archive_write_set_options man page

archive_write_set_filter_option, archive_write_set_format_option, archive_write_set_option, archive_write_set_options — functions controlling options for writing archives

Library

Streaming Archive Library (libarchive, -larchive)

Synopsis

int
archive_write_set_filter_option(struct archive *, const char *module, const char *option, const char *value);

int
archive_write_set_format_option(struct archive *, const char *module, const char *option, const char *value);

int
archive_write_set_option(struct archive *, const char *module, const char *option, const char *value);

int
archive_write_set_options(struct archive *, const char *options);

Description

These functions provide a way for libarchive clients to configure specific write modules.

archive_write_set_filter_option(), archive_write_set_format_option()
Specifies an option that will be passed to currently-registered filters (including decompression filters) or format readers.

If option and value are both NULL, these functions will do nothing and ARCHIVE_OK will be returned. If option is NULL but value is not, these functions will do nothing and ARCHIVE_FAILED will be returned.

If module is not NULL, option and value will be provided to the filter or reader named module. The return value will be either ARCHIVE_OK if the option was successfully handled or ARCHIVE_WARN if the option was unrecognized by the module or could otherwise not be handled. If there is no such module, ARCHIVE_FAILED will be returned.

If module is NULL, option and value will be provided to every registered module. If any module returns ARCHIVE_FATAL, this value will be returned immediately. Otherwise, ARCHIVE_OK will be returned if any module accepts the option, and ARCHIVE_FAILED in all other cases.

archive_write_set_option()
Calls archive_write_set_format_option(), then archive_write_set_filter_option(). If either function returns ARCHIVE_FATAL, ARCHIVE_FATAL will be returned immediately. Otherwise, greater of the two values will be returned.
archive_write_set_options()
options is a comma-separated list of options. If options is NULL or empty, ARCHIVE_OK will be returned immediately.

Individual options have one of the following forms:

option=value
The option/value pair will be provided to every module. Modules that do not accept an option with this name will ignore it.
option
The option will be provided to every module with a value of “1”.
!option
The option will be provided to every module with a NULL value.
module:option=value, module:option, module:!option
As above, but the corresponding option and value will be provided only to modules whose name matches module.

Options

Filter gzip
compression-level
The value is interpreted as a decimal integer specifying the gzip compression level.
Filter xz
compression-level
The value is interpreted as a decimal integer specifying the compression level.
Format mtree
cksum, device, flags, gid, gname, indent, link, md5, mode, nlink, rmd160, sha1, sha256, sha384, sha512, size, time, uid, uname
Enable a particular keyword in the mtree output. Prefix with an exclamation mark to disable the corresponding keyword. The default is equivalent to “device, flags, gid, gname, link, mode, nlink, size, time, type, uid, uname”.
all
Enables all of the above keywords.
use-set
Enables generation of /set lines that specify default values for the following files and/or directories.
indent
XXX needs explanation XXX
Format iso9660 - volume metadata
These options are used to set standard ISO9660 metadata.
abstract-file=filename
The file with the specified name will be identified in the ISO9660 metadata as holding the abstract for this volume. Default: none.
application-id=filename
The file with the specified name will be identified in the ISO9660 metadata as holding the application identifier for this volume. Default: none.
biblio-file=filename
The file with the specified name will be identified in the ISO9660 metadata as holding the bibliography for this volume. Default: none.
copyright-file=filename
The file with the specified name will be identified in the ISO9660 metadata as holding the copyright for this volume. Default: none.
publisher=filename
The file with the specified name will be identified in the ISO9660 metadata as holding the publisher information for this volume. Default: none.
volume-id=string
The specified string will be used as the Volume Identifier in the ISO9660 metadata. It is limited to 32 bytes. Default: none.
Format iso9660 - boot support
These options are used to make an ISO9660 image that can be directly booted on various systems.
boot=filename
The file matching this name will be used as the El Torito boot image file.
boot-catalog=name
The name that will be used for the El Torito boot catalog. Default: boot.catalog
boot-info-table
The boot image file provided by the boot=filename option will be edited with appropriate boot information in bytes 8 through 64. Default: disabled
boot-load-seg=hexadecimal-number
The load segment for a no-emulation boot image.
boot-load-size=decimal-number
The number of "virtual" 512-byte sectors to be loaded from a no-emulation boot image. Some very old BIOSes can only load very small images, setting this value to 4 will often allow such BIOSes to load the first part of the boot image (which will then need to be intelligent enough to load the rest of itself). This should not be needed unless you are trying to support systems with very old BIOSes. This defaults to the full size of the image.
boot-type=value
Specifies the boot semantics used by the El Torito boot image: If the value is fd, then the boot image is assumed to be a bootable floppy image. If the value is hd, then the boot image is assumed to be a bootable hard disk image. If the value is no-emulation, the boot image is used without floppy or hard disk emulation. If the boot image is exactly 1.2MB, 1.44MB, or 2.88MB, then the default is fd, otherwise the default is no-emulation.
Format iso9660 - filename and size extensions
Various extensions to the base ISO9660 format.
allow-ldots
If enabled, allows filenames to begin with a leading period. If disabled, filenames that begin with a leading period will have that period replaced by an underscore character in the standard ISO9660 namespace. This does not impact names stored in the Rockridge or Joliet extension area. Default: disabled.
allow-lowercase
If enabled, allows filenames to contain lowercase characters. If disabled, filenames will be forced to uppercase. This does not impact names stored in the Rockridge or Joliet extension area. Default: disabled.
allow-multidot
If enabled, allows filenames to contain multiple period characters, in violation of the ISO9660 specification. If disabled, additional periods will be converted to underscore characters. This does not impact names stored in the Rockridge or Joliet extension area. Default: disabled.
allow-period
If enabled, allows filenames to contain trailing period characters, in violation of the ISO9660 specification. If disabled,trailing periods will be converted to underscore characters. This does not impact names stored in the Rockridge or Joliet extension area. Default: disabled.
allow-pvd-lowercase
If enabled, the Primary Volume Descriptor may contain lowercase ASCII characters, in violation of the ISO9660 specification. If disabled, characters will be converted to uppercase ASCII. Default: disabled.
allow-sharp-tilde
If enabled, sharp and tilde characters will be permitted in filenames, in violation if the ISO9660 specification. If disabled, such characters will be converted to underscore characters. Default: disabled.
allow-vernum
If enabled, version numbers will be included with files. If disabled, version numbers will be suppressed, in violation of the ISO9660 standard. This does not impact names stored in the Rockridge or Joliet extension area. Default: enabled.
iso-level
This enables support for file size and file name extensions in the core ISO9660 area. The name extensions specified here do not affect the names stored in the Rockridge or Joliet extension areas.
iso-level=1
The most compliant form of ISO9660 image. Filenames are limited to 8.3 uppercase format, directory names are limited to 8 uppercase characters, files are limited to 4 GiB, the complete ISO9660 image cannot exceed 4 GiB.
iso-level=2
Filenames are limited to 30 uppercase characters with a 30-character extension, directory names are limited to 30 characters, files are limited to 4 GiB.
iso-level=3
As with iso-level=2, except that files may exceed 4 GiB.
iso-level=4
As with iso-level=3, except that filenames may be up to 193 characters and may include arbitrary 8-bit characters.
joliet
Microsoft's Joliet extensions store a completely separate set of directory information about each file. In particular, this information includes Unicode filenames of up to 255 characters. Default: enabled.
limit-depth
If enabled, libarchive will use directory relocation records to ensure that no pathname exceeds the ISO9660 limit of 8 directory levels. If disabled, no relocation will occur. Default: enabled.
limit-dirs
If enabled, libarchive will cause an error if there are more than 65536 directories. If disabled, there is no limit on the number of directories. Default: enabled
pad
If enabled, 300 kiB of zero bytes will be appended to the end of the archive. Default: enabled
relaxed-filenames
If enabled, all 7-bit ASCII characters are permitted in filenames (except lowercase characters unless allow-lowercase is also specified). This violates ISO9660 standards. This does not impact names stored in the Rockridge or Joliet extension area. Default: disabled.
rockridge
The Rockridge extensions store an additional set of POSIX-style file information with each file, including mtime, atime, ctime, permissions, and long filenames with arbitrary 8-bit characters. These extensions also support symbolic links and other POSIX file types. Default: enabled.
Format iso9660 - zisofs support
The zisofs extensions permit each file to be independently compressed using a gzip-compatible compression. This can provide significant size savings, but requires the reading system to have support for these extensions. These extensions are disabled by default.
compression-level=number
The compression level used by the deflate compressor. Ranges from 0 (least effort) to 9 (most effort). Default: 6
zisofs
Synonym for zisofs=direct.
zisofs=direct
Compress each file in the archive. Unlike zisofs=indirect, this is handled entirely within libarchive and does not require a separate utility. For best results, libarchive tests each file and will store the file uncompressed if the compression does not actually save any space. In particular, files under 2k will never be compressed. Note that boot image files are never compressed.
zisofs=indirect
Recognizes files that have already been compressed with the mkzftree utility and sets up the necessary file metadata so that readers will correctly identify these as zisofs-compressed files.
zisofs-exclude=filename
Specifies a filename that should not be compressed when using zisofs=direct. This option can be provided multiple times to suppress compression on many files.
Format zip
compression
The value is either “store” or “deflate” to indicate how the following entries should be compressed. Note that this setting is ignored for directories, symbolic links, and other special entries.
experimental
This boolean option enables or disables experimental Zip features that may not be compatible with other Zip implementations.
fakecrc32
This boolean option disables CRC calculations. All CRC fields are set to zero. It should not be used except for testing purposes.
hdrcharset
This sets the character set used for filenames.
zip64
Zip64 extensions provide additional file size information for entries larger than 4 GiB. They also provide extended file offset and archive size information when archives exceed 4 GiB. By default, the Zip writer selectively enables these extensions only as needed. In particular, if the file size is unknown, the Zip writer will include Zip64 extensions to guard against the possibility that the file might be larger than 4 GiB.

Setting this boolean option will force the writer to use Zip64 extensions even for small files that would not otherwise require them. This is primarily useful for testing.

Disabling this option with !zip64 will force the Zip writer to avoid Zip64 extensions: It will reject files with size greater than 4 GiB, it will reject any new entries once the total archive size reaches 4 GiB, and it will not use Zip64 extensions for files with unknown size. In particular, this can improve compatibility when generating archives where the entry sizes are not known in advance.

Examples

The following example creates an archive write handle to create a gzip-compressed ISO9660 format image. The two options here specify that the ISO9660 archive will use kernel.img as the boot image for El Torito booting, and that the gzip compressor should use the maximum compression level.

a = archive_write_new(); 
archive_write_add_filter_gzip(a); 
archive_write_set_format_iso9660(a); 
archive_write_set_options(a, "boot=kernel.img,compression=9"); 
archive_write_open_filename(a, filename, blocksize);

Errors

More detailed error codes and textual descriptions are available from the archive_errno() and archive_error_string() functions.

See Also

tar(1), libarchive(3), archive_read_set_options(3), archive_write(3)

History

The libarchive library first appeared in FreeBSD 5.3.

Authors

The options support for libarchive was originally implemented by Michihiro NAKAJIMA.

Referenced By

archive_read_set_options(3), archive_write(3), archive_write_blocksize(3), archive_write_data(3), archive_write_filter(3), archive_write_finish_entry(3), archive_write_format(3), archive_write_free(3), archive_write_header(3), archive_write_new(3), archive_write_open(3), archive_write_set_passphrase(3), libarchive_changes(3), libarchive-formats(5).

February 2, 2012