bson_oid — ObjectIDs
Libbson provides a simple way to generate ObjectIDs. It can be used in a single-threaded or multi-threaded manner depending on your requirements.
The bson_oid_t structure represents an ObjectID in MongoDB. It is a 96-bit identifier.
- 4 bytes : The UNIX timestamp in big-endian format.
- 5 bytes : A random number.
- 3 bytes : A 24-bit monotonic counter incrementing from rand() in big-endian.
The typical way to sort in C is using qsort(). Therefore, Libbson provides a qsort() compatible callback function named bson_oid_compare(). It returns less than 1, greater than 1, or 0 depending on the equality of two bson_oid_t structures.
Comparing Object Ids
If you simply want to compare two bson_oid_t structures for equality, use bson_oid_equal().
To generate a bson_oid_t, you may use the following.
bson_oid_t oid; bson_oid_init (&oid, NULL);
Parsing Objectid Strings
You can also parse a string containing a bson_oid_t. The input string MUST be 24 characters or more in length.
bson_oid_t oid; bson_oid_init_from_string (&oid, "123456789012345678901234");
bson_oid_t oid; bson_oid_init_from_string_unsafe (&oid, "123456789012345678901234");
If you need to store items in a hashtable, you may want to use the bson_oid_t as the key. Libbson provides a hash function for just this purpose. It is based on DJB hash.
unsigned hash; hash = bson_oid_hash (oid);
Fetching Objectid Creation Time
You can easily fetch the time that a bson_oid_t was generated using bson_oid_get_time_t().
time_t t; t = bson_oid_get_time_t (oid); printf ("The OID was generated at %u\n", (unsigned) t);
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