SoPolygonOffset.3coin4 - Man Page

The SoPolygonOffset class is a node type for 'layering' rendering primitives.

Synopsis

#include <Inventor/nodes/SoPolygonOffset.h>

Inherits SoNode.

Public Types

enum Style { FILLED = SoPolygonOffsetElement::FILLED, LINES = SoPolygonOffsetElement::LINES, POINTS = SoPolygonOffsetElement::POINTS }

Public Types inherited from SoNode
enum NodeType { INVENTOR = 0x0000, VRML1 = 0x0001, VRML2 = 0x0002, INVENTOR_1 = 0x0004, INVENTOR_2_0 = 0x0008, INVENTOR_2_1 = 0x0010, INVENTOR_2_5 = 0x0020, INVENTOR_2_6 = 0x0040, COIN_1_0 = 0x0080, COIN_2_0 = 0x0100, EXTENSION = 0x0200, COIN_2_2 = 0x0400, COIN_2_3 = 0x0800, COIN_2_4 = 0x1000, INVENTOR_5_0 = 0x2000, COIN_2_5 = 0x4000, COIN_3_0 = 0x8000, INVENTOR_6_0 = 0x10000, COIN_4_0 = 0x20000 }

Public Member Functions

virtual SoType getTypeId (void) const
Returns the type identification of an object derived from a class inheriting SoBase. This is used for run-time type checking and 'downward' casting.
SoPolygonOffset (void)
virtual void doAction (SoAction *action)
virtual void callback (SoCallbackAction *action)
virtual void GLRender (SoGLRenderAction *action)

Public Member Functions inherited from SoNode
void setOverride (const SbBool state)
SbBool isOverride (void) const
void setNodeType (const NodeType type)
NodeType getNodeType (void) const
virtual SoNode * copy (SbBool copyconnections=FALSE) const
virtual SbBool affectsState (void) const
virtual void doAction (SoAction *action)
virtual void GLRender (SoGLRenderAction *action)
virtual void GLRenderBelowPath (SoGLRenderAction *action)
virtual void GLRenderInPath (SoGLRenderAction *action)
virtual void GLRenderOffPath (SoGLRenderAction *action)
virtual void callback (SoCallbackAction *action)
virtual void getBoundingBox (SoGetBoundingBoxAction *action)
virtual void getMatrix (SoGetMatrixAction *action)
virtual void handleEvent (SoHandleEventAction *action)
virtual void pick (SoPickAction *action)
virtual void rayPick (SoRayPickAction *action)
virtual void search (SoSearchAction *action)
virtual void write (SoWriteAction *action)
virtual void audioRender (SoAudioRenderAction *action)
virtual void getPrimitiveCount (SoGetPrimitiveCountAction *action)
virtual void grabEventsSetup (void)
virtual void grabEventsCleanup (void)
virtual void startNotify (void)
virtual void notify (SoNotList *l)
SbUniqueId getNodeId (void) const
virtual SoChildList * getChildren (void) const
virtual void writeInstance (SoOutput *out)
virtual SoNode * addToCopyDict (void) const
virtual void copyContents (const SoFieldContainer *from, SbBool copyconnections)
virtual SoFieldContainer * copyThroughConnection (void) const

Public Member Functions inherited from SoFieldContainer
void setToDefaults (void)
SbBool hasDefaultValues (void) const
SbBool fieldsAreEqual (const SoFieldContainer *container) const
void copyFieldValues (const SoFieldContainer *container, SbBool copyconnections=FALSE)
SbBool set (const char *const fielddata)
void get (SbString &fielddata)
virtual int getFields (SoFieldList &l) const
virtual int getAllFields (SoFieldList &l) const
virtual SoField * getField (const SbName &name) const
virtual SoField * getEventIn (const SbName &name) const
virtual SoField * getEventOut (const SbName &name) const
SbBool getFieldName (const SoField *const field, SbName &name) const
SbBool enableNotify (const SbBool flag)
SbBool isNotifyEnabled (void) const
SbBool set (const char *fielddata, SoInput *input)
void get (SbString &fielddata, SoOutput *out)
virtual void notify (SoNotList *l)
virtual SbBool validateNewFieldValue (SoField *field, void *newval)
virtual void addWriteReference (SoOutput *out, SbBool isfromfield=FALSE)
virtual void writeInstance (SoOutput *out)
SbBool getIsBuiltIn (void) const
virtual const SoFieldData * getFieldData (void) const
virtual void copyContents (const SoFieldContainer *from, SbBool copyconnections)
virtual SoFieldContainer * copyThroughConnection (void) const
virtual void getFieldsMemorySize (size_t &managed, size_t &unmanaged) const
void setUserData (void *userdata) const
void * getUserData (void) const

Public Member Functions inherited from SoBase
void ref (void) const
void unref (void) const
void unrefNoDelete (void) const
int32_t getRefCount (void) const
void touch (void)
virtual SoType getTypeId (void) const =0
Returns the type identification of an object derived from a class inheriting SoBase. This is used for run-time type checking and 'downward' casting.
SbBool isOfType (SoType type) const
Returns TRUE if the type of this object is either of the same type or inherited from type.
virtual SbName getName (void) const
virtual void setName (const SbName &newname)
virtual void startNotify (void)
virtual void notify (SoNotList *l)
void addAuditor (void *const auditor, const SoNotRec::Type type)
void removeAuditor (void *const auditor, const SoNotRec::Type type)
const SoAuditorList & getAuditors (void) const
virtual void addWriteReference (SoOutput *out, SbBool isfromfield=FALSE)
SbBool shouldWrite (void)
void assertAlive (void) const

Static Public Member Functions

static SoType getClassTypeId (void)
static void initClass (void)

Static Public Member Functions inherited from SoNode
static uint32_t getCompatibilityTypes (const SoType &nodetype)
static SoType getClassTypeId (void)
static SoNode * getByName (const SbName &name)
static int getByName (const SbName &name, SoNodeList &l)
static void initClass (void)
static void initClasses (void)
static SbUniqueId getNextNodeId (void)
static int getActionMethodIndex (const SoType type)
static void getBoundingBoxS (SoAction *action, SoNode *node)
static void GLRenderS (SoAction *action, SoNode *node)
static void callbackS (SoAction *action, SoNode *node)
static void getMatrixS (SoAction *action, SoNode *node)
static void handleEventS (SoAction *action, SoNode *node)
static void pickS (SoAction *action, SoNode *node)
static void rayPickS (SoAction *action, SoNode *node)
static void searchS (SoAction *action, SoNode *node)
static void writeS (SoAction *action, SoNode *node)
static void audioRenderS (SoAction *action, SoNode *node)
static void getPrimitiveCountS (SoAction *action, SoNode *node)

Static Public Member Functions inherited from SoFieldContainer
static void initClass (void)
static SoType getClassTypeId (void)
static void cleanupClass (void)
static void initCopyDict (void)
static void addCopy (const SoFieldContainer *orig, const SoFieldContainer *copy)
static SoFieldContainer * checkCopy (const SoFieldContainer *orig)
static SoFieldContainer * findCopy (const SoFieldContainer *orig, const SbBool copyconnections)
static void copyDone (void)

Static Public Member Functions inherited from SoBase
static void initClass (void)
Sets up initialization for data common to all instances of this class, like submitting necessary information to the Coin type system.
static SoType getClassTypeId (void)
This static method returns the SoType object associated with objects of this class.
static void addName (SoBase *const base, const char *const name)
static void removeName (SoBase *const base, const char *const name)
static void incrementCurrentWriteCounter (void)
static void decrementCurrentWriteCounter (void)
static SoBase * getNamedBase (const SbName &name, SoType type)
static int getNamedBases (const SbName &name, SoBaseList &baselist, SoType type)
static SbBool read (SoInput *input, SoBase *&base, SoType expectedtype)
static void setInstancePrefix (const SbString &c)
static void setTraceRefs (SbBool trace)
static SbBool getTraceRefs (void)
static SbBool connectRoute (SoInput *input, const SbName &fromnodename, const SbName &fromfieldname, const SbName &tonodename, const SbName &tofieldname)
static SbBool readRoute (SoInput *input)

Public Attributes

SoSFFloat factor
SoSFFloat units
SoSFBitMask styles
SoSFBool on

Protected Member Functions

virtual const SoFieldData * getFieldData (void) const
virtual ~SoPolygonOffset ()

Protected Member Functions inherited from SoNode
SoNode (void)
virtual ~SoNode ()
virtual SbBool readInstance (SoInput *in, unsigned short flags)

Protected Member Functions inherited from SoFieldContainer
SoFieldContainer (void)
virtual ~SoFieldContainer ()
virtual SbBool readInstance (SoInput *in, unsigned short flags)

Protected Member Functions inherited from SoBase
SoBase (void)
virtual ~SoBase ()
virtual void destroy (void)
SbBool hasMultipleWriteRefs (void) const
SbBool writeHeader (SoOutput *out, SbBool isgroup, SbBool isengine) const
void writeFooter (SoOutput *out) const
virtual const char * getFileFormatName (void) const
virtual SbBool readInstance (SoInput *input, unsigned short flags)=0
virtual SoNotRec createNotRec (void)

Static Protected Member Functions

static const SoFieldData ** getFieldDataPtr (void)

Static Protected Member Functions inherited from SoNode
static const SoFieldData ** getFieldDataPtr (void)
static void setNextActionMethodIndex (int index)
static int getNextActionMethodIndex (void)
static void incNextActionMethodIndex (void)
static void setCompatibilityTypes (const SoType &nodetype, const uint32_t bitmask)

Static Protected Member Functions inherited from SoBase
static uint32_t getCurrentWriteCounter (void)
static void staticDataLock (void)
static void staticDataUnlock (void)

Additional Inherited Members

Protected Types inherited from SoBase

enum BaseFlags { IS_ENGINE = 0x01, IS_GROUP = 0x02 }

Protected Attributes inherited from SoNode
SbUniqueId uniqueId

Protected Attributes inherited from SoFieldContainer
SbBool isBuiltIn

Static Protected Attributes inherited from SoNode
static SbUniqueId nextUniqueId = 1
static int nextActionMethodIndex = 0

Detailed Description

The SoPolygonOffset class is a node type for 'layering' rendering primitives.

A common problem with realtime 3D rendering systems is that rendered primitives which are at approximately the same depth with regard to the camera viewpoint will appear to flicker. I.e.: from one angle one primitive will appear to be closer, while at another angle, another primitive will appear closer. When this happens, the rendered graphics at that part of the scene will of course look a lot less visually pleasing.

One common situation where this problem often occurs is when you attempt to put a wireframe grid as an outline on top of filled polygons.

The cause of the problem described above is that the Z-buffer of any render system has a limited resolution, often at 16, 24 or 32 bits. Because of this, primitives which are close will sometimes get the same depth value in the Z-buffer, even though they are not actually at the same depth-coordinate.

To rectify the flickering problem, this node can be inserted in the scene graph at the proper place(s) to explicitly define how polygons, lines and/or points should be offset with regard to other primitives.

As for the details of how the SoPolygonOffset::factor and SoPolygonOffset::units should be set, we quote the OpenGL documentation:

    The value of the offset is

        factor * DZ + r * units

    where DZ is a measurement of the change in depth relative to the
    screen area of the polygon, and r is the smallest value that is
    guaranteed to produce a resolvable offset for a given
    implementation. The offset is added before the depth test is
    performed and before the value is written into the depth buffer..fi


One word of notice with regard to the above quote from the OpenGL documentation: it doesn't really make sense to set 'factor' and 'units' to values with different signs, i.e. 'factor' to a negative value and 'units' to a positive value, or vice versa.

The pixels would then be 'pushed back' in z-order by one part of the equation, but at the same time be 'pushed forward' by the other part of the equation. This would most likely give very inconsistent results, but which may at first look ok.

We mention this potential for making a mistake, as it seems to be a quite common error.

Below is a simple, correct usage example:


#Inventor V2.1 ascii

Separator {
   Coordinate3 { point [ -1 -1 0, 1 -1 0, 1 1 0, -1 1 0 ] }
   
   Separator {
      BaseColor { rgb 1 1 0 }
      # needs to draw polygons-as-line, and not 'real' lines -- see
      # documentation below on why this is so:
      DrawStyle { style LINES }
      # draw two triangles, to get a line crossing the face of the
      # polygon:
      IndexedFaceSet { coordIndex [ 0, 1, 2, -1, 0, 2, 3 -1 ] }
   }
   
   PolygonOffset {
      styles FILLED
      factor 1.0
      units 1.0
   }
   
   BaseColor { rgb 0 0.5 0 }
   FaceSet { numVertices [ 4 ] }
}

Without the polygonoffset node in the above example, the lines may look irregularly stippled with some graphics card drivers, as parts of it will show through the faceset, others not. This happen on seemingly random parts, as the z-buffer floating point calculations will be fickle with regard to whether or not the polygon or the line will be closer to the camera.

See the API documentation of the SoPolygonOffset::styles field below for a discussion of one important limitation of OpenGL's Z-buffer offset mechanism: it only works with polygons or polygons rendered in line or point mode, using the SoDrawStyle::style field.

FILE FORMAT/DEFAULTS:

PolygonOffset {
    factor 1
    units 1
    styles FILLED
    on TRUE
}
Since

TGS Inventor 2.5

Coin 1.0

Member Enumeration Documentation

enum SoPolygonOffset::Style

Enumeration of the rendering primitives which can be influenced by an SoPolygonOffset node.

Constructor & Destructor Documentation

SoPolygonOffset::SoPolygonOffset (void)

Constructor.

SoPolygonOffset::~SoPolygonOffset () [protected], [virtual]

Destructor.

Member Function Documentation

SoType SoPolygonOffset::getTypeId (void) const [virtual]

Returns the type identification of an object derived from a class inheriting SoBase. This is used for run-time type checking and 'downward' casting. Usage example:

void foo(SoNode * node)
{
  if (node->getTypeId() == SoFile::getClassTypeId()) {
    SoFile * filenode = (SoFile *)node;  // safe downward cast, knows the type
  }
}

For application programmers wanting to extend the library with new nodes, engines, nodekits, draggers or others: this method needs to be overridden in all subclasses. This is typically done as part of setting up the full type system for extension classes, which is usually accomplished by using the pre-defined macros available through for instance Inventor/nodes/SoSubNode.h (SO_NODE_INIT_CLASS and SO_NODE_CONSTRUCTOR for node classes), Inventor/engines/SoSubEngine.h (for engine classes) and so on.

For more information on writing Coin extensions, see the class documentation of the toplevel superclasses for the various class groups.

Implements SoBase.

const SoFieldData * SoPolygonOffset::getFieldData (void) const [protected], [virtual]

Returns a pointer to the class-wide field data storage object for this instance. If no fields are present, returns NULL.

Reimplemented from SoFieldContainer.

void SoPolygonOffset::doAction (SoAction * action) [virtual]

This function performs the typical operation of a node for any action.

Reimplemented from SoNode.

void SoPolygonOffset::callback (SoCallbackAction * action) [virtual]

Action method for SoCallbackAction.

Simply updates the state according to how the node behaves for the render action, so the application programmer can use the SoCallbackAction for extracting information about the scene graph.

Reimplemented from SoNode.

void SoPolygonOffset::GLRender (SoGLRenderAction * action) [virtual]

Action method for the SoGLRenderAction.

This is called during rendering traversals. Nodes influencing the rendering state in any way or who wants to throw geometry primitives at OpenGL overrides this method.

Reimplemented from SoNode.

Member Data Documentation

SoSFFloat SoPolygonOffset::factor

Offset multiplication factor. Scales the variable depth in the z-buffer of the rendered primitives.

See SoPolygonOffset's main class documentation above for detailed information on how the factor value is used.

Default value is 1.0.

SoSFFloat SoPolygonOffset::units

Offset translation multiplication factor. Will be multiplied with the value which represents the smallest discrete step that can be distinguished with the underlying Z-buffer resolution.

See SoPolygonOffset's main class documentation above for detailed information on how the units value is used.

Note that positive values will push geometry 'away' into the Z-buffer, while negative values will 'move' geometry closer.

Default value is 1.0.

SoSFBitMask SoPolygonOffset::styles

The rendering primitive type to be influenced by this node. This is a bitmask variable, so you can select several primitive types (out of filled polygons, lines and points) be influenced by the offset at the same time.

There is one very important OpenGL limitation to know about in this regard: Z-buffer offsetting can only be done for either polygons, or for polygons rendered as lines or as points.

So attempts at using this node to offset e.g. SoLineSet / SoIndexedLineSet or SoPointSet primitives will not work.

See the comments in the scene graph below for a detailed example on what SoPolygonOffset can and can not do:

#Inventor V2.1 ascii

Separator {
   # render polygon:

   Coordinate3 { point [ -1.1 -1.1 0, 1.1 -1.1 0, 1.1 1.1 0, -1.1 1.1 0 ] }
   BaseColor { rgb 0 0.5 0 }
   FaceSet { numVertices [ 4 ] }

   # offset polygon-as-lines to be in front of above polygon:

   PolygonOffset {
      styles LINES
      factor -2.0
      units 1.0
   }
   
   # render lines:

   Coordinate3 { point [ -1 -1 0, 1 -1 0, 1 1 0, -1 1 0 ] }
   BaseColor { rgb 1 1 0 }

   Switch {
      # change this to '0' to see how glPolygonOffset() does *not* work
      # with "true" lines
      whichChild 1

      DEF child0 Group {
         # can *not* be offset
         IndexedLineSet { coordIndex [ 0, 1, 2, 3, 0, 2, -1, 1, 3 -1 ]
         }
      }

      DEF child1 Group {
         # will be offset
         DrawStyle { style LINES }
         FaceSet { numVertices [ 4 ] }
      }
   }
}

Field default value is SoPolygonOffset::FILLED.

SoSFBool SoPolygonOffset::on

Whether the offset is on or off. Default is for SoPolygonOffset::on to be TRUE.

Author

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Info

Wed Jan 18 2023 Version 4.0.0 Coin