OpenDBX_Result man page

OpenDBX::Result — Provides result sets from the database.

Synopsis

Public Member Functions

unsigned long columnCount () throw ( std::exception )
Returns the number of columns available in this result set.
const string columnName (unsigned long pos) throw ( std::exception )
Returns the name of the column in the current result set.
unsigned long columnPos (const string &name) throw ( std::exception )
Maps the column name to the column number required by other methods.
odbxtype columnType (unsigned long pos) throw ( std::exception )
Returns the type of the column in the current result set.
unsigned long fieldLength (unsigned long pos) throw ( std::exception )
Returns the size of the content in the current row at the specified postion.
const char * fieldValue (unsigned long pos) throw ( std::exception )
Returns a pointer to the content in the current row at the specified postion.
void finish () throw ( std::exception )
Retrieves unfetched rows and cleans up the available result sets.
Lob getLob (const char *value) throw ( std::exception )
Creates a large object instance if supported by the database.
odbxres getResult (struct timeval *timeout=NULL, unsigned long chunk=0) throw ( std::exception )
Fetches one result set from the database server.
odbxrow getRow () throw ( std::exception )
Makes data of next row available.
Result & operator= (const Result &ref) throw ()
Assigns a Result instance to another one.
Result (const Result &ref) throw ()
Copy constructor.
uint64_t rowsAffected () throw ( std::exception )
Returns the number of rows affected by DELETE, INSERT of UPDATE statements.
~Result () throw ()
Destroys a Result instance if no other references exist.

Protected Member Functions

Result () throw ()
Default constructor.
Result (Result_Iface *impl) throw ( std::exception )
Creates a Result instance.

Detailed Description

Provides result sets from the database.

Author:

Norbert Sendetzky norbert@linuxnetworks.de

Version:

1.0

Constructor & Destructor Documentation

OpenDBX::Result::Result () [inline], [protected]

Default constructor. The default constructor isn't part of the public interface as the object must not be created manually. Instead, the Stmt::execute() method is a factory for instances of the Result class.

Returns:

Result instance

OpenDBX::Result::Result (Result_Iface * impl)std::exception [protected]

Creates a Result instance. The constructor isn't part of the public interface as the object must not be created manually. Instead, the Stmt::execute() method is a factory for instances of the Result class.

Parameters:

impl Pointer to private implementation

Exceptions:

std::exception If an error occures

Returns:

Result instance

OpenDBX::Result::~Result ()

Destroys a Result instance if no other references exist. Each result object uses a reference counter to remember if the internal variables are shared with other objects. If this isn't the case or if this object is the last one referencing the variables, the object is cleanup up and the allocated memory freed.

OpenDBX::Result::Result (const Result & ref)

Copy constructor. Enables the transfer of the internal state of an object ref of the same type to this object. Both objects share the same variables and the reference counter afterwards. The reference counter is incremented each time an object is copied and will be decremented if it is destroyed.

Parameters:

ref Original result object instance

Member Function Documentation

unsigned long OpenDBX::Result::columnCount ()std::exception

Returns the number of columns available in this result set. The number of columns will never change within a result set with one notable exception: MySQL returns all outstanding rows of a previous result set first if they were not fetched completely by getRow() before. Therefore, the column count might change in this special situation.

Returns:

Number of columns

Exceptions:

OpenDBX::Exception If the underlying database library returns an error

const string OpenDBX::Result::columnName (unsigned long pos)std::exception

Returns the name of the column in the current result set. Gets the name of the column specified by pos in the current result set. The column names will not change within the result set with the exception of MySQL when the first result set wasn't retrieved completely before getResult() was called again.

Parameters:

pos Position of column in result set

Returns:

Column name

Exceptions:

OpenDBX::Exception If the underlying database library returns an error

unsigned long OpenDBX::Result::columnPos (const string & name)std::exception

Maps the column name to the column number required by other methods. This method returns the index of the column which is named like the content of the string given via the parameter name. The column index will not change within the result set.

Parameters:

name Name of the column in the result set

Returns:

Position of column in result set

Exceptions:

OpenDBX::Exception If the underlying database library returns an error

odbxtype OpenDBX::Result::columnType (unsigned long pos)std::exception

Returns the type of the column in the current result set. The column type applies to all fields at the same position of the rows fetched via getRow(). The definitions are based on the SQL2003 standard and the data types of the database server have to comply to the specification of the standard. These are:

Exact numeric values:

·
ODBX_TYPE_BOOLEAN: True/false values
·
ODBX_TYPE_SMALLINT: Signed 16 bit integer
·
ODBX_TYPE_INTEGER: Signed 32 bit integer
·
ODBX_TYPE_BIGINT: Signed 64 bit integer
·
ODBX_TYPE_DECIMAL: Exact signed numeric values with user defined precision

Approximate numeric values:

·
ODBX_TYPE_REAL: Approximate numeric values (signed) with 32 bit precision
·
ODBX_TYPE_DOUBLE: Approximate numeric values (signed) with 64 bit precision
·
ODBX_TYPE_FLOAT: Approximate numeric values (signed) with user defined precision

String values:

·
ODBX_TYPE_CHAR: Fixed number of characters
·
ODBX_TYPE_NCHAR: Fixed number of characters using a national character set
·
ODBX_TYPE_VARCHAR: Variable number of characters
·
ODBX_TYPE_NVARCHAR: Variable number of characters using a national character set

Large objects:

·
ODBX_TYPE_CLOB: Large text object
·
ODBX_TYPE_NCLOB: Large text object using a national character set
·
ODBX_TYPE_XML: XML tree in text format
·
ODBX_TYPE_BLOB: Large binary object

Date and time values:

·
ODBX_TYPE_TIME: Time including hours, minutes and seconds
·
ODBX_TYPE_TIME_TZ: Time with timezone information
·
ODBX_TYPE_TIMESTAMP: Date and time
·
ODBX_TYPE_TIMESTAMP_TZ: Date and time with timezone information
·
ODBX_TYPE_DATE: Date including year, month and day
·
ODBX_TYPE_INTERVAL: Date interval

Arrays and sets:

·
ODBX_TYPE_ARRAY: Array of values
·
ODBX_TYPE_MULTISET: Associative arrays

External links:

·
ODBX_TYPE_DATALINK: URI locators like URL links

Data types provided by database implementations which are not covered by the SQL2003 standard are subsumed as ODBX_TYPE_UNKNOWN.

Parameters:

pos Position of column in result set

Returns:

Column type

Exceptions:

OpenDBX::Exception If the underlying database library returns an error

See also:

odbxtype

unsigned long OpenDBX::Result::fieldLength (unsigned long pos)std::exception

Returns the size of the content in the current row at the specified postion. The field is part of the current row which was retrieved by the latest call to getRow() and is specified by the column index given by pos.

Parameters:

pos Position of column in result set

Returns:

Size of the data in bytes

Exceptions:

OpenDBX::Exception If the underlying database library returns an error

const char* OpenDBX::Result::fieldValue (unsigned long pos)std::exception

Returns a pointer to the content in the current row at the specified postion. This function returns a pointer to the field data specified by the column index pos. The field is part of the current row which was retrieved by the latest call to getRow(). All values except binary objects are handed back as strings terminated by the zero character. This does also apply to numeric values, dates, etc. They have to be converted to their binary machine dependent representation before arithmetic operations can be done. If a value is undefined, i.e. 'NULL' is attached to the field in the database, an equivalent NULL pointer is returned.

Parameters:

pos Position of column in result set

Returns:

Pointer to the data

Exceptions:

OpenDBX::Exception If the underlying database library returns an error

void OpenDBX::Result::finish ()std::exception

Retrieves unfetched rows and cleans up the available result sets. After executing a statement, at least one result set is returned by the database server. In case of data manipulation statements, there are no rows returned but you have to clean up the result set nevertheless. This is usually done by calling and getResult() in a loop until it returns 'done'. In order to simplify application development, the finish() method does this for you.

Exceptions:

OpenDBX::Exception If the underlying database library returns an error

Lob OpenDBX::Result::getLob (const char * value)std::exception

Creates a large object instance if supported by the database. Returns a Lob class instance representing a large object stored in the database. It references the large object and provided methods for accessing and modifying its content.

The parameter required by this method must be the value returned by the fieldValue() method of a large object column.

This method must only be used if the underlying driver states that it supports large objects via the Conn::getCapabilities(). Otherwise, the content can be retrieved directly by the fieldValue() method.

Parameters:

value Pointer to the content of a field returned by fieldValue()

Returns:

Large object instance

Exceptions:

OpenDBX::Exception If the underlying database library returns an error

See also:

Lob

odbxres OpenDBX::Result::getResult (struct timeval * timeout = NULL, unsigned long chunk = 0)std::exception

Fetches one result set from the database server. Retrieves the result of a query statement from the database server. If the statement was an INSERT, UPDATE, DELETE or a similar statement, the number of affected rows is available via rowsAffected().

The timeout parameter restricts the time the function is waiting for a result form the server. It may be NULL to wait until a result arrives. Otherwise, it can contain any number of seconds and microseconds in a timeval structure to wait for. The timeval structure must be set each time before calling getResult() because its content may get changed by the function. If the server doesn't respond within the timeout, the query isn't canceled! Instead, the next call to this function will wait for the same result set. Waiting the specified time may be implemented in the backends if it is possible, but there is no guarantee. If not, getResult() will return not before a responds arrives.

Dependent on the native database library, it may be possible to retrieve all rows at once (if chunk is zero), one by one or more than one row at once. All positive values including zero are allowed as values for chunk If paging (more than one row at once) is not supported by the backend, it will use 'one by one' or 'all at once' if this is the only option provided.

getResult() returns ODBX_RES_ROWS if a result set is available and ODBX_RES_DONE if no more results will be returned by the last successful query. ODBX_RES_NOROWS is returned if the statement was executed successfully but will not return a results set (like for INSERT, UPDATE and DELETE statements) and ODBX_RES_TIMEOUT indicates a timeout.

Parameters:

timeout Pointer to a timeval struct specifying how long to wait for a result set from the database server
chunk Number of rows to fetch at once from the database server (zero means all rows at once)

Returns:

Status or error code

Exceptions:

OpenDBX::Exception If the underlying database library returns an error

See also:

odbxres

odbxrow OpenDBX::Result::getRow ()std::exception

Makes data of next row available. Retrieves the values of a row from the current result set returned by getResult(). Until this function is invoked, no row and field data is available via fieldLength() or fieldValue() and these functions will throw an exception.

getRow() will return ODBX_ROW_NEXT as long as rows are available from the result set. After the last row has been made available, further calls to this function will return ODBX_ROW_DONE indicating that the result set doesn't contain more rows.

Returns:

Status of the attempt to fetch one more row

Exceptions:

OpenDBX::Exception If the underlying database library returns an error

Result& OpenDBX::Result::operator= (const Result & ref)

Assigns a Result instance to another one. Assigns the internal state of an object ref of the same type to this object. Both objects share the same variables and the reference counter afterwards. The reference counter is incremented each time an object is copied and will be decremented if it is destroyed.

Parameters:

ref Result instance

Returns:

Result reference of this instance

uint64_t OpenDBX::Result::rowsAffected ()std::exception

Returns the number of rows affected by DELETE, INSERT of UPDATE statements. Returns the number of rows that have been changed by the current statement whose result set was retrieved by getResult() and zero if the database server didn't alter any rows. Affected rows are only returned for DELETE, INSERT or UPDATE statements and their concrete number depends on the database implementation. Some database server like MySQL may return a lower number than expected because they doesn't modify records whose values wouldn't change.

Returns:

Number of rows touched

Exceptions:

OpenDBX::Exception If the underlying database library returns an error

Author

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Thu Feb 4 2016 Version 1.4.6 opendbx