XMLTV::Options man page

XMLTV::Options — Command-line parsing for XMLTV grabbers

Description

Utility library that implements command-line parsing and handles a lot of functionality that is common to all XMLTV grabbers.

Exported Functions

All these functions are exported on demand.

Usage

ParseOptions

ParseOptions shall be called by a grabber to parse the command-line options supplied by the user. It takes a single hashref as a parameter. The entries in the hash configure the behaviour of ParseOptions.

my( $opt, $conf ) = ParseOptions( {
  grabber_name => 'tv_grab_test',
  version => '$Id: Options.pm,v 1.29 2015/07/12 00:59:01 knowledgejunkie Exp $',
  description => 'Sweden (tv.swedb.se)',
  capabilities => [qw/baseline manualconfig apiconfig lineups/],
  stage_sub => \&config_stage,
  listchannels_sub => \&list_channels,
  list_lineups_sub => \&list_lineups,
  get_lineup_sub => \&get_lineup,
} );

ParseOptions returns two hashrefs:

·
A hashref with the values for all command-line options in the format returned by Getopt::Long (See "Storing options in a hash" in Getopt::Long). This includes both options that the grabber must handle as well as options that ParseOptions handles for the grabber.
·
A hashref to the data loaded from the configuration file. See XMLTV::Configure for the format of $conf.

ParseOptions handles the following options automatically without returning:

--help
--info (or --man)
--capabilities
--version
--description
--preferredmethod
Handled automatically if the preferredmethod capability has been set and the preferredmethod option has been specified in the call to ParseOptions.

ParseOptions also takes care of the following options without returning, by calling the stage_sub, listchannels_sub, list_lineups_sub and get_lineup_sub callbacks supplied by the grabber:

--configure

--configure-api

--stage

--list-channels

--list-lineups

--get-lineup

ParseOptions will thus only return to the grabber when the grabber shall actually grab data.

If the --output option is specified, STDOUT will be redirected to the specified file.

The grabber must check the following options on its own:

--days

--offset

--quiet

--debug

and any other options that are grabber specific. This can be done by reading $opt->{days} etc.

Changing the behaviour of ParseOptions

The behaviour of ParseOptions can be influenced by passing named arguments in the hashref. The following arguments are supported:

grabber_name
Required. The name of the grabber (e.g. tv_grab_se_swedb). This is used when printing the synopsis.
description
Required. The description for the grabber. This is returned in response to the --description option and shall say which region the grabber returns data for. Examples: "Sweden", or "Sweden (tv.swedb.se)" if there are several grabbers for a region or country).
version
Required. This shall be a cvs Id field.
capabilities

Required. The capabilities that the grabber shall support. Only capabilities that XMLTV::Options knows how to handle can be specified. Example:

capabilities => [qw/baseline manualconfig apiconfig/],

Note that XMLTV::Options guarantees that the grabber supports the manualconfig and apiconfig capabilities. The capabilities share and cache can be specified if the grabber supports them. XMLTV::Options will then automatically accept the command-line parameters --share and --cache respectively.

stage_sub
Required. A coderef that takes a stage-name and a configuration hashref as a parameter and returns an xml-string that describes the configuration necessary for that stage. The xml-string shall follow the xmltv-configuration.dtd.
listchannels_sub
Required. A coderef that takes a configuration hash as returned by XMLTV::Configure::LoadConfig as the first parameter and an option hash as returned by ParseOptions as the second parameter, and returns an xml-string containing a list of all the channels that the grabber can deliver data for using the supplied configuration. Note that the listsub shall not use any channel-configuration from the hashref.
load_old_config_sub
Optional. Default undef. A coderef that takes a filename as a parameter and returns a configuration hash in the same format as returned by XMLTV::Configure::LoadConfig. load_old_config_sub is called if XMLTV::Configure::LoadConfig fails to parse the configuration file. This allows the grabber to load configuration files created with an older version of the grabber.
list_lineups_sub
Optional. A coderef that takes an option hash as returned by ParseOptions as a parameter, and returns an xml-string containing a list of all the channel lineups for which the grabber can deliver data. The xml-string shall follow the xmltv-lineups.xsd schema.
get_lineup_sub
Optional. A coderef that returns an xml-string describing the configured lineup. The xml-string shall follow the xmltv-lineups.xsd schema.
preferredmethod

Optional. A value to return when the grabber is called with the --preferredmethod parameter. Example:

my( $opt, $conf ) = ParseOptions( {
  grabber_name => 'tv_grab_test',
  version => '$Id: Options.pm,v 1.29 2015/07/12 00:59:01 knowledgejunkie Exp $',
  description => 'Sweden (tv.swedb.se)',
  capabilities => [qw/baseline manualconfig apiconfig preferredmethod/],
  stage_sub => \&config_stage,
  listchannels_sub => \&list_channels,
  preferredmethod => 'allatonce',
  list_lineups_sub => \&list_lineups,
  get_lineup_sub => \&get_lineup,
} );
defaults
Optional. Default {}. A hashref that contains default values for the command-line options. It shall be in the same format as returned by Getopt::Long (See "Storing options in a hash" in Getopt::Long).
extra_options
Optional. Default []. An arrayref containing option definitions in the format accepted by Getopt::Long. This can be used to support grabber-specific options. The use of grabber-specific options is discouraged.

Info

2015-07-12 perl v5.24.0 User Contributed Perl Documentation