Stdlib.Random.3o - Man Page

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Module

Module   Stdlib.Random

Documentation

Module Random
: (module Stdlib__Random)

Basic functions

val init : int -> unit

Initialize the generator, using the argument as a seed. The same seed will always yield the same sequence of numbers.

val full_init : int array -> unit

Same as Random.init but takes more data as seed.

val self_init : unit -> unit

Initialize the generator with a random seed chosen in a system-dependent way.  If /dev/urandom is available on the host machine, it is used to provide a highly random initial seed.  Otherwise, a less random seed is computed from system parameters (current time, process IDs).

val bits : unit -> int

Return 30 random bits in a nonnegative integer.

Before3.12.0 used a different algorithm (affects all the following functions)

val int : int -> int

Random.int bound returns a random integer between 0 (inclusive) and bound (exclusive).   bound must be greater than 0 and less than 2^30.

val full_int : int -> int

Random.full_int bound returns a random integer between 0 (inclusive) and bound (exclusive). bound may be any positive integer.

If bound is less than 2^30, Random.full_int bound is equal to Random.int bound . If bound is greater than 2^30 (on 64-bit systems or non-standard environments, such as JavaScript), Random.full_int returns a value, where Random.int raises Invalid_argument .

Since 4.13.0

val int32 : Int32.t -> Int32.t

Random.int32 bound returns a random integer between 0 (inclusive) and bound (exclusive).   bound must be greater than 0.

val nativeint : Nativeint.t -> Nativeint.t

Random.nativeint bound returns a random integer between 0 (inclusive) and bound (exclusive).   bound must be greater than 0.

val int64 : Int64.t -> Int64.t

Random.int64 bound returns a random integer between 0 (inclusive) and bound (exclusive).   bound must be greater than 0.

val float : float -> float

Random.float bound returns a random floating-point number between 0 and bound (inclusive).  If bound is negative, the result is negative or zero.  If bound is 0, the result is 0.

val bool : unit -> bool

Random.bool () returns true or false with probability 0.5 each.

val bits32 : unit -> Int32.t

Random.bits32 () returns 32 random bits as an integer between Int32.min_int and Int32.max_int .

Since 4.14.0

val bits64 : unit -> Int64.t

Random.bits64 () returns 64 random bits as an integer between Int64.min_int and Int64.max_int .

Since 4.14.0

val nativebits : unit -> Nativeint.t

Random.nativebits () returns 32 or 64 random bits (depending on the bit width of the platform) as an integer between Nativeint.min_int and Nativeint.max_int .

Since 4.14.0

Advanced functions

The functions from module Random.State manipulate the current state of the random generator explicitly. This allows using one or several deterministic PRNGs, even in a multi-threaded program, without interference from other parts of the program.

module State : sig end

val get_state : unit -> State.t

Return the current state of the generator used by the basic functions.

val set_state : State.t -> unit

Set the state of the generator used by the basic functions.

Info

2022-07-22 OCamldoc OCaml library