SSL_connect.3ssl - Man Page

initiate the TLS/SSL handshake with an TLS/SSL server


 #include <openssl/ssl.h>

 int SSL_connect(SSL *ssl);


SSL_connect() initiates the TLS/SSL handshake with a server. The communication channel must already have been set and assigned to the ssl by setting an underlying BIO.


The behaviour of SSL_connect() depends on the underlying BIO.

If the underlying BIO is blocking, SSL_connect() will only return once the handshake has been finished or an error occurred.

If the underlying BIO is non-blocking, SSL_connect() will also return when the underlying BIO could not satisfy the needs of SSL_connect() to continue the handshake, indicating the problem by the return value -1. In this case a call to SSL_get_error() with the return value of SSL_connect() will yield SSL_ERROR_WANT_READ or SSL_ERROR_WANT_WRITE. The calling process then must repeat the call after taking appropriate action to satisfy the needs of SSL_connect(). The action depends on the underlying BIO. When using a non-blocking socket, nothing is to be done, but select() can be used to check for the required condition. When using a buffering BIO, like a BIO pair, data must be written into or retrieved out of the BIO before being able to continue.

Return Values

The following return values can occur:


The TLS/SSL handshake was not successful but was shut down controlled and by the specifications of the TLS/SSL protocol. Call SSL_get_error() with the return value ret to find out the reason.


The TLS/SSL handshake was successfully completed, a TLS/SSL connection has been established.


The TLS/SSL handshake was not successful, because a fatal error occurred either at the protocol level or a connection failure occurred. The shutdown was not clean. It can also occur of action is need to continue the operation for non-blocking BIOs. Call SSL_get_error() with the return value ret to find out the reason.

See Also

SSL_get_error(3), SSL_accept(3), SSL_shutdown(3), ssl(3), bio(3), SSL_set_connect_state(3), SSL_do_handshake(3), SSL_CTX_new(3)

Referenced By

ssl.3ssl(3), ssl.7ssl(7), SSL_accept.3ssl(3), SSL_CTX_dane_enable.3ssl(3), SSL_do_handshake.3ssl(3), SSL_read.3ssl(3), SSL_read_early_data.3ssl(3), SSL_set_bio.3ssl(3), SSL_set_connect_state.3ssl(3), SSL_set_fd.3ssl(3), SSL_shutdown.3ssl(3), SSL_write.3ssl(3).

2020-08-01 1.0.2o OpenSSL