SbRotation.3coin3 man page

SbRotation — The SbRotation class represents a rotation in 3D space.

SbRotation is used extensively throughout the Coin library.

Synopsis

#include <Inventor/SbLinear.h>

Public Member Functions

SbRotation (void)

SbRotation (const SbVec3f &axis, const float radians)

SbRotation (const float q[4])

SbRotation (const float q0, const float q1, const float q2, const float q3)

SbRotation (const SbMatrix &m)

SbRotation (const SbVec3f &rotateFrom, const SbVec3f &rotateTo)

const float * getValue (void) const

void getValue (float &q0, float &q1, float &q2, float &q3) const

SbRotation & setValue (const float q0, const float q1, const float q2, const float q3)

void getValue (SbVec3f &axis, float &radians) const

void getValue (SbMatrix &matrix) const

SbRotation & invert (void)

SbRotation inverse (void) const

SbRotation & setValue (const float q[4])

SbRotation & setValue (const SbMatrix &m)

SbRotation & setValue (const SbVec3f &axis, const float radians)

SbRotation & setValue (const SbVec3f &rotateFrom, const SbVec3f &rotateTo)

SbRotation & operator*= (const SbRotation &q)

SbRotation & operator*= (const float s)

SbBool equals (const SbRotation &r, const float tolerance) const

void multVec (const SbVec3f &src, SbVec3f &dst) const

void scaleAngle (const float scaleFactor)

void print (FILE *fp) const

Static Public Member Functions

static SbRotation slerp (const SbRotation &rot0, const SbRotation &rot1, float t)

static SbRotation identity (void)

Friends

int operator== (const SbRotation &q1, const SbRotation &q2)

int operator!= (const SbRotation &q1, const SbRotation &q2)

SbRotation operator* (const SbRotation &q1, const SbRotation &q2)

Detailed Description

The SbRotation class represents a rotation in 3D space.

SbRotation is used extensively throughout the Coin library.

An SbRotation is stored internally as a quaternion for speed and storage reasons, but inquiries can be done to get and set axis and angle values for convenience.

Note that there is one very common mistake that is easy to make when setting the value of an SbRotation, and that is to inadvertently use the wrong SbRotation constructor. This example should clarify the problem:

SbRotation rotation(0, 0, 1, 1.5707963f);

The programmer clearly tries to set a PI/2 rotation around the Z axis, but this will fail, as the SbRotation constructor invoked above is the one that takes as arguments the 4 floats of a quaternion. What the programmer almost certainly wanted to do was to use the SbRotation constructor that takes a rotation vector and a rotation angle, which is invoked like this:

SbRotation rotation(SbVec3f(0, 0, 1), 1.5707963f);

Another common problem is to set the rotation value to exactly 0.0, while wanting to store just the information about a rotation angle: rotations are internally handled as quaternions, and when converting from an angle and a rotation value to a quaternion representation, the information about the angle 'gets lost' if there is no actual rotation.

See also:

SbMatrix

Constructor & Destructor Documentation

SbRotation::SbRotation (void)

The default constructor just initializes a valid rotation. The actual value is unspecified, and you should not depend on it.

SbRotation::SbRotation (const SbVec3f & axis, const float radians)

Construct a new SbRotation object initialized with the given axis-of-rotation and rotation angle.

SbRotation::SbRotation (const float q[4])

Construct a new SbRotation object initialized with the given quaternion components.

The array must be ordered as follows:

q[0] = x, q[1] = y, q[2] = z and q[3] = w, where the quaternion is specified by q=w+xi+yj+zk.

SbRotation::SbRotation (const float q0, const float q1, const float q2, const float q3)

Construct a new SbRotation object initialized with the given quaternion components.

SbRotation::SbRotation (const SbMatrix & m)

Construct a new SbRotation object initialized with the given rotation matrix.

SbRotation::SbRotation (const SbVec3f & rotateFrom, const SbVec3f & rotateTo)

Construct a rotation which is the minimum rotation necessary to make vector rotateFrom point in the direction of vector rotateTo.

Example:

#include <Inventor/SbRotation.h>
#include <Inventor/SbVec3f.h>
#include <cstdio>

int
main(void)
{
  SbVec3f from(10, 0, 0);
  SbVec3f to(0, 10, 0);

  SbRotation rot(from, to);

  SbVec3f axis;
  float angle;
  rot.getValue(axis, angle);
  axis.print(stdout);
  printf("  angle==%f0, angle);

  return 0;
}

Member Function Documentation

const float * SbRotation::getValue (void) const

Return pointer to an array with the rotation expressed as four quaternion values.

See also:

setValue().

void SbRotation::getValue (float & q0, float & q1, float & q2, float & q3) const

Return the four quaternion components representing the rotation.

See also:

setValue().

SbRotation & SbRotation::setValue (const float q0, const float q1, const float q2, const float q3)

Set the rotation.

See also:

getValue().

void SbRotation::getValue (SbVec3f & axis, float & radians) const

Return the rotation in the form of an axis-of-rotation and a rotation angle.

See also:

setValue().

void SbRotation::getValue (SbMatrix & matrix) const

Return this rotation in the form of a matrix.

See also:

setValue().

SbRotation & SbRotation::invert (void)

Invert the rotation. Returns reference to self.

See also:

inverse()

SbRotation SbRotation::inverse (void) const

Non-destructively inverses the rotation and returns the result.

See also:

invert()

SbRotation & SbRotation::setValue (const float q[4])

Reset the rotation by the four quaternions in the array.

See also:

getValue().

SbRotation & SbRotation::setValue (const SbMatrix & m)

Set the rotation from the components of the given matrix. Returns reference to self.

See also:

getValue().

SbRotation & SbRotation::setValue (const SbVec3f & axis, const float radians)

Reset rotation with the given axis-of-rotation and rotation angle. Returns reference to self.

Make sure axis is not the null vector when calling this method.

See also:

getValue().

SbRotation & SbRotation::setValue (const SbVec3f & rotateFrom, const SbVec3f & rotateTo)

Construct a rotation which is the minimum rotation necessary to make vector rotateFrom point in the direction of vector rotateTo.

Returns reference to self.

See SbRotation constructor with corresponding input arguments for a simple code example.

See also:

getValue().

SbRotation & SbRotation::operator*= (const SbRotation & q)

Multiplies the quaternions.

Note that order is important when combining quaternions with the multiplication operator.

SbRotation & SbRotation::operator*= (const float s)

Multiplies components of quaternion with scalar value s. Returns reference to self.

SbBool SbRotation::equals (const SbRotation & r, const float tolerance) const

Check the internal quaternion representation vectors for equality within the given tolerance.

void SbRotation::multVec (const SbVec3f & src, SbVec3f & dst) const

Rotate the src vector and put the result in dst.

It is safe to let src and dst be the same SbVec3f instance.

void SbRotation::scaleAngle (const float scaleFactor)

Scale the angle of rotation by scaleFactor.

SbRotation slerp (const SbRotation & rot0, const SbRotation & rot1, float t) [static]

Interpolates along the shortest path between the two rotation positions (from rot0 to rot1).

Returns the SbRotation which will rotate rot0 the given part t of the spherical distance towards rot1, where t=0 will yield rot0 and t=1 will yield rot1.

t should be in the interval [0, 1].

SbRotation SbRotation::identity (void) [static]

Returns an identity rotation.

void SbRotation::print (FILE * fp) const

Dump the state of this object to the fp file stream. Only works in debug version of library, method does nothing in an optimized compile.

Author

Generated automatically by Doxygen for Coin from the source code.

Referenced By

SbRotation.3coin2(3) is an alias of SbRotation.3coin3(3).

Mon Sep 5 2016 Version 3.1.3 Coin