Tcl_NewIntObj man page

Tcl_NewIntObj, Tcl_NewLongObj, Tcl_NewWideIntObj, Tcl_SetIntObj, Tcl_SetLongObj, Tcl_SetWideIntObj, Tcl_GetIntFromObj, Tcl_GetLongFromObj, Tcl_GetWideIntFromObj, Tcl_NewBignumObj, Tcl_SetBignumObj, Tcl_GetBignumFromObj, Tcl_TakeBignumFromObj — manipulate Tcl values as integers

Synopsis

#include <tcl.h>

Tcl_Obj *
Tcl_NewIntObj(intValue)

Tcl_Obj *
Tcl_NewLongObj(longValue)

Tcl_Obj *
Tcl_NewWideIntObj(wideValue)

Tcl_SetIntObj(objPtr, intValue)

Tcl_SetLongObj(objPtr, longValue)

Tcl_SetWideIntObj(objPtr, wideValue)

int
Tcl_GetIntFromObj(interp, objPtr, intPtr)

int
Tcl_GetLongFromObj(interp, objPtr, longPtr)

int
Tcl_GetWideIntFromObj(interp, objPtr, widePtr)

#include <tclTomMath.h>

Tcl_Obj *
Tcl_NewBignumObj(bigValue)

Tcl_SetBignumObj(objPtr, bigValue)

int
Tcl_GetBignumFromObj(interp, objPtr, bigValue)

int
Tcl_TakeBignumFromObj(interp, objPtr, bigValue)

int
Tcl_InitBignumFromDouble(interp, doubleValue, bigValue)

Arguments

int intValue (in)
Integer value used to initialize or set a Tcl value.
long longValue (in)
Long integer value used to initialize or set a Tcl value.
Tcl_WideInt wideValue (in)
Wide integer value used to initialize or set a Tcl value.
Tcl_Obj *objPtr (in/out)
For Tcl_SetIntObj, Tcl_SetLongObj, Tcl_SetWideIntObj, and Tcl_SetBignumObj, this points to the value in which to store an integral value. For Tcl_GetIntFromObj, Tcl_GetLongFromObj, Tcl_GetWideIntFromObj, Tcl_GetBignumFromObj, and Tcl_TakeBignumFromObj, this refers to the value from which to retrieve an integral value.
Tcl_Interp *interp (in/out)
When non-NULL, an error message is left here when integral value retrieval fails.
int *intPtr (out)
Points to place to store the integer value retrieved from objPtr.
long *longPtr (out)
Points to place to store the long integer value retrieved from objPtr.
Tcl_WideInt *widePtr (out)
Points to place to store the wide integer value retrieved from objPtr.
mp_int *bigValue (in/out)
Points to a multi-precision integer structure declared by the LibTomMath library.
double doubleValue (in)
Double value from which the integer part is determined and used to initialize a multi-precision integer value.

Description

These procedures are used to create, modify, and read Tcl values that hold integral values.

The different routines exist to accommodate different integral types in C with which values might be exchanged. The C integral types for which Tcl provides value exchange routines are int, long int, Tcl_WideInt, and mp_int. The int and long int types are provided by the C language standard. The Tcl_WideInt type is a typedef defined to be whatever signed integral type covers at least the 64-bit integer range (-9223372036854775808 to 9223372036854775807). Depending on the platform and the C compiler, the actual type might be long int, long long int, int64, or something else. The mp_int type is a multiple-precision integer type defined by the LibTomMath multiple-precision integer library.

The Tcl_NewIntObj, Tcl_NewLongObj, Tcl_NewWideIntObj, and Tcl_NewBignumObj routines each create and return a new Tcl value initialized to the integral value of the argument. The returned Tcl value is unshared.

The Tcl_SetIntObj, Tcl_SetLongObj, Tcl_SetWideIntObj, and Tcl_SetBignumObj routines each set the value of an existing Tcl value pointed to by objPtr to the integral value provided by the other argument. The objPtr argument must point to an unshared Tcl value. Any attempt to set the value of a shared Tcl value violates Tcl's copy-on-write policy. Any existing string representation or internal representation in the unshared Tcl value will be freed as a consequence of setting the new value.

The Tcl_GetIntFromObj, Tcl_GetLongFromObj, Tcl_GetWideIntFromObj, Tcl_GetBignumFromObj, and Tcl_TakeBignumFromObj routines attempt to retrieve an integral value of the appropriate type from the Tcl value objPtr. If the attempt succeeds, then TCL_OK is returned, and the value is written to the storage provided by the caller. The attempt might fail if objPtr does not hold an integral value, or if the value exceeds the range of the target type. If the attempt fails, then TCL_ERROR is returned, and if interp is non-NULL, an error message is left in interp. The Tcl_ObjType of objPtr may be changed to make subsequent calls to the same routine more efficient. Unlike the other functions, Tcl_TakeBignumFromObj may set the content of the Tcl value objPtr to an empty string in the process of retrieving the multiple-precision integer value.

The choice between Tcl_GetBignumFromObj and Tcl_TakeBignumFromObj is governed by how the caller will continue to use objPtr. If after the mp_int value is retrieved from objPtr, the caller will make no more use of objPtr, then using Tcl_TakeBignumFromObj permits Tcl to detect when an unshared objPtr permits the value to be moved instead of copied, which should be more efficient. If anything later in the caller requires objPtr to continue to hold the same value, then Tcl_GetBignumFromObj must be chosen.

The Tcl_InitBignumFromDouble routine is a utility procedure that extracts the integer part of doubleValue and stores that integer value in the mp_int value bigValue.

See Also

Tcl_NewObj, Tcl_DecrRefCount, Tcl_IncrRefCount, Tcl_GetObjResult

Keywords

integer, integer value, integer type, internal representation, value, value type, string representation

Referenced By

Tcl_NewObj(3).

Tcl_GetBignumFromObj(3), Tcl_GetIntFromObj(3), Tcl_GetLongFromObj(3), Tcl_GetWideIntFromObj(3), Tcl_NewBignumObj(3), Tcl_NewLongObj(3), Tcl_NewWideIntObj(3), Tcl_SetBignumObj(3), Tcl_SetIntObj(3), Tcl_SetLongObj(3), Tcl_SetWideIntObj(3) and Tcl_TakeBignumFromObj(3) are aliases of Tcl_NewIntObj(3).

8.5 Tcl Tcl Library Procedures