective set of the calling process when the file is executed; otherwise, no capabilities are enabled in the process's Effective set following an execve(2). Because the file Effective set is a single bit, if any capability is enabled in the Effective set of the cap_t given to cap_set_file() or cap_set_fd(), then all capabilities whose Permitted or Inheritable flag is enabled must also have the Effective flag enabled. Conversely, if the Effective bit is enabled on a file, then the cap_t returned by cap_get_file() and cap_get_fd() will have the Effective flag enabled for each capability that has the Permitted or Inheritable flag enabled.
libcap(3), cap_clear(3), cap_copy_ext(3), cap_from_text(3), cap_get_proc(3), cap_init(3), capabilities(7), user_namespaces(7)
capabilities(7), cap_clear(3), cap_copy_ext(3), cap_from_text(3), cap_get_proc(3), cap_init(3), getcap(8), libcap(3), setcap(8).
The man pages cap_get_fd(3), cap_set_fd(3) and cap_set_file(3) are aliases of cap_get_file(3).