XmScrolledWindow man page

XmScrolledWindow — The ScrolledWindow widget class

Synopsis

#include <Xm/ScrolledW.h>

Description

The ScrolledWindow widget combines one or two ScrollBar widgets and a viewing area to implement a visible window onto some other (usually larger) data display. The visible part of the window can be scrolled through the larger display by the use of ScrollBars.

To use ScrolledWindow, an application first creates a ScrolledWindow widget, any needed ScrollBar widgets, and a widget capable of displaying any desired data as the work area of ScrolledWindow. ScrolledWindow positions the work area widget and displays the ScrollBars if so requested. When the user performs some action on the ScrollBar, the application is notified through the normal ScrollBar callback interface.

ScrolledWindow can be configured to operate automatically so that it performs all scrolling and display actions with no need for application program involvement. It can also be configured to provide a minimal support framework in which the application is responsible for processing all user input and making all visual changes to the displayed data in response to that input.

When ScrolledWindow is performing automatic scrolling it creates a clipping window and automatically creates the scroll bars. Conceptually, this window becomes the viewport through which the user examines the larger underlying data area. The application simply creates the desired data, then makes that data the work area of the ScrolledWindow. When the user moves the slider to change the displayed data, the workspace is moved under the viewing area so that a new portion of the data becomes visible.

Sometimes it is impractical for an application to create a large data space and simply display it through a small clipping window. For example, in a text editor, creating a single data area that consisted of a large file would involve an undesirable amount of overhead. The application needs to use a ScrolledWindow (a small viewport onto some larger data), but needs to be notified when the user scrolls the viewport so it can bring in more data from storage and update the display area. For these cases, the ScrolledWindow can be configured so that it provides only visual layout support. No clipping window is created, and the application must maintain the data displayed in the work area, as well as respond to user input on the ScrollBars.

The user can specify resources in a resource file for the automatically created widgets that contain the horizontal and vertical scrollbars and the clipping area of the ScrolledWindow widget. The names of these widgets are HorScrollBar, VertScrollBar, and ClipWindow respectively, and remain consistent whether created by XmCreateScrolledList, XmCreateScrolledText or XmCreateScrolledWindow.

ScrolledWindow uses the XmQTnavigator trait, and holds the XmQTscrollFrame trait.

Descendants

ScrolledWindow automatically creates the descendants shown in the following table. An application can use XtNameToWidget to gain access to the named descendant. In addition, a user or an application can use the named descendant when specifying resource values.

Named Descendant Class Identity






VertScrollBar XmScrollBar vertical scroll bar



HorScrollBar XmScrollBar horizontal scroll bar



ClipWindow XmClipWindow clip window



Classes

ScrolledWindow inherits behavior, resources, and traits from Core, Composite, Constraint, and XmManager.

The class pointer is xmScrolledWindowWidgetClass.

The class name is XmScrolledWindow.

New Resources

The following table defines a set of widget resources used by the programmer to specify data. The programmer can also set the resource values for the inherited classes to set attributes for this widget. To reference a resource by name or by class in a .Xdefaults file, remove the XmN or XmC prefix and use the remaining letters. To specify one of the defined values for a resource in a .Xdefaults file, remove the Xm prefix and use the remaining letters (in either lowercase or uppercase, but include any underscores between words). The codes in the access column indicate if the given resource can be set at creation time (C), set by using XtSetValues (S), retrieved by using XtGetValues (G), or is not applicable (N/A).

XmScrolledWindow Resource Set
Name Class Type Default Access





XmNautoDragModel XmCAutoDragModel XtEnum XmAUTO_DRAG_ENABLED CSG





XmNclipWindow XmCClipWindow Widget dynamic G





XmNhorizontalScrollBar XmCHorizontalScrollBar Widget dynamic CSG





XmNscrollBarDisplayPolicy XmCScrollBarDisplayPolicy unsigned char dynamic CSG





XmNscrollBarPlacement XmCScrollBarPlacement unsigned char XmBOTTOM_RIGHT CSG





XmNscrolledWindowMarginHeight XmCScrolledWindowMarginHeight Dimension 0 CSG





XmNscrolledWindowMarginWidth XmCScrolledWindowMarginWidth Dimension 0 CSG





XmNscrollingPolicy XmCScrollingPolicy unsigned char XmAPPLICATION_DEFINED CG





XmNspacing XmCSpacing Dimension 4 CSG





XmNtraverseObscuredCallback XmCCallback XtCallbackList NULL CSG





XmNverticalScrollBar XmCVerticalScrollBar Widget dynamic CSG





XmNvisualPolicy XmCVisualPolicy unsigned char dynamic G





XmNworkWindow XmCWorkWindow Widget NULL CSG





XmNautoDragModel

Indicates whether automatic drag is enabled (XmAUTO_DRAG_ENABLED or disabled (XmAUTO_DRAG_DISABLED). By default it is enabled.

XmNclipWindow

Specifies the widget ID of the clipping area. This is automatically created by ScrolledWindow when the XmNvisualPolicy resource is set to XmCONSTANT and can only be read by the application. Any attempt to set this resource to a new value causes a warning message to be printed by the scrolled window. If the XmNvisualPolicy resource is set to XmVARIABLE, this resource is set to NULL, and no clipping window is created.

XmNhorizontalScrollBar

Specifies the widget ID of the horizontal ScrollBar. This is automatically created by ScrolledWindow when the XmNscrollingPolicy is initialized to XmAUTOMATIC; otherwise, the default is NULL.

XmNscrollBarDisplayPolicy

Controls the automatic placement of the ScrollBars. If it is set to XmAS_NEEDED and if XmNscrollingPolicy is set to XmAUTOMATIC, ScrollBars are displayed only if the workspace exceeds the clip area in one or both dimensions. A resource value of XmSTATIC causes the ScrolledWindow to display the ScrollBars whenever they are managed, regardless of the relationship between the clip window and the work area. This resource must be XmSTATIC when XmNscrollingPolicy is XmAPPLICATION_DEFINED. The default is XmAS_NEEDED when XmNscrollingPolicy is XmAUTOMATIC, and XmSTATIC otherwise.

XmNscrollBarPlacement

Specifies the positioning of the ScrollBars in relation to the work window. The values are

XmTOP_LEFT

The horizontal ScrollBar is placed above the work window; the vertical ScrollBar to is placed the left.

XmBOTTOM_LEFT

The horizontal ScrollBar is placed below the work window; the vertical ScrollBar to is placed the left.

XmTOP_RIGHT

The horizontal ScrollBar is placed above the work window; the vertical ScrollBar to is placed the right.

XmBOTTOM_RIGHT

The horizontal ScrollBar is placed below the work window; the vertical ScrollBar to is placed the right.

The default value depends on the value of the XmNlayoutDirection resource of the widget.

XmNscrolledWindowMarginHeight

Specifies the margin height on the top and bottom of the ScrolledWindow. In order to use the autoscroll drag feature of the Motif drag and drop facility, a user must be able to hold a drag icon over the margin of a scrolled window. Though drag and drop will work with the default margin size of zero, a user may find it difficult to position the icon precisely enough to use the feature easily. The application programmer should ensure that the window margins are set to an adequate size, if the use of the autoscroll drag feature is desired.

XmNscrolledWindowMarginWidth

Specifies the margin width on the right and left sides of the ScrolledWindow. Please refer to the warning concerning the default margin size for the XmNscrolledWindowMarginHeight resource, above.

XmNscrollingPolicy

Performs automatic scrolling of the work area with no application interaction. If the value of this resource is XmAUTOMATIC, ScrolledWindow automatically creates the ScrollBars; attaches callbacks to the ScrollBars; sets the visual policy to XmCONSTANT; and automatically moves the work area through the clip window in response to any user interaction with the ScrollBars. An application can also add its own callbacks to the ScrollBars. This allows the application to be notified of a scroll event without having to perform any layout procedures.

NOTE: Since the ScrolledWindow adds callbacks to the ScrollBars, an application should not perform an XtRemoveAllCallbacks on any of the ScrollBar widgets.

When XmNscrollingPolicy is set to XmAPPLICATION_DEFINED, the application is responsible for all aspects of scrolling. The ScrollBars must be created by the application, and it is responsible for performing any visual changes in the work area in response to user input.

This resource must be set to the desired policy at the time the ScrolledWindow is created. It cannot be changed through SetValues.

XmNspacing

Specifies the distance that separates the ScrollBars from the work window.

XmNtraverseObscuredCallback

Specifies a list of callbacks that is called when traversing to a widget or gadget that is obscured due to its position in the work area relative to the location of the ScrolledWindow viewport. This resource is valid only when XmNscrollingPolicy is XmAUTOMATIC. If this resource is NULL, an obscured widget cannot be traversed to. The callback reason is XmCR_OBSCURED_TRAVERSAL.

XmNverticalScrollBar

Specifies the widget ID of the vertical ScrollBar. This is automatically created by ScrolledWindow when the XmNscrollingPolicy is initialized to XmAUTOMATIC; otherwise, the default is NULL.

XmNvisualPolicy

Enlarges the ScrolledWindow to match the size of the work area. It can also be used as a static viewport onto a larger data space. If the visual policy is XmVARIABLE, the ScrolledWindow forces the ScrollBar display policy to XmSTATIC and allows the work area to grow or shrink at any time and adjusts its layout to accommodate the new size. When the policy is XmCONSTANT, the work area grows or shrinks as requested, but a clipping window forces the size of the visible portion to remain constant. The only time the viewing area can grow is in response to a resize from the ScrolledWindow's parent. The default is XmCONSTANT when XmNscrollingPolicy is XmAUTOMATIC, and XmVARIABLE otherwise.

NOTE: This resource must be set to the desired policy at the time the ScrolledWindow is created. It cannot be changed through SetValues.

XmNworkWindow

Specifies the widget ID of the viewing area.

XmScrolledWindow Constraint Resource Set
Name Class Type Default Access





XmNscrolledWindowChildType XmCScrolledWindowChildType unsigned char RESOURCE_DEFAULT CSG





XmNscrolledWindowChildType

Specifies what the child is. ScrolledWindow supports a number of child types. The possible values are:

XmWORK_AREA

Indicates a work area child. This specifies that both ScrollBars are limited to moving the child inside the clipping window. If the scrolling policy is XmAUTOMATIC, the work area child can move in both directions.

XmHOR_SCROLLBAR

Indicates a horizontal child widget; the child must have the XmQTnavigator trait installed. For example, the XmScrollBar widget has the XmQTnavigator trait installed.

XmVERT_SCROLLBAR

Indicates a vertical child widget; the child must have the XmQTnavigator trait installed.

XmSCROLL_HOR

Indicates that only the horizontal ScrollBar moves the child. This value is only meaningful if the scrolling policy is XmAUTOMATIC.

XmSCROLL_VERT

Indicates that only the vertical ScrollBar moves the child. This value is only meaningful if the scrolling policy is XmAUTOMATIC.

XmNO_SCROLL

Indicates that the child does not move with the ScrollBars. This value is only meaningful if the scrolling policy is XmAUTOMATIC.

Inherited Resources

ScrolledWindow inherits behavior and resources from the superclasses described in the following tables. For a complete description of each resource, refer to the reference page for that superclass.

XmManager Resource Set
Name Class Type Default Access





XmNbottomShadowColor XmCBottomShadowColor Pixel dynamic CSG





XmNbottomShadowPixmap XmCBottomShadowPixmap Pixmap XmUNSPECIFIED_PIXMAP CSG





XmNforeground XmCForeground Pixel dynamic CSG





XmNhelpCallback XmCCallback XtCallbackList NULL C





XmNhighlightColor XmCHighlightColor Pixel dynamic CSG





XmNhighlightPixmap XmCHighlightPixmap Pixmap dynamic CSG





XmNinitialFocus XmCInitialFocus Widget NULL CSG





XmNlayoutDirection XmCLayoutDirection XmDirection dynamic CG





XmNnavigationType XmCNavigationType XmNavigationType XmTAB_GROUP CSG





XmNpopupHandlerCallback XmCCallback XtCallbackList NULL C





XmNshadowThickness XmCShadowThickness Dimension dynamic CSG





XmNstringDirection XmCStringDirection XmStringDirection dynamic CG





XmNtopShadowColor XmCTopShadowColor Pixel dynamic CSG





XmNtopShadowPixmap XmCTopShadowPixmap Pixmap dynamic CSG





XmNtraversalOn XmCTraversalOn Boolean True CSG





XmNunitType XmCUnitType unsigned char dynamic CSG





XmNuserData XmCUserData XtPointer NULL CSG





Composite Resource Set
Name Class Type Default Access





XmNchildren XmCReadOnly WidgetList NULL G





XmNinsertPosition XmCInsertPosition XtOrderProc NULL CSG





XmNnumChildren XmCReadOnly Cardinal 0 G





Core Resource Set
Name Class Type Default Access





XmNaccelerators XmCAccelerators XtAccelerators dynamic CSG





XmNancestorSensitive XmCSensitive Boolean dynamic G





XmNbackground XmCBackground Pixel dynamic CSG





XmNbackgroundPixmap XmCPixmap Pixmap XmUNSPECIFIED_PIXMAP CSG





XmNborderColor XmCBorderColor Pixel XtDefaultForeground CSG





XmNborderPixmap XmCPixmap Pixmap XmUNSPECIFIED_PIXMAP CSG





XmNborderWidth XmCBorderWidth Dimension 0 CSG





XmNcolormap XmCColormap Colormap dynamic CG





XmNdepth XmCDepth int dynamic CG





XmNdestroyCallback XmCCallback XtCallbackList NULL C





XmNheight XmCHeight Dimension dynamic CSG





XmNinitialResourcesPersistent XmCInitialResourcesPersistent Boolean True C





XmNmappedWhenManaged XmCMappedWhenManaged Boolean True CSG





XmNscreen XmCScreen Screen * dynamic CG





XmNsensitive XmCSensitive Boolean True CSG





XmNtranslations XmCTranslations XtTranslations dynamic CSG





XmNwidth XmCWidth Dimension dynamic CSG





XmNx XmCPosition Position 0 CSG





XmNy XmCPosition Position 0 CSG





Callback Information

The application must use the ScrollBar callbacks to be notified of user input.

ScrolledWindow defines a callback structure for use with XmNtraverseObscuredCallback callbacks. The XmNtraverseObscuredCallback resource provides a mechanism for traversal to obscured widgets (or gadgets) due to their position in the work area of a ScrolledWindow. The XmNtraverseObscuredCallback routine has responsibility for adjusting the position of the work area such that the specified traversal destination widget is positioned within the viewport of the ScrolledWindow. A NULL XmNtraverseObscuredCallback resource causes obscured widgets within the ScrolledWindow to be nontraversable.

Traversal to an obscured widget or gadget requires these conditions to be met: the widget or gadget can be obscured only due to its position in the work area of a ScrolledWindow relative to the viewport; the viewport of the associated ScrolledWindow is fully visible, or can be made so by virtue of ancestral XmNtraverseObscuredCallback routines; and the XmNtraverseObscuredCallback resource must be non-NULL.

When ScrolledWindow widgets are nested, the XmNtraverseObscuredCallback routine for each ScrolledWindow that obscures the traversal destination is called in ascending order within the given hierarchy.

A pointer to the following structure is passed to callbacks for XmNtraverseObscuredCallback.

typedef struct
{
        int reason;
        XEvent *event:
        Widget traversal_destination;
        XmTraversalDirection direction;
} XmTraverseObscuredCallbackStruct;
reason

Indicates why the callback was invoked.

event

Points to the XEvent that triggered the callback.

traversal_destination

Specifies the widget or gadget to traverse to, which will be a descendant of the work window.

direction

Specifies the direction of traversal. See the description of the direction parameter in the XmProcessTraversal reference page for an explanation of the valid values.

Translations

XmScrolledWindow includes the translations from XmManager.

Additional Behavior

This widget has the following additional behavior:

<Key><osfPageUp>:

If XmNscrollingPolicy is XmAUTOMATIC, scrolls the window up the height of the viewport. The distance scrolled may be reduced to provide some overlap. The actual distance scrolled depends on the XmNpageIncrement resource of the vertical ScrollBar.

<Key><osfPageDown>:

If XmNscrollingPolicy is XmAUTOMATIC, scrolls the window down the height of the viewport. The distance scrolled may be reduced to provide some overlap. The actual distance scrolled depends on the XmNpageIncrement resource of the vertical ScrollBar.

<Key><osfPageLeft>:

If XmNscrollingPolicy is XmAUTOMATIC, scrolls the window left the width of the viewport. The distance scrolled may be reduced to provide some overlap. The actual distance scrolled depends on the XmNpageIncrement resource of the horizontal ScrollBar.

<Key><osfPageRight>:

If XmNscrollingPolicy is XmAUTOMATIC, scrolls the window right the width of the viewport. The distance scrolled may be reduced to provide some overlap. The actual distance scrolled depends on the XmNpageIncrement resource of the horizontal ScrollBar.

<Key><osfBeginLine>:

If XmNscrollingPolicy is XmAUTOMATIC, scrolls the window horizontally to the edge corresponding to the horizontal ScrollBar's minimum value.

<Key><osfEndLine>:

If XmNscrollingPolicy is XmAUTOMATIC, scrolls the window horizontally to the edge corresponding to the horizontal ScrollBar's maximum value.

<Key><osfBeginData>:

If XmNscrollingPolicy is XmAUTOMATIC, scrolls the window vertically to the edge corresponding to the vertical ScrollBar's minimum value.

<Key><osfEndData>:

If XmNscrollingPolicy is XmAUTOMATIC, scrolls the window vertically to the edge corresponding to the vertical ScrollBar's maximum value.

Certain applications will want to replace the page bindings with ones that are specific to the content of the scrolled area.

Virtual Bindings

The bindings for virtual keys are vendor specific. For information about bindings for virtual buttons and keys, see VirtualBindings(3).

Referenced By

XbaeMatrix(3), XmCreateScrolledList(3), XmCreateScrolledText(3), XmCreateScrolledWindow(3), XmMainWindow(3), XmScrolledWindowSetAreas(3), XmScrollVisible(3), XmVaCreateScrolledWindow(3).