XmMultiList man page

XmMultiList — The Multi-column List widget


#include <Xm/MultiList.h>


This widget contains a multi-column list with headers along the top and a search area  along the bottom. The list has scrollbars along the right and bottom edges that allow  vertical and horizontal scrolling both by column and by pixel. The portion of the list  data that is currently visible can be altered by scrollbar actions, widget resource setting  and the redisplay of the list data after a string search has been successful. The sorting  of elements within a particular column is also supported. To sort the list by the elements  in a given column, select the column's title.

To search for a particular string in the list, type the string value to be searched for in  the list's associated text field and then press the "Find" pushbutton. The search for the  string begins in the currently selected row, after the location of the previously  searched for string, or at the first column and first row if there is no column selected.  If the string is not found in that row, then the search continues through all rows after  and then before, the currently selected row. If the string is found, the display of the  list is adjusted to make the string visible. If the string was not found, or if the string is  visible, the application will issue a warning beep.

Pointer button one allows the user to select a row or a column for sorting. The callbacks  on the doubleClickCallback list are called when the user double clicks pointer  button one. If the list data can contain a row pixmap to display at the extreme left of  the row.


MultiList inherits behavior, resources, and traits from Core, Composite, Constraint, and XmManager.

The class pointer is xmMultiListWidgetClass.

The class name is XmMultiList.

New Resources

The following table defines a set of widget resources used by the programmer to specify data. The programmer can also set the resource values for the inherited classes to set attributes for this widget. To reference a resource by name or by class in a .Xdefaults file, remove the XmN or XmC prefix and use the remaining letters. To specify one of the defined values for a resource in a .Xdefaults file, remove the Xm prefix and use the remaining letters (in either lowercase or uppercase, but include any underscores between words). The codes in the access column indicate if the given resource can be set at creation time (C), set by using XtSetValues (S), retrieved by using XtGetValues (G), or is not applicable (N/A).

XmMultiList Resource Set
Name Class Type Default Access

XmNcolumnTitles XmCColumnTitles XmString * NULL CSG

XmNdoubleClickCallback XmCCallback XtCallbackList NULL C

XmNentryData XmCEntryData XtPointer NULL CSG

XmNfindLabel XmCFindLabel XmString Find CSG

XmNfirstColumn XmCFirstLocation short 0 CSG

XmNfirstColumnPixmaps XmCFirstColumnPixmaps Boolean False CSG

XmNfirstRow XmCFirstLocation short 0 CSG

XmNfontList XmCFontList XmFontList dynamic CSG

XmNheight XmCHeight Dimension 300 CSG

XmNnumColumns XmCNumColumns short 0 CSG

XmNnumRows XmCNumRows short 0 CSG

XmNselectedColumn XmCSelectedColumn short 0 CSG

XmNselectionPolicy XmCSelectionPolicy unsigned char XmEXTENDED_SELECT CSG

XmNshowFind XmCShowFind Boolean True CSG

XmNsingleSelectionCallback XmCCallback XtCallbackList NULL CSG

XmNsortFunctions XmCFunction XmMultiListSortFunction ** NULL CSG

XmNtitle XmCTitle XmString NULL CSG

XmNwidth XmCWidth Dimension 300 CSG


This is an array of length numColumns of strings displayed at the top of each  column. The data is allocated and maintained by the client.


All routines in this list will be called whenever the user double clicks on a row in  the list.


This resource is the data associated with each row in the list. The data is an array of XmMultiListRowInfo structures of length numRows allocated by the client. The data is allocated and maintained by the client. The XmMultiListRowInfo structure is defined below.


The label to be shown on the find button.


This resource allows the client to adjust the current view of the list data to have a  new top left column location. When setting this resource, firstRow should also be  updated.


This resource specifies that the pixmap stored in the row info structure should be  used instead of XmMultiListRowInfo values[0]. If pixmaps are present, the rows may be  dragged by pressing on the pixmap with pointer button three. If this resource is  True, then values[0] is never referenced. If False, then the XmMultiListRowInfo data  pixmap is never referenced.


This resource allows the client to adjust the current view of the list data to have a  new top left row location. When setting this resource, firstColumn should also  be updated.


This is an OSF/Motif style font list. The first font in this list will be used to  display all text in the MultiList widget. The MultiList widget currently  supports only one font.


This is the overall height value assigned to the MultiList widget. Modifying  this resource will affect scrollbar size and location.


These resources specify the number of columns and rows the widget expects to  display. These resources are used as the maximum indices for many of the other  resources in this widget. Care should be taken when modifying these resources to  ensure that the other values have also been modified.


This is the index of the currently selected column. This also the column by which  the list is being sorted.


Defines the interpretation of the select action. This resource can have the values  XmSINGLE_SELECT or XmEXTENDED_SELECT. Other values result in  undefined behavior.


This boolean manages and unmanages the find button


All routines in this list will be called whenever the user clicks on a line in the list.  A pointer to the XmMultiListRowInfo structure corresponding to the line selected is passed  as call_data. If in extended select mode the value of call_data is undefined.


This is an array of functions, one for each column, called to determine the  ordering of the rows in the column, similar to qsort.


This is the title that is displayed at the top of the MultiList widget. If this value is NULL, the title area will not be shown.


This is the overall width value assigned to the MultiList widget. Modifying  this resource will affect scrollbar size and location.

Specifying Children Resources

The MultiList widget is composed of many simple widgets. In order to  achieve full functionality of the Toolkit, it is sometimes desirable to set attribute  values directly on those widgets. The widget ids of the sub-widgets can be  obtained by using the XtNameToWidget() function provided by the Xt  Intrinsics.

XmMultiList <named by application>

XmLabel title

XmScrollbar vertBar

XmScrollBar horizBar

XmFrame frame

XmPushButton find

XmText findText

Using the Resource Database

The MultiList widget is actually a collection of pieces. It provides the geometry  layout for the collection as well as tying together the pieces to form a consistent package.  Many of the resources that are documented as being part of the MultiList  widget are really part of the internal list sub-component. The MultiList widget  will pass these values through to the proper child when they are set at time of creation  or with XtSetValues or XtGetValues. However, when setting a resource via the resource  database you must use either the name of the child or the general specification  (*) rather than the specific one (.).

The XmMultiListRowInfo Structure

The XmMultiListRowInfo structure is used to contain the entryData associated with each Row in the List.

typedef struct {

	String * values;	/* The array of column strings */
	Pixmap pixmap;	/* mini-icon pixmaps. */
	Boolean selected;	/* row selected. */

	 * Provided for the convenience of the application programmer

	short * sort_id;
	XtPointer data;

	 * Private to the MultiList widget (do not modify these)

	short pix_width;	/* of the pixmap. */
	short pix_height;	/* of the pixmap. */
	short pix_depth;	/* of the pixmap. */

	Boolean old_sel_state;

} XmMultiListRowInfo;

values This is an array of strings of length numColumns which  represents the strings displayed in each column of this row. The  data is allocated and maintained by the client. If  firstColumnPixmaps is True, then value[0] is never referenced. pixmap This is the pixmap displayed to the left of this row. If  firstColumnPixmaps is True then this value is never referenced  and mayn remain unset. If no pixmap is desired for this row, even  though firstColumnPixmaps is True, set the value of pixmap to  None. Color pixmaps may be used. sort_id This is provided for the convenience of the client and is expected  to be used as a sort index for this row. One value should be  specified for each column of the row. See "sortFunctions" below  for details. data This is provided for the convenience of the client and may be  used for any purpose. It is intended to be used as an identifier for  the object pointed to by this row

selected This value is True if this row is selected; may be set by the  application.

Neither sort_id nor data are used by the MultiList widget; they exist solely for the convenience of the programmer.

XmManager Resource Set
Name Class Type Default Access

XmNbottomShadowColor XmCBottomShadowColor Pixel dynamic CSG

XmNbottomShadowPixmap XmCBottomShadowPixmap Pixmap XmUNSPECIFIED_PIXMAP CSG

XmNforeground XmCForeground Pixel dynamic CSG

XmNhelpCallback XmCCallback XtCallbackList NULL C

XmNhighlightColor XmCHighlightColor Pixel dynamic CSG

XmNhighlightPixmap XmCHighlightPixmap Pixmap dynamic CSG

XmNinitialFocus XmCInitialFocus Widget dynamic CSG

XmNlayoutDirection XmCLayoutDirection XmDirection dynamic CG

XmNnavigationType XmCNavigationType XmNavigationType XmTAB_GROUP CSG

XmNpopupHandlerCallback XmCCallback XtCallbackList NULL C

XmNshadowThickness XmCShadowThickness Dimension dynamic CSG

XmNstringDirection XmCStringDirection XmStringDirection dynamic CG

XmNtopShadowColor XmCTopShadowColor Pixel dynamic CSG

XmNtopShadowPixmap XmCTopShadowPixmap Pixmap dynamic CSG

XmNtraversalOn XmCTraversalOn Boolean True CSG

XmNunitType XmCUnitType unsigned char dynamic CSG

XmNuserData XmCUserData XtPointer NULL CSG

Composite Resource Set
Name Class Type Default Access

XmNchildren XmCReadOnly WidgetList NULL G

XmNinsertPosition XmCInsertPosition XtOrderProc NULL CSG

XmNnumChildren XmCReadOnly Cardinal 0 G

Core Resource Set
Name Class Type Default Access

XmNaccelerators XmCAccelerators XtAccelerators dynamic N/A

XmNancestorSensitive XmCSensitive Boolean dynamic G

XmNbackground XmCBackground Pixel dynamic CSG

XmNbackgroundPixmap XmCPixmap Pixmap XmUNSPECIFIED_PIXMAP CSG

XmNborderColor XmCBorderColor Pixel XtDefaultForeground CSG

XmNborderPixmap XmCPixmap Pixmap XmUNSPECIFIED_PIXMAP CSG

XmNborderWidth XmCBorderWidth Dimension 0 CSG

XmNcolormap XmCColormap Colormap dynamic CG

XmNdepth XmCDepth int dynamic CG

XmNdestroyCallback XmCCallback XtCallbackList NULL C

XmNheight XmCHeight Dimension dynamic CSG

XmNinitialResourcesPersistent XmCInitialResourcesPersistent Boolean True C

XmNmappedWhenManaged XmCMappedWhenManaged Boolean True CSG

XmNscreen XmCScreen Screen * dynamic CG

XmNsensitive XmCSensitive Boolean True CSG

XmNtranslations XmCTranslations XtTranslations dynamic CSG

XmNwidth XmCWidth Dimension dynamic CSG

XmNx XmCPosition Position 0 CSG

XmNy XmCPosition Position 0 CSG


The following are the default translation bindings used by the icon button:

~Ctrl ~Shift <Btn1Down>: ButtonDown()
Ctrl ~Shift  <Btn1Down>: ButtonDown(Toggle)
~Ctrl Shift  <Btn1Down>: ButtonDown(Extend)
Button1 <Motion>: Motion()
<Btn1Up>: ButtonUpOrLeave()

The following actions are supported by the MultiList:


Processes a button press action that may begin with  either a select or a double click. The type argument can  be either Toggle or Extend. These values determine  which mode of an extended select will be initiated on  this button event. Consult the OSF/Motif Style  Guide for details.


Processes motion events to allow the selection region to  be modified when in extended selection mode. It is  assumed that this action is called between a  ButtonDown() and ButtonUpOrLeave() action.


Cleans up after ButtonDown() and Motion().

Callback Routines

All procedures on the MultiList's singleSelectionCallback and doubleClickCallback  lists will have a pointer to a XmMultiListRowInfo structure passed to them in the call_data field. This structure is defined above.

Note: if a single SelectionCallback is registered on an MultiList in extended_select_mode, the value of call_data is undefined.

void (callback)(Widget w, XtPointer client_data, XtPointer call_data)


the MultiList widget


the client data specified by the application


a pointer to an XmMultiListRowInfo structure corrsponding the the row selected

Sort Function

typedef int (XmMultiListSortFunction) (short column, XmMultiRowInfo * row1, XmMultiRowInfo * row2);


the column currently being sorted

row1, row2

the two rows being compared. The return value must be an  integer less than, equal to, or greater than 0, depending on  whether the first argument is less than, equal to, or greater than  the second.

Referenced By

XmMultiListDeselectItems(3), XmMultiListDeselectRow(3), XmMultiListGetSelectedRowArray(3), XmMultiListGetSelectedRows(3), XmMultiListMakeRowVisible(3), XmMultiListSelectAllItems(3), XmMultiListSelectItems(3), XmMultiListSelectRow(3), XmMultiListToggleRow(3), XmMultiListUnselectAllItems(3), XmMultiListUnselectItem(3), XmVaCreateMultiList(3).