XmCommand man page

XmCommand — The Command widget class

Synopsis

#include <Xm/Command.h>

Description

Command is a special-purpose composite widget for command entry that provides a built-in command-history mechanism. Command includes a command-line text-input field, a command-line prompt, and a command-history list region.

One additional WorkArea child may be added to the Command after creation.

Whenever a command is entered, it is automatically added to the end of the command-history list and made visible. This does not change the selected item in the list, if there is one.

Many of the new resources specified for Command are actually SelectionBox resources that have been renamed for clarity and ease of use.

Descendants

Command automatically creates the descendants shown in the following table. An application can use XtNameToWidget to gain access to the named descendant. In addition, a user or an application can use the named descendant when specifying resource values.

Named Descendant Class Identity






ItemsList XmList command-history list region



ItemsListSW XmScrolledWindow the ScrolledWindow parent of ItemsList



Selection XmLabelGadget command-line prompt



Text XmTextField command-line text-input field



Classes

Command inherits behavior, resources, and traits from Core, Composite, Constraint, XmManager, XmBulletinBoard, and XmSelectionBox.

The class pointer is xmCommandWidgetClass.

The class name is XmCommand.

New Resources

The following table defines a set of widget resources used by the programmer to specify data. The programmer can also set the resource values for the inherited classes to set attributes for this widget. To reference a resource by name or by class in a .Xdefaults file, remove the XmN or XmC prefix and use the remaining letters. To specify one of the defined values for a resource in a .Xdefaults file, remove the Xm prefix and use the remaining letters (in either lowercase or uppercase, but include any underscores between words). The codes in the access column indicate if the given resource can be set at creation time (C), set by using XtSetValues (S), retrieved by using XtGetValues (G), or is not applicable (N/A).

XmCommand Resource Set
Name Class Type Default Access





XmNcommand XmCTextString XmString "" CSG





XmNcommandChangedCallback XmCCallback XtCallbackList NULL C





XmNcommandEnteredCallback XmCCallback XtCallbackList NULL C





XmNhistoryItems XmCItems XmStringTable NULL CSG





XmNhistoryItemCount XmCItemCount int 0 CSG





XmNhistoryMaxItems XmCMaxItems int 100 CSG





XmNhistoryVisibleItemCount XmCVisibleItemCount int dynamic CSG





XmNpromptString XmCPromptString XmString dynamic CSG





XmNcommand

Contains the current command-line text. This is the XmNtextString resource in SelectionBox, renamed for Command. This resource can also be modified with XmCommandSetValue and XmCommandAppendValue functions. The command area is a Text widget.

XmNcommandChangedCallback

Specifies the list of callbacks that is called after each time the value of the command changes. The callback reason is XmCR_COMMAND_CHANGED. This is equivalent to the XmNvalueChangedCallback of the Text widget, except that a pointer to an XmCommandCallbackStructure is passed, and the structure's value member contains the XmString.

XmNcommandEnteredCallback

Specifies the list of callbacks that is called when a command is entered in the Command. The callback reason is XmCR_COMMAND_ENTERED. A pointer to an XmCommandCallback structure is passed.

XmNhistoryItems

Lists XmString items that make up the contents of the history list. This is the XmNlistItems resource in SelectionBox, renamed for Command. XtGetValues for this resource returns the list items themselves, not a copy of the list items. The application must not free the returned items.

XmNhistoryItemCount

Specifies the number of XmStrings in XmNhistoryItems. This is the XmNlistItemCount resource in SelectionBox, renamed for Command. The value must not be negative.

XmNhistoryMaxItems

Specifies the maximum number of items allowed in the history list. Once this number is reached, an existing list item must be removed before a new item can be added to the list. For each command entered, the first list item is removed from the list, so the new command can be added to the list. The value must be greater than 0 (zero).

XmNhistoryVisibleItemCount

Specifies the number of items in the history list that should be visible at one time. In effect, it sets the height (in lines) of the history list window. This is the XmNlistVisibleItemCount resource in SelectionBox, renamed for Command. The value must be greater than 0 (zero). The default is dynamic based on the height of the list.

XmNpromptString

Specifies a prompt for the command line. This is the XmNselectionLabelString resource in SelectionBox, renamed for Command. The default may vary depending on the value of the XmNlayoutDirection resource and the locale. In the C locale the default is > (right angle bracket).

Now that some default localized label strings are provided through message catalogs for the children of composite widgets, the labelString resources cannot be set on the child through default resource files. Instead, the resource provided at the parent level must be used.

Inherited Resources

Command inherits behavior and resources from the superclasses described in the following tables. For a complete description of each resource, refer to the reference page for that superclass.

XmSelectionBox Resource Set
Name Class Type Default Access





XmNapplyCallback XmCCallback XtCallbackList NULL N/A





XmNapplyLabelString XmCApplyLabelString XmString dynamic N/A





XmNcancelCallback XmCCallback XtCallbackList NULL N/A





XmNcancelLabelString XmCCancelLabelString XmString dynamic N/A





XmNchildPlacement XmCChildPlacement unsigned char XmPLACE_ABOVE_SELECTION CSG





XmNdialogType XmCDialogType unsigned char XmDIALOG_COMMAND G





XmNhelpLabelString XmCHelpLabelString XmString dynamic N/A





XmNlistItemCount XmCItemCount int 0 CSG





XmNlistItems XmCItems XmStringTable NULL CSG





XmNlistLabelString XmCListLabelString XmString NULL N/A





XmNlistVisibleItemCount XmCVisibleItemCount int dynamic CSG





XmNminimizeButtons XmCMinimizeButtons Boolean False N/A





XmNmustMatch XmCMustMatch Boolean False N/A





XmNnoMatchCallback XmCCallback XtCallbackList NULL N/A





XmNokCallback XmCCallback XtCallbackList NULL N/A





XmNokLabelString XmCOkLabelString XmString dynamic N/A





XmNselectionLabelString XmCSelectionLabelString XmString dynamic CSG





XmNtextAccelerators XmCTextAccelerators XtAccelerators default C





XmNtextColumns XmCColumns short dynamic CSG





XmNtextString XmCTextString XmString "" CSG





XmBulletinBoard Resource Set
Name Class Type Default Access





XmNallowOverlap XmCAllowOverlap Boolean True CSG





XmNautoUnmanage XmCAutoUnmanage Boolean False N/A





XmNbuttonFontList XmCButtonFontList XmFontList dynamic N/A





XmNbuttonRenderTable XmCButtonRenderTable XmRenderTable dynamic CSG





XmNcancelButton XmCWidget Widget NULL N/A





XmNdefaultButton XmCWidget Widget NULL N/A





XmNdefaultPosition XmCDefaultPosition Boolean False CSG





XmNdialogStyle XmCDialogStyle unsigned char dynamic CSG





XmNdialogTitle XmCDialogTitle XmString NULL CSG





XmNfocusCallback XmCCallback XtCallbackList NULL C





XmNlabelFontList XmCLabelFontList XmFontList dynamic CSG





XmNlabelRenderTable XmCLabelRenderTable XmRenderTable dynamic CSG





XmNmapCallback XmCCallback XtCallbackList NULL C





XmNmarginHeight XmCMarginHeight Dimension 10 CSG





XmNmarginWidth XmCMarginWidth Dimension 10 CSG





XmNnoResize XmCNoResize Boolean False CSG





XmNresizePolicy XmCResizePolicy unsigned char XmRESIZE_NONE CSG





XmNshadowType XmCShadowType unsigned char XmSHADOW_OUT CSG





XmNtextFontList XmCTextFontList XmFontList dynamic CSG





XmNtextRenderTable XmCTextRenderTable XmRenderTable dynamic CSG





XmNtextTranslations XmCTranslations XtTranslations NULL C





XmNunmapCallback XmCCallback XtCallbackList NULL C





XmManager Resource Set
Name Class Type Default Access





XmNbottomShadowColor XmCBottomShadowColor Pixel dynamic CSG





XmNbottomShadowPixmap XmCBottomShadowPixmap Pixmap XmUNSPECIFIED_PIXMAP CSG





XmNforeground XmCForeground Pixel dynamic CSG





XmNhelpCallback XmCCallback XtCallbackList NULL C





XmNhighlightColor XmCHighlightColor Pixel dynamic CSG





XmNhighlightPixmap XmCHighlightPixmap Pixmap dynamic CSG





XmNinitialFocus XmCInitialFocus Widget dynamic CSG





XmNlayoutDirection XmCLayoutDirection XmDirection dynamic CG





XmNnavigationType XmCNavigationType XmNavigationType XmTAB_GROUP CSG





XmNpopupHandlerCallback XmCCallback XtCallbackList NULL C





XmNshadowThickness XmCShadowThickness Dimension dynamic CSG





XmNstringDirection XmCStringDirection XmStringDirection dynamic CG





XmNtopShadowColor XmCTopShadowColor Pixel dynamic CSG





XmNtopShadowPixmap XmCTopShadowPixmap Pixmap dynamic CSG





XmNtraversalOn XmCTraversalOn Boolean True CSG





XmNunitType XmCUnitType unsigned char dynamic CSG





XmNuserData XmCUserData XtPointer NULL CSG





Composite Resource Set
Name Class Type Default Access





XmNchildren XmCReadOnly WidgetList NULL G





XmNinsertPosition XmCInsertPosition XtOrderProc NULL CSG





XmNnumChildren XmCReadOnly Cardinal 0 G





Core Resource Set
Name Class Type Default Access





XmNaccelerators XmCAccelerators XtAccelerators dynamic N/A





XmNancestorSensitive XmCSensitive Boolean dynamic G





XmNbackground XmCBackground Pixel dynamic CSG





XmNbackgroundPixmap XmCPixmap Pixmap XmUNSPECIFIED_PIXMAP CSG





XmNborderColor XmCBorderColor Pixel XtDefaultForeground CSG





XmNborderPixmap XmCPixmap Pixmap XmUNSPECIFIED_PIXMAP CSG





XmNborderWidth XmCBorderWidth Dimension 0 CSG





XmNcolormap XmCColormap Colormap dynamic CG





XmNdepth XmCDepth int dynamic CG





XmNdestroyCallback XmCCallback XtCallbackList NULL C





XmNheight XmCHeight Dimension dynamic CSG





XmNinitialResourcesPersistent XmCInitialResourcesPersistent Boolean True C





XmNmappedWhenManaged XmCMappedWhenManaged Boolean True CSG





XmNscreen XmCScreen Screen * dynamic CG





XmNsensitive XmCSensitive Boolean True CSG





XmNtranslations XmCTranslations XtTranslations dynamic CSG





XmNwidth XmCWidth Dimension dynamic CSG





XmNx XmCPosition Position 0 CSG





XmNy XmCPosition Position 0 CSG





Callback Information

A pointer to the following structure is passed to each callback:

typedef struct
{
        int reason;
        XEvent * event;
        XmString value;
        int length;
} XmCommandCallbackStruct;
reason

Indicates why the callback was invoked

event

Points to the XEvent that triggered the callback

value

Specifies the XmString in the CommandArea

length

Specifies the size in bytes of the XmString value. This member is obsolete and exists for compatibility with earlier releases.

Translations

XmCommand inherits translations from XmSelectionBox.

Accelerators

The XmNtextAccelerators from XmSelectionBox are added to the Text descendant of XmCommand.

Action Routines

The XmCommand action routines are:

SelectionBoxUpOrDown(Previous|Next|First|Last):

When called with an argument of Previous, or 0 (zero) for compatibility, selects the previous item in the history list and replaces the text with that item.

When called with an argument of Next, or 1 for compatibility, selects the next item in the history list and replaces the text with that item.

When called with an argument of First, or 2 for compatibility, selects the first item in the history list and replaces the text with that item.

When called with an argument of Last, or 3 for compatibility, selects the last item in the history list and replaces the text with that item.

Calls the callbacks for XmNcommandChangedCallback.

Additional Behavior

The Command widget has the following additional behavior:

<Key><osfCancel>:

If the parent of the Command is a manager, the event is passed to the parent.

<Key><osfActivate> in Text:

Calls the Text widget's XmNactivateCallback callbacks. If the text is empty, this action then returns. Otherwise, if the history list has XmNhistoryMaxItems items, it removes the first item in the list. It adds the text to the history list as the last item, clears the text, and calls the XmNcommandEnteredCallback callbacks.

<Key> in Text:

When any change is made to the text edit widget, this action calls the callbacks for XmNcommandChangedCallback.

<BtnDown>(2+) or <Key><osfActivate> in List:

Calls the List widget's XmNdefaultActionCallback callbacks. If the history list has XmNhistoryMaxItems items, this action removes the first item in the list. It adds the selected List item to the history list as the last item, clears the text, and calls the XmNcommandEnteredCallback callbacks.

<FocusIn>:

Calls the callbacks for XmNfocusCallback.

<MapWindow>:

When a Command that is the child of a DialogShell is mapped, this action calls the callbacks for XmNmapCallback.

<UnmapWindow>:

When a Command that is the child of a DialogShell is unmapped, this action calls the callbacks for XmNunmapCallback.

Virtual Bindings

The bindings for virtual keys are vendor specific. For information about bindings for virtual buttons and keys, see VirtualBindings(3).

Referenced By

XmCommandAppendValue(3), XmCommandError(3), XmCommandGetChild(3), XmCommandSetValue(3), XmCreateCommand(3), XmCreateCommandDialog(3), XmVaCreateCommand(3).