SoCalculator.3iv man page

SoCalculator — a general-purpose calculator

Inherits from

SoBase > SoFieldContainer > SoEngine > SoCalculator

Synopsis

#include <Inventor/engines/SoCalculator.h>

Inputs from class SoCalculator:

SoMFFloat a

SoMFFloat b

SoMFFloat c

SoMFFloat d

SoMFFloat e

SoMFFloat f

SoMFFloat g

SoMFFloat h

SoMFVec3f A

SoMFVec3f B

SoMFVec3f C

SoMFVec3f D

SoMFVec3f E

SoMFVec3f F

SoMFVec3f G

SoMFVec3f H

SoMFString expression

Outputs from class SoCalculator:

(SoMFFloat) oa

(SoMFFloat) ob

(SoMFFloat) oc

(SoMFFloat) od

(SoMFVec3f) oA

(SoMFVec3f) oB

(SoMFVec3f) oC

(SoMFVec3f) oD

Methods from class SoCalculator:

SoCalculator()

Methods from class SoEngine:

static SoType getClassTypeId()

virtual int getOutputs(SoEngineOutputList &list) const

SoEngineOutput * getOutput(const SbName &outputName) const

SbBool getOutputName(const SoEngineOutput *output, SbName &outputName) const

SoEngine * copy() const

static SoEngine * getByName(const SbName &name)

static int getByName(const SbName &name, SoEngineList &list)

Methods from class SoFieldContainer:

void setToDefaults()

SbBool hasDefaultValues() const

SbBool fieldsAreEqual(const SoFieldContainer *fc) const

void copyFieldValues(const SoFieldContainer *fc, SbBool copyConnections = FALSE)

SbBool set(const char *fieldDataString)

void get(SbString &fieldDataString)

virtual int getFields(SoFieldList &resultList) const

virtual SoField * getField(const SbName &fieldName) const

SbBool getFieldName(const SoField *field, SbName &fieldName) const

SbBool isNotifyEnabled() const

SbBool enableNotify(SbBool flag)

Methods from class SoBase:

void ref()

void unref() const

void unrefNoDelete() const

void touch()

virtual SoType getTypeId() const

SbBool isOfType(SoType type) const

virtual void setName(const SbName &name)

virtual SbName getName() const

Description

This engine is a general-purpose calculator. The calculator operates on floating-point values and 3D floating-point vectors. The engine takes up to eight inputs of each type (SoMFFloat and SoMFVec3f), and produces up to four outputs of each type.

Each input field (a-h, A-H) can have multiple values, allowing the engine to evaluate the expression with different values in parallel. Some inputs may have more values than others. In such cases, the last value of the shorter inputs will be repeated as necessary.

The expression input string specifies the expression to be evaluated. An expression can consist of multiple subexpressions. Several subexpressions can be specified in one string, separated by semicolons (;). Alternatively, the subexpressions can be stored in separate strings in the multiple-valued input field.

Each subexpression is of the form:

<lhs> = <rhs>

The <lhs> can be any one of the outputs or a temporary variable. The engine provides 8 temporary floating-point variables (ta, tb, tc, td, te, tf, tg, and th), and 8 temporary vector variables (tA, tB, tC, tD, tE, tF, tG, and tH). You can assign a value to one component of a vector output (A-H) or a vector variable (tA-tH) by using the [] operator. For example, oA[0] = <rhs>, will evaluate the right hand side and assign the value to the first component of the output vector oA.

The <rhs> supports arithmetic, logical and conditional operators. They are:

(unary)   !, -
(binary)  +, -, *, /, %, <, > <=, >=, ==, !=, &&, ||
(ternary) ? :

The ternary operator is a conditional operator. For example, a ? b : c evaluates to b if a != 0, and to c if a==0.

Valid operands for the <rhs> include the inputs, outputs, temporary variables, and their components (e.g. oA[0]). Operands can also be numeric constants (e.g. 1.0), pre-defined named constants, or pre-defined functions.

The named constants are:

MAXFLOAT 
MINFLOAT  
M_E 
M_LOG2E 
M_LOG10E 
M_LN2 
M_LN10 
M_PI 
M_SQRT2  = sqrt(2)
M_SQRT1_2 = sqrt(1/2)

Most of the pre-defined functions come from the math library:

cos, sin, tan, 
acos, asin, atan, atan2, 
cosh, sinh, tanh,
sqrt, pow, exp, log, log10,
ceil, floor, fabs, fmod.

Other functions are defined by SoCalculator. They are:

rand(f) - Random number generator
cross(v1, v2) - Vector cross product 
dot(v1, v2) - Vector dot product 
length(v) - Vector length
normalize(v) - Normalize vector
vec3f(f1, f2, f3) - Generate a vector from 3 floats

The subexpressions are evaluated in order, so a variable set in the <lhs> of an earlier expression may be used in the <rhs> of a later expression.

Note, when the input has multiple values, all the subexpressions specified in the expression are applied to all the multiple input values. This is unlike the SoBoolOperation engine, where each operation is applied only to the corresponding entries of the input data. Note also, that even though the inputs and outputs can have multiple values the [] operator is only for indexing into the values of a single vector. It does not index into the multiple values of a field. For example, if the floating-point input field a has two values: 1.0, and 2.0, then the expression

"oA[0]=a; oA[1]=a; oA[2]=0.0"

will produce two output vectors in oA: (1.0, 1.0, 0.0) and (2.0, 2.0, 0.0).

Examples of expressions:

"ta = oA[0]*floor(a)"
"tb = (a+b)*sin(M_PI)"
"oA = vec3f(ta, tb, ta+tb)"
"oB = normalize(oA)"
"ta = a; tb = sin(ta); oA = vec3f(ta, tb, 0)"

Inputs

SoMFFloat a

SoMFFloat b

SoMFFloat c

SoMFFloat d

SoMFFloat e

SoMFFloat f

SoMFFloat g

SoMFFloat h
Inputs a-h are the floating-point values.

SoMFVec3f A

SoMFVec3f B

SoMFVec3f C

SoMFVec3f D

SoMFVec3f E

SoMFVec3f F

SoMFVec3f G

SoMFVec3f H
Inputs A-H are the vectors.

SoMFString expression
The expression to be evaluated.

Outputs

(SoMFFloat) oa

(SoMFFloat) ob

(SoMFFloat) oc

(SoMFFloat) od
Outputs oa-od are the floating-point values.

(SoMFVec3f) oA

(SoMFVec3f) oB

(SoMFVec3f) oC

(SoMFVec3f) oD
Outputs oA-oD are the vectors.

Methods

SoCalculator()
Constructor

File Format/Defaults

Calculator {
a	0
b	0
c	0
d	0
e	0
f	0
g	0
h	0
A	0 0 0
B	0 0 0
C	0 0 0
D	0 0 0
E	0 0 0
F	0 0 0
G	0 0 0
H	0 0 0
expression	""
}

See Also

SoEngineOutput, SoBoolOperation

Info