abs - Man Page

compute the absolute value of an integer

Library

Standard C library (libc, -lc)

Synopsis

#include <stdlib.h>

int abs(int j);
long labs(long j);
long long llabs(long long j);

#include <inttypes.h>

intmax_t imaxabs(intmax_t j);

Feature Test Macro Requirements for glibc (see feature_test_macros(7)):

llabs():

    _ISOC99_SOURCE || _POSIX_C_SOURCE >= 200112L

Description

The abs() function computes the absolute value of the integer argument j. The labs(), llabs(), and imaxabs() functions compute the absolute value of the argument j of the appropriate integer type for the function.

Return Value

Returns the absolute value of the integer argument, of the appropriate integer type for the function.

Attributes

For an explanation of the terms used in this section, see attributes(7).

InterfaceAttributeValue
abs(), labs(), llabs(), imaxabs()Thread safetyMT-Safe

Standards

C11, POSIX.1-2008.

History

POSIX.1-2001, C99, SVr4, 4.3BSD.

C89 only includes the abs() and labs() functions; the functions llabs() and imaxabs() were added in C99.

Notes

Trying to take the absolute value of the most negative integer is not defined.

The llabs() function is included since glibc 2.0. The imaxabs() function is included since glibc 2.1.1.

For llabs() to be declared, it may be necessary to define _ISOC99_SOURCE or _ISOC9X_SOURCE (depending on the version of glibc) before including any standard headers.

By default, GCC handles abs(), labs(), and (since GCC 3.0) llabs() and imaxabs() as built-in functions.

See Also

cabs(3), ceil(3), fabs(3), floor(3), rint(3)

Referenced By

cabs(3), div(3), fabs(3), _Generic(3), strtoimax(3), wcstoimax(3).

The man pages imaxabs(3), labs(3) and llabs(3) are aliases of abs(3).

2023-10-31 Linux man-pages 6.06