statfs man page

statfs, fstatfs — get filesystem statistics

Synopsis

#include <sys/vfs.h>    /* or <sys/statfs.h> */

int statfs(const char *path, struct statfs *buf);
int fstatfs(int fd, struct statfs *buf);

Description

The statfs() system call returns information about a mounted filesystem. path is the pathname of any file within the mounted filesystem. buf is a pointer to a statfs structure defined approximately as follows:

struct statfs {
    __fsword_t f_type;    /* Type of filesystem (see below) */
    __fsword_t f_bsize;   /* Optimal transfer block size */
    fsblkcnt_t f_blocks;  /* Total data blocks in filesystem */
    fsblkcnt_t f_bfree;   /* Free blocks in filesystem */
    fsblkcnt_t f_bavail;  /* Free blocks available to
                             unprivileged user */
    fsfilcnt_t f_files;   /* Total file nodes in filesystem */
    fsfilcnt_t f_ffree;   /* Free file nodes in filesystem */
    fsid_t     f_fsid;    /* Filesystem ID */
    __fsword_t f_namelen; /* Maximum length of filenames */
    __fsword_t f_frsize;  /* Fragment size (since Linux 2.6) */
    __fsword_t f_flags;   /* Mount flags of filesystem
                             (since Linux 2.6.36) */
    __fsword_t f_spare[xxx];
                    /* Padding bytes reserved for future use */
};

Filesystem types:

ADFS_SUPER_MAGIC      0xadf5
AFFS_SUPER_MAGIC      0xadff
AFS_SUPER_MAGIC       0x5346414f
ANON_INODE_FS_MAGIC   0x09041934
AUTOFS_SUPER_MAGIC    0x0187
BDEVFS_MAGIC          0x62646576
BEFS_SUPER_MAGIC      0x42465331
BFS_MAGIC             0x1badface
BINFMTFS_MAGIC        0x42494e4d
BPF_FS_MAGIC          0xcafe4a11
BTRFS_SUPER_MAGIC     0x9123683e
BTRFS_TEST_MAGIC      0x73727279
CGROUP_SUPER_MAGIC    0x27e0eb
CGROUP2_SUPER_MAGIC   0x63677270
CIFS_MAGIC_NUMBER     0xff534d42
CODA_SUPER_MAGIC      0x73757245
COH_SUPER_MAGIC       0x012ff7b7
CRAMFS_MAGIC          0x28cd3d45
DEBUGFS_MAGIC         0x64626720
DEVFS_SUPER_MAGIC     0x1373
DEVPTS_SUPER_MAGIC    0x1cd1
ECRYPTFS_SUPER_MAGIC  0xf15f
EFIVARFS_MAGIC        0xde5e81e4
EFS_SUPER_MAGIC       0x00414a53
EXT_SUPER_MAGIC       0x137d
EXT2_OLD_SUPER_MAGIC  0xef51
EXT2_SUPER_MAGIC      0xef53
EXT3_SUPER_MAGIC      0xef53
EXT4_SUPER_MAGIC      0xef53
F2FS_SUPER_MAGIC      0xf2f52010
FUSE_SUPER_MAGIC      0x65735546
FUTEXFS_SUPER_MAGIC   0xbad1dea
HFS_SUPER_MAGIC       0x4244
HOSTFS_SUPER_MAGIC    0x00c0ffee
HPFS_SUPER_MAGIC      0xf995e849
HUGETLBFS_MAGIC       0x958458f6
ISOFS_SUPER_MAGIC     0x9660
JFFS2_SUPER_MAGIC     0x72b6
JFS_SUPER_MAGIC       0x3153464a
MINIX_SUPER_MAGIC     0x137f /* orig. minix */
MINIX_SUPER_MAGIC2    0x138f /* 30 char minix */
MINIX2_SUPER_MAGIC    0x2468 /* minix V2 */
MINIX2_SUPER_MAGIC2   0x2478 /* minix V2, 30 char names */
MINIX3_SUPER_MAGIC    0x4d5a /* minix V3 fs, 60 char names */
MQUEUE_MAGIC          0x19800202
MSDOS_SUPER_MAGIC     0x4d44
MTD_INODE_FS_MAGIC    0x11307854
NCP_SUPER_MAGIC       0x564c
NFS_SUPER_MAGIC       0x6969
NILFS_SUPER_MAGIC     0x3434
NSFS_MAGIC            0x6e736673
NTFS_SB_MAGIC         0x5346544e
OCFS2_SUPER_MAGIC     0x7461636f
OPENPROM_SUPER_MAGIC  0x9fa1
OVERLAYFS_SUPER_MAGIC 0x794c7630
PIPEFS_MAGIC          0x50495045
PROC_SUPER_MAGIC      0x9fa0
PSTOREFS_MAGIC        0x6165676c
QNX4_SUPER_MAGIC      0x002f
QNX6_SUPER_MAGIC      0x68191122
RAMFS_MAGIC           0x858458f6
REISERFS_SUPER_MAGIC  0x52654973
ROMFS_MAGIC           0x7275
SECURITYFS_MAGIC      0x73636673
SELINUX_MAGIC         0xf97cff8c
SMACK_MAGIC           0x43415d53
SMB_SUPER_MAGIC       0x517b
SOCKFS_MAGIC          0x534f434b
SQUASHFS_MAGIC        0x73717368
SYSFS_MAGIC           0x62656572
SYSV2_SUPER_MAGIC     0x012ff7b6
SYSV4_SUPER_MAGIC     0x012ff7b5
TMPFS_MAGIC           0x01021994
TRACEFS_MAGIC         0x74726163
UDF_SUPER_MAGIC       0x15013346
UFS_MAGIC             0x00011954
USBDEVICE_SUPER_MAGIC 0x9fa2
V9FS_MAGIC            0x01021997
VXFS_SUPER_MAGIC      0xa501fcf5
XENFS_SUPER_MAGIC     0xabba1974
XENIX_SUPER_MAGIC     0x012ff7b4
XFS_SUPER_MAGIC       0x58465342
_XIAFS_SUPER_MAGIC    0x012fd16d

Most of these MAGIC constants are defined in /usr/include/linux/magic.h, and some are hardcoded in kernel sources.

The f_flags is a bit mask indicating mount options for the filesystem. It contains zero or more of the following bits:

ST_MANDLOCK

Mandatory locking is permitted on the filesystem (see fcntl(2)).

ST_NOATIME

Do not update access times; see mount(2).

ST_NODEV

Disallow access to device special files on this filesystem.

ST_NODIRATIME

Do not update directory access times; see mount(2).

ST_NOEXEC

Execution of programs is disallowed on this filesystem.

ST_NOSUID

The set-user-ID and set-group-ID bits are ignored by exec(3) for executable files on this filesystem

ST_RDONLY

This filesystem is mounted read-only.

ST_RELATIME

Update atime relative to mtime/ctime; see mount(2).

ST_SYNCHRONOUS

Writes are synched to the filesystem immediately (see the description of O_SYNC in open(2)).

Nobody knows what f_fsid is supposed to contain (but see below).

Fields that are undefined for a particular filesystem are set to 0.

fstatfs() returns the same information about an open file referenced by descriptor fd.

Return Value

On success, zero is returned. On error, -1 is returned, and errno is set appropriately.

Errors

EACCES

(statfs()) Search permission is denied for a component of the path prefix of path. (See also path_resolution(7).)

EBADF

(fstatfs()) fd is not a valid open file descriptor.

EFAULT

buf or path points to an invalid address.

EINTR

This call was interrupted by a signal; see signal(7).

EIO

An I/O error occurred while reading from the filesystem.

ELOOP

(statfs()) Too many symbolic links were encountered in translating path.

ENAMETOOLONG

(statfs()) path is too long.

ENOENT

(statfs()) The file referred to by path does not exist.

ENOMEM

Insufficient kernel memory was available.

ENOSYS

The filesystem does not support this call.

ENOTDIR

(statfs()) A component of the path prefix of path is not a directory.

EOVERFLOW

Some values were too large to be represented in the returned struct.

Conforming to

Linux-specific. The Linux statfs() was inspired by the 4.4BSD one (but they do not use the same structure).

Notes

The __fsword_t type used for various fields in the statfs structure definition is a glibc internal type, not intended for public use. This leaves the programmer in a bit of a conundrum when trying to copy or compare these fields to local variables in a program. Using unsigned int for such variables suffices on most systems.

The original Linux statfs() and fstatfs() system calls were not designed with extremely large file sizes in mind. Subsequently, Linux 2.6 added new statfs64() and fstatfs64() system calls that employ a new structure, statfs64. The new structure contains the same fields as the original statfs structure, but the sizes of various fields are increased, to accommodate large file sizes. The glibc statfs() and fstatfs() wrapper functions transparently deal with the kernel differences.

Some systems have only <sys/vfs.h>, other systems also have <sys/statfs.h>, where the former includes the latter. So it seems including the former is the best choice.

LSB has deprecated the library calls statfs() and fstatfs() and tells us to use statvfs(2) and fstatvfs(2) instead.

The f_fsid field

Solaris, Irix and POSIX have a system call statvfs(2) that returns a struct statvfs (defined in <sys/statvfs.h>) containing an unsigned long f_fsid. Linux, SunOS, HP-UX, 4.4BSD have a system call statfs() that returns a struct statfs (defined in <sys/vfs.h>) containing a fsid_t f_fsid, where fsid_t is defined as struct { int val[2]; }. The same holds for FreeBSD, except that it uses the include file <sys/mount.h>.

The general idea is that f_fsid contains some random stuff such that the pair (f_fsid,ino) uniquely determines a file. Some operating systems use (a variation on) the device number, or the device number combined with the filesystem type. Several operating systems restrict giving out the f_fsid field to the superuser only (and zero it for unprivileged users), because this field is used in the filehandle of the filesystem when NFS-exported, and giving it out is a security concern.

Under some operating systems, the fsid can be used as the second argument to the sysfs(2) system call.

Bugs

From Linux 2.6.38 up to and including Linux 3.1, fstatfs() failed with the error ENOSYS for file descriptors created by pipe(2).

See Also

stat(2), statvfs(3), path_resolution(7)

Colophon

This page is part of release 4.13 of the Linux man-pages project. A description of the project, information about reporting bugs, and the latest version of this page, can be found at https://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/.

Referenced By

amd.conf(5), explain(1), explain(3), explain_fstatfs(3), explain_fstatfs_or_die(3), explain_statfs(3), explain_statfs_or_die(3), fpathconf(3), fuse(4), nfslogsum(8), open(2), openconnect(8), procenv(1), statvfs(3), stress-ng(1), syscalls(2), ustat(2), xfsctl(3), xfs_io(8).

The man pages fstatfs(2) and statfs64(2) are aliases of statfs(2).

2017-09-15 Linux Programmer's Manual