Smokeping_probes_TelnetJunOSPing man page

Smokeping::probes::TelnetJunOSPing — Juniper JunOS Probe for SmokePing

Synopsis

*** Probes ***
+TelnetJunOSPing
forks = 5
offset = 50%
packetsize = 100
step = 300
timeout = 15
# The following variables can be overridden in each target section
junospass = password # mandatory
junosuser = user # mandatory
pings = 5
psource = 192.168.2.129
source = 192.168.2.1 # mandatory
# [...]
*** Targets ***
probe = TelnetJunOSPing # if this should be the default probe
# [...]
+ mytarget
# probe = TelnetJunOSPing # if the default probe is something else
host = my.host
junospass = password # mandatory
junosuser = user # mandatory
pings = 5
psource = 192.168.2.129
source = 192.168.2.1 # mandatory

Description

Integrates Juniper JunOS as a probe into smokeping. Uses the telnet protocol to run a ping from an JunOS device (source) to another device (host). This probe basically uses the "extended ping" of the Juniper JunOS. You have the option to specify which interface the ping is sourced from as well.

Variables

Supported probe-specific variables:

forks
Run this many concurrent processes at maximum

Example value: 5

Default value: 5
offset
If you run many probes concurrently you may want to prevent them from hitting your network all at the same time. Using the probe-specific offset parameter you can change the point in time when each probe will be run. Offset is specified in % of total interval, or alternatively as 'random', and the offset from the 'General' section is used if nothing is specified here. Note that this does NOT influence the rrds itself, it is just a matter of when data acqusition is initiated. (This variable is only applicable if the variable 'concurrentprobes' is set in the 'General' section.)

Example value: 50%
packetsize
The (optional) packetsize option lets you configure the packetsize for the pings sent.

Default value: 100
step
Duration of the base interval that this probe should use, if different from the one specified in the 'Database' section. Note that the step in the RRD files is fixed when they are originally generated, and if you change the step parameter afterwards, you'll have to delete the old RRD files or somehow convert them. (This variable is only applicable if the variable 'concurrentprobes' is set in the 'General' section.)

Example value: 300
timeout
How long a single 'ping' takes at maximum

Example value: 15

Default value: 5

Supported target-specific variables:

junospass
The junospass option allows you to specify the password for the username specified with the option junosuser.

Example value: password

This setting is mandatory.
junosuser
The junosuser option allows you to specify a username that has ping capability on the JunOS Device.

Example value: user

This setting is mandatory.
pings
How many pings should be sent to each target, if different from the global value specified in the Database section. Note that the number of pings in the RRD files is fixed when they are originally generated, and if you change this parameter afterwards, you'll have to delete the old RRD files or somehow convert them.

Example value: 5
psource
The (optional) psource option specifies an alternate IP address or Interface from which you wish to source your pings from. Routers can have many many IP addresses, and interfaces. When you ping from a router you have the ability to choose which interface and/or which IP address the ping is sourced from. Specifying an IP/interface does not necessarily specify the interface from which the ping will leave, but will specify which address the packet(s) appear to come from. If this option is left out the JunOS Device will source the packet automatically based on routing and/or metrics. If this doesn't make sense to you then just leave it out.

Example value: 192.168.2.129
source
The source option specifies the JunOS device to which we telnet. This is an IP address of an JunOS Device that you/your server: 1) Have the ability to telnet to 2) Have a valid username and password for

Example value: 192.168.2.1

This setting is mandatory.

Authors

S H A N <shanali@yahoo.com>

based HEAVILY on Smokeping::probes::TelnetIOSPing by

John A Jackson <geonjay@infoave.net>

based on Smokeping::probes::JunOSPing by

Paul J Murphy <paul@murph.org>

based on Smokeping::probes::FPing by

Tobias Oetiker <tobi@oetiker.ch>

Notes

JunOS configuration

The JunOS device should have a username/password configured, as well as the ability to connect to the VTY(s).

Some JunOS devices have a maximum of 5 VTYs available, so be careful not to hit a limit with the 'forks' variable.

Requirements

This module requires the Net::Telnet module for perl. This is usually included on most newer OSs which include perl.

Debugging

There is some VERY rudimentary debugging code built into this module (it's based on the debugging code written into Net::Telnet). It will log information into three files "TIPreturn", "TIPoutlog", and "TIPdump". These files will be written out into your current working directory (CWD). You can change the names of these files to something with more meaning to you.

Password authentication

You should be advised that the authentication method of telnet uses clear text transmissions...meaning that without proper network security measures someone could sniff your username and password off the network. I may attempt to incorporate SSH in a future version of this module, but it is very doubtful. Right now SSH adds a LOT of processing overhead to a router, and isn't incredibly easy to implement in perl.

Having said this, don't be too scared of telnet. Remember, the original JunOSPing module used RSH, which is even more scary to use from a security perspective.

Ping packet size

The FPing manpage has the following to say on the topic of ping packet size:

Number of bytes of ping data to send. The minimum size (normally 12) allows room for the data that fping needs to do its work (sequence number, timestamp). The reported received data size includes the IP header (normally 20 bytes) and ICMP header (8 bytes), so the minimum total size is 40 bytes. Default is 56, as in ping. Maximum is the theoretical maximum IP datagram size (64K), though most systems limit this to a smaller, system-dependent number.

Info

2016-10-25 2.6.11 SmokePing