OSSP::uuid - Man Page

OSSP uuid Perl Binding

Description

OSSP uuid is a ISO-C:1999 application programming interface (API) and corresponding command line interface (CLI) for the generation of DCE 1.1, ISO/IEC 11578:1996 and RFC 4122 compliant Universally Unique Identifier (UUID). It supports DCE 1.1 variant UUIDs of version 1 (time and node based), version 3 (name based, MD5), version 4 (random number based) and version 5 (name based, SHA-1). Additional API bindings are provided for the languages ISO-C++:1998, Perl:5 and PHP:4/5. Optional backward compatibility exists for the ISO-C DCE-1.1 and Perl Data::UUID APIs.

OSSP::uuid is the Perl binding to the OSSP uuid API. Three variants are provided:

Tie-Style API

The TIE-style API is a functionality-reduced wrapper around the OO-style API and intended for very high-level convenience programming:

use OSSP::uuid;

tie my $uuid, 'OSSP::uuid::tie', $mode, ...;

$uuid = [ $mode, ... ];

print “UUID=$uuid\n”;

untie $uuid;

Oo-Style API

The OO-style API is a wrapper around the C-style API and intended for high-level regular programming.

use OSSP::uuid;

my $uuid = new OSSP::uuid;

$uuid->load($name);

$uuid->make($mode, ...);

$result = $uuid->isnil();

$result = $uuid->compare($uuid2);

$uuid->import($fmt, $data_ptr);

$data_ptr = $uuid->export($fmt);

[(]$str[, $rc)] = $uuid->error();

$ver = $uuid->version();

undef $uuid;

Additionally, the strings "v1", "v3", "v4", "v5" and "mc" can be used in $mode and the strings "bin", "str", and "txt" can be used for $fmt.

C-Style API

The C-style API is a direct mapping of the OSSP uuid ISO-C API to Perl and is intended for low-level programming. See uuid(3) for a description of the functions and their expected arguments.

use OSSP::uuid qw(:all);

my $uuid; $rc = uuid_create($uuid);

$rc = uuid_load($uuid, $name);

$rc = uuid_make($uuid, $mode, ...);

$rc = uuid_isnil($uuid, $result);

$rc = uuid_compare($uuid, $uuid2, $result);

$rc = uuid_import($uuid, $fmt, $data_ptr, $data_len);

$rc = uuid_export($uuid, $fmt, $data_ptr, $data_len);

$str = uuid_error($rc);

$ver = uuid_version();

$rc = uuid_destroy($uuid);

Additionally, the following constants are exported for use in $rc, $mode, $fmt and $ver:

UUID_VERSION, UUID_LEN_BIN, UUID_LEN_STR, UUID_RC_OK, UUID_RC_ARG, UUID_RC_MEM, UUID_RC_SYS, UUID_RC_INT, UUID_RC_IMP, UUID_MAKE_V1, UUID_MAKE_V3, UUID_MAKE_V4, UUID_MAKE_V5, UUID_MAKE_MC, UUID_FMT_BIN, UUID_FMT_STR, UUID_FMT_SIV, UUID_FMT_TXT.

Examples

The following two examples create the version 3 UUID 02d9e6d5-9467-382e-8f9b-9300a64ac3cd, both via the OO-style and the C-style API. Error handling is omitted here for easier reading, but has to be added for production-quality code.

  #   TIE-style API (very high-level)
  use OSSP::uuid;
  tie my $uuid, 'OSSP::uuid::tie';
  $uuid = [ "v1" ];
  print "UUIDs: $uuid, $uuid, $uuid\n";
  $uuid = [ "v3", "ns:URL", "http://www.ossp.org/" ];
  print "UUIDs: $uuid, $uuid, $uuid\n";
  untie $uuid;

  #   OO-style API (high-level)
  use OSSP::uuid;
  my $uuid    = new OSSP::uuid;
  my $uuid_ns = new OSSP::uuid;
  $uuid_ns->load("ns:URL");
  $uuid->make("v3", $uuid_ns, "http://www.ossp.org/");
  undef $uuid_ns;
  my $str = $uuid->export("str");
  undef $uuid;
  print "$str\n";

  #   C-style API (low-level)
  use OSSP::uuid qw(:all);
  my $uuid;    uuid_create($uuid);
  my $uuid_ns; uuid_create($uuid_ns);
  uuid_load($uuid_ns, "ns:URL");
  uuid_make($uuid, UUID_MAKE_V3, $uuid_ns, "http://www.ossp.org/");
  uuid_destroy($uuid_ns);
  my $str; uuid_export($uuid, UUID_FMT_STR, $str, undef);
  uuid_destroy($uuid);
  print "$str\n";

See Also

uuid(1), uuid-config(1), uuid(3).

History

The Perl binding OSSP::uuid to OSSP uuid was implemented in November 2004 by Ralf S. Engelschall <rse@engelschall.com>.

Referenced By

ossp-uuid(3), uuid(1), uuid-config(1).

2021-01-27 perl v5.32.1 User Contributed Perl Documentation