al_lock_bitmap man page
al_lock_bitmap — Allegro 5 API
#include <allegro5/allegro.h> ALLEGRO_LOCKED_REGION *al_lock_bitmap(ALLEGRO_BITMAP *bitmap, int format, int flags)
Lock an entire bitmap for reading or writing. If the bitmap is a display bitmap it will be updated from system memory after the bitmap is unlocked (unless locked read only). Returns NULL if the bitmap cannot be locked, e.g. the bitmap was locked previously and not unlocked. This function also returns NULL if the
format is a compressed format.
- ALLEGRO_LOCK_READONLY - The locked region will not be written to. This can be faster if the bitmap is a video texture, as it can be discarded after the lock instead of uploaded back to the card.
- ALLEGRO_LOCK_WRITEONLY - The locked region will not be read from. This can be faster if the bitmap is a video texture, as no data need to be read from the video card. You are required to fill in all pixels before unlocking the bitmap again, so be careful when using this flag.
- ALLEGRO_LOCK_READWRITE - The locked region can be written to and read from. Use this flag if a partial number of pixels need to be written to, even if reading is not needed.
format indicates the pixel format that the returned buffer will be in. To lock in the same format as the bitmap stores its data internally, call with
al_get_bitmap_format(bitmap) as the format or use ALLEGRO_PIXEL_FORMAT_ANY. Locking in the native format will usually be faster. If the bitmap format is compressed, using ALLEGRO_PIXEL_FORMAT_ANY will choose an implementation defined non-compressed format.
On some platforms, Allegro automatically backs up the contents of video bitmaps because they may be occasionally lost (see discussion in al_create_bitmap(3)'s documentation). If you're completely recreating the bitmap contents often (e.g. every frame) then you will get much better performance by creating the target bitmap with ALLEGRO_NO_PRESERVE_TEXTURE flag.
ALLEGRO_LOCKED_REGION(3), ALLEGRO_PIXEL_FORMAT(3), al_unlock_bitmap(3), al_lock_bitmap_region(3), al_lock_bitmap_blocked(3), al_lock_bitmap_region_blocked(3)
al_get_pixel(3), al_is_bitmap_locked(3), ALLEGRO_LOCKED_REGION(3), al_lock_bitmap_blocked(3), al_lock_bitmap_region(3), al_put_pixel(3), al_unlock_bitmap(3).